• Title, Summary, Keyword: Survivors

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Care Pathway for Cancer Survivorship in Korea: Trend of Breast Cancer Pathway from 2003 to 2010

  • Seo, Hwa Jeong;Noh, Dong Yong
    • Healthcare Informatics Research
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.119-125
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The survival rate of cancer patients has exceeded 60%. Although cancer survivors may die of other diseases except cancer, the health management system including chronic disease prevention-management for cancer survivors, has not been established in the diverse aspects. Therefore, services according to care pathway of cancer patients need to be provided through a support system based on a platform concept that can be used to meet patient needs in various ways. Methods: A sample cohort database (2002-2010) of approximately 1 million persons-2% of the whole nation (50 million)-was used to estimate cancer survivors through a principal care pathway for cancer management. The sample cohort database was built to estimate the number of breast cancer survivors in the five stage: 'Diagnosis and treatment,' 'Supportive care,' 'Monitoring,' 'Progress illness,' and 'Hospice care'. In this way, the scale of breast cancer survivors was estimated. Results: There were 330 (9.8%) cases of the incidence of cancer in 2010 in the 'Diagnosis and treatment.' Among the cases of the incidence of cancer in the previous year, the number of one-year survivors was 328 (9.7%); these were included in the category 'Supportive care.' In the 'Monitoring' category, 2,593 (76.9%) who maintained health lives were included. A total of 84 (2.5%) survivors were checked to identify an ongoing disease; these were included in the category 'Progress illness.' In the category 'Hospice care,' 36 (1.1%) end-stage cancer patients requiring hospice care were included. Conclusions: We established a care pathway by survival stage in order to fulfill prevention and health management services post-treatment management steps.

Impact of Healthy Eating Practices and Physical Activity on Quality of Life among Breast Cancer survivors

  • Mohammadi, Shooka;Sulaiman, Suhaina;Koon, Poh Bee;Amani, Reza;Hosseini, Seyed Mohammad
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.481-487
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    • 2013
  • Following breast cancer diagnosis, women often attempt to modify their lifestyles to improve their health and prevent recurrence. These behavioral changes typically involve diet and physical activity modification. The aim of this study was to determine association between healthy eating habits and physical activity with quality of life among Iranian breast cancer survivors. A total of 100 Iranian women, aged between 32 to 61 years were recruited to participate in this cross-sectional study. Eating practices were evaluated by a validated questionnaire modified from the Women's Healthy Eating and Living (WHEL) study. Physical activity was assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). A standardized questionnaire by the European Organization of Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life and its breast cancer module (EORTC QLQ-C30/+BR-23) were applied to determine quality of life. Approximately 29% of the cancer survivors were categorized as having healthy eating practices, 34% had moderate eating practices and 37% had poor eating practices based on nutrition guidelines. The study found positive changes in the decreased intake of fast foods (90%), red meat (70%) and increased intake of fruits (85%) and vegetables (78%). Generally, breast cancer survivors with healthy eating practices had better global quality of life, social, emotional, cognitive and role functions. Results showed that only 12 women (12%) met the criteria for regular vigorous exercise, 22% had regular moderate-intensity exercise while the majority (65%) had low-intensity physical activity. Breast cancer survivors with higher level of physical activity had better emotional and cognitive functions. Healthy eating practices and physical activity can improve quality of life of cancer survivors. Health care professionals should promote good dietary habits and physical activity to improve survivor's health and quality of life.

Mediation Effect of Self-Efficacy on the Relationship between Perceived Self-Management Support and Health-Related Quality of Life among Cancer Survivors (암 생존자의 지각된 자기관리 지지와 건강관련 삶의 질의 관계에서 자기효능감의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Bo Gyeong;Lee, Tae Sook;Kim, Soo Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.298-306
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to examine the levels of perceived self-management support, self-efficacy for self-management, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in cancer survivors, and to identify the mediating effect of self-efficacy in the relationship between perceived self-management support and HRQoL. Methods: This study used a descriptive correlational design. Two hundred and four cancer survivors who had completed treatment participated in the study. Measurements included the Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care Scale, the Korean version of the Cancer Survivors' Self-Efficacy Scale, and the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient analysis, and multiple regression analysis using Baron and Kenny's method for mediation. Results: The mean score for perceived self-management support was 3.35 out of 5 points, self-efficacy was 7.26 out of 10 points, and HRQoL was 65.90 out of 100 points. Perceived self-management support was significantly positively correlated with self-efficacy (r=.29, p<.001) and HRQoL (r=.27, p<.001). Self-efficacy was also significantly correlated with HRQoL (r=.59, p<.001). Furthermore, self-efficacy (${\beta}=.55$, p<.001) had a complete mediating effect on the relationship between perceived self-management support and HRQoL (Z=3.88, p<.001). Conclusion: The impact of perceived self-management support on HRQoL in cancer survivors was mediated by self-efficacy for self-management. This suggests that strategies for enhancing self-efficacy in cancer survivors should be considered when developing self-management interventions for improving their HRQoL.

Symptom Experience and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors (유방암 생존자의 신체적 증상, 정서적 증상과 삶의 질)

  • Park, Jin-Hee;Jun, Eun-Young;Kang, Mi-Young;Joung, Yong-Sik;Kim, Gu-Sang
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.613-621
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    • 2009
  • The purposes of this study were to evaluate symptom experience and quality of life (QOL) and to identify the predictors of QOL among breast cancer survivors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 disease-free breast cancer survivors at two hospitals between December 2007 and July 2008. Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy Scale-B, Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale-short Form and The Linear Analogue Self Assessment Scale were used to assess symptom experience and QOL in these patients. Data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation, t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 12.0. Results: The mean score of QOL for breast cancer survivors was 95.81 (${\pm}18.02$). The highest scores among physical and psychological symptoms were sexual interest and anxiety. Year since treatment completion was significantly associated with QOL in sociodemographic variables. Physical and psychological symptoms have a significant negative association with QOL. The results of the regression analyses showed that physical and psychological symptoms were statistically significant in predicting patients' QOL. Conclusion: Symptom experience and QOL are essential variables that should be acknowledged when delivering health care to breast cancer survivors. More attention to the reduction and management of psychological distress could improve QOL among breast cancer survivors.

Impact of Depression, Optimism and Posttraumatic Growth on Health-related Quality of Life in Female Breast Cancer Survivors Receiving Adjuvant Chemotherapy (항암화학요법을 받은 여성 유방암 생존자의 우울, 낙관성 및 외상 후 성장이 건강관련 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Bu Kyung;Sung, Mi-Hae;Choi, Sung In
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.43-50
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    • 2021
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of depression, optimism and posttraumatic growth on health-related quality of life in female breast cancer survivors received adjuvant chemotherapy. Methods: In total, 115 female breast cancer survivors participated in this descriptive correlational study. The participants answered self-report questionnaires. Data were collected from 1 June 2020 to 10 June 2020, and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS for Windows ver. 24.0. Results: The mean age of the breast cancer survivors was 45.83 years. The mean score for the degree of health-related quality of life was 81.85 out of 148 points. Participants' scores for health-related quality of life differed significantly based on economic status (F=5.36 p=.006) and hobbies (t=-3.37, p=.001). Health-related quality of life was negatively correlated with depression (r=-.73, p<.001), and positively correlated with optimism (r=.65, p<.001) and posttraumatic growth (r=.28, p=.002). Depression (𝛽=-.55, p<.001) was the most significant factor that affects health-related quality of life, followed by optimism (𝛽=.29, p<.001), and post-traumatic growth (𝛽=.12, p=.048), which together accounted for 62.2% (F=63.61, p<.001) of the variance. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop educational programs for breast cancer survivors to reduce depression, increase optimism and post-traumatic growth, and improve the health-related quality of life. By adapting these programs, positiveness may increase and this may lead to improvement of health-related quality of life for breast cancer survivors.

The Factors Related to the Non-Practice of Cancer Screening in Cancer Survivors: Based on the 2007-2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (암생존자의 암검진 미수검 관련 요인분석: 국민건강영양조사(2007-2012년) 자료 이용)

  • Yang, Song-Ei;Han, Nam-Kyung;Lee, Sun-Mi;Kim, Tae-Hyun;Chung, Woojin
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.162-173
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    • 2015
  • Background: The aim of the current study was to investigate the factors related to the non-practice of cancer screening in cancer survivors, who are at high risk of developing second cancers. Methods: This study is a cross-sectional analysis of 1,125 cancer survivors ${\geq}19$ years old who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys IV and V (2007-2012). A Rao-scott chi-square test and a survey logistic regression analysis were employed respectively to analyze the difference of cancer survivors in cancer screening by each characteristic and the factors related to the non-practice of cancer screening in cancer survivors. Results: Among total subjects, 33.5% did not participate in cancer screening in the last two years. Results from a fully adjusted logistic model showed that the non-practice of cancer screening in cancer survivors was significantly associated with variables such as sex, age, marital status, education level, monthly income, and drinking a alcoholic beverage Specifically, the odds ratio of non-practice of cancer screening was higher in males than in females, in the younger group than in older group, in the group with no spouse than in the group with a spouse; in a group with a low level of education than in a group with a high level of education; in a group with the lowest income level than in a group with the other levels of income; or in non-drinkers than in drinkers. Conclusion: Health policies to reduce the non-practice rate of cancer screening in cancer survivors should be designed and implemented with close attention to cancer survivors' socio-economic characteristics such as sex, age, marital status, education, and income, along with a health behavioral characteristic as drinking.

The Association between the Adherence to Dietary Guidelines for Breast Cancer Survivors and Health-related Quality of Life among Korean Breast Cancer Survivors (한국 유방암 경험자들의 유방암 식사지침 수행 정도와 건강관련 삶의 질의 연관성)

  • Song, Sihan;Youn, Jiyoung;Park, Myungsook;Hwang, Eunkyung;Moon, Hyeong-Gon;Noh, Dong-Young;Lee, Jung Eun
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.129-140
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: We examined the association between the adherence to dietary guidelines for breast cancer survivors and health-related quality of life in a cross-sectional study of Korean breast cancer survivors. Methods: A total of 157 women aged 21 to 79 years who had been diagnosed with stage I to III breast cancers according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and had breast cancer surgery at least 6 months before the baseline were included. We used a Korean version of the Core 30 (C30) and Breast cancer 23 (BR23) module of the European Organization for Research and Treatment Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC-QLQ), both of which have been validated for Koreans. Participants were asked about their adherence to dietary guidelines for breast cancer survivors, suggested by the Korean breast cancer society, using a 5-point Likert scale. We summed dietary guideline adherence scores for each participant and calculated the least squares means of health-related quality of life according to dietary guideline adherence scores using the generalized linear model. Results: Breast cancer survivors who had higher adherence to dietary guidelines for breast cancer survivors had lower constipation scores than those with lower adherence (p for trend=0.01). When we stratified by the stage at diagnosis, this association was limited to those who had been diagnosed with stage II or III breast cancers. Also, sexual functioning scores increased significantly with increasing adherence scores of dietary guidelines among those with stage II or III breast cancers (p for trend < 0.001). However, among those who had been diagnosed with stage I, higher scores of dietary guidelines were associated with higher scores of pain (p for trend=0.03) and breast symptoms (p for trend=0.05). Conclusions: Our study suggested that the health-related quality of life levels of breast cancer survivors are associated with the adherence to dietary guidelines and may differ by the stage of the breast cancer.

Factors affecting on Health-Related Quality Of Life Among Cancer Survivors: Focusing on Gender Difference (암생존자의 건강관련 삶의 질에 대한 영향 요인 -성차를 중심으로)

  • Lee, In-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.497-507
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The purpose of this article was to evaluate the health related quality of life (HRQoL) of cancer survivors and to identify its predictors according to gender. Methods: The research was conducted with the data for 203 (cancer survivors?) taken from the 6th wave of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and the EQ-5D index score was used for the measurement of the health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The independent variables inluded socio-demographic data, health related factors (survival duration, disability, subjective health recognition), and psychosocial factors (stress, unmet medical needs). The data were analyzed by the t-test, ANOVA, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis. Results: the HRQoL of the female cancer survivors was significantly worse than that of the males in terms of their mobility, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression quality of life. The only statistically significant factor affecting the HRQoL of the male cancer survivors was their subjective health recognition. In the case of the female cancer survivors, the statistically significant factors were their age, subjective health recognition and unmet medical needs. Conclusions: the results of this study showed a different pattern of predictors according to the gender of the cancer survivors. Therefore, gender should be considered when assessing and addressing the individual care needs of cancer survivors, in order to obtain optimal treatment outcomes.

Physical Activity and Exercise Intervention for Cancer Survivors (암 환자의 신체활동 및 운동)

  • Chae, Jean;Park, Hyeong-Jun;Lee, Ji-Yeong;Jung, Hyun-Sik;Lee, Sang-Hun
    • Journal of Korean Traditional Oncology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2012
  • Objective : To present an overview of current reports and guidelines of physical activity and exercise intervention for cancer survivors Methods : We searched Pubmed for the related studies such as randomized controlled trials and observational studies, as well as published guidelines or recommendations for exercise intervention. Results : Physical activity and exercise intervention is considered safe and effective for most cancer survivors. According to the guidelines, patients with peripheral neuropathy, musculoskeletal disorder, or those who are at risk of fracture, should undergo proper medical assessment before starting exercise intervention. Also, patients with bone metastasis, thrombocytopenia, symptomatic anemia, or acute infection may fall into one of the contraindications of exercise intervention. Conclusions : Physical activity and exercise intervention may play a major role in improving physical functioning, quality of life, or treatment-related symptoms of cancer survivors. It is necessary to recognize the benefits and precautions of exercise in caring cancer patients.

Social Support as a Mediator of Posttraumatic Embitterment and Perceptions of Meaning in Life among Danwon Survivors of the Sewol Ferry Disaster

  • Lee, So Hee;Nam, Hee Sun;Kim, Hak Beom;Kim, Eun Ji;Won, Sung-Doo;Chae, Jeong-Ho
    • Yonsei Medical Journal
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    • v.58 no.6
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    • pp.1211-1215
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Our research was designed to test and explore the relationships among embitterment, social support, and perceptions of meaning in life in the Danwon High School survivors of the Sewol ferry disaster. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five Sewol ferry disaster survivors were eligible for participation, and were invited to participate in the study 28 months after the disaster. Forty-eight (64%) survivors (24 males, 24 females) completed questionnaires; the Posttraumatic Embitterment Disorder (PTED) scale, the Functional Social Support Questionnaire (FSSQ), and the Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ). Results: PTED scores were negatively correlated with scores on the FSSQ and the Presence of Meaning (MLQ-P) (r=-0.43 and -0.40, respectively). The hierarchical regression analysis showed that FSSQ scores may fully mediate the effects of PTED scores on MLQ-P scores, given that the indirect effect was significant whereas the direct effect was not (95% confidence interval=-0.5912 to -0.0365). Conclusion: These findings imply that therapies targeting embitterment may play a vital role in increasing positive cognitions, such as those related to perceived social support and the meaningfulness of life.