• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Sun-dried (Korea) salt

검색결과 21건 처리시간 0.038초

Influence of Heat Treatment on the Physicochemical Property and Mineral Composition of Various Processed Salts

  • Han, Sung-Hee;Lee, Seog-Won;Rhee, Chul
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.1010-1015
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    • 2008
  • The effects of heat treatment on the physicochemical properties and mineral composition of sun-dried salt were investigated. The salts parched at high temperature were appeared the higher alkalinity and the lower oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) than the samples without heat treatment. The commercial salts (bamboo salt and yellow loess salt) and the sun-dried salt parched at high temperature had relatively higher sodium ion content (418-450 ppm) compared to that (418.0 ppm) of refined salt. The increase of calcium ion occurred in the salts parched at high temperature compared to the sun-dried salt without heat treatment, but the magnesium ion was vice versa. The commercial salt, yellow loess salt had highest turbidity (0.973) whereas sun-dried salt showed lowest level (0.097) among the tested samples. Turbidity of heat treatment samples decreased as solubility increased. The maximum concentration of dialyzed salt was reached after 4 hr regardless of various processed salts, but those had no difference significantly among the tested samples. The X-ray diffraction patterns of the parched sun-dried salts showed different peak intensity with common salts, and they were similar to the patterns of oxide salts, especially MgO. The maximum value (2.56%) of MgO appeared in the sun-dried salt parched at $1,400^{\circ}C$.

천일염과 녹차를 발효시켰을 때 Catechin류의 추출량 변화 (Difference of Catechins Extracted Level when Fermented Sun-dried Salt and Green Tea)

  • 윤현;오혜종;최성우
    • 한국콘텐츠학회논문지
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    • v.12 no.11
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    • pp.278-285
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    • 2012
  • 녹차를 천일염과 혼합하여 발효시킨 후 항균활성을 가지고 있고 셀룰라제가 없는 균종을 첨가하여 발효시킨 실험에서 녹차만을 발효시켰을 경우보다 천일염을 첨가하여 발효시킨 모든 시료에서 카테킨류인 EGC, EC, EGCG, ECG의 추출량이 증가하였고, 발효 일에 따른 분석에서는 EGC(epigallocatechin), ECG(epicatechin gallate), EC(epicatechin), EGCG(epigallocatechin gallate)모두에서 2일째와 3일째 높은 추출량이 검출되었다. 또한 발효균을 첨가하여 발효시켰을 경우 Paenibacillus spp에서는 모든 카테킨류(EGC, EC, EGCG, ECG)의 추출량이 증가하였고, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens에서는 EGC와 EC는 감소하고 EGCG와 ECG는 증가하였으며, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus subtilis는 모든 카테킨류(EGC, EC, EGCG, ECG)에서 감소하였다. 위와 같은 실험의 결과에서 녹차에 천일염과 Paenibacillus spp를 함께 3일 동안 발효시킨 결과에서 가장 많은 카테킨류가 추출되었다.

천일염을 이용한 녹차의 발효가 Procyanidins와 Gallic acid 및 Theaflavins 추출량에 미치는 영향 (The influence of Procyanidins, Gallic acid and Theaflavins extracted level when fermented sun-dried salt and green tea)

  • 윤현;최철원
    • 한국산학기술학회논문지
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.3774-3780
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    • 2014
  • 본 연구는 녹차에서 Procyanidins와 Gallic acid 및 Theaflavins의 추출을 높이기 위해 천일염을 첨가하여 발효시키는 방법에 대하여 실험하였다. 천일염의 포화도에 따른 추출량의 변화에서, 녹차만을 발효한 표본에서는 Gallic acid(0.004 mg/g)만이 추출되었고, Procyanidins와 Theaflavins는 추출되지 않았다. 천일염을 첨가하여 발효한 표본에서는 천일염의 포화도에 따라 Procyanidins는 75% 포화도(0.244 mg/g), 100% 포화도(0.949 mg/g), Gallic acid는 75% 포화도(0.386 mg/g), 100% 포화도(0.691 mg/g), Theaflavins는 75% 포화도(0.083 mg/g)에서 가장 많은 양이 추출되었다. 발효 일에 따른 추출량의 변화에서 Procyanidins는 발효 2일째(0.295 mg/g), Gallic acid는 발효 7일째(2,256 mg/g), Theaflavins는 발효 4일째(0.168 mg/g)에서 가장 많은 양이 추출되었다.

천일염과 감마선이 막걸리의 미생물 생장 억제에 미치는 효과 (Growth-inhibitory Effect of the Sun-dried Salts and Gamma rays on Microorganisms Isolated from Korean Traditional Raw Rice Wine)

  • 남지영;김재훈;이주운;김진규
    • 환경생물
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.218-222
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to investigate the changes in the storage characteristics of the Korean traditional raw rice wine (RRW) treated with Korean sun-dried salts and gamma rays. Nowadays, RRWs have received attention because they are a nutritious food with health-stimulating properties. But the rapid deterioration of the fermented RRW is one of the serious problems for brewing and marketing in the world. Actually, the expiry date of the RRW is around a week and this has been a biggest disadvantage of the RRW. The goal of this study was to make it of high quality and extend the period of circulation of the RRW. A lactic acid bacterium was isolated from the RRW. The 16S rRNA sequences of isolates showed 98% homology with the Lactobacillus fermentum. These results suggested that could be manageable improve the shelf life with addition of the sun-dried salts and irradiation with gamma rays.

자염(煮鹽)으로 담근 배추김치의 발효숙성 중 이화학적.관능적 특성 및 자염이 김치발효 미생물의 생육에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Traditional Salt on the Quality Characteristics and Growth of Microorganisms from Kimchi)

  • 김혜란;김미리
    • 한국식생활문화학회지
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.61-69
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of various kinds of commercial salts, including sun-dried (Korea), purified, and traditional salts on the chemical and sensory properties and growth of microorganisms involved in kimchi fermentation. Kimchi was prepared by salting in 10% NaCl solution for 2 hours followed by addition of other spices and fermentation at $20^{\circ}C$. The decreases in pH suggested that kimchi fermentation can be classified into 3 steps: initial, intermediate, and final stages. In texture analysis, the hardness and fracturability of traditional salt kimchi were higher than those of regular kimchi. From the sensory evaluation test for kimchi, sensory scores were high for traditional salt addition, especially taste, overall preference and texture. Among various microorganisms related to kimchi fermentation, the growth of Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Lactobacillus plantarum, Pichia membranaefaciens and Escherichia coli were examined. Based on the conditions of kimchi fermentation, a 2% and 5% concentration of each salt were studied. Also, the conditions of the cultures at $37^{\circ}C$ were examined. There was no considerable difference in the growth of Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Lactobacillus plantarum, Escherichia coli in the different kinds of salts. However, the growth of Pichia membranaefaciens was strongly inhibited by a 5% concentration of traditional salt during incubation at $37^{\circ}C$.

시판 수입 소금의 성분과 김치제조 시험 (Chemical Composition of Imported Table Salts and Kimchi Preparation Test)

  • 신동화;조은자;홍재식
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.277-281
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    • 1999
  • 수입량이 늘고 있는 천일염인 중국, 태국산과 암연인 호주산 소금의 성분특성과 이들을 배추 절임용으로 사용하여 제조한 김치의 품질을 국산 소금의 경우와 비교하였다. 수분함량은 호주산 암염이 가장 낮아 1.7%였고 한국산 천일염이 8.7%로 가장 놓았다. 소금 함량은 호주 암염이 97.0%로 가장 높고, 중국 천일염(여름산)이 86.7%로 가장 낮았다. 불용성분은 호주 암염이 0.02%로 가장 낮고 중국산이 0.18%로 가장 높았다. 황산이온은 호주 암염이 0.03%로 가장 낮고 중국 천일염(여름산)이 1.65%로 가장 높았으며 이들 함량을 우리나라 KS규격에 준하여 평가하면 호주 산과 태국산은 1등급, 한국산과 중국 겨울산은 2등급이었으며 중국 여름산은 황산이온 함량으로 3등급을 벗어나고 있다. 칼슘함량은 0.246%(중국, 겨울산)~0.022%(호주, 암염), 마그네슘은 0.841%(중국, 여름산)~0.036%(호주, 암염)였고 납은 중국(여름산)1.23ppm~한국산0.61ppm으로 법적 규격 범위이내였고 카드뮴, 비소, 수은 등 중금속은 검출되지 않았다. 이들 수입 소금으로 염절임한 배추로 담근 김치의 품질은 국산과 차이가 없었다.

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소금의 종류에 따른 염장 고등어의 항돌연변이효과 및 암세포 성장억제효과 (Antimutagenic and Anticancer Effects of Salted Mackerel with Various Kinds of Salts)

  • 공창숙;박순선;정근옥;길정하;임선영;박건영
    • 한국수산과학회지
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.281-285
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    • 2005
  • Raw meat of mackerel (Scomber japonicus) was salted by refined, sun-dried, bamboo, and KC1-added bamboo salts. Antimutagenic activity on N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) in Ames test and growth inhibitory effects of AGS human gastric and HT-29 human colon adenocarcinoma cells were investigated using methanol extracts of the salted mackerels. Mackerel salted sun-dried, bamboo, and KC1-added bamboo salts used increased the antimutagenic activities against MNNG, however, the sample treated with refined salt reduced the antimutagenic activity. Inhibitory effects of the salted-mackerels on the growth of human cancer cells were increased as dose dependent pattern. Mackerel salted with refined salt activated the growth of AGS human gastric adenocarcinoma cells, but mackerel salted with sun-dried, bamboo, and KC1-added bamboo salts kept or increased anticancer effect compared to the raw mackerel. Mackerel salted with KC1-added bamboo salt led to the highest antimutagenic and anticancer activities. These results suggest that antimutagenic and anticancer effects of mackerel during manufacturing of the salted-mackerel could be enhanced by using different kind of salts such as bamboo, or KC1-added bamboo salts.

오징어(Todarodes paxificus) 식해의 제조시 발효 온도 및 염도의 최적화 공정 개발 (Optimal Processing Conditions of Fermentation Temperature and Sea Salt Concentration for Preparing Squid Todarodes paxificus Sikhae)

  • 한대원;김소라;임미진;조순영
    • 한국수산과학회지
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.627-634
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    • 2012
  • Squid Sikhae is traditional salt-fermented food in Korea. We evaluated the standardization of optimal processing conditions for desirable quality-controlled squid Sikhae using analyses of physiochemical properties, microbiological species, and organoleptic tests. Among several squid Sikhae preparation processes, the optimal fermentation temperature sun-dried sea salt concentration, and fermentation period for squid Sikhae of acceptable quality were $10^{\circ}C$, 4%, and 6 days, respectively. Amino-N and volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) contents of the acceptable quality squid Sikhae were 162.51 mg/100 g and 15.25 mg/100 g, respectively.

우렁쉥이 건제품 개발에 관한 연구 (Processing of Dried Products of Ascidian , Halocynthia roretzi)

  • 이강호;홍병일;정병천;조호성;이동호;정우진
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.625-633
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    • 1994
  • In this study, processing of dried products of adcidian , Haocynthia roretzi, were investigated, which has been cultured in the south and east coast of Korea in recent years. Raw ascidians were shucked , gutted, soaked and then drained. Seven kinds of dried ascidian meats were prepared : boiled in 5% slat solution for 10 min and hot-air dried (A)-sun dried (B) or hot-air dried (C) after soaking for 1 min in 0.2% NaHSO3 solution , sun dried (D) or hot -air dried (G) after treating for 15 sec in 5% liquid smoke solution, and sun dried (E) or hot -air dried (F) after blanching for 30 sec in boiling 5% salt solution added with 0.2% NaHSO3. The moisture contents, water activity of the products showed little change and VBN gradually increased during storage at 25 $\pm$2$^{\circ}C$. The TBA and POV values of the liquid smoked dried ascidian (product D, G0 were considerably lower than those of others, In fatty acid composition 22 : 6 , 20 : 5 : 16: 0 and 18 : 1 acid were predominant. Conditions adopted in products D and G had a good antioxidative effect on highly unsatuated fatty acids during the storage. The contents of inosine and AMP of products were higher than those of other nucleotide and their related compounds. Judging from the results of chemical experiments and sensory evaluation, the sample A, D and G were most desirable and they could be preserved more than 120 days at room temperature(25$\pm$2$^{\circ}C$).

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죽염에 대한 단회투여 독성시험연구 (Single Dose Toxicity Studies of the Bamboo Salt (Jukyum) in rats)

  • 김준규;이봉훈;서경원;박미경;박창원;안진홍;홍충만;조대현
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.273-277
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    • 2001
  • Though the bamboo salt, called as "JUKYUM" has been widely used in Korea as panacea, it's toxicity were not screened completely. To investigate the toxicity of bamboo salt, we compared with the toxicity of crude salt and reagent-grade NaCl by performing single dose oral toxicity test in SD rats. Crude salt, natural sun-dried salt (crude salt) production, was purchased from the western seashore of Korean peninsular, and reagent-grade NaCl was purchased from Sigma company. Results of the single dose oral toxicity tests on bamboo salt, crude salt and reagent-grade NaCl to SD rats are as follows, $LD_{50}$ of bamboo salt was 4174mg/kg (male) and 4074mg/kg (female), that of crude salt was 4871mg/kg (male) and 4898mg/kg (female) and that of reagent-grade NaCl was 4247mg/kg (male) and 4025mg/kg (female), respectively. There were little differences in clinical signs and gross legions among groups. Finding of gross autopsy and necropsy of bamboo salt treated group were similar to other groups.er groups.

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