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Processing and Property of Olive Flounder Paralichthys olivaceus Steak (넙치(Paralichthys olivaceus)스테이크제품의 제조 및 품질특성)

  • Yoon, Moon-Joo;Kwon, Soon-Jae;Lee, Jae-Dong;Park, Si-Young;Kong, Cheong-Sik;Joo, Jong-Chan;Kim, Jeong-Gyun
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.98-107
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    • 2015
  • Olive flounder contains rich amount of lysine which is required for children's growth. Moreover, it is good foodstuffs for elderly, convalescent and diabetics because of low lipid content and high digestibility. This study was investigated for the purpose of obtaining basic data which can be applied to the processing of olive flounder steak. Olive flounder 100 g were chopped, mixed with vegetable (onion 20%, celery 10%, carrot 15%, garlic 1% of chopped olive flounder meat) and ingredient (bread crumbs 20 g, onion 15 g, celery 10 g, egg 1 ea, tarragon 1/2 t, blanc sauce 20 g, fresh cream 20 mL, salt and pepper pinch). Mixed dough was molded into steak shape ($12{\times}7cm$) and was processed by two types of products, Steak-1 {Roasting for 2 minutes in a frying pan wrapped with olive oil and then vacuum packaging in polyethylene film ($20{\times}30{\times}0.05mm$), and then storage at $-20^{\circ}C$ for 7 days, next thawed and warmed by microwave for 2 minutes} and Steak-2 {vacuum-packaging in polyethylene film ($20{\times}30{\times}0.05mm$), and then storage at $-20^{\circ}C$ for 7 days, after thawed, roasted during 2 minutes in a frying pan wrapped with olive oil}. The factors such as pH, TBA value, amino-N, free amino acid, chemical composition, color value (L, a, b), texture profile, sensory evaluation and viable bacterial count of the olive flounder steak (Steak-1, Steak-2) were measured. From the result of sensory evaluation, Steak-2 showed a bit more high scores than Steak-1 but it was difficult to distinguish significant difference (color, odor, taste, texture and acceptance) between Steak-1 and Steak-2 products.

Allochthonous Organic Matter Contribution to Foodweb in Shingu Agricultural Researvoir after Rainfall Period (강우기 후 신구 농업용 저수지 먹이망에 미치는 외부기원 유기물의 영향 - 안정동위원소비 활용 -)

  • Kim, Min-Seob;Lee, Yeon-Jung;An, Kwang-Guk;Kim, Baik-Ho;Hwang, Soon-Jin;Shin, Kyung-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2014
  • The origin of particulate organic matter (POM) and food web structure were investigated in Shingu reservoir based on stable isotope analysis from pre-monsoon (July) to post-monsoon (September) 2007. According to the depth in Shingu reservoir, the $^{13}C$ and $^{15}N$ values of POM for pre-monsoon period were nonsignificant distinction, while it was significant variation after rainfall period. The ${\delta}^{13}C$ values of POM in premonsoon period ranged from -25.1‰ to -26.1‰ in whole water column, but the ${\delta}^{13}C$ values of POM in post-monsoon period showed relatively wide range between -23.2‰ and -27.5‰. The apparently lighter values (average -27.5‰) in near bottom water (7 m water depth) demonstrate that POM in high turbid water in post-monsoon period may be derived from the outside terrestrial plants (allochthonous) through heavy rainfall during the summer monsoon period. After rainfall period, $^{13}C$ and $^{15}N$ values of D. brachyurum showed -23.3‰ and 12.2‰, respectively, while B. longirostris showed -27.1% and 8.7%, respectively. It suggested that D. brachyurum mainly feed on POM in autochthonous organic matter pool, but B. longirostris mainly consumed POM in allochthonous organic matter pool after rainfall period. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios were markedly different among secondary consumers. The carp (C. carpio) and catfish (S. asotus) were in the higher trophic level and crucian carp (C. auratus) and mudfish (M. mizolepis) were in the lower trophic level. $^{13}C$ and $^{15}N$ values of Z. platypus didn't significantly changed between before and after rainfall period. But P. parva and C. auratus apparently changed the $^{13}C$ and $^{15}N$ values after rainfall period. It is suggested that P. parva and C. auratus seem to feed allochthonous food source while Z. platypus depend on autochthonous food source.

Aerosol Light Absorption and Scattering Coefficient Measurements with a Photoacoustic and Nephelometric Spectrometer (광음향 및 네펠로미터 방식을 이용한 에어로졸 흡수 및 산란계수 측정)

  • Kim, Ji-Hyoung;Kim, Sang-Woo;Heo, Junghwa;Nam, Jihyun;Kim, Man-Hae;Yu, Yung-Suk;Lim, Han-Chul;Lee, Chulkyu;Heo, Bok-Haeng;Yoon, Soon-Chang
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.185-191
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    • 2015
  • Ambient measurements of aerosol light absorption (${\sigma}_a$) and scattering coefficients (${\sigma}_s$) were done at Gosan climate observatory during summer 2008 using a 3-wavelength photoacoustic soot spectrometer (PASS). PASS was deployed photoacoustic method for light absorption and integrated nephelometry for light scattering measurements. The ${\sigma}_a$ and ${\sigma}_s$ from PASS were compared with those from co-located aethalometer and nephelometer measurements. The aethalometer measurements of ${\sigma}_a$ correlated reasonably well with photoacoustic measurements, but the slope of the linear fitting line indicated the PASS measurement values of ${\sigma}_a$ were larger by a factor of 1.53. The nephelometer measurement values of ${\sigma}_s$ correlated very well with PASS measurements of ${\sigma}_s$, with a slope of 1.12 and a small offset. Comparing to the aethalometer measurements, the photoacoustic measurements of ${\sigma}_a$ didn't exhibit a significant (i.e., the ratio between aethalometer and PASS increased) change with increasing relative humidity (RH). The ratio of ${\sigma}_s$ between nephelometer and PASS increased with increasing RH, especially when the RH increased beyond 80%. This apparent increase in ${\sigma}_s$ with RH may be due to the contribution of hygroscopic growth of aerosols.

Development and Evaluation of Home Economics Teaching·Learning process plan for the practice of Caring and Sharing - Focusing on 'Happy Family Life and Culture Led by Family' Unit of High School Technology and Home Economics - (배려와 나눔 실천을 위한 가정과 교수·학습 과정안 개발과 평가 - 고등학교 기술·가정 '가족이 여는 행복한 가정생활 문화' 단원을 중심으로 -)

  • Baek, MinKyung;Cho, JaeSoon
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.19-35
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a teaching learning process plan for the practice of caring and sharing to improve character of highschool students through Home Economics subject. The teaching learning process plan consisting of 13-session lessons has been developed and implemented according to the ADDIE model for the unit of 'Happy Family Life and Culture led by Family'. The unit was divided into two themes: Theme I caring through sharing and Theme II caring through practice. Six practice elements of caring and sharing such as communication, gratitude, courage, love, empathy, and environment drawn from Theme I are applied to Theme II. Various activities and teaching materials as well as questionnaire were developed. The plan was applied to 8 classes, 287 freshmen of S highschool in Jeonju-si from March to May, 2014. Three factors were drawn from 35 character-related items: self-perception, perception of caring and sharing, and practice of caring and sharing. These factors were related to respondents' satisfaction with family relationships and school life. Two factors except self-perception improved through 13 lessons. Students evaluated that the whole caring and sharing practice lessons of Theme I and II gave them the chance to realize a actual practice in everyday life was important even with small efforts such as cooking for special family. Also students commented that the praising workbook was impressive. All 23 items of evaluation gained from over 3.5 to 4.2 on 5-point scale. It can be concluded that the teaching learning process plan for the practice of caring and sharing for the unit of 'Happy Family Life and Culture led by Family' would improve character of highschool students through the Home Economics subject.

Characterization of a Mucolipidosis Type II Mouse Model and Therapeutic Implication of Lysosomal Enzyme Enriched Fraction Derived from Placenta (뮤코지방증 2형 마우스 모델의 특징과 태반에서 추출한 리소좀 효소 투여의 결과)

  • Cho, Sung Yoon;Kim, Ki-Yong;Kim, Su Jin;Sohn, Young Bae;Maeng, Se Hyun;Kim, Chi Hwa;Ko, Ah-Ra;Song, Junghan;Yeau, Sung-Hee;Kim, Kyung-Hyo;Jin, Dong-Kyu
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Inherited Metabolic disease
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.5-13
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    • 2012
  • I-cell disease (mucolipidosis type II; MIM 252500) and pseudo-Hurler polydystrophy (mucolipidosis type III; MIM 252600) are disorders caused by abnormal lysosomal transport in cells. The presence of numerous inclusion bodies in the cytoplasm of fibroblasts, a lack of mucopolysacchariduria, increased lysosomal enzyme activity in serum, and decreased GlcNAc-phosphotransferase activity are hallmark. Here, we attempted to investigate phenotypical and biochemical characteristics of the knockoutmouse of GlcNAc-phosphotransferase ${\alpha}/{\beta}$ subunits; in addition, we also attempted to determine whether the lysosome enriched fraction derived from placenta can be beneficial to phenotype and biochemistry of the knockout mouse.We found that the knockout mouse failed to thrive and had low bone density, as is the case in human. In addition, skin fibroblasts from the animal had the same biochemical characteristics, including increased lysosomal enzyme activity in the culture media, in contrast to the relatively low enzyme activity within the cells. Intravenous injection of the lysosome rich fraction derived from placenta into the tail vein of the animal resulted in a gain of weight, while saline injected animals didn't.In conclusion, our study demonstrated the phenotypical and biochemical similarities of the knockout mouse to a mucolipidosis type II patient and showed the therapeutic potential of the lysosome enriched fraction. We admit that a larger scale animal study will be needed; however, the disease model and the therapeutic potential of the lysosome enriched fraction will highlight the hope for a novel treatment approach to mucopolipidosis type II, for which no therapeutic modality is available.

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Development of a 2-fluid Jet Mixer for Preventing the Sedimentation in Livestock Liquid Manure Storage Tank (가축분뇨액비저장조 침전물 퇴적 방지를 위한 2류체 제트노즐식 교반장치 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Yu, B.K.;Hong, J.T.;Kim, H.J.;Kweon, J.K.;Oh, K.Y.;Park, B.K.
    • Journal of Animal Environmental Science
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.207-220
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    • 2012
  • There are around 7,500 manure tanks to treat the manures from pigs in Korea. In the tank, there are too much sediments deposited on the base and wall, which causes low efficiency of stock capacity and manure fermentation. In order to minimize sediments and to ferment manure effectively, we developed a 2-fluid jet mixer for mixing sediments in liquid livestock manure tank. For developing the prototype, we tested a factorial experimental system with various nozzles, and simulated CFD models with two kinds of nozzle arrangement. From the results of factorial experiment and CFD simulation, we concluded the dia. ratio of primary : secondary nozzle should be 1:2 and the nozzles should be arranged at the same distances toward to the circumferential direction. With this results, we manufactured a 2-fluid jet mixer which is consists of four 2-phase nozzles, centrifugal slurry pump and root's type air blower. And, we carried out the performance test of the prototype in the round shaped liquid manure tank in the farm. The performance test results showed that the uniformity of TS (Total Solid) and VS (Volatile Solid) was raised from 21.3 g/L, 13.3 g/L In steady state to TS and VS to 23.0 g/L, 14.1 g/L in the mixing operation. Therefore, we could conclude that the prototype of 2-fluid mixer could make the solid material which could be sediments in the tank not to be deposited in the tank and to be contacted to air bubbles which could enhance the efficiency of the fermentation of livestock manure.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Breast Cancer Patients with BRCA Mutation (BRCA 유전자 변이가 있는 유방암 환자의 자기공명영상)

  • Chung, Sun Young;Cha, Joo Hee;Kim, Hak Hee;Shin, Hee Jung;Kim, Hyun Ji;Chae, Eun Young;Shin, Ji Eun;Choi, Woo Jung;Hong, Min Ji;Ahn, Sei Hyun;Lee, Jong Won;Jung, Kyung Hae
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.207-214
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    • 2013
  • Purpose : To evaluate the MRI findings of breast cancer with BRCA mutation. Materials and Methods: We collected information of the breast cancer patients who underwent the test for BRCA gene mutation as well as preoperative breast MRI from January 2007 to December 2010. A total of 185 patients were enrolled; 33 of these patients had BRCA mutations and 152 patients did not. Among them, a total of 231 breast cancers were detected. Images of the 47 breast cancers with BRCA mutation and of the 184 breast cancers without mutations were evaluated to compare the morphologic and enhancement features on MRI. Results: With MR imaging, there were no significant difference in morphologic characteristic between two groups. However, enhancement pattern in the group with BRCA mutation were more likely to have persistent enhancement (p < 0.233), and LN metastasis was more common in breast cancers without BRCA mutation. Breast cancers with BRCA 2 mutation tend to show more persistent enhancement pattern than BRCA 1 mutation. Conclusion: In breast cancer patients with BRCA mutation, MRI didn't show significant difference in morphologic characteristics, however breast cancers with BRCA gene mutation carriers tend to have benign morphologic features on MRI, such as Type 1 kinetic curve enhancement.

BCR (Brown Color Repressor) gene isolation related to mycelial browning of Lentinus edodes (표고균사 갈변과 관련된 BCR (Brown Color Repressor) 유전자 분리)

  • Kim, Young-Ho;Park, Soo-Cheol;Jhune, Chang-Sung;You, Chang-Hyun;Sung, Jae-Mo;Kong, Won-Sik
    • Journal of Mushroom
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.120-128
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    • 2012
  • Recently sawdust cultivation of Shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes) is increasing. It is important to make mycelia to be brown on the substrate surface. This browned surface in sawdust cultivation plays an important role like as artificial bark of the oak log, which protects the other pests and suppresses water evaporation in the substrate. In order to isolate genes which related to brown color formation, differential display method was used. Two cDNA fragments obtained by DD-PCR were 1.2 and 1.6kb and these were expressed in white colored mycelia from L. edodes, but not brown colored mycelia. Partial sequencing of these cDNA fragments showed that the 1.6kb cDNA had 100% identity with the microsatellites gene from Dugenia polichroa. However, the other 1.2kb cDNA fragment had poly T tail on 3' region of partial open reading frame on 5' region. The new primer designed based on the sequence of 1.2kb cDNA was constructed. RT-PCR analysis using the newly designed 0.12kb cDNA specific primer showed that the gene was only expressed in white color mycelia, but not in brown color mycelia. Sequence analysis of 5' region of this 1.2kb cDNA revealed that this gene contained partial open reading frame consisted of 110 amino acid. Homology search using DNASIS database showed that this gene had high sequence homology of 66.7% in DNA level and 69.2 % in amino acid level with dTDP-glucose 4,6-dehydratases gene from Arabidopsis thaliata. The dTDP-glucose 4,6-dehydratases gene was known to be function to have tolerance with oxidation stress. These results strongly suggest that this gene isolated from white mycelia of L. edodes might have a function of repressor against mycelia browning. Therefore I designated this gene as BCR (Brown Color Repressor) gene.

Effects of Sea Tangle-added Patty on Postprandial Serum Lipid Profiles and Glucose in Borderline Hypercholesterolemic Adults (다시마 첨가 패티가 경계역 고콜레스테롤혈증 성인의 식후 혈청 지질 및 혈당 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hwa Hyun;Lim, Hyeon-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.522-529
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    • 2014
  • Sea tangle (Laminaria japonica) is well known as having anti-diabetic and hypolipidemic effects in animals as well as in humans. In this study, we evaluated the effects of sea tangle-added patty on postprandial blood glucose and lipid profiles in borderline-hypercholesterolemic (cholesterol ${\geq}200$ mg/dL) adults. Eleven subjects voluntarily participated in the experiment, and each subject provided written consent. Experimental patty (E) was made by adding 2.25 g of sea tangle powder as a substitution to 1.125 g each of pork and chicken. In the first week, 200 g of Control patty (C) was provided to each subject, who had fasted more than 12 hours. In the second week, the same amount of E patty was supplied under the same conditions. Serum glucose levels increased significantly less at 30, 60, and 120 min after consumption of E patty compared to the levels at all time points after eating C patty. Thus, the change in the area under curve (${\Delta}AUC$) of serum glucose levels through 120 minutes was lower when consuming E patty compared to C patty. Although serum C-peptide concentrations were not significantly different at all time points between the two patties, the ${\Delta}AUC$ of serum C-peptide concentrations through 120 minutes was lower when consuming E patty compared to C patty. However, there were no differences in serum levels of triglyceride, total cholesterol, LDL-C, and HDL-C at 30, 60, 120, 180, and 240 min between the two patties. Further, each ${\Delta}AUC$ of these lipid levels through 240 minutes was not significantly different between the two patties. The results indicate that sea tangle-added patty may decrease postprandial plasma glucose concentrations and reduce insulin secretion, although it might not ameliorate serum lipid profiles in adults with borderline-hypercholesterolemia.

Analysis of Business Performance in Dental Hygiene Process (ADPIE) in Dental Clinic (치과의료기관의 치위생과정(ADPIE) 경영성과 분석)

  • Oh, Jin-Young;Han, Gyeong-Soon
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.585-593
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    • 2015
  • This study, the value of dental hygiene process and business performance among the dental clinics located in Gyeonggi province by comparing and analyzing the financial and non-financial results specifically in the department that provides and did not provide dental hygiene process (ADPIE). The collected data treated with percentage and t-test in utilization of IBM SPSS Statistics ver. 20.0. In terms of the medical cost per patient, the Department A (DA) that applied the dental hygiene process were 216,664 Korean Won (KRW) in 2013 and 324,810 KRW in 2014 whereas Department B (DB) which did not apply the dental hygiene process resulted in 184,655 KRW in 2013 and 225,698 KRW in 2014 (p<0.01). Regarding the number of daily patients, the DA showed increase of 8.08 (p=0.01) while DB showed increase of 2.42 patients (p>0.05). The medical consent rate was 89.17% in DA and 60.09% in DB in 2013 while showing 89.68% and 66.98% respectively in 2014 (p<0.001). The patients' revisit rate was 87.48% in DA and 44.92% in DB in 2013 and that of the DA and DB was 85.89% and 45.55% respectively in 2014 (p<0.001). The rate of regular check-up was 16.01% in DA and 2.53% in DB in 2013 and the same rate in 2014 showed 19.03% and 6.84% respectively in 2014 (p <0.001). The rate of referred patients was 38.46% and 29.98% respectively in DA and DB in 2013 whereas DA showed 47.59% and DB showed 30.77% in 2014 (p<0.05). According to the results, the medical system with dental hygiene process is verified to be a premium medical program that can improve satisfaction as well as management effectiveness in dental service.