• Title, Summary, Keyword: Supercapacitor

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Preparation and Characteristics of Li4Ti5O12 Anode Material for Hybrid Supercapacitor

  • Lee, Byung-Gwan;Yoon, Jung-Rag
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.207-211
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    • 2012
  • Spinel-$Li_4Ti_5O_{12}$ was successfully synthesized by a solid-phase method at 800, 850, and $900^{\circ}C$ according to the $Li_4Ti_5O_{12}$ cubic spinel phase structure. To achieve higher EDLC energy density with the $Li_4Ti_5O_{12}$, the negative electrode of the hybrid supercapacitor was studied in this work. The electrochemical performances of the hybrid supercapacitor and EDLC were characterized by constant current discharge curves, c-rate, and cycle performance testing. The capacitance (1st cycle) of the hybrid supercapacitor and EDLC was 209 and 109 F, respectively, which is higher than EDLC. The capacitance of the hybrid supercapacitor decreases from 209 F to 101 F after 20 cycles when discharged at several specific current densities ranging from 1 to 10 A. In contrast, capacitance of the EDLC hardly decreases after 20 cycles. Results show that hybrid supercapacitor benefits from the high rate capability of supercapacitor and high capacity of the battery. Findings also prove that the hybrid supercapacitor is an energy storage device where the supercapacitor and the Li ion secondary battery coexist in one cell system.

Electrochemical Properties of Conducting Polymer for Supercapacitor (Supercapacitor용 도전성 고분자의 전기화학적 특성)

  • 강광우;김종욱;구할본
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.332-334
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to research and develop conducting polymer(CP) composite electrode for supercapacitor. Supercapacitor cell of CP composite electrode with 1M LiClO$_4$/ PC bring out good capacitor performance below 4V. The radius of semicircle of CP composite cell with PAn composite electrode adding 30wt% acetylene black was absolutely small. The total resistance of supercapacitor cell mainly depended on internal resistance of the electrode. The discharge capacitance of supercapacitor cell with PAn composite electrode adding 30wt% acetylene black in 1st and 50th cycles was 27F/g and 31F/g at current density of 1mA/$\textrm{cm}^2$. Supercapacitor cell with PAn composite electrode adding 30wt% acetylene black performed a good cycliability.

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Electrical Properties of Supercapacitor with Polyaniline and Polythiophene (Polyaniline과 Polythiophene을 사용한 supercapaccitor의 전기적 특성)

  • 강광우;김종욱;구할본
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.487-490
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to research and develop conducting polymer(CP) composite electrode for supercapacitor. Electrochemical capacitor(supercapacitor) cell of CP composite electrode with 1M LiClO$_4$PC bring out good capacitor performance below 4V. The radius of semicircle of CP composite cell with PAn composite electrode adding l5wt%SP270(PAnS15) and PT composite electrode adding 50wt%SP270 (PTS50) was absolutely small. The total resistance of supercapacitor cell mainly depended on internal resistance of the electrode. The discharge capacitance of supercapacitor cell with PTS50(+)/PAnS15(-) in 1st and 20th cycles was 38F/g and 28F/g at current density of 1mA/cm$^2$. Supercapacitor cell with PTS50(+)/PAnS15(-) showed good capacitance and stability with cycling.

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A Supercapacitor Remaining Energy Control Method for Smoothing a Fluctuating Renewable Energy Power

  • Lee, Wujong;Cha, Hanju
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.146-154
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    • 2015
  • This paper proposes a control method for maintaining the energy level for a supercapacitor energy storage system coupled with a wind generator to stabilize wind power output. Although wind power is green and clean energy source, disadvantage of the renewable energy output power is fluctuation. In order to mitigate the fluctuating output power, supercapacitor energy storage system (SCESS) and wind power simulator is developed. A remaining energy supercapacitor (RESC) control is introduced and analyzed to smooth for short-term fluctuating power and maintain the supercapacitor voltage within the designed operating range in the steady as well as transient state. When the average and fluctuating component of power increases instantaneously, the RESC compensates fluctuating power and the variation of fluctuating power is reduced 100% to 30% at 5kW power. Furthermore, supercapacitor voltage is maintained within the operating voltage range and near 50% of total energy. Feasibility of SCESS with RESC control is verified through simulation and experiment.

Electrochemical Properties of Conducting Polymer for Supercapacitor (Supercapacitor용 도전성 고분자의 전기화학적 특성)

  • 강광우;김종욱;김명산;구할본;김형곤
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.323-327
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to research and develop conducting polymer(CP) composite electrode for supercapacitor. The radius of semicircle of CP composite cell with polyaniline(PAn) composite electrode adding 30wt% acetylene black was small. The total resistance of supercapacitor cell mainly depended on internal resistance of he electrode. The discharge capacitance of supercapacitor cell with PAn composite electrode adding 30wt% acetylene black in 1st and 50th cycles was 27F/g and 31F/g at current density of 1mA/$\textrm{cm}^2$, respectively. Supercapacitor cell with PAn composite electrode adding 30wt% acetylene black showed a good cycliability. Supercapacitor cell of CP composite electrode with 1M LiClO$_4$/PC brings out god capacitor performance below 4V.

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The Design and Electrical Characteristics of 50kW Energy Storage System Using Hybrid Supercapacitor (하이브리드 슈퍼커패시터를 이용한 50kW급 에너지 저장 장치 설계 및 전기적 특성)

  • Mang, Ju-Cheul;Cho, Moon-Taek;Yoon, Jung-Rag
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.67 no.7
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    • pp.854-859
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    • 2018
  • This paper describes the characteristics of a hybrid supercapacitor module for power quality stabilization. Hybrid supercapacitor is an promising energy storage device that positioned between conventional EDLC and Li-ion battery. A cylindrical 7500F hybrid supercapacitor ($60{\times}138mm$) was assembled by using the $Li_4Ti_5O_{12}$ electrode as an anode and activated carbon as a cathode. Considering the ESR and efficiency has been designed to module with 41.6F 480V design results in 180 series combination. In order to determine the characteristics of the hybrid supercapacitor module for power system, hybrid supercapacitor cells were connected in series with active balancing circuit. As a result of measuring the 50kw UPS, it was discharged at the current of 104A~143A during the discharge in the voltage range of 350V~480V, and the compensation time at discharge was measured to be about 30s. These results can be used to stabilization of power quality by applying hybrid supercapacitor module.

Electrical Propeties of Supercapacitor using Polyaniline and Polythiophene (Polyaniline과 Polythiophene을 사용한 Supercapacitor의 전기적 특성)

  • 강광우;김명산;김종욱;구할본
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.764-769
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to research and develop conducting polymer(CP) composite electrode for supercapacitor. Supercapactior cell of CP composite electrode with 1M LiClO$_4$/PC brings out good capacitor performance below 4V. The radius of semicircle of CP composite cell with PAn composite electrode adding 15Wt% SP270(PAnS15) and PT composite electrode adding 50%wt% SP270(PTS50) was absolutely small. The total resistance of supercapacitor cell mainly depended on internal resistance of the electrode. The discharge capacitance of supercapacitor cell with PTS50(+)/PAnS15(-) in 1st and 20th cycles was 38F/g and 28F/g at current density of 1mA/$\textrm{cm}^2$, respectively.

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Development of On-Line Type Voltage Sag Compensation Systems by Using a Supercapacitor (수퍼커패시터를 이용한 상시가동형 순시전압강하 보상시스템의 개발)

  • Shon, Jin-Geun
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.58 no.2
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    • pp.101-107
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    • 2009
  • This paper deal with development of on-line type voltage sag compensation system using supercapacitor EDLC to solve the voltage sag problems which are considered to be dominant disturbances affecting the power quality. With the wide use of semiconductor devices in electrical equipment, modem-type loads are becoming increasingly sensitive to the voltage sags and the disturbances prove to be costly to industries. Supercapacitor EDLC is employed to compensate dynamically for the voltage sag of system with sensitive loads. This capacitor has higher energy density than the electrolytic capacitor. Also, this capacitor has a lot of advantage such as no maintenance, longer life cycle and faster charge-discharge time than the battery system. Therefore, in this paper, the energy design scheme of supercapacitor and the configuration technique of on-line type voltage sag compensation systems are newly introduced. According to the results of experimental of prototype 5[kVA] system, it is verified that the developed system has effectiveness of voltage sag compensation by using a supercapacitor EDLC.

Effect of Conductive Additive Amount on Electrochemical Performances of Organic Supercapacitors (유기계 슈퍼커패시터에서 도전재의 양이 전기화학적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Inchan;Lee, Gihoon;Jung, Ji Chul
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.26 no.12
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    • pp.696-703
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we intensively investigated the effect of conductive additive amount on electrochemical performance of organic supercapacitors. For this purpose, we assembled coin-type organic supercapacitor cells with a variation of conductive additive(carbon black) amount; carbon aerogel and polyvinylidene fluoride were employed as active material and binder, respectively. Carbon aerogel, which is a highly mesoporous and ultralight material, was prepared via pyrolysis of resorcinol-formaldehyde gels synthesized from polycondensation of two starting materials using sodium carbonate as the base catalyst. Successful formation of carbon aerogel was well confirmed by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and $N_2$ adsorption-desorption analysis. Electrochemical performances of the assembled organic supercapacitor cells were evaluated by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge/discharge, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements. Amount of conductive additive was found to strongly affect the charge transfer resistance of the supercapacitor electrodes, leading to a different optimal amount of conductive additive in organic supercapacitor electrodes depending on the applied charge-discharge rate. A high-rate charge-discharge process required a relatively high amount of conductive additive. Through this work, we came to conclude that determining the optimal amount of conductive additive in developing an efficient organic supercapacitor should include a significant consideration of supercapacitor end use, especially the rate employed for the charge-discharge process.