• Title, Summary, Keyword: Swine wastewater

Search Result 127, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

The Structure Improvement of Microbial Fuel Cell to Generate Electricity from swine wastewater (가축분뇨를 이용하는 미생물연료전지 개발을 위한 구조개선)

  • Jang, Jaekyung;Sun, RyouYoung;Lee, SungHyoun;Kim, JongGoo;Kang, YounKoo;Kim, Young Hwa
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.252.1-252.1
    • /
    • 2010
  • These studies convert to useful electricity from swine wastewater and to treat this wastewater. In order to operate the microbial fuel cell(MFC) for the swine wastewater, the anode volume of MFCs was scaled up with 5L in the vacant condition. Graphite felts and low-priced mesh stainless-less as electrode had mixed up and packed into the anode compartment. The meshed stainless-less electrode could also be acted the collector of electron produced by microorganisms in anode. For a cathode compartment, graphite felt loaded Pt/C catalyst was used. Graphite felt electrode embedded in the anode compartment was punched holds at regular intervals to prevent occurred the channeling phenomenon. The sources of seeding on microbial fuel cell was used a mixture of swine wastewater and anaerobic digestion sludge(1:1). It was enriched within 6 days. Swine wastewater was fed with 53.26 ml/min flow rate. The MFCs produced a current of about 17 mA stably used swine wastewater with $3,167{\pm}80mg/L$. The maximum power density and current density was 680 $mW/m^3$ and 3,770 $mA/m^3$, respectively. From these results it is showed that treatment of swine wastewater synchronizes with electricity generation using modified low priced microbial fuel cell.

  • PDF

Removal of Organic Matter and Nutrient in Swine Wastewater Using a Membrane System

  • Lim, Seung Joo;Kim, Sun Kyong;Lee, Yong-gu;Kim, Tak-Hyun
    • Journal of Radiation Industry
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.75-82
    • /
    • 2012
  • Swine wastewater was treated using a unique sequence of ion exchange membrane bed system (IEBR). Organic matter and nutrient in swine wastewater was pre-treated by electron beam irradiation. The optimal dose for solubilization of organic matter in swine wastewater ranged from 20 kGy to 75 kGy. The carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids were investigated as the solubilized organic fraction of swine wastewater and proteins and lipids mainly contained of the solubilized organic matter. The solubilization of organic matter in swine wastewater was affected by the combination effect of temperature and a dose. The average chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency under room temperature conditions was 67.1%, while that under psychrophilic conditions was 54.6%. For removal of ammonia, the removal efficiency decreased from 63.6% at $23^{\circ}C$ to 33.5% $16.8^{\circ}C$. On the other hand, the removal of phosphorus was not a function of temperature. Struvite was one of main mechanisms in anaerobic condition.

Characterization of Photosynthetic Bacteria in Swine Wastewater (양돈 계수에서 광합성 미생물의 특성)

  • 최경민;양재경
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.28-33
    • /
    • 2001
  • Photosynthetic bacteria (PSB), strains IP-4 and IP-6-7 were isolated from nature, and were studied for swine wastewater treatment. It was confirmed that these PSB were very effective for the COD treatment. Growth of those PSB were increased to 4.5 fold in organic-acids (acetate, propionate and butyrate) added medium than cultivation in Lascelles basal medium and the amount of bacteriochlorophyll a were increased to 5 folds. The COD removal rate in swine wastewater using PSB, strains IP-4 and IP6-7 were obtained 91% and 85%, respectively.

  • PDF

Biological Removal Phosphorus Containing Swine Wastewater (생물학적 처리에 의한 돈사폐수의 인제거)

  • 신남철;박정호
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.15-20
    • /
    • 2000
  • The studies of swine wastewater treatment aim to development of process using soil microorganism. Removal rate of swine wastewater containing organic matter was 99 percent in case of high loading rate. Microorganism was devoted to improve the treatment efficiency of the process. According to the result obtained from biological treatment of high loading rate swine wastewater. Hydraulic retention time was 2.3 days in unit process of biological phosphorus removal. BO $D_{rm}$ / $P_{rm}$ ratio was 1122 in room temperature anaerobic process and 355.6 in mesophilic anaerobic process. And then phosphorus removal rate mesophilic anaerobic process was 3 time as much as than room temperature acaerobic process.

  • PDF

A Study on the Solid-Liquid Separation Characteristics for Highly Concentrated Swine Wastewater Using Model Decanter (모델 데칸트를 이용한 고농도 슬러리상태 양돈폐수의 고액분리특성에 관한 연구)

  • Na, Eun-Su;Gang, Ho
    • 연구논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.67-77
    • /
    • 2000
  • This study was performed to investigate the characteristics and performance of model Decanter for separating swine wastewater to solid and liquid which is slurry state with 12.6% TS. Swine wastewater of the slurry tank was pumped into model Decanter which capacity was $2m^3$/hr in 10% TS Slurry inside of bowl was separated to solid-liquid by centrifugal acceleration. Sampling was done in the section of slurry feed pipe, supernatant outflow pipe, cake discharge pipe. After solid-liquid separation TS, $COD_cr$ and slurry volume reduction effect represented 38%, 40%, 19.6% respectively. Relation factor of model Decanter operation slurry concentration, optimum retention time of slurry, overflow velocity of supernatant, supernatant concentration, sludge removal rate etc. Optimal operation conditions can be set and evaluated efficiency based on the experimental results in the case of Decanter adopted for solid-liquid separation in highly concentrated swine wastewater.

  • PDF

Mass Cultivation of Botryococcus braunii for the Advanced Treatment of Swine Wastewater and Lipid Production in a Photobioreactor (축산폐수의 고도처리 및 지질생산을 위한 Botryococcus branuii의 대량배양)

  • 이석준;김성빈;김희식;권기석;윤병대;오희목
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.27 no.2
    • /
    • pp.166-171
    • /
    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to investigate the removal rate of nitrogen and phosphorus, and lipid production from a swine wastewater by Botryococcus braunii UTEX 572 in an outdoor photobioreactor. B. braunii successfully predominated in competition with bacteria and other algae, especially Oscillatoria, which were grown spontaneously in a secondary-treated swine wastewater, under the conditions of incubation temperature at $25^{\circ}C$ and increased inoculum amount at 287mg/l. There was a significant relationship between dry weight of B. braunii and absorbance of culture solution at 680mn(r2=0.967), suggesting that the latter is as good as the former commonly used for the measurement of algal biomass which is considerably time-consuming. The removal rates of COD, TOC, total nitrogen, and total phosphorus from the swine wastewater were 33.2$\pm$2.6% and 32.8$\pm$3.2, respectively, which showing no different between them. These results suggested that the mass cultivation of B. braunii in an outdoor photobioreactor could be used for the advanced treatment of swine wastewater and lipid production.

  • PDF

Ammonia Nitrogen Removal and Recovery from Swine Wastewater by Microwave Radiation

  • La, Joohee;Kim, Taeyoung;Jang, Jae Kyung;Chang, In Seop
    • Environmental Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.381-385
    • /
    • 2014
  • Microwave (MW) radiation was developed to remove and recover ammonia nitrogen in the real swine wastewater. The effect of operating parameters of MW radiation such as initial pH, power, radiation time, aeration, and stirring for removal ammonia nitrogen in swine wastewater was determined. The pH, radiation time, and power were significantly influenced on the removal of ammonia nitrogen, and aeration and stirring showed relatively minor effect on the removal of ammonia nitrogen. Optimum condition was achieved to retrieve the nitrogen efficiently at pH 11, 700 W for 5 min in MW radiation process. Through this process, 83.1% of ammonia nitrogen concentration was reduced in swine wastewater and also 82.6% of ammonia nitrogen was recovered as ammonium sulfate at the optimized condition. The high ammonia removal and recovery efficiency of the MW radiation method indicated that MW radiation was an effective technique to remove and recover ammonia nitrogen in the swine wastewater.

Solid Waste from Swine Wastewater as a Fuel Source for Heat Production

  • Park, Myung-Ho;Kumar, Sanjay;Ra, ChangSix
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.25 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1627-1633
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study was to evaluate the feasibility of recycling the solids separated from swine wastewater treatment process as a fuel source for heat production and to provide a data set on the gas emissions and combustion properties. Also, in this study, the heavy metals in ash content were analyzed for its possible use as a fertilizer. Proximate analysis of the solid recovered from the swine wastewater after flocculation with organic polymer showed high calorific (5,330.50 kcal/kg) and low moisture (15.38%) content, indicating that the solid separated from swine wastewater can be used as an alternative fuel source. CO and NOx emissions were found to increase with increasing temperature. Combustion efficiency of the solids was found to be stable (95 to 98%) with varied temperatures. Thermogravimetry (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) showed five thermal effects (four exothermic and one endothermic), and these effects were distinguished in three stages, water evaporation, heterogeneous combustion of hydrocarbons and decomposition reaction. Based on the calorific value and combustion stability results, solid separated from swine manure can be used as an alternative source of fuel, however further research is still warranted regarding regulation of CO and NOx emissions. Furthermore, the heavy metal content in ash was below the legal limits required for its usage as fertilizer.

Selection of Microalgae for Advanced Treatment of Swine Wastewater and Optimization of Treatment Condition. (축산폐수의 3차 처리를 위한 미세조류의 선별 및 처리조건의 최적화)

  • 김성빈;이석준;김치경;권기석;윤병대;오희목
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.26 no.1
    • /
    • pp.76-82
    • /
    • 1998
  • The feasibility of algae as means of removing nitrogen and phosphorus from secondary treated swine wastewater was studied. Among the tested 7 species of Chlorella vulgaris (UTEX 265), Chlorella sp. GE 21, Botryococcus braunii (UTEX 572), Botryococcus sp. GE 24, Scenedesmus quadricauda, Phormidium sp. GE 2, and Spirulina maxima (UTEX 2342), C. vulgaris was selected for its fast growth and abilities to remove nitrogen and phosphorus and to produce algal biomass from swine wastewater. C. vulgaris grew well at 35$^{\circ}C$, and the optimum initial pH for growth was 8.0. In the effect of light intensity, the growth of C. vulgaris was limited under a light intensity of less than 40 ${\mu}$E/$m^2$/s. The secondary treated swine wastewater contained 58.7 mg/l of total nitrogen and 14.7 mg/l of total phosphorus, and was diluted to 75, 50, and 25% with groundwater to be treated. Nitrogen and phosphorus were removed by C. vulgaris in all diluted swine wastewaters among which the most effective removal was in 75% swine wastewater (swine wastewater:groundwater=3:1). There was a tendency of linear increase in nitrogen and phosphorus removal time with increasing concentration of swine wastewater. Under the optimized culture condition, total nitrogen and total phosphorus were effectively removed to 95.3% and 96.0%, respectively, in 25% swine wastewater after 4-day incubation.

  • PDF

Hydrogen Production and Organic Removal according to Mixture Ratio of Food Wastewater and Swine Wastewater using Anaerobic Batch Reactor (회분식 혐기성 소화 반응기에서 음식물탈리액과 양돈폐수의 혼합비에 따른 수소 생산 및 유기물 제거)

  • Kim, Choong-Gon;Kang, Seon-Hong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
    • /
    • v.21 no.5
    • /
    • pp.641-647
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study aims to find out optimum condition for hydrogen production and organic removal when treating food and swine wastewater together. For this purpose, various batch tests were conducted by changing mixture ratio from 6:4 (food wastewater:swine wastewater) to 1:9 without pretreatment process. For hydrogen production through anaerobic fermentation, the mixture ratios of R-1 (6:4), R-2 (5:5) and R-6 (1:9) were out of pH range appropriate for hydrogen production and mixture ratios of R-3 (4:6), R-4 (3:7), and R-5(2:8) showed appropriate hydrogen production where their pH ranges were 5.1~5.5. Especially in case of R-3, it consistently maintained appropriate pH range for hydrogen production for 72hr and produced maximum hydrogen. The characteristics of hydrogen production and cumulative hydrogen production according to each mixture ratio showed that R-1, R-2 and R-6 did not produce any hydrogen, and maximum hydrogen productions of R-3, R-4 and R-5 were 593ml, 419ml and 90ml, respectively. Total cumulative hydrogen productions of R-3, R-4 and R-5 were 1690ml, 425ml and 96ml, respectively. Based on previous results, it was concluded that, the most appropriate mixture ratio of food wastewater and swine wastewate rwas 4:6 (R-3). The experiment for COD removal rate to evaluate organic removal efficiency revealed that R-3, R-4 and R-5 showed high removal efficiencies during the highest hydrogen production amount and the highest efficiency was 41% with R-3.