• Title, Summary, Keyword: Surge arresters

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A New Approach to On-Line Monitoring Device for ZnO Surge Arresters

  • Lee Bok-Hee;Gil Hyoung-Jun;Kang Sung-Man
    • KIEE International Transactions on Electrophysics and Applications
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    • v.5C no.3
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    • pp.131-137
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    • 2005
  • This paper describes a new approach to the algorithm and fundamental characteristics of the device for monitoring the leakage currents flowing through zinc oxide (ZnO) surge arresters. In order to obtain a technique for a new on-line monitoring device that can be used in the deterioration diagnosis of ZnO surge arresters, the new algorithm and on-line leakage current detection device for extracting the resistive and capacitive currents using the phase shift addition method were proposed. The computer-based on-line monitoring device can sense accurately the power frequency leakage currents flowing through ZnO surge arresters. The on-line leakage current monitoring device of ZnO surge arresters proposed in this work has the high sensitivity compared to the third harmonic leakage current detection devices. As a consequence, it was found that the proposed leakage current monitoring device would be useful for forecasting the defects and degradation of ZnO surge arresters.

Temperature and Leakage Current Characteristics of Polymeric Surge Arrester with Housing (폴리머 피뢰기의 구조에 따른 온도와 누설전류 특성)

  • Cho, Han-Goo;You, Dae-Hoon;Lee, Un-Yong;Kim, Ha-Na
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.273-280
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    • 2007
  • In this paper, the ZnO surge arrester performance of power distribution class has been studied under different manufacturing conditions such as housing materials(polymeric, porcelain), interface sealants and one-body molding type. In the recent years, the polymeric ZnO surge arresters have been developed and put into operations based on their excellent characteristics. For polymeric surge arresters, the inner gas volume is extremely small, especially in solid insulation polymeric arresters there are not any gas volume inside arresters in the structure due to polymeric materials are filled into the internal gas volume. The sealing integrity is related to safe operation of surge arrester, the prime failure reason of porcelain housed arresters is moisture ingress. In this paper, the sealing integrity of polymeric surge arresters is investigated with moisture multi-aging test and ingress test. The evaluation techniques are used to inspect the sealing integrity of polymeric arresters, including leakage current, surface temperature, reference voltage and dissipation factor.

Effect of Thermal Mechanical Stresses on Electrical Characteristics of Polymer Housed Surge Arresters (열-기계적 스트레스가 폴리머 피뢰기의 전기적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Han-Goo;You, Dae-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.555-560
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    • 2007
  • This paper describes the results of a study on the sealing integrity of polymer housed surge arrester based on the thermal mechanical test. The polymer housed surge arrester employs silicone insulating materials for its housing, instead of the conventional porcelain housing. The polymer housed surge arresters exhibited the highest sealing integrity because it is not air volume between the FRP(fiber reinforced plastics) module and the silicone housing. In accordance, the sealing integrity of station class surge arresters is investigated with moisture ingress test. And, the influence of sealing integrity was evaluated through such as measurement of the deflection, reference voltage, leakage current. In electrical characteristics, reference voltage decreased in the range of $16.45{\sim}16.15\;kV$ with after thermal mechanical test. In contrary, despite the continued moisture ingress, the polymer housed surge arresters exhibited almost the same leakage current value and the resistive leakage current has risen slightly. As a results, It was thought that the polymer housed surge arresters shows good stability with sealing integrity.

Longterm Aging Characteristics of Distribution Polymer Housed Surge Arresters by Multistress Accelerated Aging (복합 가속열화를 통한 배전용 고분자 피뢰기의 장기 열화특성 예측)

  • Kim, Ju-Yong;Kwon, Tae-Ho;Park, Chul-Bae;Kim, Joon-Eel
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.691-696
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    • 2007
  • In this study accelerated aging test equipment was developed to simulate domestic weather condition for accelerated aging test of polymer housed distribution surge arresters. Polymer arresters were aged for 3,000 hours by this test equipment and chemical and electrical characteristics analysis of surge arresters were conducted after aging test. In addition, performance assessment of outdoor installed arresters for 3 years was conducted to compare aging effect between accelerated aging test and natural aging. Through this experiment it is verified that the capability of the proposed aging test for simulating natural aging and the housing material and disconnector of domestic polymer arresters can be deteriorated by the long time field operation.

Characteristic Analysis of Gapped Surge Arresters for D.C. Railway Line (직류 전차선로용 공극형 피뢰기의 특성 분석)

  • 조한구;한세원;윤한수;천종욱
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.485-488
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    • 2001
  • This paper provides the result of analysis of the structure and I-V characteristics of D.C. 1500 V surge arresters which were installed in railway line currently. As Porcelain housed surge arresters have unstable elements such as exploding and dispersion, so it is thought that the system is protected more stably with replacement of polymer housing. The adoption of gap mitigates the voltage stress which is degradation factor of surge arresters and the research is needed to enhance the life characteristic in additive and manufacturing process. Therefore, it is thought that the research should be continued to develop homemade the surge arresters for D.C. railway line as well as transmission line.

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Accelerated aging test method and characteristics analysis of polymer housed surge arresters (폴리머 피뢰기 가속열화 방법과 열화특성 분석)

  • Kim, Ju-Yong;Park, Chul-Bae;Kwon, Tae-Ho;Jung, Yeon-Ha
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of IIIuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers Conference
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    • pp.210-213
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    • 2007
  • In this study accelerated aging test cycle and equipment was developed for aging test of polymer housed surge arresters under domestic weather condition In order to investigate aging characteristics of polymer surge arresters electrical and chemical analysis of the arresters which are used for accelerated aging test and outdoor exposure test were conducted. Through the analysis the capability of the proposed method was verified and characteristics data were presented for maintenance of domestic arresters. Based on these results long term reliability assessment method was proposed for polymer housed distribution surge arresters.

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Fracture and Protection Technologies against Impulse of Power Arresters (전력용 피뢰기의 임펄스에 의한 파손과 대척 기술)

  • 한세원;조한구;김석수
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.190-193
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    • 2001
  • ZnO varistors have been widely used to protect power system and electronic system against overvoltages based on their excellent nonlinearity. In order to increase their protection capability, the fracture and protection technologies of arresters have to study according to their applications, namely ImA DC voltage, leakage currents, impulse residual voltages, withstanding capability to impulse surge, and energy absorption capability. ZnO varistors which have nonlinear current-voltage characteristic name a number of failure mechanism when ZnO elements absorb surge energies. Failure mode by thermal stress and Pin hole are among the most common failure mechanism at the high current surge current. In this study, the fracture mechaism of power arresters are introduced and protection technologies are researched. In particular the effect of thermal stress by surge currents to ZnO elements and methods against arc surge energy through withstand structure design of arrester are discussed.

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Effective Installations Technique of Grounding Conductors for Metal Oxide Surge Arrestors (배전피뢰기용 접지도선의 효과적인 설치기법)

  • Lee, Bok-Hui;Gang, Seong-Man;Yu, In-Seon
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers C
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.253-259
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    • 2002
  • This paper deals with the effects of grounding conductors for metal oxide surge arresters. When surge arresters are improperly installed, the results can cause costly damage of electrical equipments. In particular, the route of surge arrester connection is very important because bends and links of leads increase the impedances to lightning surges and tend to nullify the effectiveness of a grounding conductor. Therefore, there is a need to know how effective installation of lightning surge arresters is made in order to control voltage and to absorb energy at high lightning currents. The effectiveness of a grounding conductor and 18 [㎸] metal oxide distribution line arresters was experimentally investigated under the lightning and oscillatory impulse voltages. Thus, the results are as follows; (1) The induced voltage of a grounding conductor is drastically not affected by length of a connecting line, but it is very sensitive to types of grounding conductor. (2) The coaxial cable having a low characteristic impedance is suitable as a grounding conductor. (3) It is also clear from these results that bonding the metal raceway enclosing the grounding conductor to the grounding electrode is very effective because of skin effect. (4) The induced voltages of grounding conductors for the oscillatory impulse voltages are approximately twice as large as those for the lightning impulse voltages.

Degradation Properties of ZnO Surge Arresters Due to Lightning Impulse Currents (뇌임펄스전류에 의한 ZnO 피뢰기의 열화특성)

  • Lee, Su-Bong;Lee, Bok-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.79-85
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    • 2009
  • This paper describes the degradation properties of ZnO surge arresters impressed by lightning impulse currents. To investigate the deterioration behaviors of ZnO surge arresters due to lightning surges, the 8/20[${\mu}s$], 2.5[kA] standard lightning impulse currents were injected to the ZnO surge arrester under test. The power frequency AC and DC leakage currents flowing through the ZnO surge arresters with and without the injection of lightning impulse currents were measured. As a result, the leakage currents are increased and the asymmetry of the AC leakage current is pronounced as the number of injection of the impulse current increases. The ZnO grain of the surge arrester without the injection of lightning surges are uniform but the ZnO grain of the ZnO surge arrester with the injection of lightning impulse currents are deformed. Also, it was found that the decrease of the $Bi_2O_3$ due to the lightning impulse current leads to the lack of grain boundary layer and the current concentrated by the lack of grain boundary layer play an important role to degrade nonlinear property of ZnO surge arrester blocks.

Changes in Electrical Properties of ZnO Surge Arresters According to Surrounding Conditions (외부 환경조건에 따른 ZnO 피뢰기의 전기적 특성의 변화)

  • Lee, Seung-Ju;Lee, Su-Bong;Lee, Bok-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.22 no.9
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    • pp.62-68
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    • 2008
  • This paper describes the electrical characteristics of ZnO surge arresters associated with the variation of surrounding conditions. To investigate the deterioration behaviors of ZnO surge arresters due to lightning surges, 8/20[${\mu}s$], 2.5[kA] impulse currents were injected to the ZnO surge arrester under test. The leakage currents of ZnO surge arrester subject to power frequency AC voltage were measured in different surrounding temperature and wet conditions. As a result, it was found that the leakage current is increased and its asymmetry is pronounced as the number of injection of the impulse current and the ambient temperature increase. Also, in the wet test the outside leakage current flowing through the housing surface of the ZnO surge arrester is much larger than the intrinsic leakage current of ZnO surge arrester element. The results obtained in this work can be a lied as factors of improving the reliability and performance of monitoring system for surge arresters.