• Title, Summary, Keyword: Surveys and questionnaires

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Hofstede Cultural Dimension Measuring through World Values Surveys (World Value Surveys를 활용한 Hofstede 문화차원 측정과 활용에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Mi-Young;Kwon, Jong-Wook
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.137-152
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    • 2018
  • Hofstede cultural value model is one of the most influential model for cross-cultural studies to measure national difference. In this study, we examine that Hofstede Cultural Dimensions can be measured by World Value Surveys. Selected WVS questions for 31 measurable countries after Exploratory Factor Analysis(EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis(CFA), approved valid through empirical analysis. It is applicable that Individualism values(IND) has related to 2 questionnaires including life satisfaction, Power Distance values(PDI) to 2 questionnaires about political action(Signing a petition and Joining in boycotts), Masculinity values(MAS) to 2 sexual-role questionnaires like "University is more important for a boy than for a girl", Uncertainty Avoidance values (UAI) to 3 questionnaires about confidence(Parliament, The Political parties and Justice System), Long-Term Oriented values(LTO) to 4 questionnaires including "How proud of nationality" and Indulgence versus Restraints values (IVR)to 2 questionnaires including Feeling of Happiness.

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Content Analysis of the Questionnaires Used in Dietary Surveys (식생활 조사연구에 사용된 설문지의 내용 분석)

  • 김기남;김애정;박은숙;우미경;이보경;현태선
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.697-708
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the contents of the questionnaires used in dietary surveys and to evaluate each item in relation to the item construction strategy. Articles of which the contents were related to food, nutrition, diet, dietary behavior, and related areas. Published from 1997 to 1999 were searched fir and a total of 121 questionnaires were collected and analyzed. The questions in the questionnaires were classified into related areas and sub-areas. Among the keywords in the title of the articles, the term 'nutritional status'(or 'dietary intake status') was most frequently used. The terms such as dietary status, obesity, health, food habit, and dietary behavior were also frequency used. Major topics of the items in the questionnaires varied according to the life cycle of the subjects of the study. The topics most frequently asked in each lift cycle were as follows : overeating, snack, and food preference for preschool- and school-aged children ; anthropometry, weight control, and snack for middle and highschool students : meal skipping, smoking, and drinking for college students : disease, smoking, drinking, and exercise for adults : and smoking, drinking, disease and perceived health for the elderly. Inappropriate questions with complicated language, typographic and grammatic errors, unnecessary words, and negative questions were found. Therefore, care should be taken to construct each question so as to avoid possible misinterpretation. Also, a standardized questionnaire be developed for survey researchers.

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The Relationship Study between Cumulative Fatigue and Stress of Seafarers by Evaluating Autonomic Nervous Functions and Survey Studies (선원의 자율신경 기능평가에 의한 누적피로도 및 스트레스와 조사연구 사이의 관련성 연구)

  • Kim, Byeongjo;Lee, Junghun;Lee, Sookyoung;Kwon, Haeyeon;Kwon, Youngtae;Park, Yongsun;Chae, Byeonggeun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2018
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study has been performed to find the relationship between seafarers' cumulative fatigue and stress by evaluating autonomic nervous functions and the results of surveys conducted using questionnaires. Methods : The subjects were seafarers working on various ships (home trade ships) of South Korea, who were healthy adults without any diseases, as confirmed through preliminary surveys were recruited through simple random sampling. A device that measures autonomic nervous functions by analyzing heart rate variability, which is also used often in clinical diagnoses and studies at universities, university hospitals, and general hospitals was used to measure the seafarers' cumulative fatigue and stress. Pearson's correlation analyses were also conducted to test the relationship between cumulative fatigue and stress measured by evaluating autonomic nervous functions and the results of surveys conducted with questionnaires. Results : There was no correlation between mean cumulative fatigue measured for each ship type and seafarers position through autonomic nervous functions evaluation and fatigue severity scale (FSS). There also was no correlation between the mean levels of stress measured for each ship type and seafarers position through autonomic nervous functions evaluation and survey scores of Korean occupational stress scale (KOSS). Conclusion : Therefore, in order to prevent man-made accidents in the sea among seafarers working with irregular port entry/departure schedules and under environments involving continued vibration, noises, and shaking, it is necessary to analyzed cumulative fatigue and stress scientifically and objectively, such as through autonomic nervous functions evaluation rather than through surveys.

A Study about the new analysis method of satisfaction survey with AHP through the compare to the questionnaires satisfaction survey (설문만족도 분석방법 비교를 통한 AHP적용 만족도 분석방법에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Young-Jin;Jung, Hee-Taek;Kim, Se-Hwan;Jung, Byoung-Han;Kang, Kyung-Sik
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.223-232
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    • 2013
  • Other comments on matters satisfaction survey through questionnaires typically measure by frequency analysis method is performed, the short answer for how to apply. These satisfaction surveys, however, because of the environment and atmosphere of its target at the time of the survey, personal psychological state, depending on the scale of change in business or policy of customer satisfaction feedback, there is a problem. This survey results, tangible results in terms of the feasibility of the business and policy indirectly as a result, which has been used as a material fact is. New survey method is show how the business and policy objectives than can be reflected positively in the present study, and comparing these surveys in a variety of ways for the analytical method proposed by KANO, Timko results suggested. Should be an ongoing investigation, and different survey methods for the study on the same sample the actual observed by comparing the results for the superiority of the new results presented.

Studies and proposals of childhood asthma in Korea (한국의 소아 천식의 연구 현황과 과제)

  • Kim, Woo Kyung
    • Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease
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    • v.6 no.sup1
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    • pp.52-57
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    • 2018
  • This review mainly focuses on the academy and research group published on childhood asthma and aims to investigate the impact of Korean study results in this field. The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaires have shown that the prevalence of childhood asthma is increasing worldwide. The ISAAC, which Korea joined in 1995, has enabled us to compare prevalence between countries. Korea has participated in three ISAAC surveys: 3 nationwide surveys in 1995, 2000, and 2010. The 12-month prevalence of asthma symptoms from the questionnaires was 4.9%-10.1% for children aged 6-7 years. In Korea, ISAAC surveys demonstrated that risk factors for asthma are obesity, secondhand smoking, diet patterns, raising pets, fever in infancy, and the use of antibiotics. However, because these were large-scale but cross-sectional studies, prospective cohort studies on growth patterns from prenatal through postnatal periods are needed to elucidate accurate risk factors. In 2016, 2 research groups were united to Korea childhood Asthma RESearch (KARES). Several studies were published from KARES. We reported prevalence of each asthma severity category and the controller prescription patterns according to asthma severity assessed by a Western (Global Initiative for Asthma) and an Asia-Pacific (Japanese Pediatric GuideLine) guideline were evaluated. And we translate the Test for Respiratory and Asthma Control in Kids instrument into Korean, with subsequent linguistic validation. The role of the Korean Academy of Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Disease will be important for the prevent the child and adolescent asthma through the various Korean child data made.

Review of Exposure Assessment to Obtain Exposure Factors of Consumer Products (소비 생활용품의 노출계수 조사 방법의 고찰)

  • Park, Ji Young;Lee, Kiyoung;Shin, Ho-Sang;Yang, Wonho
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.532-540
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    • 2013
  • Background: Exposure factors for consumer products have been developed since the 1980s. Such exposure factors are important in risk assessment. Since the exposure/use patterns of consumer products in a country may reflect its respective cultural, meteorological, and socio-economic circumstances, unique Korean exposure factors for consumer products are needed. Such exposure factors are required for newly-enacted chemical regulations in Korea. For this review, published papers and survey reports on exposure factors of consumer products were examined for their assessment methodologies. Results: Investigation into exposure factors for consumer products used a variety of methods: home visit, online, telephone, and mail surveys using questionnaires; face to face interviews; modeling using a constructed database; and direct measurement. To collect more accurate exposure information or to check the reliability of the sampling method, some studies were repeated using the same questionnaire, in-home observation, direct measurement of usage, and videotaping. In Korea, nationwide exposure surveys were conducted five times over five years to obtain Korean exposure factors. However, with the exception of the $5^{th}$-year study, the surveys were online questionnaires and only the $5^{th}$-year study validated the accuracy of exposure information by re-visits and direct measurement. Conclusion: Accurate exposure factors are an essential part of risk assessment to assure safe use of consumer products. For better and safer management of consumer products, accurate exposure factors in Korea should be assessed for various exposure pathways.

CAPI and Higher Data Quality: the Case of KLoSA and Blaise CAPI Programme (컴퓨터를 이용한 대인면접이 조사 자료의 질 개선에 미치는 영향: 고령화연구패널조사의 Blaise 활용 사례를 중심으로)

  • Shin, Hyun-Goo;Lee, Hye-Jung
    • Survey Research
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.71-95
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    • 2006
  • This article presents strengths of Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing(CAPI) in social surveys with complicated questionnaires, from examples of a pilot and the first year surveys of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing(KLoSA). This study focuses on how to improve the quality of data by using CAPI and finds five strengths among others. First of all, CAPI can contribute to reducing response errors by structuring the logic and path of questionnaires, setting a response range, and maintaining response consistency. Second, CAPI enhances convenience of interviewing by allowing customized questions and automatic calculation and scoring. It also allows the 'help' function. Third, its random arrangement of questions prevents response order effect and/or questions order effect. Fourth, CAPI can raise the response rate by reducing item non-responses. Fifth, it makes it easy monitoring interviewing, thus helps supervising interviewers and modifying questionnaires when necessary. These merits of CAPI contribute to reducing possible errors in the process of interviewing, therefore improve the data quality.

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Customer Satisfaction Analysis of Smart Car Features Using the Kano Model : a Comparative Analysis of Similar Research Cases (Kano모형을 기반으로 한 스마트 카 기능의 고객 만족도 분석 : 유사 연구사례의 비교를 중심으로)

  • Kang, Young Tai;Chung, Kyu Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Quality Management
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.717-738
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aims to analyze why surveys of a single set of customer requirement result in different Kano analyses depending on the survey questionnaire designs. Methods: This study singled out 14 common features from four different questionnaires of two studies of Smart Car features and analyzed them using the Kano model. Several methods and devices were used: Group Comparison and Timko Index were applied; Kano Distribution Index, Timko Dispersion and Kano Conformity were newly introduced for the quantitative analysis; Correlations between Timko indices from different Kano questionnaires were conducted; Heuristic Splitting technic for reinforcing attribute categorization is introduced. Results: Correlation Coefficient proved strong positive relations among the three questionnaires, whose agreement degree of the resulting Kano attributes showed less than 10% when Indifferent was ignored. Heuristic Splitting on Timko charts enhanced the degree of the resulting Kano attributes up to 80%. Conclusion: Among the questionnaires the representation of customer requirements tends to move by parallel shifts on the Timko chart maintaining their relative locations. Heuristic Splitting suggests a rational solution to the interpretation of those inexplicable attribute categories resulting from traditional Kano methods.

The change of Employee Satisfaction in Radiology Department by Applying 6 Sigma Method (6 - Sigma 경영혁신기법 시행에 따른 방사선과 내부고객만족도의 변화)

  • Lee, Keun-Ohk;Park, Jai-Soung;Kang, Chung-Hwan;Kim, Mi-Young;Kim, Seung-Sick
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.78-90
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    • 2006
  • Background : The concept of 'service' in a hospital is based on the quality of medical staffs who serve as customer-satisfying media, and this is what distinguishes general hospitals from other business corporations in which customer satisfaction is achieved through commercial products. Thus, the internal employee satisfaction is essential in the improvement of the 'service' and subsequent 'competitiveness' of a hospital. The purpose of this study is to establish internal marketing strategies for a general hospital through regular surveys on employee satisfaction. Method : Surveys on employee satisfaction in radiology department were conducted regularly twice a year in a university hospital with 800 beds 2001 in 2004. The subjects of this study were 35 employees who work in radiology department. The authors developed the questionnaires and the surveys were conducted initially during the first 6 months of the year. After necessary improvements were made by applying 6 Sigma techniques, subsequent surveys were conducted during the latter 6 months of the year and the degree of employee satisfaction was compared. Results : Overall satisfaction increased with a constant rate and the authors were able to assess that the hospital is being gradually stabilized. The degree of satisfaction assessed by multiple choices showed only minor changes. However, as a result of focusing on the demands put forth by the employees through the open questions, the degree of satisfaction increased gradually year after year. Conclusions : It is important to heighten the internal employee satisfaction systematically and harmoniously through the assessment on the demands of the internal customers and feedback-based communications between the management officers and the staffs. Continuous surveys on the internal employee satisfaction will serve to be valuable materials in the establishment of internal marketing strategies for a general hospital.

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Usefulness of four commonly used neuropathic pain screening questionnaires in patients with chronic low back pain: a cross-sectional study

  • Gudala, Kapil;Ghai, Babita;Bansal, Dipika
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2017
  • Background: Recently symptoms-based screening questionnaires have gained attention for screening for a neuropathic pain component (NePC) in various chronic pain conditions. The present study assessed the usefulness of four commonly used NePC screening questionnaires including the Self-completed douleur neuropathique 4 (S-DN4), the ID Pain, the painDETECT questionnaire (PDQ), and the Self-completed Leeds Assessment of neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (S-LANSS) questionnaire in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) to assess the presence of NePC. Methods: This is a single-center cross-sectional study where patients with CLBP, with or without leg pain, were included. Participants were initially screened for NePC presence by a physician according to the regular practice, and later assessed using screening questionnaires. The diagnostic accuracy of these questionnaires was compared assuming the physician-made diagnosis as the gold standard. Results: A total of 215 patients with CLBP of which 164 (76.3%, 95% CI, 70.2-81.5) had a NePC were included. S-DN4, ID Pain, and PDQ have an area under the curve (AUC) > 0.8 indicating excellent discrimination. However, S-LANSS has an AUC of 0.69 (0.62-0.75), indicating low discrimination. S-DN4 has a significantly higher AUC as compared to ID Pain (d(AUC) = 0.063, P < 0.01) and S-LANSS (d(AUC) = 0.197, P < 0.01). But the AUC of S-DN4 does not significantly differ from that of PDQ (d(AUC) = 0.013, P = 0.62). Conclusions: S-DN4, ID Pain, and PDQ, but not S-LANSS, have good discriminant validity to screen for NePCs in patients with CLBP. Despite using all the tests, 20-30% of patients with an NePC were missed. Thus, these questionnaires can only be used as an initial clue in screening for NePCs, but do not replace clinical judgment.