• Title, Summary, Keyword: Taxol

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Studies on the Biological Behaviors of Taxol Derivatives (Taxol 유도체들의 생물학적 거동에 관한 연구)

  • Awh, Ok-Doo;Yoo, Dae-Wung;Im, Sang-Moo
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.440-451
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    • 1997
  • This study was designed to prospect the $^{111}In$-labelled paclitaxel as tumor imaging agent. In order to provide a taxol molecule with a functional group which is able to chelate In-111, taxol-DTPA conjugate and 2'-hemisuccinyltaxol were synthesized by esterification of taxol at C-2'on C-13 carbon with DTPA anhydride and succinic anhydride, respectively. Synthesis yield of the taxol derivatives was 34% for taxol-DTPA and 80% for 2'-hemisuccinyltaxol. Cytotoxicity of the taxol derivatives were measured by MTT method toward cell lines HT29, B16, P388, and CT26. The cytotoxic activities of the taxol derivatives were maintained, although less active than taxol. Radiolabelling of the taxol derivatives were proceeded directly with $^{111}InCl_3$ or indirectly with $^{111}In$-citrate(ligand-exchange method). The ligand-exchange method was not suitable because some precipitates appeared during the reaction. On the contrary, by direct radiolabelling method, we were able to obtain taxol-DTPA-$^{111}In$ in 100% radiochemical yield. However, 2'-hemisuccinyltaxol was not labelled by both methods. Yield and radiochemical purity of the radiolabelled com-pound were determined by HPLC, paper chromatography and instant thin layer chromatography. Taxol-DTPA-$^{111}In$ was characterized to be hydrophilic by lipophilicity test, and nearly non-adhesive to HT29, B16, P388, and CT26 by cell binding affinity test. Binding affinity of the taxol-DTPA-$^{111}In$ complex to serum proteins was also examined by protein precipitation with 30% trichloroacetic acid. The results showed that 30% of the taxol-DTPA-$^{111}In$ complex binds with serum proteins.

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Taxol Content in Various Parts of Yew Trees in Korea (한국산 주목의 부위별 Taxol 함량)

  • 변상요;강인선김공환
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.122-125
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    • 1993
  • Taxol is the promising diterpene alkaloid with antineoplastic activities. The taxol content in various parts of yew trees in Korea, Mt. Deokyu, Mt. Sobaek, Mt. Taebaek and Suwon area, have been determined. The highest taxol content was observed in yew trees of Mt. Soback. In various parts of trees the taxol content in bark was highest and the taxol content in twig was higher than that in leaves.

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Taxol Production by an Endophytic Fungus, Fusarium redolens, Isolated from Himalayan Yew

  • Garyali, Sanjog;Kumar, Anil;Reddy, M. Sudhakara
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.23 no.10
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    • pp.1372-1380
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    • 2013
  • Different endophytic fungi isolated from Himalayan Yew plants were tested for their ability to produce taxol. The BAPT gene (C-13 phenylpropanoid side chain-CoA acetyl transferase) involved in the taxol biosynthetic pathway was used as a molecular marker to screen taxol-producing endophytic fungi. Taxol extracted from fungal strain TBPJ-B was identified by HPLC and MS analysis. Strain TBPJ-B was identified as Fusarium redolens based on the morphology and internal transcribed spacer region of nrDNA analysis. HPLC quantification of fungal taxol showed that F. redolens was capable of producing $66{\mu}g/l$ of taxol in fermentation broth. The antitumour activity of the fungal taxol was tested by potato disc tumor induction assay using Agrobacterium tumefaciens as the tumor induction agent. The present study results showed that PCR amplification of genes involved in taxol biosynthesis is an efficient and reliable method for prescreening taxol-producing fungi. We are reporting for the first time the production of taxol by F. redolens from Taxus baccata L. subsp. wallichiana (Zucc.) Pilger. This study offers important information and a new source for the production of the important anticancer drug taxol by endophytic fungus fermentation.

The Anticancer Mechanisms of Taxol-Diethylenetriamine pentaacetate Conjugate in HT29 Human Colorectal Cancer cells

  • Lee, Na-Kyung;Kim, Hyun-Jeong;Yang, Seung-Ju;Kim, Yoon-Suk;Choi, Hyun-Il;Shim, Moon-Jeong;Awh, Ok-Doo;Kim, Tae-Ue
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.237-243
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    • 2001
  • Taxol, a natural product extracted from the Taxus brevifolia, is known to have significant anti-tumor activities against many common cancers, including ovarian and breast cancers. Despite the pronounced anti-tumor activity of this compound, its poor solubility in aqueous solutions hampers its clinical applications. We studied the anticancer mechanisms of the water-soluble taxol diethylenetriamine pentaacetate (DTPA) used for radiolabeling, and compared it to that of taxol. In vitro cytotoxicities of taxol and taxol-DTPA conjugate were tested in HT29 human colorectal cancer cells by the MTT method. As the result, the $IC_{50}$ value of the taxol-DTPA conjugate was about three fold higher than that of taxol. When analyzed by an agarose gel electrophoresis, the DNA ladders became evident after the incubation of cells with the taxol-DTPA conjugate for 24 h. We also found morphological changes of the cells undergoing apoptosis with electron microscopy Next, we examined the signal pathway of taxol-DTPA conjugate-induced apoptosis in HT29 cells. The activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK1/2) occurred at 10, 30, 60 and 120 min after 200 nM taxol-DTPA conjugate treatment. The pretreatment of the MEK inhibitor (PD98059) completely blocked the taxol-DTPA conjugate-induced ERK1/2 activation. The activated ERK1/2 translocated into the nucleus at the same time and phosphorylated its transcriptional factor, c-Jun. These results suggest that the taxol-DTPA conjugate has an apoptotic activity in HT29 cells, and that its proapoptic activity might be related with the signal transduction via ERK1/2 and c-Jun similar to that of taxol.

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Effects of Inoculum Density and Basal Media on Cell Growth and Taxol Production in Taxus Cell Suspension Cultures (주목 세포배양에서 초기 접종농도와 기본배지가 세포증식과 Taxol 생산에 미치는 영향)

  • 황용순;김석우
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.600-605
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    • 1996
  • Optimum inoculum concentration for the production of taxol was determined in Taxus brevifolia and Taxus cuspidata cell suspension cultures. By fresh weight, 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10 g/flask of cells were inoculated and cell growth as well as taxol production were examined. In both Taxus cell cultures, the higher the inoculum concentration, the shorter the length of the lag period. The optimum inoculum concentration for taxol production was found to be 5 g/flask. To produce taxol in large quantity, utilization of proper medium was thought to be important. In case of using a production medium with 6% sucrose, taxol production was noticed. Its level reached the maximum at the 9th day of culture and decreased afterwards. However, taxol was not detected from cell cultures in growth medium.

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Effect of Nitrogen, Phosphate and Cell Immobilization on Taxol Production from Cell Cultures of Taxus cuspidata (주목 (Taxus cuspidata) 세포배양에서 질소원, 인산, 세포고정화가 Taxol 생산에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jong-Hwa;Chung, In-Sik
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.308-312
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    • 1995
  • The effects of nitrogen, phosphate in modified B5 medium and cell immobilization on cell growth and taxol production were investigated using cell cultures of Taxus cuspidata. The ratio of nitrate to ammonium was found to be an important parameter. The ratio of 1 increased taxol production 10-fold, compared to the original ratio of 20 in modified B5 medium. Reducing phosphate concentration inhibited cell growth, but increased taxol production noticeably. Immobilized cells produced a taxol concentration of ${\sim}120\;g/l$

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Taxol Production in Taxus spp. Cell Culture : Semisynthesis of Taxol from Baccatin III in Cell Cultures of Taxus baccta Pendula (주목 세포배양에 의한 Taxol 생산 : 유럽 주목의 세포배양에서 추출한 Baccatin III로부터 Taxol의 반합성)

  • 전정욱;조병관
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.263-269
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    • 1996
  • Anticancer agent taxol was synthesized from baccatin III which was extracted from cell cultures of European yew, Taxus baccata Pendula. Callus and suspension cultures of T. baccata Pendula showed the formation baccatin III. The content of baccatin III in cell cultures reached 0.015% (w/w) on dry weight basis. The semisynthetic approaches were made with baccatin III and taxol side chain. To prepare taxol side chain, (-)-N-((S)-2-hydroxy-1-phenylethyl) benzamide was synthesized first from (S)-(+)-phenylglycine. Then (-)-N-((IS,2S)-2-hydroxy-1-phenyl-3-butenyl) benzamide was synthesized with vinyl magnesium bromide. The synthesis of (2R, 3S)-(-)-2-(1-ethoxyethoxy)-3-phenyl-3-(phenylmethanamido) propanoic acid with RuCl3, catalyst was the final step to prepare taxol side chain. The semisynthetic reactions yielded 0.0002% taxol, 0.0005% 7-epi-10-deacetyltaxol, and unidentified taxanes on dry weight basis. It is suggested that the semisynthesis of taxol from baccatin III could be an alternative source of taxol and related taxanes.

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Synthesis of I-125 Labelled Compound of Taxol Analogue for Radioimmunoassay (Taxol의 방사면역측정을 위한 I-125 표지화합물 합성)

  • 오옥두;금준섭;이양호;박용석;편웅범;최창운
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.125-130
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    • 1997
  • Taxol, an anticancer drug that has diterpenoid conformation, has been used as an effective chemotherapeutical agent in the treatment of breast and ovarian cancers. Because of its toxicity like other anticancer drugs, monitoring the taxol level in serum is important procedure during cancer therapy. The various monitoring methods using HPLC, ELISA, and RIA have been adopted, and RIA technique is known to be superior than other methods in trems of sensitivity and convenience. In this study, in order to develope taxol RIA system using $^{125}$I labelled antigen, first of all we synthesized taxol derivatives. 2'-hemisuccinyltaxol was obtained with about 80% yield by esterification of taxol at C-2' hydroxyl group on C-13 carbon with succinic anhydride. [$^{125}$I]iodotyramine was prepared with 58% labelling yield by radioiodination of tyramine and purified by gel chromatography. 2'-[$^{125}$I]iodotyramine-hemisuninyltaxol, $^{125}$I labelled antigen for taxol RIA, was synthesized with 96% yield from conjugation of 2'-hemisuccinyltaxol and [$^{125}$I]iodotyramine. Anti-taxol serum was produced from the rabbit immunized with 2'-hemisuccinyltaxol-BSA synthesized by 2'-hemisuccinyltaxol and BSA. The antiserum titer was determined by RIA using 2'-[$^{125}$I]iodotyramine-hemisuccinyltaxol. The titer of 1:20 was obtained with about 40% of B/T. The results suggest that taxol RIA using $^{125}$I labelled antigen can be applied to monitor the taxol level in serum.

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Systematic Analysis of the Anticancer Agent Taxol-Producing Capacity in Colletotrichum Species and Use of the Species for Taxol Production

  • Choi, Jinhee;Park, Jae Gyu;Ali, Md. Sarafat;Choi, Seong-Jin;Baek, Kwang-Hyun
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.105-111
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    • 2016
  • Paclitaxel (taxol) has long been used as a potent anticancer agent for the treatment of many cancers. Ever since the fungal species Taxomyces andreanae was first shown to produce taxol in 1993, many endophytic fungal species have been recognized as taxol accumulators. In this study, we analyzed the taxol-producing capacity of different Colletotrichum spp. to determine the distribution of a taxol biosynthetic gene within this genus. Distribution of the taxadiene synthase (TS) gene, which cyclizes geranylgeranyl diphosphate to produce taxadiene, was analyzed in 12 Colletotrichum spp., of which 8 were found to contain the unique skeletal core structure of paclitaxel. However, distribution of the gene was not limited to closely related species. The production of taxol by Colletotrichum dematium, which causes pepper anthracnose, depended on the method in which the fungus was stored, with the highest production being in samples stored under mineral oil. Based on its distribution among Colletotrichum spp., the TS gene was either integrated into or deleted from the bacterial genome in a species-specific manner. In addition to their taxol-producing capacity, the simple genome structure and easy gene manipulation of these endophytic fungal species make them valuable resources for identifying genes in the taxol biosynthetic pathway.

Preparation of $^{125}I-Iodotyraminehemisuccinyltaxol\;(^{125}ITHT)$ for Competitive Taxol Radioimmunoassay (Taxol 방사면역측정을 위한 $^{125}I-Iodotyraminehemisuccinyltaxol\;(^{125}ITHT)$의 제조)

  • Lee, Tae-Sup;Awh, Ok-Doo;Choi, Tae-Hyun;Kim, Hyun-Suk;Hong, Jun-Pyo;Lee, Eun-Sook;Choi, Chang-Woon;Lim, Sang-Moo
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.121-132
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : Taxol(Paclitaxel), an antineoplastic agent, has been used in the treatment of ovarian and breast cancers. The determination of optimal Taxol concentrations in human serum was required for enhancing therapeutic effect and maintaining the appropriate Taxol level in blood. This study was aimed to synthesizeradiolabeled Taxol derivatives as radiotracer in competitive radioimmunoassay for monitoring Taxol concentrations in blood and to determine the usefulness of its derivatives. Materials and Methods : Hemisucdcinyltaxol(HT) was synthesized by esterification of Taxol with succinic anhydride. Tyraminehemisuccinyltaxol(THT) was synthesized by coupling of HT with tyramine using isobutylchlormate as coupling agent and purified by HPLC. By using chloramine-T($5.25mg/ml,\;10{\mu}{\ell}$) as oxidant agent, THT($4mg/ml,\;30{\mu}{\ell}$) was labeled wity $^{125}I\;(37MBq,\;1mCi)$. To estimate the stability of purified THT, $^{125}I-iodotyraminehemisuccinyltaxol(^125}ITHT)$ was dissolved in 80% acetonitrile aqueous solution, and the solution was incubated at $4^{\circ}C\;and\;37^{\circ}C$ for 7 days. At various time intervals, the stability of THT and $^{125}ITHT$ was monitored. The titer of Taxol monoclonal antibody, 3G5A7, was determined by competitive radioimmunoassay using $^{125}ITHT$ as a labeled antigen. A standard dose-response curve was demonstated by Taxol competitive radioimmunoassay. Resulls : HT and THT were synthesized with 79.9% and 19.5% yield, respectively. The labeling yield of $^{125}ITHT$ was 93%. After 7 days, the chemical purity of THT was 96.5% at $4^{\circ}C$, and 97.5% at $37^{\circ}C$. After 3 days, $^{125}ITHT$ was stable with 94.7% at $4^{\circ}C$ and 93.4% at $37^{\circ}C$. After 7 days, fadiochemical purity was diminished to 88.1% at $37^{\circ}C$. The titer of Taxol monoclonal antibody, 3G5A7, was determined to 1:256. A standard dose-response curve demonstated good collinearity ($R^2=0.971$) as Taxol concentration-dependent manner. Conclusion : Competitive radioimmunoassay using $^{125}I-iodotyraminehemisuccinytaxol$ as radiotracer could be used to monitor for concentration of Taxol in the human serum.