• Title, Summary, Keyword: Support of production costs

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Problems in Management of Rural Special Production Area and Improvement of Political Countermeasures (In the Case of Chungnam Province) (농어촌(農漁村) 특산단지운영상(特産團地運營上)의 문제점(問題點) 및 정책적(政策的) 개선방향(改善方向)(충청남도(忠淸南道)를 중심(中心)으로))

  • Lim, Jae Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.88-101
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    • 1993
  • This study is aimed at evaluating the present management status of the rural special production area development projects and identifying managerial problems to propose new direction of the political countermeasures for the projects. In the con text of implementing the five year's economic developent plans for the past three decades, agricultural production and farm-household income have also been grown rapidly. However the income gap between rural and urbarn laborer, as an internal problem, has widened during the decades and the UR problems concerning free trade of agricultural products, as an external problems, are now agonizing the small-holder farm economy in Korea. The internal and external farm problems could be solved through improvement of agricultural structure and provision of off-farm jobs for farm household income increase. As a part of the off-farm income sources, the rural special production area development projects have propelled by the government throughout the country. The main problems to be solved for the successful implementation of the projects are as follows : 1. Present loan amount by the financial fund was estimated at 6-7% of the total installation costs required. To expand and implement the project successfully, enough financial credit support with favorable terms and conditions have to be considered by the government. 2. The operation patterns of the special production area development project should be recommended from the view point of cooperative and private operation to maximize farm household incomes including profits, marketing charges and dividens. 3. Improvement of the marketing channel of the products and marketing information through TV program and other mass communication should be implemented strongly to promote marketsales by the financial supports of the government. 4. In connection with the off-farm income increase, the population migrating to urban area in outside Chungnam province equivalent to 10-12 thousand persons with age of 20-49 years should be taken into account politically to be employed in the projects in the province. 5. Surplus farm labors should be created by means of improvement of agricultural structure including large farm management with farm mechanization and job opportunities have also to be provided in connection with the rural special production area development projects. The two imminent subjects are the prerequisites to increase off-farm incomes for the farmers living in Chungnam province. 6. Required credit supports for investment and operation costs of the projects should be taken actions by the government.

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Analysis of Economic Effects of the Land Utilization and Promotion Projects(In the Case of Sinseok Area, Dangjin Districts in Chungnam Province) (농지이용증진사업의 경제효과분석)

  • Park, Jae-Keun;Lim, Jae-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.293-309
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    • 1998
  • This study is aimed at identifying the decision making criteria as B/C ratio, IRR and NPV based on the expected benefits and costs of the land utilization and promotion projects which have implemented to improve agricultural structure under WTO system. To carry out the objectives of the study, Sinseok project area located at Dangjin district, Chungnam province was selected. Sinseok project area has 306.2 ha of paddy area with 172 farm households. The project area will be operated by the 33 specialized farm households after completion of the project which will have 20 years of economic life. After completion of the project, farm size will be increased from 1.8ha to 9.3ha. Land intensity of the project area will be increased by 10%. Increase of land productivity and cost saving due to the labor saving technology as farm mechanization will be expected. According to the survey results, the annual amount of production cost savings per farm was estimated 3.884million won and increased total farm income was expected about 43.8million won per year. The total expexted project benefits was expected 174million won per year. The project costs to promote land utilization and structural change consisted of handling charges, and direct payment for land movility. The decision making criteria representing economic feasibility of the project such as B/C ratio, NPV and IRR were estimated 2.49, 483million won and 30% respectively when the cut-off rate was taken into account 10%. In conclusion, the land utilization and promotion project proppeled by the Korean Government under the agricultural land law is considered economically feasible from the view points of expected project benefits and costs. Accordingly the project have to be implemented more strongly under the G't financial support considering WTO and UR negociation which were aimed at achieving the free trade and improvement of international competitiveness of farm products.

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Trend Analysis of the Agricultural Industry Based on Text Analytics

  • Choi, Solsaem;Kim, Junhwan;Nam, Seungju
    • Agribusiness and Information Management
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2019
  • This research intends to propose the methodology for analyzing the current trends of agriculture, which directly connects to the survival of the nation, and through this methodology, identify the agricultural trend of Korea. Based on the relationship between three types of data - policy reports, academic articles, and news articles - the research deducts the major issues stored by each data through LDA, the representative topic modeling method. By comparing and analyzing the LDA results deducted from each data source, this study intends to identify the implications regarding the current agricultural trends of Korea. This methodology can be utilized in analyzing industrial trends other than agricultural ones. To go on further, it can also be used as a basic resource for contemplation on potential areas in the future through insight on the current situation. database of the profitability of a total of 180 crop types by analyzing Rural Development Administration's survey of agricultural products income of 115 crop types, small land profitability index survey of 53 crop types, and Statistics Korea's survey of production costs of 12 crop types. Furthermore, this research presents the result and developmental process of a web-based crop introduction decision support system that provides overseas cases of new crop introduction support programs, as well as databases of outstanding business success cases of each crop type researched by agricultural institutions.

The Study of Child Education and Child Care Cost (자녀교육 및 양육비용의 관련변수에 관한 연구)

  • 문숙재
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.301-313
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences of child care and it's costs between the full time housewives and employed wives' families with preschool children. the results of this study were as follows ; 1) The child care was performed primarily by herselves in the case of full time housewives' families, whereas the child care of employed wife families was done by babysitter or nursing facilities. 2) Most of unemployed wives' families undertook the burden of time cost, whereas the families of employed wives had to pay heavy expenses of money cost f9or the child care arrangements 3) In the estimation of money cost for the child care arrangements income had the highest effect. In contrast with this, in the case of time cost, occupational status of housewives had the highest effect. It was suggested for enhancing the sense of well - being of housewife it is necessary to perceive the value of household production and the social support for child care arrangements in all families, whether unemployed or employed.

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A Study on the Consumers' Perception of Agricultural Products Using Nuclear Power Plants Waste Heat (원자력 발전소 온배수 이용 농산물에 대한 소비자 인식조사)

  • Heo, Seung-Wook
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.369-379
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    • 2018
  • This study examines consumers' perception of agricultural products using nuclear power plants waste heat. This study surveyed 348 consumers and found that presenting information about safety of waste heat utilization increased appropriacy of waste heat; after providing the information, the percentage of respondents in favor of using waste heat increased 27.5% point from 38.3% to 65.8%. The most important reason against using waste heat was because it threatened the safety of agricultural products, and the most important reason for its support was to reduce farm production costs. The purchase intention for agricultural products using waste heat had risen by at least 10% point after providing the information about safety of waste heat. Those means that it important provision of accurate and reliable information on the safety of waste heat to encourage the utilization of waste heat from nuclear power plants. Purchase intention for flowers using waste heat was most, followed by vegetables, fruits (including fruits and vegetables).

The Change of Safety Management and the Safety Counter-plan (안전관리와 예비대책 변화 방향)

  • 서지한;서광규;고용해
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2002
  • In the future, all kinds condition of industrial safety is a primary need in all advanced countries in which workplace safety is an issue. Furthermore, the increasing complexity of production systems and the rapidity of technological innovation have consolidated the recognition of the strategic value of safety, alongside the traditional competitive factors such as quality, costs, delivery time and flexibility, In this paper, the some critical issues of changes and counter-plan in an adequate safety management were identified by above considerations as follows: needs of systematic identification and analysis of safety factors; requirements to define priorities and budgeting to support the decision-making process; and needs of audit activities and indicators which measure company performance in terms of safety improvements, and so on.

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Economic Evaluation of the IT SoC Industry Infrastructure Program

  • Oh, Wan-Keun;Min, Wan-Kee
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.79-99
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    • 2007
  • This paper evaluates the economic effect of the IT SoC Industrial Foundation Composition Project. The evaluation was done in three steps. The first step was to estimate the contribution effect of the fabless small and medium venture business' sales. The step includes interview with all the CEOs of the firms under the support of the Enterprise Incubation System, The second step was to apply input-output analysis and then estimate the production inducement effect. The last step was to compare the results of estimation with the costs of the project. We have concluded this project had achieved 6.3 times greater economic effect compared to the budget. The reason for the large economic effect is that the project provided various infrastructures to the small and medium venture businesses.

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Efficient Continuous Skyline Query Processing Scheme over Large Dynamic Data Sets

  • Li, He;Yoo, Jaesoo
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.1197-1206
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    • 2016
  • Performing continuous skyline queries of dynamic data sets is now more challenging as the sizes of data sets increase and as they become more volatile due to the increase in dynamic updates. Although previous work proposed support for such queries, their efficiency was restricted to small data sets or uniformly distributed data sets. In a production database with many concurrent queries, the execution of continuous skyline queries impacts query performance due to update requirements to acquire exclusive locks, possibly blocking other query threads. Thus, the computational costs increase. In order to minimize computational requirements, we propose a method based on a multi-layer grid structure. First, relational data object, elements of an initial data set, are processed to obtain the corresponding multi-layer grid structure and the skyline influence regions over the data. Then, the dynamic data are processed only when they are identified within the skyline influence regions. Therefore, a large amount of computation can be pruned by adopting the proposed multi-layer grid structure. Using a variety of datasets, the performance evaluation confirms the efficiency of the proposed method.

Development of Web-based Retaining wall Design support system using XML (XML을 활용한 웹기반 콘크리트 옹벽설계 자동화 시스템 개발)

  • 노병철;김정훈;최상릉;엄준식;양은익;엄주광
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.152-155
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    • 2003
  • The design process of concrete retaining walls includes multiple procedures such as structural analysis, member design, the production of calculation sheets, CAD, and itemized statements of Quantities and costs. The objective of this study is to develope an integrated design system that includes all the steps needed for concrete retaining wall design, and as a result, to improve the quality and efficiency of the design process. In this study, the design steps are divided into structural modules and database, and each module and database is systematically combined for the complete design process. The developed design system is based on Web environment. Therefore it can be used in real time and reduces the design work time and space.

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Augmented Reality Annotation for Real-Time Collaboration System

  • Cao, Dongxing;Kim, Sangwook
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.483-489
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    • 2020
  • Advancements in mobile phone hardware and network connectivity made communication becoming more and more convenient. Compared to pictures or texts, people prefer to share videos to convey information. For intentions clearer, the way to annotating comments directly on the video are quite important issues. Recently there have been many attempts to make annotations on video. These previous works have many limitations that do not support user-defined handwritten annotations or annotating on local video. In this sense, we propose an augmented reality based real-time video annotation system which allowed users to make any annotations directly on the video freely. The contribution of this work is the development of a real-time video annotation system based on recent augmented reality platforms that not only enables annotating drawing geometry shape on video in real-time but also drastically reduces the production costs. For practical use, we proposed a real-time collaboration system based on the proposed annotation method. Experimental results show that the proposed annotation method meets the requirements of real-time, accuracy and robustness of the collaboration system.