• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Sunbathing

검색결과 8건 처리시간 0.059초

Sun Protection Use Behaviour among University Students from 25 Low, Middle Income and Emerging Economy Countries

  • Pengpid, Supa;Peltzer, Karl
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.1385-1389
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the sun protection use behaviour among university students from 25 low, middle income and emerging economy countries. Using anonymous questionnaires, data were collected from 18,687 undergraduate university students aged 18-30 years (mean age 20.8, SD=2.8) from 26 universities in 25 countries across Asia, Africa and the Americas. Overall, 57.2% of university students reported liking to sunbathe and of those only 48.1% used sun protection when sunbathing. In multivariate logistic regression, younger age, being female, coming from a wealthy or quite well off economic family background, living in an upper middle or high income country, lighter skin tone, and other health behaviours were found to be associated with sun protection use behaviour. Low sun protection use calls for health promotion programmes to prevent unprotected sun exposure.

Study on Consumer Exposure to Sun Spray and Sun Cream in South Korea

  • Oh, Mihyun;Kim, Seoyoung;Han, Jieun;Park, Sodam;Kim, Go Un;An, Susun
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.389-394
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    • 2019
  • When conducting risk assessments of cosmetic ingredients, it is important that reliable exposure information is obtained for cosmetic products. As cosmetics are becoming more diverse, continuous effort must be made to obtain exposure data that reflect their growth and usage trends. The usage pattern of cosmetics, such as the application area and amount used, may differ by product type and also by country. We conducted a survey to compare the amount of sun spray and sun cream used in a usage environment in South Korea. The study was conducted on Haeundae Beach, one of the most popular beaches in South Korea. A total of 1,255 beachgoers participated in this study; 604 and 651 participants used the sun spray and sun cream, respectively, while sunbathing and enjoying water activities on the beach for one day. Exposure was analyzed following a probabilistic method. On comparing all subjects, it was found that the group that used sun spray (mean: 44.52 g/day) used significantly more product (p = 0.000) than those who used sun cream (mean: 20.51 g/day). By analyzing the daily exposure of sun spray and sun cream per unit body weight according to age and gender, the exposure amount of sun spray and sun cream was found to be highest among 2~9 year-old girls (mean for sun spray: 2.51 g/kg/day, p95: 5.50 g/kg/day, mean for sun cream: 0.79 g/kg/day, p95: 1.79 g/kg/day). The amount of sun spray used is approximately twice that of sun cream. Among both the sun spray and sun cream groups, the exposure amount per unit body weight was highest in girls younger than 10. These factors should be considered when conducting risk assessments of sun spray and sun cream.

남생이 서식처 복원을 위한 서식처 모형 연구 (A Study on the Habitat Restoration Model for Chinemys reevesii)

  • 김수련;이지현;송재영;장민호;성현찬;조동길
    • 한국환경복원기술학회지
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.115-125
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    • 2013
  • In this research, a habitat model for Chinemys reevesii is suggested based on the components and variables of the Habitat Suitability Index which was determined through a series of literature researches, site surveys, and behavioral analysis. After reviewing the general habitat requirements, the site surveys(9 reservoirs) from July to December 2010, and the behavioral analysis of five Chinemys reevesii, the relationship between the behavioral and habitat use pattern was evaluated. According to the site surveys and behavioral analysis, the ecological core area(FK 50%) was about 0.96ha on average, the influence area(FK 90%) 4.22ha, and the home range was about $37.75{\pm}17.26m$ on average. As for the habitat use pattern of Chinemys reevesii, it travels through canals, and is influenced by the surrounding land uses. Also when there is a lack of food, the home range increases, and during hibernation, Chinemys reevesii prefers to be in an area within 1~2m range of water shores of fine textured soil and aquatic plants. After analyzing the information, the HSI standard was set and its components were determined as food, sunbathing and cover, aquatic environment, and spatial relationships. And the variables and the ranges of the components was determined as aquatic plant cover(0~49.81%), sandy area($3{\sim}13m^2$) and water velocity(0~60cm/s) etc. Lastly, plans and sections of the habitat model is provided designed according to the information from the researches, and problems to consider during habitat restoration was suggested in order to help understand about Chinemys reevesii habitat.

What Do Web Users Know about Skin Self-Examination and Melanoma Symptoms?

  • Kaminska-Winciorek, Grazyna;Gajda, Maksymilian;Wydmanski, Jerzy;Tukiendorf, Andrzej
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.3051-3056
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    • 2015
  • Background: Skin self-examination (SSE) may facilitate early diagnosis of melanoma at a potentially curable stage. Little data are available concerning the SSE frequency and knowledge about the symptoms of melanoma in non-patient populations. The aim of our study was to assess the performance of skin self-examination, recognition of potential melanoma symptoms as well as behavior related to sun exposure among web users in Poland. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among readers of a scientific portal. Invited respondents were asked to complete an online questionnaire. Finally, statistical analysis was conducted on 4,919 surveys towards potential clinical signs of melanoma and SSE performance. Results: Approximately 60% of respondents had ever performed SSE in their life. Only 18.4 % declared performance on a regular, monthly, basis. Factors promoting this activity were established to be bigger place of residence, higher education and sensitive skin phototype, higher level of knowledge concerning melanoma, safe tanning rules and, especially, past surgical excision of naevi. Declared longer use of tanning beds was linked to understanding better the importance of clinical features of melanoma. Awareness of hazardous behavior during sunbathing is associated with the attempts to change them. Conclusions: Regular SSE is not a common practice, whilst the knowledge about the clinical features of melanoma is varied. Therefore, constant pressure should be put on promotion of regular skin self-examination and teaching its proper techniques, including familiarity with the ABCD (asymmetry; border; color; diameter) rule and its extension of "EFG" (elevated, firm, progressive growth) criteria.

국내 야생에서 처음 발견된 외래종, 서부비단거북(Chrysemys picta bellii)의 관찰 사례 보고 (First report on the non-native species, Western painted turtle (Chrysemys picta bellii), in the wild, Republic of Korea)

  • 박일국;이경원;정지현;이현빈;구교성
    • 환경생물
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.16-20
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    • 2020
  • 2019년 3월 27일 경기도 고양시 일산동구 장항동에 위치하는 일산호수공원에서 일광욕 중이던 외래거북 한 개체가 발견되었다. 발견된 개체의 배갑 색, 배갑 중앙의 무늬, 머리 옆면의 무늬, 등껍질의 형태를 근거로 서부비단거북(Chrysemys picta bellii)임이 확인되었다. 근처에는 서부비단거북이 아닌 외래거북들이 일광욕하고 있었다. 본 논문에서는 국내 야생에서 처음으로 확인된 서부비단거북의 관찰 사례를 보고하였다. 다양한 외래거북들이 국내 생태계에서 지속적으로 발견되고 있으나 그 실태가 잘 알려지지 않고 있다. 따라서 외래생물의 효과적인 관리를 위해서는 지속적인 조사와 보고가 있어야 할 것이라 판단된다.

한국산 남생이와 외래종 붉은귀거북의 서식지 이용 패턴 비교 분석 (Comparison Analysis for Using the Habitat Pattern Between the Korean Endangered Species, Mauremys reevesii, and the Exotic Species, Trachemys scripta elegans)

  • 조신일;나수미;안치경;김현정;정유정;임양묵;김선두;송재영;이훈복
    • 한국환경생태학회지
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.397-408
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    • 2017
  • 본 연구의 목적은 국내산 남생이와 외래종 붉은귀거북의 행동권 및 서식지 이용 패턴을 확인하고 종간 상호 경쟁관계를 분석하는 것이다. 본 연구는 2010년 8월 2일부터 2011년 1월 30일까지 경기도 과천시 청계산 계곡 상류지역에 위치한 정수역인 금붕어광장 연못에서 수행되었다. 서울동물원에서 인공증식한 남생이 3개체와 국내의 연못과 저수지에 서식하고 있던 붉은귀거북 3개체를 포획하여 위치추적발신기를 부착한 후 방사하여 모니터링을 수행하였다. 방사된 개체들의 행동권과, 서식지 이용반경을 측정하였고, 금붕어광장 연못의 온 습도 및 수온, 지온 등 환경적인 변화를 측정하였다. 본 연구 결과는 남생이와 붉은귀거북은 제한된 일광욕 장소, 먹이자원 이용, 동면지 등 여러 측면에서 중복된 생태적 지위를 가지고 있어서 상호 경쟁이 큰 것으로 분석되었다. 비교적 몸집이 작은 남생이가 몸집이 큰 붉은귀거북에게 경쟁에서 밀려나는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 남생이가 서식하고 있는 원서식지에 붉은귀거북의 이입을 통한 종간, 개체간의 행동권과 먹이경쟁, 서식지 이용 등에 대한 연구가 추가적으로 필요할 것으로 사료되며, 추후 남생이 복원사업의 기초자료가 될 것이다.

제주도 100세이상 노인의 장수요인 규명을 위한 현상학적 연구 (A Phenomenological Study for the Inquiry into Long Life Factors in Persons of One Hundred and Above on Cheju Island)

  • 김성혁
    • 지역사회간호학회지
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.40-63
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    • 1998
  • A long life is the desire of many people. The purpose of this study was to describe long life factors for people aged one hundred and above on Chju island. The research was conducted using a phenomenological method to add understanding to this subject. The field work for this study was done from July, 1997 to February, 1998 on Cheju island. The sample consisted of 10 persons of one hundred or above and 12 families. They were audio-recorded and analyzed using Colaizzi's (1978) method. The results of the present study shows the following: The thoughts of the persons one hundred and above showed ten important concepts; 'dietary regimen', 'mental regimen', 'sleep regimen', 'residence regimen', 'health regimen', 'labor regimen', 'exercise regimen', 'being born', 'filial piety and posterity', 'attachment to life'. Concerning 'Dietary Regimen': Dietary regulation, Preferential food intake, Living on vegetables, Light eating, and concern for longevity in food intake were important. Concerning 'Mental Regimen' : Harmony, Clearheadedness, Mildness, Abstinence, Generosity, Relaxation, Gaiety, Inspiration and Strength were important. Concerning 'Sleep Regimen'; Enough sleeping hours, Sound sleep, Curved sleeping posture, and Comfortable bedding were important. Concerning 'Residence Regimen' ; Clean dwelling, Pleasant surroundings, Thatched house life, Living in the village with good-hearted people, and Regular life were important. Concerning 'Health Regimen'; Temperance of drug, use Proper temperature, Proper humidity, and a Clean body were important. Concerning 'Labor Regimen'; Agricultural labor, Diligence, and Domestic labor were important. Concerning Exercise Regimen': Proper exercise, and Sunbathing were important. Concerning 'Being Born' ; Strong physical constitution, Longevity lineage, and Destiny were important. Concerning 'Filial Piety and Posterity' : Showing respect to a long-lived elder and Reducing anxiety were important. Concerning 'Attachment to Life' ; The desire to live long was important. The following conclusion was made from the above results. Human beings cannot avoid death, but the span of life can be prolonged to the maximum span of human life by wisdom, health care, and proper environmental conditions. As a result, a health regimen must be imposed for longevity such as controling food intake, having positive thoughts, being relaxed, sleeping enough, clean dwelling, taking care of oneself which can improve immunity and resistance to decrease, as well as proper labor and exercise. In addition, when filial piety is served, the desire of longevity and retaining one's youthfulness for a long time can be achieved. These should be done to live long and lead a qualitative life. By the results of this research, the following is suggesed for nursing. To satisfy the basic nursing principle that nursing must be practiced to help people live long, education must be spread to people who are nursed and their family so that they can lead a healthy life. And in nursing elders, nurses must recognize that elders have a strong desire for life, even though they may have negative thoughts about life at times. Therefore nurses have to respect the elders' value of life, and help them improve their self-esteem and self -fulfilment.

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경찰서 유치장 시설 및 운영에 관한 유치인의 인식연구 (A Study of Detainees' Perceptions of the Detention Facilities of the Police Station and their Operation)

  • 정우열;박동균;김도균
    • 시큐리티연구
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    • no.13
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    • pp.423-449
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    • 2007
  • 본 연구는 경찰서 유치장에 구금되어 있는 유치인들의 인식분석을 통하여 유치장의 시설 및 운영 실태를 분석하고, 그에 대한 정책적 시사점을 제시하는데 목적이 있다. 한국 경찰서 유치장 시설에 대한 유치인 인식조사 결과에 따른 정책적 제언은 첫째, 유치장 구조는 인권친화적인 일자형으로 배치하고, 여성${\cdot}$남성${\cdot}$장애인${\cdot}$소년범등의 피의자를 차별하여 유치할 수 있는 유치장 시설을 확충해야 한다. 둘째, 유치실 외부에 목욕장과 세면장 시설을 유치인들이 항상 이용할 수 있도록 하여야 한다. 셋째, 비상구가 설치되어 있지 않은 경우 빠른 시일 내에 비상구를 설비해야 하며, 수용된 유치인수와 내부면적을 고려하여 소화기를 충분히 비치해야 할 것이다. 넷째, 외부의 공기를 유치장 내부로 순환할 수 있도록 적절한 수의 창문을 확보하여야 할 것이며, 인공조명에만 의존하기 보다는 자연채광을 활보하는 실질적인 조치가 필요하다. 다섯째, 유치장 내 냉${\cdot}$난방 시설은 유치인의 수와 규모에 합당한 시설을 구비하여야 할 것이다. 또한, 경찰서 유치장 운영에 대한 유치인 인식조사 결과에 따른 정책적 제언은 첫째, 유치장 운영의 문제는 낙후된 유치장 시설과 함께 다루어져야 할 것이며, 빠른 시일 내에 예산확보 등과 같은 조치를 해야 한다. 둘째, 낡고 오랜 된 책들은 폐기하고, 독서 흥미를 유발 할 수 있는 잡지 등을 구비하는 것이 요구되며, 유치된 피의자 중에는 생계가 곤란한 점 등을 충분히 고려하여 기본적인 생필품 등은 지급하는 것이 바람직하다. 셋째, 영치물품의 관리는 모든 경찰서 유치장에서 동일한 제목의 서류와 양식으로 관리 되어져야 하며, 여성유치보호관 인력을 확충하여 여성 유치인들에 대한 신체검사 및 송치 등의 업무를 전담하게 하여야 한다. 또한, 장애인을 위해 구비된 목발이나 휠체어, 이동식 좌변기 등과 같은 장애인관련 시설물들을 잘 관리하고 보관할 필요가 있다.

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