• Title, Summary, Keyword: Technical Factor

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A Study on Measuring Method in Technical Progress (기술진보 측정방법에 관한 일고안)

  • 박일근
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 1980
  • The purpose of this paper to study on measuring method in technical progress. Technology is combination method of raw material and capital, land, labour. The first step to technical Progress is COBB-DOUGLAS production function, so technical progresses are important role in economic growth and development. General production function from Y=f(K, L, T) and COBB-DOUGLAS production function Y=${AK^I}{L^b}$ is first condition. Technical progress is saving of production factor In capital saving, labour saving, neutral saving. Marred Hicks Robinson has Insist on technical progress by each view of production factor, but, what is most excellent measuring method of technical progress\ulcorner I : productivity index method. II : Gross Production function method. Productivity method used in every products level in weight values, gross method function method used in production factor attributed to products. Above two measuring method has delicate problem in each input factor, substitution relation and production factor simultaneously linked each others This basic problem based on technical progress is not solubable in this time.

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A Study on Influence of Corporate Factor and ITO Range Factor on Outsourcing Performance -Moderating Effect of Supplier Suitability

  • YI, Seon-Gyu
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.111-117
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzes the relative importance of the introducing factors for the critical success factors in the implementation stage of the lifecycle of ERP system using Delphi technique and Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP). In the 1st layer of the hierarchy, technical factor is evaluated as the most important factor among organizational, technical, and supplier factors. In the 2nd layer, choosing a proper ERP package is evaluated as the most important factor within 15 factors followed by process-oriented approach, technical suitability, minimized customization, integration and association of system with trading parter, association with legacy systems, and support and involvement of top management. As a result of this analysis enterprise should choose an ERP package that is suitable to its business environment, and make the best use of(take full advantage of) best practice that ERP package provides to optimize the existing business procedure or process(to approach the existing business procedure or process). This study also shows the range of customization of the features provided by the ERP package should be minimized.

Solvent/Detergent Inactivation and Chromatographic Removal of Human Immunodeficiency Virus During the manufacturing of a High Purity Antihemophilic Factor VIII concentrate

  • Kim, In-Seop;Park, Yong-Woon;Woo, Hang-Sang;Chong E. Chang;Lee, Soungmin
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.187-191
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    • 2000
  • A validation study was conducted to determine the efficacy of solvent/Detergent (S/D) inactivation and Q-Sepharose column chromatographic removal of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) during the manufacturing of a high purity antihemopilic factor VIII (GreenMono) from human plasma. S/D treatment using the organic solvent, tri (n-butyl) phosphate, and the detergent, Trition X-100, was a robust and effective step in eliminating HIV-1. The HIV-1 titer was reduced from an initial titer of 8.3 log10 TCID50 to undetectable levels within one minute of S/D treatment, HIV-1 was effectively partitioned form factor VIII during Q-Sepharose column chromatography with the log reduction factor of 4.1 . These results strongly assure the safety of GreenMono From HIV.

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Removal and Inactivation of Hepatitis A Virus during Manufacture of a High Purity Antihemophilic Factor VIII Concentrate from Human Plasma

  • Kim, In-Seop;Park, Yong-Woon;Lee, Sung-Rae;Lee, Mahl-Soon;Huh, Ki-Ho;Lee, Soungmin
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 2001
  • A validation study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and mechanism of the cryo-precipitation, monoclonal anti-FVIIIc antibody (mAb) chromatography, Q-Sepharose chromatography, and lyophilization steps involved in the manufacture of high purity factor VIII (GreenMono) from human plasma, in the removal and/or inactivation of hepatitis A virus (HAV). Samples from the relevant stages of the production process were spiked with HAV and subjected to scale-down processes mimicking the manufacture of the high purity factor VIII concentrate. Samples were collected at each step and immediately titrated using a 50% tissue culture infectious dose (TCID$\_$50/) and then the virus reduction factors were evaluated. HAV was effectively partitioned from factor VⅢ during cryo-precipitation with the log reduction factor of 3.2. The mAb chromatography was the most effective step far removal of HAV with the log reduction factor of $\geq$4.3. HAV infectivity was not detected in the fraction of factor VⅢ, while most of HAV infectivity was recovered in the fractions of flow through and wash during mAb chromatography. Q-Sepharose chromatography showed the lowest efficacy for partitioning HAV with the log reduction factor of 0.7. Lyophilization was an effective step in inactivating HAV with the log reduction factor of 2.3. The cumulative lag reduction factor, $\geq$10.5, achieved for tile entire manufacturing process was several magnitudes greater than the potential HAV load of current plasma pools.

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An Analysis of the Importance of the Success Factors in Implementation Stage of ERP System

  • YI, Seon-Gyu;Kim, Jong-Ju
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.21 no.12
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    • pp.165-171
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    • 2016
  • This study analyzes the relative importance of the introducing factors for the critical success factors in the implementation stage of the lifecycle of ERP system using Delphi technique and Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP). In the 1st layer of the hierarchy, technical factor is evaluated as the most important factor among organizational, technical, and supplier factors. In the 2nd layer, choosing a proper ERP package is evaluated as the most important factor within 15 factors followed by process-oriented approach, technical suitability, minimized customization, integration and association of system with trading parter, association with legacy systems, and support and involvement of top management. As a result of this analysis enterprise should choose an ERP package that is suitable to its business environment, and make the best use of(take full advantage of) best practice that ERP package provides to optimize the existing business procedure or process(to approach the existing business procedure or process). This study also shows the range of customization of the features provided by the ERP package should be minimized.

A Search for the Factor on Productivity Fluctuation in Korean Manufacturing Industries (우리나라 제조업의 생산성 변동원인 규명)

  • 강규철
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.22 no.51
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    • pp.175-187
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    • 1999
  • The notion of productivity has been extended from the quantitative change of input factors to the efficiency change meaning efficient use of resources, and to the technical change meaning the qualitative improvement of input resources. In this way, the technical change is termed as total factor productivity in the individual businesses or the manufacturing industries. They should efficiently respond to the variations of economic environment and at the same time, have to make the efforts to improve productivity by increasing managerial efficiency and rasing the level of technology change for the continuous growth. Considering the growing importance of productivity, this study closely examines the factors influctuation on the productivity, fluctuation using total factor productivity in korean manufacturing industries. For the objective this study investigates the methods of measurement about total factor productivity, establishes the hypotheses based on the preceding research and finding. The results are obtained through the examination on the outcoms of regression analysis and related data. The results can be summarized as follows, First, in the progress of korean industrialization, the qualitative growth does not depend on the total factor productivity of the technical advance, and does not lead to the industry expansion. That is, the contribution of total factor productivity turns out to be relatively low. Second, it is necessary for the manufacturing industry to improve the level of technology and to emphasize the innovation of business, since the capital investment does not completely become fixed in the growth rate of productivity. Finally, continuous R&D investment should be made to increase total factor productivity. Namely, the regulation of industrial structure with an intensive technical development is essential and should be based on scientific and technical knowledge.

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Total Factor Productivity Growth and the Decomposition Components of Korean Port-Logistics Industry (항만물류산업의 총요소생산성과 그 분해요인분석)

  • Gang, Sang-Mok;Lee, Ju-Byeong
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.47-70
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to estimate total factor productivity(TFP) growth by stochastic frontier function and to grasp contributing factors of its growth rate by decomposing the total factor productivity into efficiency change, technical progress, scale change, and allocation change. Annual growth rate of total factor productivity for 1990-2003 is 0.019 (1.9%), higher than that of overall industry (0.010). The main component of TFP growth is not efficiency change but technical progress. Contributing factors of total factor productivity growth are change of allocation efficiency in port industry, technical progress in sea-transportation industry, and change of scale efficiency in transportation-equipment industry. The change of total factor productivity shows a decreasing trend since late in the 1990s. The annual technical efficiency of port-logistics industry is less than that of overall industry. Capital elasticity for output (0.391) is higher than labor elasticity (0.227), but scale economy of port-logistics industry is 0.618, which is far from optimal scale economy.

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Technical Inefficiency Effects and Technological Change in Bangladesh Food Industry: A Stochastic Frontier Analysis

  • Rana, Md. Masud;Baten, Md. Azizul;Rabman, Mezbahur
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.1449-1463
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    • 2008
  • This paper considers three different models with two functional forms, Cobb-Douglas and Translog, for the stochastic frontier production function of food manufacturing industry of Bangladesh over the period 1981-1982 to 1999-2000. The models are proposed by Battese and Coelli (1992, 1995) and Huang and Liu (1994). The technical efficiency, total factor productivity, technological change and technical efficiency change have been estimated in the frontier models. The results indicate that 41.47%, 59.30% and 70.98% of the potential output are being realized in this sector. The mean increments in total factor productivity are approximately 2%, 9% and 4% respectively.

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A Study on the Effect Factor of End User's Satisfaction for Smart Work System's Success : Focused on P Corporation (스마트워크 시스템 성공을 위한 사용자 만족의 영향요인에 대한 연구 : P그룹사를 중심으로)

  • Jung, Chang Hyun;Hwang, Chan-Gyu;Hong, Soon-Geun
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.20 no.3_spc
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    • pp.259-278
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    • 2013
  • At the center of the repeating evolution of IT industry, there is mobile computing in the ubiquitous environment, and the increasing usage of smart phones contribute more to its growth. P corporation co-developed with Google and implemented smart work system called SWP for the purpose of 'communication and collaboration with co-workers' beyond the general goal of increasing productivity and comfort of employees. The primary objective of this study is to objectively analyze the influence of the effect factor from end user's perspective and user satisfaction on SWP usage, intention for continuous usage and individual performance. To accomplish this research purpose, this study established research models and hypothesis by collective review about information system success models, and tested the research hypotheses using the structural equation modeling technique by data collected from 320 SWP system users of P corporation. Variations for system satisfaction evaluation standard are 1)SW system usage 2) intention for continuous usage 3) individual performance, effect variations are 1) social factors 2) technical factors 3) combination of social and technical factors. Therefore, this study is about influence factors on success of SWP system and how the factors impact the outcome. The test results of this research model is summarized as follows. Firstly, system user's satisfaction had positive impact on all three; SWP system usage, intention for continuous usage and individual performance. Secondly, social factor 'SWP control system' and technical factor 'information quality' and 'system quality' had positive impact on SWP system user satisfaction, while social factor 'shared value' and technical factor 'service quality' did not have significant effect on user satisfaction. Shared value however, had interactive effect with 'information quality' and 'service quality'. This study is expected to contribute to spread of academic research on smart work system by suggesting a model that can show important factors for corporation while explaining the successful implementation of SWP and its continuous usage.

Dangerous and protective factors of school resilience: focusing on the technical high school students (학교 적응유연성의 위험요인과 보호요인: 전문계 고등학생을 중심으로)

  • Park, Su-Young;Lee, Chang-H.
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.653-664
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    • 2011
  • In this study, I collected materials through the survey whose object is 573 students of technical high schools and 512 students of academic high schools in Seoul and Kyunggi areas, for examining dangerous factors and protective factors which influence on school resilience in technical high schools. The studying results are as followed. First, as the result of analyzing correlation between school resilience and dangerous factor, the higher dangerous factor was, the lower school resilience was. Second, as the result verifying the effects of dangerous factor on school resilience, discrimination of teacher, delinquency bond and anti-sociality made an effect on students in technical high schools and discrimination of teacher, delinquency bond and depression made an effect on students in academic high schools. Third, as the result analyzing correlation between school resilience and protective factor, the higher protective factor was, the higher school resilience was. Forth, as the result verifying the effects of protective factor on school resilience, support of teacher, democratic atmosphere of school, sense of responsibility, family cohesion, self-worth, rational supporting attitude made an effort on students in technical high schools and support of teacher, democratic atmosphere of school, sense of responsibility and family cohesion made an effect on students in academic high schools. Fifth, as the result analyzing the difference between dangerous factor and protective factor according to grade of school and standard of school resilience, there was an interaction in variables of anti-sociality, depression, delinquency bond and self-worth.