• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sustainable development

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A Sociological Approach to Sustainable Development (지속가능한 발전의 사회학적 고찰)

  • Jeong, Dai-Yeun
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.55-72
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    • 2003
  • The term sustainable development is being used widely since WCED suggested it in 1987. This paper aims at catching up its sociological implications. For doing this, the paper examined some major existing researches on sustainable development. It was found that sustainable development has been defined as an economic development with the preservation of nature as an environment of human life. In this sense, the existing concept of sustainable development is an economic perspective. Sustainable development as an economic perspective is faced with some limitations and/or problems. They are summarized as follows. The human-made environment is excluded from the concept of sustainable development. Its ideology is anthroponcentric in that the sustainability of nature is a necessary condition for economic development. The objective reference which can measure whether the current state of nature is sustainable or not is not proposed. Consequently, sustainable development results in merely a survivability of economy, a new form of economic utility and/or a successful economy. In terms of sociological perspective, economy and nature can not be sustainable without other social factors being sustainable, because all social factors including economy and nature exist in a causal mechanism. This means that sustainable development should be approached from a multi-dimensional perspective. The multi-dimensional approach can be a framework of sustainable development in terms of whole society, then can be termed sustainable society which implies not a sustainable development, but a societal development. The factors which should be included in the sustainable society are, at least, nature, economy, population as an aggregate, mode of living existence of people as a cultural actor, technology, and social structure.

An Inquiry into the Orientation of Education for Sustainable Development in the 21st Century Knowledge-Based Society (21세기 지식 기반 사회에서의 지속가능발전 교육 방향 탐색)

  • Ji, Seung-Hyun;Nam, Young-Soak
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.62-72
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    • 2007
  • In spite of the perceived importance of sustainable development in society, we still fails to reflect consistently our best understandings about the sustainable development and education for sustainable development. The purpose of this study is to inquire into the orientation of education for sustainable development in the 21st Century knowledge-based society. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. First, it is necessary to provide newly defined sustainable development which enables us to transform unsustainable way of life into environmentally sound and sustainable development. Education for sustainable development is defined as a basic education that have a mature understanding among the human, nature and wisdom of life. Second, we should emphasis on a system thinking, basic communication in order to encourage education for sustainable development as a learning strategy. Third, we should suggest both individual and community learning education for sustainable development. Finally, we develope knowledge system of sustainable development in accordance with the theories of knowledge management. In conclusion, it is necessary to approach education for sustainable development in the context of the knowledge-based society and the information age. It enables us enhance a new awareness and attitudes towards sustainable development. Furthermore, it is expected to develop an education program for the sustainable development of understanding.

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The Pre-Teacher's Experiences on Sustainable Development (교실 친화적 지속가능발전 교육 활동을 통해 살펴본 예비교사들의 지속가능발전 경험 분석)

  • Ji, Seung-Hyun;Nam, Young-Sook
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.78-88
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to conduct classroom-friendly learning activity for sustainable development and to find out the learner's understanding level of experiences on sustainable development. The results of this study could be summarized as follows. First, classroom-friendly learning activity for sustainable development which is focused on the sustainable flea market is concerned about enhancing learner's understanding sustainable development. It could be emphasized a viewpoint of sustainable development, and a possibility of expanding learner's experience in dealing with sustainable development. Second, this study shows also a application of the teaching & learning strategy for classroom-friendly learning for sustainable development. Three different group of pre-service teachers were participated in sustainable flea marker activity. It is considered to make the student be able to catch up core knowledge and value of sustainable development during the classroom-friendly learning activity. In conclusion, this research asserts that classroom-friendly learning activity for sustainable development could make students improve the knowledge and value of sustainable development. It is emphasized to advance education for sustainable development as a new teaching & learning strategy.

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The Concept and the Meaning of Project-Based Learning for Sustainable Development (지속가능발전 이해를 위한 프로젝트 학습의 개념과 의미 - 예비교사의 에코캠퍼스 만들기 프로젝트 경험을 중심으로-)

  • Nam, Young-Sook;Ji, Seung-Hyun
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.21-34
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    • 2011
  • Recently, project activity on environmental education has been overwhelmingly presented that is considered as a key learning & teaching strategy in Korea. This Study finds that Environmental project activity requires consideration of project-based Learning for sustainable development. The purpose of this study is to conduct project-based learning for eco-campus which is focused on sustainable development and to find out the learner's understanding sustainable development. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. First, project-based learning for sustainable development is concerned about enhancing learner's understanding sustainable development. It can be emphasized a viewpoint of sustainable way, a way of educational approach, and a possibility of expanding learner's experience in dealing with sustainable development. Second, this study showed also a results of application about project-based learning for eco-campus. Twenty three pre-service teachers conducted six different eco-campus projects. It is considered to make the student be able to catch up core knowledge and apply it during the project activity. In conclusion, this research asserts that project-based learning on sustainable development is needed to make students see the knowledge and value of sustainable development. It is considered to advance education for sustainable development as a new teaching & learning strategy.

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A Study on the Development of Education for Sustainable Development of Understanding Programme (지속가능발전 이해 교육 프로그램 개발 연구)

  • Ji, Seung-Hyun;Nam, Young-Sook
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.76-88
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to develope education for sustainable development of understanding programme. The results of this study are as follows. Firstly, this programme is intended to enhance an university student's basic understanding, core skills and viewpoint of sustainable development. Secondly, the programme contains 10 modules, organised in four thematic sections. Each module is made up of two or three activities that are supposed to encourage adult learners in their mature understanding of sustainable development. Thirdly, there are three key teaching-learning strategies such as a case study, story telling and project study. These teaching-learning methods play a key role in the learning process. In conclusion, it is expected to indicate the goal and the value of the sustainable development clearly, and to provide the related information and knowledge constantly and systematically in the learning for sustainable development. Thus, it would be possible to enhance learner's awareness and attitudes towards sustainable development.

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A Study on the Policy Directions to Sustainable Rural Development (논문 - 지속가능한 농어촌 지역개발을 위한 정책 방향 연구)

  • Im, Sang-Bong;Chung, Hae-Chang
    • KCID journal
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.101-110
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    • 2011
  • There are found rare specific alternatives for sustainable rural development although sustainable development has become popular common concept in international development arena. Korea is trying to reform rural development by introducing a block grants system since 2009 expecting for the efficiency of development investment. However, it seems that such new rural development system is far from realizing the sustainable development. The objectives of the study are to identify the roles and issues of the sustainable development policy and to suggest a policy model for realizing sustainable rural development. Based on the policy model hypothetically established, some policy alternatives were suggested: (i) the establishment of land use system considering sustainability perspectives; (ii) the preparation of environment management measures considering topographical traits; (iii) the improvement of landscape support scheme toward increasing biodiversity; (iv) the systematic implementation of agriculture-environment measures; (v) the implementation of sustainable development projects linking production to housing; (vi) the inclusion of sustainability indicators in rural development evaluation system.

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The Development of Planning Model for a Sustainable Housing Estate (지속가능한 주거단지 계획모형 개발)

  • 박원규
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.39-54
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    • 2002
  • There have been endeavors for sustainable development all over the world after the Rio World Summit and the idea of sustainable development has become common paradigm. Now, Korea has come to a situation where we need to apply the concept of sustainable development inevitably. Especially housing estate development must be preliminary change for sustainable development. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to establish sustainable planning element system of housing estate, and to propose a sustainable planning model compatible with the Korean situation. The scope of this study focused on typical multi-family housing estates in Korea and the environmental sustainable planning model. The model was developed from the evaluation of the important level and extra costs of planning elements for sustainable development of housing estate. The important level of planning principles and elements was analyzed by conducting a survey to experts. As the results of this study, four planning section ('land use and transport', 'pollution and waste', 'energy', and 'natural resource') and twelve planning items were identified. Twenty-one planning principles and fifty-five planning elements were found. Synthetically, the sustainable planning element system is composed of four planning sections, twelve planning items, twenty-one planning principles, and fifty-five planning elements. Based on survey to experts, $\ulcorner$The short-term strategic model$\lrcorner$ was developed for the social implosion of sustainable development, which is composed of ten basic elements, eighteen necessary elements, twelve optional elements, and seven arbitrary elements. $\ulcorner$The long-term future model$\lrcorner$was developed for application to from 10 to 15 years later. It is composed of fifteen basic elements, thirty-three necessary elements, and seven optional elements. The planning model proposed by this study can be used as a prototype for the development of a sustainable housing estate and can provide a practical tool for developers and planners who are not familiar with the concept of sustainable development.

Direction of sustainable agriculture and rural development (지속가능한 농업과 농촌개발의 방향)

  • Cheong, Ji-Woong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2002
  • This study intends to review the sustainable agriculture and rural development concepts and practices and to present their directions toward better rural planning. Review of related literature including use of available documents and field visits both in Korea and overseas countries are two main methods of data collection with no quantitative analysis. Before sustainable (rural) development was fashionably used in the 1990s in the world, sustainable agriculture and other similar terminologies such as organic farming, alternative agriculture, low-input sustainable agriculture, natural farming, and environment-friendly farming are considered important in the academics as well as In action. The significant relationship between farmers' engagement in sustainable farming and their participation in voluntary social organizations is evidenced, so that it might be said that sustainable agriculture be the basis of sustainable rural development. Whether in sustainable agriculture or in sustainable rural development, the sustainable rural economy is considered more important toward better rural planning both in Korea and in the world.

Reconsideration of the Roles of Libraries for Sustainable Development (지속가능한 발전을 위한 도서관의 역할 재고찰)

  • Lee, Seungmin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.54 no.1
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    • pp.29-49
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    • 2020
  • Through the UN 2030 Agenda adopted by the United Nations, sustainable development is bringing about many changes around the world. While discussions continue on the roles of libraries in supporting sustainable development in library communities, specific discussions on this have not been made enough. This study reconsidered the roles and functions of libraries to support sustainable development and discussed approaches to which libraries can perform in terms of informational, social, cultural, and environmental aspects. It also proposed a plan to allow libraries and librarians to lay the groundwork for supporting the sustainable development of society by reconsidering the roles of librarians as the core of all library activities to support sustainable development.

Factors Affecting Sustainable Tourism Development in Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Vietnam

  • VU, Dong Van;TRAN, Ghi Nha;NGUYEN, Hien Thi Thu;NGUYEN, Cong Van
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.7 no.9
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    • pp.561-572
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    • 2020
  • Sustainable development - including tourism development - is the general trend of all economies. With the orientation to build and develop the tourism industry into a key economic sector and become a tourist center of the Southeast region, Vietnam, Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province is demanding a proper, rational, development policy, while ensuring the development and exploitation of immediate natural advantages, and ensuring long-term sustainable development. The objective of this study is to examine the factors and their trends in sustainable tourism development in Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province, Vietnam. Methods used include descriptive statistical analysis, exploratory factor analysis and regression analysis. Data was collected from the results of a survey of 550 domestic and foreign tourists visiting Ba Ria-Vung Tau. With the help of SPSS statistical software, 12 groups of factors affecting sustainable development were identified including: economy, society, environment, humanistic tourism resources, natural tourism resources, tourism human resources, tourism products and service, tourism quality, infrastructure, technical facilities, governmental management and group of criteria to evaluate sustainable tourism development. The research results show that there are four groups of factors that significantly affect sustainable tourism development in Ba Ria-Vung Tau. These are groups of factors: Society, Environment, Tourism products and service, and Technical facilities.