• Title, Summary, Keyword: TANK

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Sloshing Analysis of a Simple Tank using Fluid-structure Interface Method (유체-구조 연성 방법에 의한 단순 탱크 슬로싱 해석)

  • Kang, Sung-Jong;Seo, Hong-Jae;Kim, Byung-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2011
  • Fuel tank sloshing noise of vehicle is caused by flow impact on the tank wall during sudden braking, and the sloshing vibration of tank wall is a coupled phenomenon of the fuel inside tank and tank wall structure. Therefore, Fluid-Structure Interface(FSI) analysis technology should be adopted to predict accurately the sloshing vibration. In this study, FSI approach was employed to analyze sloshing phenomenon for a simple tank model with velocity change of the actual vehicle test. First, the simulated results for rigid tank model were compared with those for deformable tank model. Next, influence of baffle location and shape of baffle holes on the acceleration magnitude and the maximum stress of tank wall was investigated. In addition, sloshing analysis for tank with another baffle type was carried out.

Thermal Performance of Solar Hot Water and Space Heating in a Combi - Storage Tank (태양열 급탕 난방 복합 축열조 열성능)

  • Kwak, Hee-Youl;Joo, Hong-Jin
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.266-269
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    • 2009
  • The Purpose of this study was thermal performance of solar hot water and space heating thermal storage tank. The combi storage tank was designed Tank in Tank type. The tank volume for space heating was 700 $\ell $ and tank volume for hot water was 150 $\ell $. Tank in Tank type storage tank was to replace heat exchange to hot water tank. The result showed that the Heating value was 67.25MJ and domestic hot water value was 51.93MJ. Supply to the hot water volume was 521 $\ell $ more than about 3 times as that of the hot water tank volume.

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Longitudinal Modal Analysis of a LOX-filled Tank Using the Virtual Mass Method

  • Lee, SangGu;Sim, JiSoo;Shin, SangJoon;Kim, Youdan
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.807-815
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    • 2017
  • For liquid rocket engine(LRE)-based space launch vehicles, longitudinal instability, often referred to as the pogo phenomenon in the literature is predicted. In the building block of system-level task, accurate dynamic modeling of a fluid-filled tank is an essential. This paper attempts to apply the virtual mass method that accounts for the interaction of the vehicle structure and the enclosed liquid oxygen to LOX-filled tanks. The virtual mass method is applied in a modal analysis considering the hydroelastic effect of the launch vehicle tank. This method involves an analysis of the fluid in the tank in the form of mass matrix. To verify the accuracy of this method, the experimental modal data of a small hemispherical tank is used. Finally, the virtual mass method is applied to a 1/8-scale space shuttle external tank. In addition, the LOX tank bottom pressure in the external tank model is estimated. The LOX tank bottom pressure is the factor required for the coupling of the LOX tank with the propulsion system. The small hemispherical tank analysis provides relatively accurate results, and the 1/8-scale space shuttle external tank provides reasonable results. The LOX tank bottom pressure is also similar to that in the numerical results of a previous analysis.

Structural Strength Evaluation for Tank of Tank Car used for Carrying Asphalt (아스팔트 수송용 철도차량 탱크의 구조강도 평가)

  • Lim, C.H.;Goo, B.C.
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1024-1030
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    • 2007
  • We studied on the characteristics of many kinds of tank cars carrying hazard materials and performed structural strength evaluation for tank of asphalt tank car using finite element analysis. We analyzed the tank strength according to JIS E 7102(Design Method for Tanks of Tank Cars). It was found that the maximum stress obtained at the area supported by the saddle is much lower than the yield stress and the criteria of JIS E 7102.

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On the Leakage Analysis of a Full Containment Tank Using a FEM

  • Kim, Chung-Kyun
    • KSTLE International Journal
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.45-50
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, the leakage safety of prestressed concrete structure including the insulation panels has been analyzed using a finite element analysis just after a collapse of 9% nickel inner tank. This FEM study shows that the outer tank may contain the leaked cryogenic liquid for the time being until the primary pump in the inner tank transports stored cryogenic liquids to the nearest LNG storage tank before the outer tank is demolished. This means that the total tank thickness from the insulation panel to the outer tank system safely may retain the leaked cryogenic fluids. The FE computed results indicate that the current structure in a full containment tank is obviously enough to securing the leak-proof safety of the tank system with two primary pumps.

FEM analysis of the tank car for carrying hazardous materials (위험물 수송용 탱크화차에 대한 유한요소 해석)

  • Lim, C.H.;Goo, B.C.
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1540-1545
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    • 2007
  • In these days, many kinds of tank car such as Oil tank car, Asphalt tank car, Sulfuric Acid tank car and Propylene tank car are used for carrying hazardous materials. Although they have a lot of dangerous possibilities when they meet with accidents examples of collisions and derailments there are not prescribed methods or standards for structural analysis using FEM. In this study, the structural stress analysis for an Asphalt tank car(Non-pressurized tank) and a Propylene tank car(Pressurized tank) was performed using the FEM refer to the test method in JIS E 7102(Design Methods for Tanks of Tank Cars). And then we suggested the tank car analysis procedures and considered the results.

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A Study and Design on Tank Container for Fuel Tank of LNG Fueled Ship (LNG 연료 추진선의 연료 탱크로서 탱크컨테이너의 적용성 연구 및 구조설계)

  • Kim, Tae-Woo;Suh, Yong-Suk;Jang, Ki-Bok;Chun, Min-Sung;Lee, Kang-Dae;Cha, Kyong-Ho
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.504-511
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this study is to investigate tank container to be used as fuel tank for LNG fueled ship. Feasibility of tank container to the fuel tank of LNG fueled ship is addressed and the advantage of tank container as fuel tank of ship is investigated. Conceptual configuration of the tank container is designed as well as structural analyses based on finite element method are carried out to meet the design regulation suggested by shipping register. Static loading is considered by structural analysis and impact test is performed. It is necessary to require SRS(shock response spectrum) in order to investigate structural safety which can meet.

Tank Model using Kalman Filter for Sediment Yield (유사량산정을 위한 Kalman filter를 이용한 탱크모델)

  • Lee, Yeong-Hwa
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.1319-1324
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    • 2007
  • A tank model in conjunction with Kalman filter is developed for prediction of sediment yield from an upland watershed in Northwestern Mississippi. The state vector of the system model represents the parameters of the tank model. The initial values of the state vector were estimated by trial and error. The sediment yield of each tank is computed by multiplying the total sediment yield by the sediment yield coefficient. The sediment concentration of the first tank is computed from its storage and the sediment concentration distribution(SCD); the sediment concentration of the next lower tank is obtained by its storage and the sediment infiltration of the upper tank; and so on. The sediment yield computed by the tank model using Kalman filter was in good agreement with the observed sediment yield and was more accurate than the sediment yield computed by the tank model.

A Study on the System Performance Prediction Method of Natural Circulation Solar Hot Water System (자연순환식 태양열 급탕 시스템의 성능 추정 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Youn, Suck-Berm;Chun, Moon-Hyun
    • Solar Energy
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.37-53
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    • 1987
  • This study has been prepared for the purpose of developing the system performance prediction method of natural circulation solar hot water system. The storage tank of the natural circulation solar hot water system equipped with flat-plate solar collector is located at higher elevation than the solar collectors. Therefor, the storage tank temperature distribution formed accordance with configuration of storage tank by flow rate of circulating fluid affect system collection efficiency. In this study measure the storage tank temperature distribution with various experimental system under real sun condition and present the theoretical prediction method of the storage tank temperature. Moreover measure the flow rate not only day-time but also night-time reverse flow rate with die injection visual flow meter. Main conclusion obtain from the present study is as follows; 1) The storage tank temperature distribution above the connecting pipe connection position is the same as that of the fully mixed tank and below the connection position is the same as that of stratified tank. 2) The system performance sensitive to the storage tank temperature distribution. Therefore detailed tank model is necessary. Average storage tank temperature can be calculate 3% and storage tank temperature profile can get less than 10% difference with this model system.

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On the Performance of the Anti-Rolling Tank(1) (감요수조(減搖水槽)의 성능(性能)에 관(關)하여(1))

  • Bong-Koo,Woo;Jong-Do,Koo
    • Bulletin of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 1971
  • In terms of this paper, concerning primarily with the U-tube tank stabilizer, the authors' aim is to clarify and consolidate the theory as it has been developed thus far, and to provide with the certain additions which will make it more complete, more accurate, and more practical. And then we can know that the effect of the vertical tank position from the C.G., $a_{st}=1-w^2/{w^2}_{st}$, is very important, on account for the fact that the position factor, $a_{st}$, increase when the anti-rolling tank attaches to higher position vertically, but $a_{st}$ does not increase in proportion to the distance of the tank position. Measuring many characteristic coefficients by experiment, in the equation of the ship-tank system motion, such as the inertia coefficient, the damping coefficient, the natural frequency and so on, they can also give a guess that the higher position will accompany the non-linear motion of the tank water, but the non-linear effect will decrease the tank ability. In this study, they deal with not only the optimum damping coefficient of tank, which has very simply been expressed by the strength ratio, $\lambda$, but also the effect of the tank top, which has experimentally been treated when the water has hit the tank top. As this result, we can immediately find that the ability of the anti-rolling tank decrease at w/ws=0.9 generally low frequency.

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