• Title/Summary/Keyword: TBM

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Study on the effective parameters and a prediction model of the shield TBM performance (쉴드 TBM 굴진 주요 영향인자분석 및 굴진율 예측모델 제시)

  • Jo, Seon-Ah;Kim, Kyoung-Yul;Ryu, Hee-Hwan;Cho, Gye-Chun
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.347-362
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    • 2019
  • Underground excavation using TBM machines has been increasing to reduce complaints caused by noise, vibration, and traffic congestion resulted from the urban underground construction in Korea. However, TBM excavation design and construction still need improvement because those are based on standards of the technologically advanced countries (e.g., Japan, Germany) that do not consider geological environment in Korea at all. Above all, although TBM performance is a main factor determining the TBM machine type, duration and cost of the construction, it is estimated by only using UCS (uniaxial compressive strength) as the ground parameters and it often does not match the actual field conditions. This study was carried out as part of efforts to predict penetration rate suitable for Korean ground conditions. The effective parameters were defined through the correlation analysis between the penetration rate and the geotechnical parameters or TBM performance parameters. The effective parameters were then used as variables of the multiple regression analysis to derive a regression model for predicting TBM penetration rate. As a result, the regression model was estimated by UCS and joint spacing and showed a good agreement with field penetration rate measured during TBM excavation. However, when this model was applied to another site in Korea, the prediction accuracy was slightly reduced. Therefore, in order to overcome the limitation of the regression model, further studies are required to obtain a generalized prediction model which is not restricted by the field conditions.

Manufacturing of an earth pressure balanced shield TBM cutterhead for a subsea discharge tunnel and its field performance analysis (해저 배출관로 건설을 위한 토압식 쉴드TBM 커터헤드의 설계·제작 및 현장 굴진성능의 분석)

  • Bae, Gyu-Jin;Chang, Soo-Ho;Park, Young-Taek;Choi, Soon-Wook;Lee, Gyu-Phil;Kwon, Jun-Yong;Han, Kyoung-Tae
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.161-172
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    • 2014
  • An earth pressure balanced shield TBM with the diameter of 4.4 m was designed and manufactured for a subsea discharge tunnel excavation. Its cutterhead was designed to be optimized for the strongest rock mass condition in the tunnel alignment, and then the applicability of the refurbished shield TBM was validated for its maximum capacity. Especially, the maximum cutter penetration depth for the strongest rock mass condition should be kept to be below 7 mm/rev in order to satisfy the allowable capacities of the shield TBM. From the analysis of TBM advance data, approximately 95% of field data showed the cutter penetration depth below 7 mm/rev. In addition, it was certified that the acting forces of every disc cutter, TBM thrust and torque during TBM driving were within the allowable capacities of the shield TBM and its disc cutters. When real acting forces of the disc cutters in the field were compared with those predicted by the CSM model, they showed the close relationships with each other even though the predictions by the CSM model were approximately 22~25% higher than field data.

Pre-grouting for CHI of EPB shield TBM in difficult grounds: a case study of Daegok-Sosa railway tunnel (복합지반 EPB TBM 커터교체를 위한 그라우팅 수행 사례)

  • Kang, Sung-Wook;Chang, Jaehoon;Lee, Jae-Won;Kim, Dae-Young;Shin, Young-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.281-302
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    • 2021
  • Railway projects have been consistently increasing in Korea. In relation to this trend, the mechanized tunneling using Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) is preferably applied for mining urban areas and passing under rivers. The TBM tunneling under difficult grounds like mixed faces with high water pressure could require ground improvements for stable TBM advance or safe cutter head intervention (CHI). In this study, pre-grouting works for CHI in Daegok-Sosa railway project are presented in terms of the grouting zone design, the executions and the results, the lessons learned from the experience. It should be mentioned that the grouting from inside TBM was carried out several times and turned out to be inefficient in the project. Therefore, grouting experiences from the surface are highlighted in this study. Jet grouting was implemented on CHI points on land, while permeation grouting off shore in the Han River, which mostly allow to access the cutter head of TBM in free air with stable faces. The results of CHI works have been analyzed and the lesson learned are suggested.

Application of TBM/TBE to Mechanical Excavation in Rock (암반기계굴착공법의 적용연구)

  • Park, Chul-Hwan;Kim, Kil-Soo
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.177-189
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    • 1992
  • As tunnel becomes longer and larger, TBM has become one of the most popular methods of excavatio in rock. This paper describes the degree of operation the degree of availability and penetration rate of TBM and TBE applied in Namsan roadway tunnelling site. Net penetration rate was 1.62m/hr for TBM and 0.72m/hr for TBE. Net penetration rate showed no direct relation to daily advance or penetration time, but the lower bound of penetration rate could be obtained from the relation with daily advance. For both of TBM and TBE, the degree of operation and the degree of availability were 33.8% and 68.6% respectively. Life time of normal cutter was $310m^3$ for TBM and $194m^3$ for TBE, while that of center and gauge cutter was about $50m^3$. When the two machines were compared, TBM showed 80% higher penetration rate, and 40% shorter life time of cutter.

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기술현황분석 : 고속 터널굴착과 터널보링머신 동향

  • Jang, Su-Ho;Lee, Yong-Beom
    • 기계와재료
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.96-105
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    • 2010
  • 도로 및 철도는 차량의 고속화와 신속한 물류의 유통을 위해 직선 및 수평화가 절실하게 요구되며, 국내 건설구간의 약 50~70%가 산악지형으로서 터널공사가 필수적으로 요구된다. 국내터널굴착은 주로 발파에 의한 NATM(New Austrian Tunneling Method)으로 공사가 이루어지고 있으나, 굴착효율이 낮으며 안전사고의 위험성이 높다. 해외에서는 급속한 시공을 위하여 TBM(Tunnel Boring Machine)의 적용 사례가 증가하고 있다. 그러나 국내에는 TBM에 대한 연구가 전무한 상태이고, TBM 터널의 설계 시공 기술과 경험이 미흡하다. 최근 대도시의 지하터널과 장대터널의 수요가 증대되어 TBM터널시공 기술과 TBM장비의 국산화가 절실하게 요구되고 있다. 본고에서는 국내외 주요 TBM 시공현황과 전망을 정리하여 TBM 터널 기술의 확보가 매우 시급함을 상기시키고자 하였다.

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Influence of TBM operational parameters on optimized penetration rate in schistose rocks, a case study: Golab tunnel Lot-1, Iran

  • Eftekhari, A.;Aalianvari, A.;Rostami, J.
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.239-248
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    • 2018
  • TBM penetration rate is a function of intact rock properties, rock mass conditions and TBM operational parameters. Machine rate of penetrationcan be predicted by knowledge of the ground conditions and its effects on machine performance. The variation of TBM operational parameters such as penetration rate and thrust plays an important role in its performance. This study presents the results of the analysis on the TBM penetration rates in schistose rock types present along the alignment of Golab tunnel based on the analysis of a TBM performance database established for every stroke through different schistose rock types. The results of the analysis are compared to the results of some empirical and theoretical predictive models such as NTH and QTBM. Additional analysis was performed to find the optimum thrust and revolution per minute values for different schistose rock types.

Study on the structure of the articulation jack and skin plate of the sharp curve section shield TBM in numerical analysis (수치해석을 통한 급곡선 구간 Shield TBM의 중절잭 및 스킨플레이트 구조에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Sin-Hyun;Kim, Dong-Ho;Kim, Hun-Tae;Song, Seung-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.421-435
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    • 2017
  • Recently, due to the saturation of ground structures and the overpopulation of pipeline facilities requires to development of underground structures as an alternative to ground structures. Thus, mechanized tunnel construction of the shield TBM method has been increasing in order to prevent vibration and noise problems in construction of the NATM tunnel for the urban infrastructure construction. Tunnel construction plan for the tunnel line should be formed in a sharp curve to avoid building foundation and underground structures and it is inevitable to develop a shield TBM technology that suits the sharp curve tunnel construction. Therefore, this study is about the structural stability technology of the articulation jack, shield jack and skin plate for the shield TBM thrust in case of the mechanized tunnel construction that is a straight and sharp curve line. The construction case study and shield TBM operation principle are examined and analyzed by the theoretical approach. The torque of the cutter head, the thrust of the articulation jack and the shield jack, the amount of over cutting for curve is important respectively in shield TBM construction of straight and sharp curve line. In addition, it is very important to secure the stability of the skin plate structure to ensure the safety of the inside worker. This study examines the general structure and construction of the equipment, experimental simulation was carried out through numerical analysis to examine the main factors and structural stability of the skin plate structure. The structural stability of the skin plate was evaluated and optimizes the shape by comparing the loads of the articulation jack by selecting the virtual soil to be applied in a straight and sharp curve line construction. Since the present structure and operation method of the shield TBM type in domestic constructions are very similar, this study will help to develop the localized shield TBM technology for the new equipment and the vulnerability and stability review.

The Software Implementation on TBM Supervise System with Expansion of VRS (VRS 확장에 의한 TBM 감시시스템에 대한 소프트웨어 개발)

  • Lee, Jin-Duk;Chen, Ji-Xiang
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography Conference
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    • pp.317-319
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    • 2010
  • VRS는 현재 여러가지 토목공사에 이용되고 있으나 지하공사와 연계하는데는 아직 어려운 문제이다. 본 연구에서는 터널공사에 VRS를 통합하여 TBM 안내시스템을 TBM감시시스템으로 업데이트하도록 소프트웨어의 활용성을 높이고자 하였다. 여기서 개발된 TBM감시시스템은 설계경로와의 편차는 물론 여러가지 다른 측면들을 제공할 수 있을 것이다.

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Modern TBM Procurement System (선진화된 TBM 조달 시스템)

  • Ji, Wang-Ryul;Han, Myeong-Sik;Choe, Jae-Hwa
    • Magazine of korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2011
  • 최근 영국을 비롯한 터널기술 선진국에서는 터널 프로젝트 관련 조달(Procurement) 시스템에 대해 많은 연구 가 진행되고 있다. 조달 시스템은 오늘날 기존의 터널 공법이 발파 버럭제거 보강 공정으로 이어지는 전통적인 NATM 공법에서 TBM 기계화 시공으로 점차 변화하고 있는 가운데, TBM 장비의 설계 구매 조달 시스템은 매우 중요한 공정으로 자리 잡고 있다. 따라서 터널 프로젝트의 조달 관련, 해외 연구 상황을 파악하고 기계화 시공의 핵심 공정인 TBM 조달에 필요한 내용에 관해 알아보고자 한다.

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Development of a model for an equation for estimating construction costs based on the resource-based cost estimating system for TBM (TBM 공법의 자원기반 적산 방식에 의한 개산 공사비 예측 식 모델 개발)

  • Han, Seung-Hee;Park, Hong-Tae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.1474-1480
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    • 2013
  • This study attempted to estimate construction costs in accordance with the resource-based cost estimation (unit cost price) system by diameter for TBM method, and analyzed the direct cost and the total cost. Based on such figures, this study performed a regression analysis and proposed a model for an equation for estimating construction costs. model for the resource-based cost estimation (unit cost price) system classified by diameter for TBM method proposed by this study can be effectively applied to business planning, preliminary investigation, feasibility study, construction cost estimations in the early design stages.