• Title, Summary, Keyword: Taxonomy

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Classification of Anthropogenic Soil "Ingwan" Series

  • Sonn, Yeon-Kyu;Cho, Hyun-Jun;Hyun, Byung-Keun;Shin, Kook-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.535-541
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    • 2015
  • Korean soil classification system is based on the US soil taxonomy. This study aimed to understand and inform the soil taxonomy of 2010 and 2014 US soil classification systems. Ingwan series belonged to anthropogenic soil was classified to coarse loamy over sandy, mixed, mesic family of Aquic Udorthents based on the soil taxonomy of 2010 and coarse loamy over sandy, mixed, mesic family of Anthroportic Udorthents based on the soil taxonomy of 2014. An anthropogenic soil is increasing in Korea. Considering the domestic relationship depending on US soil taxonomy, it is important to be well-informed of the taxonomy and apply the updated taxonomy system properly to the domestic soil classification. This study of defining the anthropogenic soil will provide useful information on soil management and its utilization.

Interacting with Touchless Gestures: Taxonomy and Requirements

  • Kim, Huhn
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.475-481
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    • 2012
  • Objective: The aim of this study is to make the taxonomy for classifying diverse touchless gestures and establish the design requirements that should be considered in determining suitable gestures during gesture-based interaction design. Background: Recently, the applicability of touchless gestures is more and more increasing as relevant technologies are being advanced. However, before touchless gestures are widely applied to various devices or systems, the understanding on human gestures' natures and their standardization should be prerequisite. Method: In this study, diverse gesture types in various literatures were collected and, based on those, a new taxonomy for classifying touchless gestures was proposed. And many gesture-based interaction design cases and studies were analyzed. Results: The proposed taxonomy consisted of two dimensions: shape (deictic, manipulative, semantic, or descriptive) and motion(static or dynamic). The case analysis based on the taxonomy showed that manipulative and dynamic gestures were widely applied. Conclusion: Four core requirements for valuable touchless gestures were intuitiveness, learnability, convenience and discriminability. Application: The gesture taxonomy can be applied to produce alternatives of applicable touchless gestures, and four design requirements can be used as the criteria for evaluating the alternatives.

Genome-Based Virus Taxonomy with the ICTV Database Extension

  • Kang, Shinduck;Kim, Young-Chang
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.22.1-22.5
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    • 2018
  • In 1966, the International Classification of Viruses (ICNV) was established to standardize the naming of viruses. In 1975, the organization was renamed "International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV)," by which it is still known today. The primary virus classification provided by ICTV in 1971 was for viruses infecting vertebrates, which includes 19 genera, 2 families, and 24 unclassified groups. Presently, the 10th virus taxonomy has been published. However, the early classification of viruses was based on clinical results "in vivo" and "in vitro," as well as on the shape of the Phenotype virus. Due to the development of next-generation sequencing and the accompanying bioinformatics analysis pipelines, a reconstruction of the classification system has been proposed. At a meeting held in Boston, USA between June 9-11, 2016, there was even an in-depth discussion regarding the classification of viruses using metagenomic data. One suggested activity that arose from the meeting was that viral taxonomy should be reconstructed, based on genotype and bioinformatics analysis "in silico." This article describes our efforts to achieve this goal by construction of a web-based system and the extension of an associated database, based on ICTV taxonomy. This virus taxonomy web system was designed specifically to extend the virus taxonomy up to strain and isolation, which was then connected with the NCBI database to facilitate searches for specific viral genes; there are also links to journals provided by the EMBL RESTful API that improves accessibility for academic groups.

Classifications of Instructional Objectives of Elementary Science based on Bloom's Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Bloom의 신 교육목표분류학에 기초한 초등학교 과학과 수업 목표 분석)

  • Kim, Young-Shin;Lee, Hae-Sook;Shin, Ae-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.570-579
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    • 2007
  • Instructional objectives clearly show what teachers should teach in the class and how they lead the class, focusing on a certain activity for their students in the class. Clear instructional objectives are a prerequisite for teachers to accomplish effectively their curriculum. The revised Bloom's taxonomy table of educational objectives has been introduced in 50 years since the publication of his original taxonomy table in 1956. Bloom's revised taxonomy table of educational objectives has two-dimensions, the "cognitive process" dimension and the "knowledge" dimension, and it classifies class objectives more elaborately and clearly. This study was designed to classify instructional objectives stated in elementary science guidebooks for teachers into Bloom's revised taxonomy table, and see how the objectives of elementary science classes were categorized by grade level and areas. In addition, this study examined how the objectives of elementary science classes by study area were classified into the new taxonomy table. This study classified 618 elementary science instructional objectives of third- to sixth-grade science guidebooks for teachers into Bloom's revised taxonomy table. The results showed that the objectives of elementary science classes emphasized disproportionately some of the knowledge and cognitive process dimensions. In the area of subjects while the percentages of factual knowledge were very high, those of meta-cognitive knowledge were low.

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Analysis about Learning Objectives of Informatics Textbooks in High School using Anderson's and Fuller's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Anderson과 Fuller의 교육목표 분류법을 이용한 고등학교 정보 교과서의 수업 목표 분석)

  • Choe, Hyun-Jong
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.185-196
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    • 2014
  • This study has analyzed the learning objectives in 6 Informatics textbooks that were published this year in the basis of 2009 revised curriculum using Anderson's taxonomy of Educational Objectives that was a revision of Bloom's taxonomy and Fuller's taxonomy that was presented for programming activities. Some dimensions of Anderson's taxonomy, such as conceptual and procedural knowledge, understand and apply in cognitive process are much more used in learning objectives in 6 Informatics textbooks. Interpreting and producing dimensions of taxonomy are well presented to balance in 6 Informatics textbooks by analysis of Fuller's taxonomy. This results will be a good case study in research about taxonomy of educational objectives and development of Informatics textbooks.

A Research for New Taxonomy of Information Visualization (정보시각화의 새로운 분류법에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, Jun-Woo;Lee, Suk-Won;Kim, In-Soo;Myung, Ro-Hae
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.76-84
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    • 2009
  • Since too much information has been generated, it became very difficult to find out valuable and necessary information. In order to deal with the problem of information overload, the taxonomy for information visualization techniques has been based upon visualized shapes such as tree map, fisheye view and parallel coordinates, so that it was difficult to choose the right representation technique by data characteristics. Therefore, this study was designed to introduce a new taxonomy for the information visualization by data characteristics which defined by space (3D vs. multi-dimensions), time (continuous vs. discrete), and relations of data (qualitative vs. quantitative). To verify the new taxonomy, forensic data which were generated to investigate the culprit of network security was used. The result showed that the new taxonomy was found to be very efficient and effective to choose the right visualized shape for forensic data for network security. In conclusion, the new taxonomy was proven to be very helpful to choose the right information visualization technique by data characteristics.

A Taxonomy of Uninterpretable Interactions from Interaction Design Perspective

  • Jin, ZhouXiong;Pan, Younghwan
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.53-65
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The aim of this study is to configure a taxonomy of uninterpretable Interactions. Background: Following the spread of the Internet, smart devices have increasingly covered our lives. Human beings are now living in an era of tremendous information explosion. We live with numerous interactive targets nowadays, and there are many ways to interact with these targets. Being an interaction designer in this era, we need to clearly understand the existing methods of the interaction. While Bill Moggridge posed interaction design as a new discipline in 1984, it still has not formed a structured framework. Method: This study categorizes uninterpretable interactions through case studies, and configures the taxonomy of uninterpretable interactions based on Object-Oriented View of interaction. To explore the use value and impact of the taxonomy of uninterpretable interactions, this study conducted an experiment and analyzed related results. Results: The framework gives a positive impact on the design process, and interaction designers can clarify and broaden the scope of their ideas. Conclusion: A study on the Taxonomy of Uninterpretable Interactions was the part that did not gain a lot of attention in the existing interaction process. The study made the part more clear. And the study also helps interaction designers expand their roles in the development process of products or services. Application: The taxonomy framework of uninterpretable interactions might help interaction designers design uninterpretable interactions more clearly, and it can also be applied to design interpretable interactions.

First record of a marine microalgal species, Chlorella gloriosa (Trebouxiophyceae) isolated from the Dokdo Islands, Korea

  • Kang, Nam Seon;Lee, Jung A;Jang, Hyeong Seok;Kim, Kyeong Mi;Kim, Eun Song;Yoon, Moongeun;Hong, Ji Won
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.526-534
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    • 2019
  • Chlorella gloriosa (Chlorellaceae, Trebouxiophyceae) was isolated from seawater off the coast of the Dokdo Islands in Korea. An axenic culture was established using the streak-plate method on f/2 agar media supplemented with antibiotics, allowing identification of the isolate by morphological, molecular, and physiological analyses. The morphological characteristics observed by light and electron microscopy revealed typical morphologies of C. gloriosa species. The molecular phylogenetic inference drawn from the small-subunit 18S rRNA sequence verified that the microalgal strain belongs to C. gloriosa. Additionally, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis showed that the isolate was rich in nutritionally important omega-3 and -6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and high-performance liquid chromatography analysis revealed that the high-value antioxidants lutein and violaxanthin were biosynthesized as accessory pigments by this microalga, with arabinose, galactose, and glucose as the major monosaccharides. Therefore, in this study, a Korean marine C. gloriosa species was discovered, characterized, and described, and subsequently added to the national culture collection.

A Study on the Relation Between SOLO Taxonomy and van Hele Theory (SOLO 분류법과 van Hiele의 기하학습 수준 이론의 관련성에 대한 고찰)

  • 류성림
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.151-166
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to understand what two models of SOLO taxonomy and van Hiele theory suggest and find out what relation there is between the category system of the SOLO taxonomy and the thinking level of the van Hiele theory. The van Hiele theory describes in line of ranking level so that it may increase the teaching effects by putting together a class, which takes into consideration the students thoughts. The SOLO taxonomy focused on the response mode of the students rather than the thinking level or the developmental stage of them to pursuit the method that can describe the students understanding in depth quality-wise. Although the SOLO taxonomy and the van Hiele model seem to have different form and character from outside in terms of their goals, a closer examination reveals that the two stances have much in common and that the models are complementary. Although the van Hiele placed more focus on the thoughts, because the conclusion was based on the students responses, the van Hiele theory can be interpreted within the structure identified in the SOLO model. In this study, we have tried to understand how the response structure form the SOLO taxonomy and the thinking level of the van Hiele theory are related, based on the studies of Pegg and Davery1998). If you briefly look at them, there are following corresponding relation between the SOLO taxonomy and the van Hiele theory. a) The relational level(R) in iconic moe is van Hiele level 1. b) The multisturctural level(M$_2$) in the second cycle of concrete-symbolic mode is van Hiel level 2. c) The relation level(R$_2$) in the second cycle of concrete-symbolic mode is van Hiele level 3. d) The unistructural level(U$_2$) in the second cycle of formal mode is van Hiele level 4. e) The postformal mode is van Hiele levle 5. Though it would be difficult to conclude that these correspondences were perfectly done, if you look at their relation, you can see that the learning process of the students were not carried out uniformly. Therefore, by studying the students response structure, using the SOLO taxonomy, and identifying the learning cycle and understand the geometrical concept more in depth.

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Study of Analysis about Learning Objectives of Informatics Textbooks in Middle School using Anderson's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Anderson의 교육목표분류법을 이용한 중학교 정보 교과서의 수업목표 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Choe, Hyun Jong
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.51-63
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    • 2014
  • Learning objectives is used to be a good guidance of a class evaluation and activity design for an effective teaching and learning activities in class. Anderson's taxonomy of Educational Objectives that was a revision of Bloom's taxonomy has presented in research field of other subject matters and used as a better guideline for analyzing learning objectives in textbook and achievement levels in test recently. This study has behaved some questionnaires for that Anderson's taxonomy is suitable for a guideline of stating learning objective in Informatics subject matter, and analyzed the learning objectives in 6 Informatics textbooks by Anderson's taxonomy. It has proposed that Anderson's taxonomy is satisfactory for expressing learning objective of Informatics subject matter in class and some dimensions, such as conceptual and procedural knowledge, understand, and apply, are much more used in learning objectives in 6 Informatics textbooks. This results will be a good case study in research about taxonomy of educational objectives and development of Informatics textbooks.

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