• Title, Summary, Keyword: TEGDMA

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Effects of chemical surface treatment on the shear bond Strength of denture reliners and denture base resin (화학적 표면처리에 따른 의치상 레진과 이장재 간의 전단 결합강도)

  • Choi, Esther;Kwon, Eun-Ja
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.5745-5751
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the surface treatment of MMA and TEGDMA concentration, silane coupling agent on the shear bond strength of denture base resin and denture reliners. Denture base resin surface was treated with MMA and TEGDMA concentration, silane coupling agent. After denture reliners were injected bond strength was measured. The results of MMA and TEGDMA concentration on the shear bond strength of Vertex self curing resin showed that the value of MMA 95% and TEGDMA 5%, MMA 90% and TEGDMA 10%, MMA 80% and TEGDMA 20% groups were higher than that of other group(P<0.05). MMA and TEGDMA concentration on the shear bond strength of Kooliner resin showed that the value of MMA 95% and TEGDMA 5%, MMA 90% and TEGDMA 10% were higher than that of other group(P<0.05). Silane coupling agent on the shear bond strength of Vertex self curing resin and Kooliner showed that the value of MMA 95% and silane coupling agent 5% groups was higher than that of other group(P<0.05). Therefore, we could conclude that appropriate chemical surface treatments are supposed to affect the bond of denture base resin and denture reliners.

The effect of the strength and wetting characteristics of Bis-GMA/TEGDMA-based adhesives on the bond strength to dentin (2,2-Bis[4-(2-methoxy-3-methacryloyloxy propoxy) phenyl] propane을 함유한 상아질 접착레진의 물성이 접착강도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Eun-Sook;Kim, Chang-Keun;Bae, Ji-Hyun;Cho, Byeong-Hoon
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.139-148
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: This study investigated the effect of the strength and wetting characteristics of adhesives on the bond strength to dentin. The experimental adhesives containing various ratios of hydrophobic, low-viscosity Bis-M-GMA, with Bis-GMA and TEGDMA, were made and evaluated on the mechanical properties and bond strength to dentin. Materials and Methods: Five experimental adhesives formulated with various Bis-GMA/Bis-MGMA/TEGDMA ratios were evaluated on their viscosity, degree of conversion (DC), flexural strength (FS), and microtensile bond strength (MTBS). The bonded interfaces were evaluated with SEM and the solubility parameter was calculated to understand the wetting characteristics of the adhesives. Results: Although there were no significant differences in the DC between the experimental adhesives at 48 hr after curing (p > 0.05), the experimental adhesives that did not contain Bis-GMA exhibited a lower FS than did those containing Bis-GMA (p < 0.05). The experimental adhesives that had very little to no TEGDMA showed significantly lower MTBS than did those containing a higher content of TEGDMA (p < 0.05). The formers exhibited gaps at the interface between the adhesive layer and the hybrid layer. The solubility parameter of TEGDMA approximated those of the components of the primed dentin, rather than Bis-GMA and Bis-M-GMA. Conclusions: To achieve a good dentin bond, a strong base monomer, such as Bis-GMA, cannot be completely replaced by Bis-M-GMA for maintaining mechanical strength. For compatible copolymerization between the adhesive and the primed dentin as well as dense cross-linking of the adhesive layer, at least 30% fraction of TEGDMA is also needed.

EFFECT OF HEMA AND TEGDMA ON THE PROPERTIES OF EXPERIMENTAL COMPOSITE RESINS (Hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA)와 Triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA)가 실험적 복합레진의 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Han Man-Hyun;Choi Boo-Byung;Woo Yi-Hyung
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.476-492
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare HEMA and TEGDMA as diluents for the composite resin. Material and methods : Eight kinds of experimental light curable composite resins were prepared and used. Concentrations of monomer and filler were same for all experimental composites, except, the diluent's ratios to the monomer. The ratio of diluents to Bis-GMA were 15%, 20%, 25%, and 30%, and two kinds of diluents were used, so total experimental groups were eight including one control group of 25% TEGDMA. Results : Depth of cure, flexural strength, shear bond strength to bovine enamel, shear bond strength to bovine dentin, water absorption and solubility of composites in water were measured. Sample size for each groups were 10. Arithmetic means were used as each groups representative values, and regression test for two diluents and low concentrations, Duncan's multiple range test, and Two-way ANOVA test were done for kinds of diluents and its concentrations at level of 0.05. Conclusion : Following results were obtained ; 1. There were not significant differences in effects of HEMA and TEGDMA to depth of cure, flexural strength of composites and shear bond strength to bovine enamel (p>0.05). 2. Increase of the concentrations of the diluents made the depth of cure (p<0.001) and flexural strength (p<0.05) a little higher. 3. Shear bond strength to dentin was higher on HEMA containing composites than TEGDMA containing composites (p<0.001). 4. Water absorption was higher on HEMA containing composites than TEGDMA containing composites (p<0.01).

ELUTION OF RESIDUAL MONOMER ACCORDING TO VARIOUS LIGHT SOURCES AND CURING TIME ON THE POLYMERIZATION OF PHOTOACTIVATED PIT AND FISSURE SEALANTS (광중합 광원의 종류와 조사시간에 따른 치면열구전색제의 미반응 모노머 용출)

  • Oh, You-Hyang;Park, Yoon-Kyung;Lee, Nan-Young;Lee, Chang-Seop;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.421-430
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to measure and compare the amount of unreacted TEGDMA from pit and fissure sealants cured with three different light sources; conventional halogen light curing unit, plasma arc light curing unit and argon laser. The specimens were eluted in distilled water for different time intervals. The time-related release of TEGDMA were analyzed by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). The result of present study can be summarized as follows: 1. The time-related release of TEGDMA decreased with increasing curing time in conventional halogen light, however, that not statistically significant difference(p>0.05). 2. The elution from the specimens cured for 6 and 9 seconds with plasma arc light was similar results corresponding with the time-related TEGBMA release, and was significantly lower than that cured for 3 seconds(p<0.05). 3. The elution of TEGDMA from the specimens cured with argon laser was significantly higher than that cured with halogen and plasma arc light(p<0.05). 4. The elution of TEGDMA from under recommended time of three different light sources were showed to be no statistically significant difference(p>0.05). 5. In time-related release of TEGDMA from recommended time of each light sources, the results correspond to 40 seconds of halogen light and 6 seconds of plasma arc light were similar(p>0.05). 6. The elution of TEGDMA, from over recommended time of three different light sources were showed to be no statistically significant difference(p>0.05). In this study, I suggest that curing time of plasma arc light is 6 and/or 9 seconds in the field of clinical pediatric dentistry claiming its effectiveness in optimal polymerization and reduced chair time.

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A COMPARISON OF RELEASE RATE AND CUMULATIVE RELEASE OF TEGDMA WITH OR WITHOUT THE APPLICATION OF BONDING RESIN (접착레진 적용 유무에 따른 TEGDMA의 방출속도 및 방출량 비교)

  • Shin, Hee-Jung;Jeon, Seong-Min
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.701-709
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    • 1998
  • Many dental composites are Bis-GMA based resin which diluted with the more fluid monomer triethylenglycol dimethacrylate(TEGDMA). TEGDMA is often present in exess so that some quantity remains unreacted following photo-initiated polymerization. TEGDMA is a component of some resin composites which contributes to their cytotoxicity. The presence of dentin between resin composite and pulp space reduce the cytotoxicity in vitro. The root system from extrcted human third molar was removed and then a circular occlusal cavity 4mm in diameter was prepared, leaving a remaining dentinal thickness to the roof of the pulpal chamber within the range 1.0-1.5mm. Dentine was treated with 37% phosphoric acid prior to Z 100 placement without using bonding resin(group 1). In group 2, SMP(Scotchbond Multi Purpose) primer, bonding resin prior to Z 100 placement were applied sequently. In group 3, moulds with internal dimensions 4mm diameter by 2mm depth were used to contain the composite alone with an equvalent mass on tooth model, and then they were immersed directly into water. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the release rate and quantity of TEGDMA with or without the application of bonding resin. Both release rate and total cumulative amount of TEGDMA for the three groups were determined using reversed-phase HPLC at times up to 10 days. The results were as follows: 1. All experimental groups showed the highest rate of release was in the first sample period(0-4.32 min) and the rate of release declined exponentially thereafter. 2. The maximum release rate and total cumulative account of TEGDMA in the tooth model of group 1 and group 2 with the use of SMP bonding resin were reduced however ther were no significant differences between these groups(P>0.05). 3. In the first sample period(0-4.32 min), the rate of release of TEGDMA from composite resin in group 3 immersed directly into water was significantly higher than that in group 1 and group 2 of tooth model(P<0.05). Conclusively, TEGDMA diffusion from Z 100 resin was not effectively prevented by the presence of dentin in spite of using the SMP bonding resin.

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The protective effect of coenzyme Q10 on cytotoxicity of regin monomer of odontoblast caused by TEGDMA (코엔자임 Q10 처리에 따른 TEGDMA에 의해 유발된 치아 세포 사멸 억제 효과)

  • Lee, Ahreum;Park, Soyeong;Lee, Kyung Hee
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.775-781
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : The purpose of the study is to investigate the protective effect of coenzyme $Q_{10}$ on cytotoxicity effect of dental monomers in odontoblast(MDPC-23). Methods : MDPC-23 was incubated with the(co)monomers triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) with and without addition of coenzyme $Q_{10}$. The cell proliferation and survival was determined using WST-1 assay. The level of reactive oxygen species(ROS) was measured by immunofluorescent staining for DCF-DA. Results : TEGDMA treatment decreased the cell proliferation by dose dependently(0.1, 1, 2.5, 5, 10 mM) on the growth of MDPC-23 cells. Coenzyme $Q_{10}$ showed cell proliferation from 5 to $500{\mu}M$ by WST-1 assay. Pre-treatment coenzyme $Q_{10}$ showed the antioxidant effect on proliferation and viability of MDPC-23 after 48h(p<0.05). The positive cells were observed in non-coenyme $Q_{10}$ treatment group(group 2) in comparison with coenyme $Q_{10}$ pre-treatment group(group 1) by DCF-DA. The fluorescence positive cells showed 14.715(group 1) and 19.788(group 2) using image J system. Conclusions : TEGDMA induced cytotoxicity. The MDPC-23 cell death was associated with the increasing ROS. Coenyme $Q_{10}$ showed the antioxidant effects by decreasing ROS. This effects may contribute to the treatment of periodontal disease induced by TEGDMA after operation.

Characteristics of Polymeric Dental Restorative Composites Fabricated from Bis-GMA Derivatives Having Low Viscosity (저점도 Bis-GMA 유도체로부터 제조된 고분자계 치과 수복용 복합재의 특성)

  • Jeon, Mi-Young;Song, Jeong-Oh;Kim, Chang-Keun
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.491-496
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    • 2007
  • In the polymeric dental restorative composites, the resin matrix mainly contains 70 wt% 2,2-bis[4-(2-hydroxy-3-methacryloyloxy propoxy) phenyl] propane (Bis-GMA), as a base resin and 30 wt% triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) as a diluent. Even though the viscosity of the resin matrix is rapidly decreased by adding TEGDMA, addition of TEGDMA to the Bis-GMA results in reduction in the mechanical properties and increase in the curing shrinkage of the dental composite. In order to fabricate dental composite exhibiting excellent properties by reducing TEGDMA content in the resin matrix, in this study, Bis-GMA derivatives, which do not contain hydroxyl groups, were used instead of Bis-GMA. The curing characteristics of Bis-GMA derivatives were similar with those of Bis-GMA, while the former exhibited lower viscosity and water absorption than the latter. Comparing the curing shrinkage of the dental composite containing Bis-GMA derivative with that prepared from Bis-GMA, the reduction in curing shrinkage was about 25%. Dental composites prepared from new resin matrices also exhibited low water uptake and better properties in mechanical strength.

Effects of Various Diluents Included in the Resin Matrices on the Characteristics of the Dental Composites (레진 기질에 포함된 희석제들이 치과용 복합 재료의 특성 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoo, Sun-Hwa;Kim, Chang-Keun
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.153-157
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    • 2009
  • The resin matrix in the dental composite is generally composed of 2,2-bis[4-(2-hydroxy-3-methacryloyloxy propoxy) phenyl] propane (Bis-GMA) as a base resin and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) as a diluent for the reduction of viscosity. The applications of dental composite were often limited in dentistry due to the relatively large amounts of volumetric shrinkage during polymerization and water uptake caused by the addition of TEGDMA to the resin matrix. In this study, in order to solve problems stemmed from the TEGDMA by reducing amount of diluent added to resin matrix, diethylene glycol dimethacrylate (DEGDMA) and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) were explored as new diluents. A decrease in the volumetric shrinkage and an increase in the mechanical strength were observed by replacing TEGDMA in the dental composite to DEGDMA (or EGDMA). Reduction in the mechanical strength of the dental composite containing DEGDMA (or EGDMA), was not serious in comparison with that of the dental composite containing TEGDMA after water uptake.

QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESIDUAL MONOMERS IN VISIBLE LIGHT-CURED RESINS (치과용 가시광선중합형 복합레진의 잔류단량체 정량분석에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Kyoung-Kyu;Min, Byung-Soon
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.181-190
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study was to estimate the contents of the residual monomers, such as Bis-GMA and TEGDMA. In this study, materials used were six kinds of anterior and posterior visible light-cured resins. Resins were placed in disk-shaped Teflon mold (8.5mm in diameter, 2.0mm in thickness), and cured for 20 seconds with visible light source attached wide diameter lightguide. The specimens were immersed in 10ml ethanol and stored for 5 days at $37^{\circ}C$. The concentration of residual monomers in eluate solution was analysed by HPLC, and the following results are obtained. 1. The residual Bis-GMA and TEGDMA were detected in all materials used, and the ranges of quantity of the residual Bis-GMA was 0.101-1.236 wt% and that of TEGDMA was 0.230-5.794 wt%.2. The contents of residual TEGDMA was detected higher than that of residual Bis-GMA (P < 0.01). 3. The content of residual monomers was detected to be highest in Bis-Fil M as microfilled type. 4. In most of the materials used, there was no significant difference in the contents of residual monomers between anterior and posterior light-cured resins.

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Protective Effect of NACA on Periodontal Stem Cell (NACA 처리에 따른 치주줄기세포 사멸 억제 효과)

  • Lee, Kyunghee
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2020
  • Purpose :Periodontal ligament stem cells maintain tissue homeostasis in periodontal ligament. The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of periodontal ligament stem cells isolated from premolar teeth and observe protective effects against oxidative damage caused by Triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) following treatment with N-acetylsysteine amide (NACA) drug known as enzymatic antioxidants. Methods : Primary periodontal ligament stem cell (PDSC) culture was performed from simply extracted human premolar of orthodontic patients. The characteristics of the primary cultured PDSCs was analyzed using the FACS system. PDSCs was incubated with TEGDMA and NACA. The cell proliferation and survival was determined using WST-1 assay. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS Window 20. Results : Primary cultured PDSCs grow on the floor and develop rapidly in a cluster form from up to 14 days. The morphology of PDSCs showed the spindle-shaped cells and grew directionally. FACS analysis, In addition, positive expression of visible cells were observed in mesenchymal stem cell biomarkers. PDLSCs cell viability was significantly decreased at high concentration in both 3 and 6 hours after TEGDMA treatment. We observed a decrease in the number of cells as well as a morphological change of PDLSCs. Antioxidative effect was notable since the death of PDLSC death was significantly inhibited compared to the control group at 24 and 48 hours after NACA treatment. Conclusion : Therefore, based on the results of this study, further research should be encouraged considering the development of clinical treatment methods using various antioxidants as well as regenerative engineering techniques utilizing periodontal ligament stem cells.