• Title, Summary, Keyword: Survivors

Search Result 765, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

Sentiment Analysis of the Quotations of Intensive Care Unit Survivors in Qualitative Studies (질적연구 진술문을 이용한 중환자실 생존자의 감성분석)

  • Kang, Jiyeon
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-14
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose : As the intensive care unit (ICU) survival rate increases, interest in the lives of ICU survivors has also been increasing. The purpose of this study was to identify the sentiment of ICU survivors. Method : The author analyzed the quotations from previous qualitative studies related to ICU survivors; a total of 1,074 sentences comprising 429 quotations from 25 relevant studies were analyzed. A word cloud created in the R program was utilized to identify the most frequent adjectives used, and sentiment and emotional scores were calculated using the Artificial Intelligence (AI) program. Results : The 10 adjectives that appeared the most in the quotations were 'difficult', 'different', 'normal', 'able', 'hard', 'bad', 'ill', 'better', 'weak', and 'afraid', in order of decreasing occurrence. The mean sentiment score was negative ($-.31{\pm}.23$), and the three emotions with the highest score were 'sadness'($.52{\pm}.13$), 'joy'($.35{\pm}.22$), and 'fear'($.30{\pm}.25$). Conclusion : The natural language processing of AI used in this study is a relatively new method. As such, it is necessary to refine the methodology through repeated research in various nursing fields. In addition, further studies on nursing interventions that improve the coherency of ICU memory of survivors and familial support for the ICU survivors are needed.

Social Adjustment of Adolescent Cancer Survivors: A Concept Analysis

  • Oh, Su-Mi;Lee, Hyejung;Kim, Sue;Kim, Sanghee;Lyu, Chuhl Joo
    • Child Health Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.25 no.3
    • /
    • pp.290-302
    • /
    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify the attributes of social adjustment among adolescent cancer survivors using concept analysis and to propose a definition of the concept. Methods: In accordance with the hybrid model of concept analysis, this study employed a three-phase circular process comprising theoretical, fieldwork, and final analysis phases. A thorough literature review was conducted using MEDLINE, Embase, and Korean databases, followed by qualitative fieldwork with seven participants. The results derived from the theoretical and fieldwork phases were integrated into the final analysis phase. Results: Four attributes of social adjustment were found in adolescent cancer survivors: having harmonious relationships with friends, having harmonious relationships with boy/girlfriends, fulfilling their present roles, and planning for and expecting future roles. The following definition of social adjustment of adolescent cancer survivors is proposed: "the conquering of difficulties arising from the continuum of childhood cancer and the achievement of the developmental tasks of typical adolescents." Conclusion: Social adjustment of childhood cancer survivors is crucial for integrating them into society. The findings of this study provide a basis for developing an instrument to measure the social adjustment of adolescent cancer survivors and for developing of interventions that target this group.

Sexual Function of Breast Cancer Survivors and Healthy Women : A Comparative Study (유방암 생존자와 정상여성의 성기능)

  • Kim, Hye-Young;So, Hyang-Sook;Chae, Myeong-Jeong
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.60-66
    • /
    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyse the level of sexual function among breast cancer survivors as compared with that among healthy women. Method: A total of 208 women participated in this study: 103 breast cancer survivors attending self-help group and 105 community-residing healthy women in G city. A self-reported questionnaire with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) was used to obtain data. Data were analyzed using the SPSS Win 14.0 $K^+$ for descriptive statistics, t-test, and two-way ANOVA. Results: The sexual function score of breast cancer survivors was significantly lower than that of healthy women, respectively $14.9{\pm}9.9$ and $20.6{\pm}11.1$ (p<0.001). The sexual function of recurrent breast cancer survivors was significantly lower than that of women without recurrence. However, there were no significant differences in the sexual function score according to the cancer stage, period since diagnosis, and types of cancer treatment modality. Conclusion: The findings indicate the importance of sex-related counseling and educational programs to improve the quality of life of breast cancer survivors.

  • PDF

Effect of Intervention Programs for Improving Maternal Adaptation in Korea: Systematic Review (유방암 생존자 부부를 위한 중재 연구 문헌고찰)

  • Kang, Hee Sun;Yeom, Soo Young;Jun, Eun-Young
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.153-165
    • /
    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review the literature on intervention for breast cancer survivors and their partners. Methods: The literature search was performed using MEDLINE, Pubmed, and Proquest to summarize the current state of knowledge regarding intervention for breast cancer survivors and their partners. Articles published between January 2000 and December 2011 were included. Results: A total of 14 studies were identified. Couple-base d intervention was more effective than intervention for survivors alone. Intervention to partners had also effects on their wives. Most studies were conducted in USA with Caucasian women. Sample size of intervention studies was small with most being pilot studies. Conclusion: Providing couple-based intervention to breast cancer survivors could have positive impacts on physical, interpersonal, and social aspects in breast cancer survivors. Future studies with large sample and different ethnicity are needed to confirm the effects of couple-based interventions for breast cancer survivors.

A Study on the Knowledge Structure of Cancer Survivors based on Social Network Analysis (네트워크 분석을 통한 암 생존자 지식구조 연구)

  • Kwon, Sun Young;Bae, Ka Ryeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.46 no.1
    • /
    • pp.50-58
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the knowledge structure of cancer survivors. Methods: For data, 1099 articles were collected, with 365 keywords as a Noun phrase extracted from the articles and standardized for analyzing. Co-occurrence matrix were generated via a cosine similarity measure, and then the network analysis and visualization using PFNet and NodeXL were applied to visualize intellectual interchanges among keywords. Results: According to the result of the content analysis and the cluster analysis of author keywords from cancer survivors articles, keywords such as 'quality of life', 'breast neoplasms', 'cancer survivors', 'neoplasms', 'exercise' had a high degree centrality. The 9 most important research topics concerning cancer survivors were 'cancer-related symptoms and nursing', 'cancer treatment-related issues', 'late effects', 'psychosocial issues', 'healthy living managements', 'social supports', 'palliative cares', 'research methodology', and 'research participants'. Conclusion: Through this study, the knowledge structure of cancer survivors was identified. The 9 topics identified in this study can provide useful research direction for the development of nursing in cancer survivor research areas. The Network analysis used in this study will be useful for identifying the knowledge structure and identifying general views and current cancer survivor research trends.

Supportive Care Needs of Iranian Cancer Survivors and Relationships with Social Support

  • Faghani, Safieh;Mohammadian, Robab;Rahmani, Azad;Mohajjel-Aghdam, Ali-Reza;Hassankhani, Hadi;Azadi, Arman
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.16 no.15
    • /
    • pp.6339-6345
    • /
    • 2015
  • Background: Assessment of supportive care needs of cancer survivors and identifying factors affecting such needs is important for implementation of any supportive care programs. So, the aims of present study were to investigate the supportive care needs of Iranian cancer survivors and relationships with social support. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-correlational study two hundred and fifty cancer survivors participated via convenient sampling methods. The Supportive Care Needs Survey (SCNS-SF34) and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) were used for data collection. SPSS software was applied and univariate regression was used for examine relationships of supportive care needs with social support. Results: Participants demonstrated many unmet supportive care needs, especially in health system and information and psychological domains. In addition, participants reported that family members and significant others were their main source of support. Also, social support has a significant correlation with all domains of supportive care needs. Conclusions: There is an indispensable need for establishment of supportive care programs for Iranian cancer survivors. In addition, family members of family members of such survivors are an important resource to help develop such programs.

Demographic Characteristics and Exposure Assessment for Applicants Who Have Been Injured by Humidifier Disinfectant - Focusing on 4-1 and 4-2 Applicants - (가습기살균제 피해 신청자들의 인구학적 특성 및 노출평가 - 4-1차와 4-2차 신청자를 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, Yoon-Hyeong;Ryu, Hyeonsu;Yoon, Jeonggyo;Lee, Seula;Kwak, Jung Hyun;Han, Bo-Young;Chu, Yeon-Hee;Kim, Pan-Gyi;Yang, Wonho
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
    • /
    • v.44 no.4
    • /
    • pp.301-314
    • /
    • 2018
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to introduce the overall progress of exposure assessment to humidifier disinfectant (HD); to present participants' demographic characteristics, exposure characteristics to humidifier disinfectant, and exposure classification; and furthermore to compare those characteristics between survivors and non-survivors. Methods: An assessment of environmental exposure to HD was conducted using modified HD-specific questionnaires that had been previously validated. We analyzed the data from 4,482 participants who had been potentially exposed to HD and had registered with the KEITI (Korea Environmental Industry & Technology Institute) from September 2016 to May 2018 (the fourth survey). Environmental exposure assessments were performed as follows: 1) contact with participants, 2) environmental exposure assessment though face-to-face interviews, 3) assessment review and coding, and 4) exposure rating. Results: Overall, survivors made up 77.1% (3,457 subjects) and non-survivors made up 22.9% (1,025 subjects). When compared with the survivors, non-survivors had a higher proportion of subjects aged >60 years and subjects who answered as suffering lung damage and having purchased HD because it is "Beneficial to health" (p<0.05). For the exposure characteristics compared to survivors, non-survivors had a higher proportion of cases of distance from humidifier to face being less that one meter and the spray direction being toward the face (p<0.05). Overall, respondents who used the "Oxy Ssak Ssak New Gaseupgi Dangbun", "Aekyung Gaseupgi Mate", "Homeplus Gaseupgi Chungjungje", and "E-Mart Gaseupgi Salgyunje" products made up 66.1, 12.3, 4.0, and 3.6%, respectively, and 72.5% of respondents used products with PHMG as the active chemical. When compared with survivors, non-survivors had a higher proportion of use of "Oxy Ssak Ssak New Gaseupgi Dangbun" but a lower proportion of use of products with CMIT/MIT, PGH, or PHMG as the active chemical. Conclusions: This study provided demographic characteristics and exposure assessment for applicants who have been injured by HD. In spite of the limitations of performing past exposure assessment through a questionnaire survey, such as recall bias, useful results may be obtained by comparing survivors with non-survivors. Further studies such as the exposure rating method and so on are necessary to assess past exposure to HD.

Short Sleep Duration and Its Correlates among Cancer Survivors in Korea: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys

  • Yoon, Hyung-Suk;Yang, Jae Jeong;Song, Minkyo;Lee, Hwi-Won;Lee, Yunhee;Lee, Kyoung-Mu;Lee, Sang-Ah;Lee, Jong-koo;Kang, Daehee
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.16 no.11
    • /
    • pp.4705-4710
    • /
    • 2015
  • Background: Though a large proportion of cancer survivors are assumed to be commonly affected by sleep disturbance, few studies have focused on short sleep problems and its correlates among Korean cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of short sleep in adult cancer survivors from a nationwide population-based sample and to identify risk factors for short sleep duration. Materials and Methods: Based on the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2007-2012), 1,045 cancer survivors and 33,929 non-cancer controls were analyzed. The prevalence of short sleep was compared between these two groups. Associations between short sleep and its correlates were evaluated using multiple logistic regression among cancer survivors: odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) were estimated after adjusting for sociodemographic factors, lifestyle factors, psychological conditions, and cancer-related factors. Results: About 8.1% of cancer survivors slept for less than 5 hours per day (6.2% men and 9.3% women), whereas this was the case for only 3.7% of non-cancer controls. Cancer survivors who had the lowest household income level showed a significantly higher likelihood for short sleep (adjusted OR 2.82, 95%CI 1.06-7.54). Self-reported poor health and depressive symptoms were found to be associated with significantly increased likelihood for short sleep in cancer survivors (adjusted OR 3.60, 95%CI 1.40-9.26 and adjusted OR 2.00, 95%CI 1.17-3.42). Gastric cancer survivors had a 3.97-fold increased risk for short sleep (95%CI 1.60-9.90). Conclusions: The prevalence of short sleep occurs at a high rate among the Korean cancer survivors, which may indicate a poorer quality of life and a higher risk of future complications in survivorship. Targeted interventions that can assist cancer survivors to cope with sleep disturbances as well as ensuring psychological stability are warranted to reduce the latent disease burden.

Dietary Intake Status among Korean Female Breast Cancer Survivors (한국 여성 유방암 경험자의 식사섭취실태)

  • Park, Myungsook;Hwang, Eunkyung;Moon, Hyeong-Gon;Noh, Dong-Young;Lee, Jung Eun
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.19 no.2
    • /
    • pp.163-175
    • /
    • 2014
  • Objectives: We aimed to evaluate dietary intake among female breast cancer survivors in a cross-sectional study. Methods: A total of 127 women who had breast cancer surgery at least 6 months before baseline were included. Dietary intake of female breast cancer survivors was assessed through self-reported 3 day-dietary records. To compare dietary intake between breast cancer survivors and general female population without cancer, we selected the 1:4 age matched women from the 2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). In the KNHANES, participants were asked about their dietary intake using the 24-hour dietary recalls. We also examined whether dietary intake varied by age group, cancer stage, or time since surgery among breast cancer survivors. We used the generalized linear model to compare their dietary intakes. Results: Intakes of total energy, beta-carotene, folate, vitamin C, plant iron and fruits were lower among breast cancer survivors with longer time since surgery compared to those with shorter time (p<0.05). Breast cancer patients with higher stage at diagnosis tended to consume less legumes (p=0.01) than those with lower stage. When we compared dietary intake between breast cancer survivors and the general female population without cancer, breast cancer survivors were more likely to consume most of macro- and micro-nutrients in larger quantity (p<0.05) and adhere to healthier diet characterized by higher intakes of legumes, seed and nuts, vegetables and fishes and shells than the general female population who never had been diagnosed with cancer (p<0.05). Conclusions: Our study results suggested that the intakes of nutrients and foods varied by time since surgery and cancer stage among breast cancer survivors and dietary intakes among breast cancer survivors differed from that in the general population. Further prospective studies are warranted to explore the association between dietary intakes of specific food items and survival among Korean breast cancer survivors.

Identification of Risky Subgroups with Sleep Problems Among Adult Cancer Survivors Using Decision-tree Analyses: Based on the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2013 to 2016 (의사결정나무 분석을 이용한 성인 암경험자의 문제수면 위험군 예측: 2013-2016년도 국민건강영양조사 자료 분석)

  • Kim, Hee Sun;Jeong, Seok Hee;Park, Sook Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.103-113
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was performed to assess problems associated with sleep (short and long sleep duration) and to identify risky subgroups with sleep problems among adult cancer survivors. The study is based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI and VII) from 2013 to 2016. Methods: The sociodemographic and clinical data of 504 Korean cancer survivors aged 20-64 years was extracted from the KNHANES VI and VII database. Descriptive statistics for complex samples was used, and decision-tree analyses were performed using the SPSS WIN 24.0 program. Results: The mean age for survivors was approximately 51 years. The mean sleep duration was 6.97 hours; 36.2% of participants had short (< 7 hours) and 9.9% had long (> 8 hours) sleep duration. From the decision-trees analyses, the characteristics of the adult cancer survivors related to sleep problems were presented with six different pathways. Sleep problems were analyzed according to the survivors' sociodemographic information (age, education, living status, and occupation), clinical characteristics (body mass index, hypercholesterolemia, and anemia) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The HRQoL (${\leq}0.5$ or > 0.5 cutoff point) was a significant predictor of the participants' sleep problems because all six pathways were started from this predictor in the model. Conclusion: Health care professionals could use the decision-tree model for screening adult cancer survivors with sleep problems in clinical or community settings. Nursing interventions considering these specific individual characteristics and HRQoL level should be developed to have adequate sleep duration for Korean adult cancer survivors.