• Title, Summary, Keyword: Swimming

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A Kinematic Comparison of Start Motion Between the Swimming and Fin-Swimming (수영과 핀수영 스타트 동작의 운동학적 비교)

  • Kim, Seung-Kwon
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.97-105
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    • 2008
  • The kinematic variables for swimming and fin-swimming start motions were analyzed and compared using 3-dimensional cinematography. For the swimming start, the arm segment moved towards the upper rear and trunk towards the upper front followed by a descent towards the lower front, while the fin-swimming start motion showed movement towards the lower front for all segments. The total body center of gravity for the swimming start showed horizontal movement far to the front followed by a rapid descent while the fin-swimming start showed close movement towards the lower front in a short period of time. Upon entering the water, the center of gravity for swimming showed high vertical velocities while fin swimming had high horizontal velocities. For both swimming and fin swimming, the upper extremity velocity had more influence on the total center of gravity velocity than the lower extremities. Flexion of the hip joint was observed before the jump for the fin swimming start while the swimming start showed two flexions in mid-air succeeding the jump. The flexion and extension movements at the knee joint during the fin-swimming start motion were shown to be larger and more rapid than those of fin-swimming.

A Study on Adult Women`s Swimming Suit Buying Behavior -Focused on Product Evaluation Criteria- (成人 女性의 水泳服 購買行動에 관한 硏究 -製品評價基準을 中心으로-)

  • 이영아;서민아
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.68-84
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was analyze how korean adult women\`s swimming suit buying behavior varied according to consumer characteristics. Especially, it was intended to provide basic materials for swimming suit product development and quality improvement appropriate to consumer characteristics with a focus on product evaluation criteria. Questionnaire research was conducted for 850 adult women resident in Seoul, to whom questionnaire were distributed and who were asked to complete their questionnaires. 1. As for buying motive, of swimming suit buying behavior, it was shown that the highest proportion of adult women bought their new swimming suit because their old swimming suit was wornout and most adult women tended to buy their new swimming suit or their own will rather than at others\` suggestion. 2. As for the source of information at a time. of swimming suit purchase, adult women collected information from the product on display most and bought their swimming suit in a planned way in relation to the degree of purchase planning. 3. As for product evaluation criteria, adult women showed the high scores in order of the type and quality of material, activity and functionalism, dimensions and fitness. 4. In many cases actual swimming suit purchasers were the adult women who bought their swimming suit, and they used the department store or the large shopping center as the place of purchasing the swimming suit. Its reason was that the department store or the large shopping center had a diverse assortment of products. As for the degree of their travelling companion\`s influence, it was found that most adult women were influenced by their travelling companions when purchasing their swimming suits. 5. As for the level of satisfaction with swimming suit purchase, it was shown that adult women were generally satisfied with their swimming suit purchase. It was found that their level of satisfaction was higher in order of activity and functionalism, the type and quality of swimming suit materials, and ease in washing management while they showed the low level of satisfaction with price, the fastness of color to washing, light and detergents and durability.

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Modelling of Swimming Ability Limits for Marine Fish

  • KIM Yong-Hae;WARDLE Clement S.
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.929-935
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    • 1997
  • The total energy of fish movement and the maximum burst swimming speed were estimated and formulated in accordance with body length and water temperature for several species in fisheries by empirical methods and also by using published results. Under the assumption of swimming energy reserve of a fish at the initial rest state, the swimming endurance of fish with different body lengths, swimming speeds and angular velocity was calculated using the relevant equations under similar conditions in tank experiments as well as natural conditions in field. Relative swimming energy efficiency or the transition swimming speed between red and white muscle for energy consumption was represented as a trigonometric function of swimming speed ratio. Therefore, this model does closely approach the actual swimming abilities and their limits especially in relation to the fishing gear operation and allow for the greater vitality of the wild fish in the fields.

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Modified Swimming Pattern to Control Propulsive Force for Biomimetic Underwater Articulated Robot (생체모방형 수중 다관절 로봇의 추진력 제어를 위한 유영 패턴 재생성)

  • Jeong, Seonghwan;Lee, Jihong
    • The Journal of Korea Robotics Society
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.285-292
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    • 2016
  • For articulated swimming robots, there have been no researches about controlling the motion or trajectory following. A control method for articulated swimming robot is suggested by extending a previous algorithm, ESPG (Extended Swimming Pattern Generator). The control method focuses on the situation that continuous pre-determined swimming pattern is applied for long range travelling. In previous studies, there has not been a way to control the propulsive force when a swimming pattern created by ESPG was in progress. Hence, no control could be made unless the swimming pattern was completed even though an error occurred while the swimming pattern was in progress. In order to solve this problem, this study analyzes swimming patterns and suggests a method to control the propulsive force even while the swimming pattern was in progress. The angular velocity of each link is influenced and this eventually modifies the propulsive force. However, The angular velocity is changed, a number of problems can occur. In order to resolve this issue, phase compensation method and synchronization method were suggested. A simple controller was designed to confirm whether the suggested methods are able to control and a simulation has affirmed it. Moreover, it was applied to CALEB 10 (a biomimetic underwater articulated robot) and the result was verified.

A Study on the Remodeling for Improvement of Acoustic Performance at Indoor Swimming Pool (실내수영장 음향성능 개선을 위한 리모델링에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Nam-Don;Kim, Dae-Goon;Kim, Jae-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 2009
  • Recently, in accordance with the interesting on well-being as well as the revitalization of living athletics, it is current tendency that people who use the swimming pools are on increasing. However, because the most of indoor swimming pools have ever used the reflection finishing materials likely as the tile due to the property of its hydrophilic space, the inside of indoor swimming pool is vibrating too much, and some problem which the voice and music do not delivering clearly is occurring when swimming lessons or underwater aerobics(synchronized swimming) and swimming game. Based on such viewpoint, locating the object on actually built indoor swimming pool, this Study has ever grasped its physical acoustic property, and finally designed the indoor swimming pool that contains an optimum acoustic condition, by remodelling it through an acoustic simulation. It is considered that such study result could be utilized as the useful materials when constructing the similar indoor swimming pool, hereafter.

Capsaicin Increases Swimming Endurance Capapcity in High-Fat-Fed Mice

  • Kim, Kyung-Mi;Kang, Duk-Ho
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.184-187
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    • 1999
  • Increase in fat mobilization by capsaicin(CAP) was investigated in high-fat-fed mice using an adjustable current water pool. Male ICR 7-wk-old mice were fed a high fat diet [50% total energy content in the diet(E%) fat, 20 E% protein, 30E% carbohydrate] for 2 wk and one group (HCAP) was orally administered CAP at 2 h before swimming. After being accustomed to swimming , the mice were subjected to forced swimming every 2d in the current water pol and the total swimming period until exhaustion was measured . The total swimming period was used as index of swimming capacity. Swimming time to exhaustion of treated mice was significantly longer than that of the high-fat-fed control group (100.2$\pm$10.6 vs. 58.0$\pm$8.5min, P<0.01) after 2wk of training. The concentration of serum-free fatty scids gradually increased up to 2 h in CAP -administered mice. The perirenal adipose tissue weight of CAP -administered mice (HCAP) before swimming was lower than that of the high-fat-fed mice adminstered placebo solution (HP) which had not ingested CAP during the 2 wk. These results suggest that the increase of swimming capacity of CAP-administered high-fat-fed mice was due to an increase of fat mobilization that was induced by CAP.

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The Effect of the Swimming Exercise by Load on Concentration of BDNF in Serum and Behavioral Change of CNS Injury in the Rats (부하유무에 따른 수영운동이 중추신경계 손상 흰쥐의 혈청 BDNF 농도 및 행동변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Ha, Mi-Sook;Hyong, In-Hyouk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.12
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    • pp.391-399
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    • 2009
  • The purposes of the present investigation was to evaluate the effects of loaded and unloaded swimming stimulation after central nerve system injury in the rats. SCI model rats were damaged in L1-L2 injected with 6-OHDA. The twenty one Sprague-Dawley adult male rats weights($200\pm10g$) were randomly divided into control group and 2 swimming groups and then swimming groups divided into 15 minute unloaded swimming group and 15 minute loaded swimming group by swimming intensity. Behavioral Change was evaluated by the BBB(Basso, Brestti, Brenahan) scales test and the maximal angles of the inclined board on which the rat could maintain its intial position for the progressive locomotor recovery. Using enzyme-linked immunosolbent assays(ELISA), we measured concentrations of brain-delived growth factor(BDNF) in serum after swimming. There was significant change of BBB scores in control group as compared to unloaded swimming group and loaded swimming group(p<.05), and unloaded swimming group were significantly higher than loaded swimming group(p<.05). The maximal angles of the inclined plane test were higher in the unloaded swimming group and loaded swimming group than the control group(p<.05), and loaded swimming group were significantly lower than unloaded swimming group(p<.05). There were singnificant difference of concentration of BDNF in serum change in each group(p<.05). The results suggest that swimming applied from the early phase after spinal cord injury may be beneficial in the early recovery of motor function.

Swimming pattern analysis of a Diving beetle for Aquatic Locomotion Applying to Articulated Underwater Robots (다관절 유영로봇에 적용하기 위한 물방개의 유영패턴 분석)

  • Kim, Hee-Joong;Lee, Ji-Hong
    • The Journal of Korea Robotics Society
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.259-266
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    • 2012
  • In these days, researches about underwater robots have been actively in progress for the purposes of ocean detection and resource exploration. Unlike general underwater robots such as ROV(Remotely Operated Vehicle) and AUV(Autonomous Underwater Vehicle) which have propellers, an articulated underwater robot which is called Crabster has been being developed in KORDI(Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute) with many cooperation organizations since 2010. The robot is expected to be able to walk and swim under the sea with its legs. Among many researching fields of this project, we are focusing on a swimming section. In order to find effective swimming locomotion for the robot, we approached this subject in terms of Biomimetics. As a model of optimized swimming organism in nature, diving beetles were chosen. In the paper, swimming motions of diving beetles were analyzed in viewpoint of robotics for applying them into the swimming motion of the robot. After modeling the kinematics of diving beetle through robotics engineering technique, we obtained swimming patterns of the one of living diving beetles, and then compared them with calculated optimal swimming patterns of a robot leg. As the first trial to compare the locomotion data of legs of the diving beetle with a robot leg, we have sorted two representative swimming patterns such as forwarding and turning. Experimental environment has been set up to get the motion data of diving beetles. The experimental equipment consists of a transparent aquarium and a high speed camera. Various swimming motions of diving beetles were recorded with the camera. After classifying swimming patterns of the diving beetle, we can get angular data of each joint on hind legs by image processing software, Image J. The data were applied to an optimized algorithm for swimming of a robot leg which was designed by robotics engineering technique. Through this procedure, simulated results which show trajectories of a robot leg were compared with trajectories of a leg of a diving beetle in desired directions. As a result, we confirmed considerable similarity in the result of trajectory and joint angles comparison.

Self-reported Skin and Eye Symptoms among Swimming Pool Users in Daegu, Korea (대구지역 수영장 이용자의 피부와 눈 관련증상 경험률)

  • Ryu, Seung-Min;Park, So-Hee;Park, Jae-Woo;Shin, Deuk-Yong;Jeon, Man-Joong;SaKong, Joon
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.340-350
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate skin and eye symptoms according to swimming pool user characteristics and chlorine concentration at indoor swimming pools in the Daegu region. Methods: A total of 296 swimming pool users were enrolled from the eight swimming pools randomly chosen in Daegu. Each user completed a self-administered questionnaire with general, swimming related, and symptoms suffered throughout December 2008 to August 2009. The water analysis of swimming pools was substituted with the swimming pool water analysis practiced by district offices to 2008. Results: There were significant differences in experience rate of self-reported skin and eye symptoms between coaches and students except dander. The users of swimming pools having higher chlorine concentrations suffered from more frequent skin and eye symptoms. The results of multiple logistic regression analysis for experience of skin symptoms showed that coaches (OR = 6.81, 95% CI: 2.46~18.81) and pools with chlorine concentrations over 0.4 mg/l (OR = 1.75, 95% CI: 1.01~3.03) were the significant variables. For experience of eye symptoms, coaches (OR = 4.13, 95% CI: 1.25~13.69) at a swimming pool was the significant variable. Conclusions: Increased exposure to swimming pool water and exposure to swimming pool showed that higher chlorine concentration may cause more frequent skin and eye symptoms.

Heart Rate Change of Carp Cyprinus Carpio During Swimming Activity (유영운동에 의한 잉어의 심박수변화)

  • 안영일
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.24-28
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    • 1995
  • Exercise physiology of fish was studied by means of Electro-cardio-gram(ECG) technique with wired electrode system. Effects of swimming activity on the heart rate change for carp Cyprinus carpio was observed and analysed under swimming speeds among 1~3 Body Length/s and swimming durations of 10 and 60 minutes in the flume tank. The heart rate increase during swimming activity was observed in higher speed and longer duration conditions. The exercise effect on the heart rate continued even after fish stopped swimming. The time for recovery after exercise was tended to be elongated with the higher exercise condition.

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