• Title, Summary, Keyword: Team Performance

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The mediating role of team learning behavior between team efficacy and team innovative performance in R&D team (연구개발팀에서 팀 효능감과 팀 혁신성과간의 관계에서 팀 학습행동의 매개역할)

  • Lee, Jun Ho;Kim, Hack Soo
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.105-125
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    • 2012
  • Previous studies have focused on individual and organizational learning. Amid an increasingly complex business environment, a team system designed to improve flexibility and adaptability constitutes the most basic part of an organization. Still, team learning has rarely been discussed. In addition, team learning behavior, despite being an important part of a team process, is often mentioned as a team-level outcome variable. Given that team learning behavior involves constant changes in thinking and behavior, a shared belief among team members is needed in order to positively influence innovative performance of a team. In spite of that, there has been only limited discussion of it. Besides, few domestic studies have dealt with R&D teams that can clearly demonstrate team learning behavior and team innovative performance. This study is an empirical analysis of the impact of team efficacy on team innovative performance and the mediating role of team learning behavior based on materials collected from team leaders and their immediate subordinates in 268 R&D teams. The analysis showed that team learning behavior actually has a positive effect on team innovative performance. Team efficacy also turned out to have a positive influence on team learning behavior. Lastly, the study found that team learning behavior played a mediating role in the relationship between team efficacy and team innovative performance. Based on those results, the study has identified implications and suggested directions for future research.

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The Effects of Emergent Leader on Team Cognitive Complexity and Team Performance

  • Choi, Kyoosang
    • Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.2781-2792
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    • 2018
  • From a cognitive perspective, this study investigates the role of emergent leaders in developing team cognition and affecting team performance. With application of the cognitive complexity theory, this study hypothesizes that emergent leaders' cognitive complexity will be positively associated with team cognitive complexity, and that team cognitive complexity will be positively associated with team performance. In addition, team cognitive complexity is hypothesized to mediate the effect of the cognitive complexity of emergent leaders on team performance. To test the research hypotheses, data were obtained from 100 teams comprising a total of 339 undergraduate students who participated in a business simulation game. The findings of this study suggests that the cognitive complexity of emergent leaders is a significant predictor of team cognitive complexity, and that team cognitive complexity is positively related to team performance. Moreover, team cognitive complexity significantly mediates the effect of emergent leaders' cognitive complexity and team performance.

A Preliminary Study on the Communication Effect on Team Performance in Main Control Room of SMART

  • Heo, Eun Mee;Byun, Seong Nam
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.97-106
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    • 2013
  • Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the attributing factors influencing team performance. Background: Technically, it is necessary that operators adapt themselves to computerized and advanced techniques to operate the main control rooms safely in nuclear power plant in Korea. The more main control rooms are digitalized, the more important for operators to have high team performance it is. Method: This paper analyzes team process through literatures review and elicits team performance shaping factor. Especially, the objective of this research is to elicit communication using common team performance shaping factors. Results: This study has found communication through team performance shaping factors in Main Control Room of the SMART. Conclusion: This paper can offer a starting point for team communication, which can use team performance shaping factor framework that are emerging in these new nuclear power plant. Application: As a result, I expect that the evaluation communication for MCR operator's team performance will lead the operating techniques in nuclear power industry internationally.

The Effect of the Transactional Leadership and Transformational Leadership on Team Empowerment and Performance (거래적·변혁적 리더십이 팀 임파워먼트 및 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sung-Chul;Kim, Hong
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.936-946
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze whether transactional leadership and transformational leadership have an effect on team empowerment and performance. To this end, a survey was conducted from August 1 to 30 in 2008, among team members of fashion companies. The data was collected with 586 subjects, the statistical analysis methods were frequency analysis, reliability analysis, factor analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows; First, contingent reward of transactional leadership had an effect on team empowerment factors and team performance factors. Second, charisma, individualized consideration and intellectual stimulation of transformational leadership had an effect on team empowerment factors and team performance factors. Third, team potency, team autonomy and team meaning of team empowerment had an effect on team performance factors.

Team Management for Better Performance that Sells to Customers: Aligning the Stars

  • Kang, Eungoo;Hwang, Hee-Joong
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.19-24
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    • 2017
  • Purpose - There are several problems that organizations face to make a better team-based system such as free-rider issue, assigned difficult jobs unfairly and bickering between high performers and average performers. The purpose of this study is to provide solutions for practitioners through past academic studies on how organizations can resolve several issues in team management. Ultimately, it would lead to employees as better performers for organization's profitability and customers' satisfaction. Research design, data, and methodology - Solution 1 - put employees who have a similar performance ability together into a same team and apply 'growth' approach for low performance team. Solution 2 - make a new evaluation system which is balanced between individual's performance and team's performance. Solution 3 - monitor thoroughly to diffuse difficult works equally among teams and develop management practice system that may prevent or resolve difficult work-loads for a team or an individual performer. Result - Investigation suggests that organizations may resolve three conflicts which come from team base system. Moreover, the implications of results show that the most important criteria in team management depend on whether performers have a similar ability in the same team and management handles issue of justice and the performance of each employee is evaluated by total team performance evaluation simultaneously. Conclusions - All in all, our recommendation concludes that if three issues are resolved, the lack of trust in team-based system among team members will be missed.

The Effect of Team Members' Psychological Characteristics and Knowledge Network Characteristics among Team Members on Team Performance (팀 구성원의 심리적 다양성과 구성원 간 지식네트워크 특성이 팀 성과에 미치는 효과: 학습 분위기의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Moon, Yun-Ji;Kang, So-Ra
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-20
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    • 2011
  • This study investigated the factors that facilitate knowledge creation of team with the aspect of knowledge management. We considered two characteristics which are team members' psychological characteristics (achievement needs and conflict emotion) and knowledge network characteristics among team members (internal cohesion and external bridging) and verified the relationship between these characteristics and team performance. Furthermore, we examined whether these characteristics have a different effect on team performance according to the mastery climate. This study performed a survey targeting team members in knowledge based firms and 376 final surveys to be used as a sample in this study. The result showed that team members' psychological characteristics and knowledge network characteristics among Team members have an influence on team performance significantly. In addition, the master climate moderated the relationship between team members' psychological characteristics and team performance.

The Effects of Shared Leadership on Team Performance and Team Commitment of Team-Based Learning in Nursing Students: Mediating Effects of Team Trust (간호학생의 팀기반학습에서 공유리더십이 팀성과 및 팀몰입에 미치는 영향: 팀신뢰의 매개효과)

  • Han, Ju-Rang
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.303-311
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    • 2016
  • This study was to identify the effects of shared leadership on team performance and team commitment of Team-Based Learning(TBL) in nursing students and verify the mediating effects of team trust on the relationships between shared leadership and team performance and team commitment. Data were collected via survey from 99 nursing students to participate in TBL for 6weeks, in June 2016. The major findings were as follows: Shared leadership had a significant correlation with team performance and team commitment and team trust. Shared leadership had a positive effect on team performance and team commitment. Team trust had a partial mediating effect in the relationship between shared leadership and team commitment. The results of study show that shared leadership of TBL is very important for high team performance and team commitment and shared leadership make effect on team commitment under the mediation of team trust. Therefore, it is necessary to increase shared leadership and team trust for high team effectiveness in TBL.

The Effect of Leadership by Team Leaders on Team Empowerment and the Performance of Team Members in Fashion Companies (패션기업 팀장의 리더십이 팀 임파워먼트 및 팀원의 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Hang, Byung-Sook;Lee, Eun-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.34 no.10
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    • pp.1687-1700
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    • 2010
  • This study analyzes the effects of leadership by team leaders on team empowerment and the effects of team empowerment on the performance of team members in fashion companies. A survey was conducted from May 1 to June 30 in 2010. The data were collected from team members in fashion companies in the Seoul metropolitan area and 670 respondents were used in the data analysis. The statistical analysis methods were frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, and multiple regression analysis. As a result, the leadership of the team leaders was classified by the contingent reward, individualized consideration, intellectual stimulation, charisma, and exceptional management. Team empowerment was classified by the team potency, team autonomy, team impact, and team meaning. The performance of team members were classified by the job accomplishment, job satisfaction, and job commitment. The intellectual stimulation and charisma leadership influenced team empowerment in fashion companies; in addition, the team potency, team impact, and team meaning influenced the performance of team members in fashion companies.

A Study on the Relationship between Intra-team Conflict and Team Innovative Performance and the Mediating Role of Team Learning Behaviors in R&D Teams (연구개발팀에서 팀내 갈등과 팀 혁신성과간의 관계에서 팀 학습행동의 매개역할)

  • Lee, Jun Ho;Kim, Hack Soo;Kim, Ji Yeon
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.81-100
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    • 2013
  • In this era of cut-throat competition, innovation is a source of competitive advantage, and securing core competency through innovation plays a pivotal role in ensuring the survival and growth of an organization. In an organization, R&D team is a core division driving innovation, and creative tension and conflict among researchers fuels innovative performance. Despite heated debate over the positive and negative effects of conflict, insufficiently-identified process factors have left sophisticated mechanisms between conflicts and effects unaddressed. This study assumes that team learning behaviors can bean important process factor given that conflict propels learning, and that learning is a decisive factor in creating competitive advantage. This study conducted an empirical analysis of the relationship between relationship/task conflict and team innovative performance, and the mediating role of team learning behaviors using data collected from a questionnaire sent out to the heads of 262 R&D teams and second highest-ranking officials thereof. The analysis conducted based on structural equation model indicates that relationship conflict has negatively affected team learning behaviors, whereas task conflict has positively influenced team learning behaviors(full mediation effect), team learning behaviors has positively influenced team innovative performance. Based on these results, the study has suggested implications of intra-team conflict and team learning behaviors for team innovative performance.

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Effects of the Team Trust Element of Rugby Players on Self-Determination Motive and Team Performance

  • Lee, Jin-Wook;Park, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.23 no.8
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted for the purpose of examining the effects of team trust element of rugby players on self-determination motive and team performance. As for the study subjects, rugby players participated in the 97th national athletic meet in 2016 were selected. As for data collection, in the total of 221 copies of samples were collected through convenience sampling method and 182 copies were used for the final analysis. Using SPSS 18.0, the collected data were analyzed through frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ test, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis and the following conclusions have been obtained. First, as for the effects of rugby players' team trust element on self-determination motive, it was found that team trust influenced external moderation, internal moderation, integrated moderation and identification moderation, and teammate trust influenced internal moderation, integrated moderation and identification moderation. Second, as for the effects of rugby players' team trust element on team performance, it was found that team trust and teammate trust influenced team performance. Third, as for the effects of rugby players' self-determination motive on team performance, it was found that integrated moderation and internal moderation influenced team performance.