• Title, Summary, Keyword: TPM

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Temporal Variations of Total Mercury Concentration in Precipitation: Difference in Source Characteristics between China and Korea

  • Nguyen, Duc Luong;Shim, Shang-Gyoo;Kim, Jin-Young;Jin, Hyoun-Cher;Zhang, Xiao-Shan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Air Pollution Research Association Conference
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    • pp.322-326
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    • 2010
  • This study shows that atmospheric TPM concentrations and THg concentrations in precipitation measured in China were higher that those measured in Korea. TPM concentrations and THg concentrations in precipitation during the cold periods were generally higher than those during the warm periods in both China and korea. In China, variations of THg concentration in precipitation during the cold and warm periods were influenced by scavenging of both TPM and RGM. Different from China, in Korea, variations of THg concentration in precipitation during the cold period were also influenced by scavenging of both TPM and RGM; however, those during the warm periods were dominantly governed by scavenging of RGM.

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스마트미터의 신뢰성 및 안전성 향상을 위한 TPM 관련 평가인증 제도 분석

  • Lee, Kwang-Woo;Won, Dong-Ho;Kim, Seung-Joo
    • Review of KIISC
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.48-55
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    • 2010
  • 최근 들어, 저탄소 녹색성장에 대한 관심이 높아지면서, 전력 시스템과 IT 기술의 융합이 주목받고 있다. 이에 각국 정부에서는 스마트 그리드 사업을 추진하고 있으며, 관련 연구도 활발히 진행되고 있다. 스마트 그리드는 기존의 전력시스템과 IT 기술을 융합한 차세대 지능형 전력시스템으로, 모든 전자 기기들을 네트워크에 연결하고 실시간으로 에너지 사용량을 수집하여 사용자 및 에너지공급업체에 제공한다. 이를 통해 사용자는 에너지 소비를 줄일 수 있으며, 공급업체는 에너지 공급 효율성을 극대화할 수 있다. 이러한 서비스를 제공하기 위해서는 전력을 사용하는 각 사업장 및 가정에 스마트미터라는 장치를 설치해야만 한다. 하지만 스마트미터는 일반적으로 건물 외부에 설치되기 때문에 물리적으로 많은 공격 위협에 노출되어 있다. 따라서 플랫폼 무결성 보장, 신뢰할 수 있는 데이터 암호화 안전한 키 저장 등을 위해 최근 스마트미터에 TPM을 도입하고자 하는 연구가 이루어지고 있다. 이에 본 논문에서는 TPM 지술 및 개발 현황을 살펴보고, TPM과 관련된 평가인증 제도를 비교 분석하고자 한다.

Design and Implementation of SaaS Model based on Trusted Computing Technology using TPM (TPM을 이용한 신뢰컴퓨팅기반 SaaS 모델 설계 및 구현)

  • Kim, Young Man;Jun, Sung Ik;Kim, Eun Seok;Jung, Hye Young
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.1075-1078
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    • 2009
  • Web 2.0 시대가 도래하면서부터 새로운 소프트웨어 배포 방식인 SaaS가 등장하였다. 보안 분야에서도 기존의 소프트웨어적인 보안 방식이 아닌 하드웨어적인 보안 방식을 위해 TPM이라는 보안 칩이 개발되었다. 본 논문에서는 TPM 칩을 사용하여 보다 신뢰적인 측면이 강조된 신뢰 컴퓨팅 기반 SaaS 모델을 설계하고, 설계된 모델의 가장 기본적인 기능인 로컬 PC 레벨의 PCR 값 인증 프로그램과 로컬 PC 레벨 어플리케이션 무결성 측정 프로그램을 구현하고 이를 평가한다.

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A Process of the Technical Performance Management for A Space Launch Vehicle R&D Project (우주발사체 개발사업을 위한 기술성능관리 프로세스)

  • Yoo, Il Sang;Cho, Dong Hyun;Kim, Keun Taek
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Systems Engineering
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2014
  • To enhance success probability of a system development project, its overall risk level should be minimized through systematically managing schedules, costs, and technical performances. However, Attempts to manage technical performance compared to numerous efforts to control costs and schedules in such projects are deficient. Particularly, a space launch vehicle, a large complex system, development project is much less likely to meet its technical performance objectives due to its technological difficulty, along with schedule delay and cost overrun. The technical performance management (TPM) is a method for tracking and managing technical progress in order to achieve technical performance targets within schedule and budget. In this paper, we investigate applications of the TPM in several space launch vehicle development projects. Then we propose and validate the TPM process to achieve a successful mission in such projects.

A study on the manufacturing of motor case assembly for K-PSAM propulsion system by Trans. power molding(TPM) process (유동가압성형(TPM)을 이용한 휴대용 유도무기용 연소관 조립체 제작공정연구)

  • 정상기;윤남균
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.107-115
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    • 1998
  • This paper deals with the study on injection with EPDM(Ethylene propylene dien ter polymer) the gap which narrow, long, and tubular between an ablative composite tube and a steel motor case. Small size motor assembly was designed and manufactured for man-portable air defense propulsion system. Motor assembly is consisted with steel tube, ablative composite tube and insulation rubber. Ablative composite tube was made of carbon/phenolic prepreg by rolling process and insulation rubber was made of EPDM by TPM(Trans-power molding) process. To select the insulation rubber material, we tested ablative insulation property and degradation property at first and we tested fluidity, adhesive property and hardness of EPDM rubber. Finally we designed TPM process to manufacture motor case assembly and the motor case assembly was examined by non-destructive test(X-ray).

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Security and Privacy Mechanism using TCG/TPM to various WSN (다양한 무선네트워크 하에서 TCG/TPM을 이용한 정보보호 및 프라이버시 매커니즘)

  • Lee, Ki-Man;Cho, Nae-Hyun;Kwon, Hwan-Woo;Seo, Chang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, To improve the effectiveness of security enforcement, the first contribution in this work is that we present a clustered heterogeneous WSN(Wareless Sensor Network) architecture, composed of not only resource constrained sensor nodes, but also a number of more powerful high-end devices acting as cluster heads. Compared to sensor nodes, a high-end cluster head has higher computation capability, larger storage, longer power supply, and longer radio transmission range, and it thus does not suffer from the resource scarceness problem as much as a sensor node does. A distinct feature of our heterogeneous architecture is that cluster heads are equipped with TC(trusted computing) technology, and in particular a TCG(Trusted Computing Group) compliant TPM (Trusted Platform Module) is embedded into each cluster head. According the TCG specifications, TPM is a tamper-resistant, self-contained secure coprocessor, capable of performing cryptographic functions. A TPM attached to a host establishes a trusted computing platform that provides sealed storage, and measures and reports the integrity state of the platform.

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Effect of smoking conditions on the biological activity of cigarette mainstream smoke (담배 주류연의 생물학적 활성에 대한 흡연조건의 영향)

  • Shin, Han-Jae;Park, Chul-Hoon;Sohn, Hyung-Ok;Lee, Hyeong-Seok;Yoo, Ji-Hye;Lee, Byeong-Chan;Hyun, Hak-Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.14-24
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    • 2008
  • The objective of this study was to determine the effect of smoking conditions on the in vitro toxicological activity of mainstream smoke. The 2R4F reference cigarette was machine-smoked by International Organization for Standardization(ISO) and Canadian Intense(CI) conditions. Smoke was analysed for chemical composition and in vitro toxicity. The cytotoxic potencies of both the total particulate matter(TPM), which were collected in Cambridge filter pad, and gas/vapor phase(GVP), which was bubbled through in phosphate-buffer saline in a gas-washing bottle, were assessed neutral red up take assay with chinese hamster ovary(CHO) cells. The assessment for genotoxicity of TPMs generated under ISO and CI conditions was determined using Salmonella mutagenicity assay and in vitro micronucleus assay. When calculated on an equal TPM basis, in vitro toxicity of TPM obtained under CI condition was decreased compared to TPM generated under ISO condition. The results of chemical composition analyses revealed that the lower toxicological activity under CI condition than that of ISO condition could be explained by the decreased in the contents of phenols, N-nitrosoamines and aromatic amines of TPM on an equal TPM basis.

Differential Effects between Cigarette Total Particulate Matter and Cigarette Smoke Extract on Blood and Blood Vessel

  • Park, Jung-Min;Chang, Kyung-Hwa;Park, Kwang-Hoon;Choi, Seong-Jin;Lee, Kyuhong;Lee, Jin-Yong;Satoh, Masahiko;Song, Seong-Yu;Lee, Moo-Yeol
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.353-358
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    • 2016
  • The generation and collection of cigarette smoke (CS) is a prerequisite for any toxicology study on smoking, especially an in vitro CS exposure study. In this study, the effects on blood and vascular function were tested with two widely used CS preparations to compare the biological effects of CS with respect to the CS preparation used. CS was prepared in the form of total particulate matter (TPM), which is CS trapped in a Cambridge filter pad, and cigarette smoke extract (CSE), which is CS trapped in phosphate-buffered saline. TPM potentiated platelet reactivity to thrombin and thus increased aggregation at a concentration of $25{\sim}100{\mu}g/mL$, whereas 2.5~10% CSE decreased platelet aggregation by thrombin. Both TPM and CSE inhibited vascular contraction by phenylephrine at $50{\sim}100{\mu}g/mL$ and 10%, respectively. TPM inhibited acetylcholine-induced vasorelaxation at $10{\sim}100{\mu}g/mL$, but CSE exhibited a minimal effect on relaxation at the concentration that affects vasoconstriction. Neither TPM nor CSE induced hemolysis of erythrocytes or influenced plasma coagulation, as assessed by prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT). Taken together, CS affects platelet activity and deteriorates vasomotor functions in vitro. However, the effect on blood and blood vessels may vary depending on the CS preparation. Therefore, the results of experiments conducted with CS preparations should be interpreted with caution.

Emission Characteristics of PM10 and PM2.5 in Thermal Power Plants Using Different Fuel Types (연료별 화력발전시설의 미세먼지(PM10 및 PM2.5) 배출특성)

  • Park, Hyun-Soo;Lee, Duk-An;Yang, Jeong-Go;Jang, Seong-Guk;Kim, Hwan-Beom;Kim, Deug-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.534-541
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    • 2018
  • Concentrations of total particulate matter (TPM), $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ were measured at three different sites based on each different fuel type (solid, liquid and gas) used in thermal power plants operating in Yeosu and Gwangyang National Industrial Complexes during 2017. The highest concentrations of TPM, $PM_{10}$, and $PM_{2.5}$ were observed at the solid fuel facility, and these values were $3.356mg/Sm^3$, $2.342mg/Sm^3$ and $1.834mg/Sm^3$, respectively. The ratio of $PM_{2.5}$ to TPM was the highest value of 54.6% in solid fuel case, and the lowest was 35.7% found in liquid fuel case. As a result of analyzing 9 kinds of metal compound with respect to each particle size, the metal concentration of TPM is higher than those of $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ in all fuel types. Total concentrations of metal elements in TPM by fuel difference are $1.2702mg/Sm^3$ in solid fuel, 0.0603 mg/Sm3 in liquid fuel, and $0.0733mg/Sm^3$ in gas fuel, respectively. Relatively higher total metal concentration in gas fuel than in liquid fuel was found; and this could be higher Cr and Al concentrations in use of gas fuel. As a result of estimating the emission factors of each facility, in case of solid fuel, TPM emissions per electricity production were found to be 0.7080 kt/PJ, followed by liquid fuel and gas fuel. $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ emissions per hour of electricity production were similar to those of TPM.

Development of Korean Tissue Probability Map from 3D Magnetic Resonance Images (3차원 MR 영상으로부터의 한국인 뇌조직확률지도 개발)

  • Jung Hyun, Kim;Jong-Min, Lee;Uicheul, Yoon;Hyun-Pil, Kim;Bang Bon, Koo;In Young, Kim;Dong Soo, Lee;Jun Soo, Kwon;Sun I., Kim
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.323-328
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    • 2004
  • The development of group-specific tissue probability maps (TPM) provides a priori knowledge for better result of cerebral tissue classification with regard to the inter-ethnic differences of inter-subject variability. We present sequential procedures of group-specific TPM and evaluate the age effects in the structural differences of TPM. We investigated 100 healthy volunteers with high resolution MRI scalming. The subjects were classified into young (60, 25.92+4.58) and old groups (40, 58.83${\pm}$8.10) according to the age. To avoid any bias from random selected single subject and improve registration robustness, average atlas as target for TPM was constructed from skull-stripped whole data using linear and nonlinear registration of AIR. Each subject was segmented into binary images of gray matter, white matter, and cerebrospinal fluid using fuzzy clustering and normalized into the space of average atlas. The probability images were the means of these binary images, and contained values in the range of zero to one. A TPM of a given tissue is a spatial probability distribution representing a certain subject population. In the spatial distribution of tissue probability according to the threshold of probability, the old group exhibited enlarged ventricles and overall GM atrophy as age-specific changes, compared to the young group. Our results are generally consistent with the few published studies on age differences in the brain morphology. The more similar the morphology of the subject is to the average of the population represented by the TPM, the better the entire classification procedure should work. Therefore, we suggest that group-specific TPM should be used as a priori information for the cerebral tissue classification.