• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sugar cane

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Treatment with Glucanhydrolase from Lipomyces starkeyi for Removal of Soluble Polysaccharides in Sugar Processing

  • Lee Jin-Ha;Kim Gha-Hyun;Kim Seung-Heuk;Cho Dong-Lyun;Kim Do-Won;Day Donal F.;Kim Do-Man
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.983-987
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    • 2006
  • The sole use of the glucanhydrolase (exhibiting both dextranase and amylase activities) from Lipomyces starkeyi hydrolyzed the soluble polysaccharides in sugar syrup more efficiently than a mixed treatment using both commercial dextranase and amylase. The glucanhydrolase treatment of stale sugar cane juice resulted in a yield of square, light-colored sugar crystals.

Chemical Composition of Korean Natural Honeys and Sugar Fed Honeys (천연꿀과 사양꿀의 성분 분석)

  • Kim, Se Gun;Hong, In Phyo;Woo, Soon Ok;Jang, Hye Ri;Jang, Jae Seon;Han, Sang Mi
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.112-119
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    • 2017
  • In this study, we investigated and compared some chemical properties of Korean natural honeys and sugar-fed honeys for their quality characteristics. The natural honey samples were monofloral from chestnut and acacia flowers, and the sugar-fed honey samples were collected from honeybees feeding on sugar cane and sugar beet. The chemical properties of the honey samples, such as moisture, total protein, total lipids, ash, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins, and free amino acids were determined. The moisture content was $18.5{\pm}0.9%$ in natural acacia honey, $17.2{\pm}0.9%$ in natural chestnut honey, $19.6{\pm}0.9%$ in sugar cane-fed honey, and $24.8{\pm}%$ in sugar beet-fed honey. The total protein and ash contents were the highest in natural chestnut honey. Maltose and sucrose were not detected in natural honeys but were detected at 2~7% in sugar-fed honeys. The vitamin, mineral, and free amino acids contents of natural honeys were higher than sugar-fed honeys. The natural chestnut honey is the highest in honeys. These results confirmed that the quality of natural honey was better than that of sugar-fed honey. Also, the vitamin, mineral, and free amino acids contents are potential characteristics for distinguishing between natural and sugar-fed honeys.

Studies on the constituents of Korean honey harvested seasonally in Chonbuk area (전북지방 한봉꿀의 계절별 성분에 관한 연구)

  • 최은영;전창권;김용수;노수일
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.172-179
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    • 1996
  • This study was to investigate the properties such as amounts of moisture, inverted sugar, cane sugar and 5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-furfural (HMF) in feeding-honey(n=45) and wild-honey (n=3) harvested in Chonbuk area from April to November 1995. The results obtained were summarized as follows ; The average percentages of moisture in both feeding- and wild-honey was 20.2%(range, 17.5~23.1) and 20.7%(19.4~22.2). And those of inverted sugar/cane sugar in both honeies were 64.4%(55.8~69.3)/6.8%(1.0~l5.7) and 68.9%(68.5~69.8)/3.1%(2.5~3.7), in seasonal analysis those were 65.9%/5.3% in spring, 65.7%/6.6% in summer, 62.1%/8.0% in autumn, respectively. On the other hand, the average amounts of HMF in both honeies were 44.86mg/kg(22.6~68.6) and 7.0mg/kg(6.2~7.6), its average difference between both honeies were about 37.86mg/kg regardless of region and season.

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Feasibility in Utilization of Sugar Crops as Bio-energy Resources in Korea (당과작물의 생물에너지자원 이용가능성)

  • 박경배;이명환
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.300-304
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    • 1991
  • Several experiments were conducted to elucidate a possibility of sweet sorghum, sugar beet and sugar cane as the resources of bio-energy which were collected from Philipine, India, Japan and Gene -bank in Korea. The experiments were carried out in Chinju, Korea from 1986 to 1988. When sweet sorghum cultivars were taken from 70 to 118 days after sowing on May 20, 1988 upto heading stage, the sugar content of stem was 6 to 14% and yielded 4 to 10ton per l0a in terms of the total fresh weight of plant. Sugar beet root contained 9.2 to 19.8% in sugar producting 3,542 to 6. 397kg per l0a. Meanwhile. the sugar content in stem of sugar cane was 15.2 to 16.7% and final growth the late October in this particular region. Particularly, F1 hybrid cultivar(s-l) of sweet sorghum could be harvested twice in a year. The alcohol quantity obtained from the juice of sweet sorghum was 180$\ell$ per l0a and was increased as sowing date was earlier. The results suggested that it would be possible to utilize the sugar crops as bio-energy resources using improved cultural methods and effective fermentation techniques.

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BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF PRODUCTS FROM SUGAR CANE BAGASSE FERMENTATION BY Pleurotus sajor-caju (사탕수수 찌꺼기를 이용한 여름느타리 발효부산물의 생물활성)

  • Lee, Young-Keun;Chang, Hwa-Hyoung;Kim, Won-Rok;Kim, Jin-Kyu;Kim, Jae-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.39-42
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    • 1998
  • In order to evaluate the biological activities of some fractions from the fungal(Pleurotus sajorcaju) fermentation products of sugar cane bagasses, the antimutagenicity, the glyceollin elicitor activity on soybean and the effect on the stem elongation in pea were observed. The alcohol extract fraction and DMSO soluble fraction had excellent antimutagenicity even though it is weaker than that of the extracts from the fruiting bodies. All of the extracts had the ability to elicit glyceollins in soybean cotyledons and these extracts could be helpful for plants to protect themselves from pathogenic contaminations. IAA and the extracts had shown synergistic effects on pea stem elongation in all experimental groups positively determined.

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Utilization of Urea-Treated Rice Straw and Whole Sugar Cane Crop as Roughage Sources for Dairy Cattle during the Dry Season

  • Wanapat, M.;Chumpawadee, S.;Paengkoum, P.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.474-477
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    • 2000
  • Two experiments were conducted to study the use of urea-treated rice straw (UTRS) and whole sugar cane (WSC) crop as roughage sources for dairy cattle during the dry season. Experiment I, four rumen-fistulated dairy crossbred steers were assigned to receive roughage treatments according to a $4{\times}4$ Latin square design: $T_1=urea-treated$ (5%) rice straw, $T_2=UTRS$ and WSC at 75:25% DM, $T_3=UTRS$ and WSC at 25:75% DM, and $T_4=WSC$. Experiment II, three rumen fistulated, late lactating multiparous Holstein-Friesian crossbreds were randomly allotted to a $3{\times}3$ Latin square design to receive three types of roughages; $T_1=WSC$, $T_2=UTRS$, $T_3=WSC+UTRS$ at 50:50% DM. It was found that combination of UTRS and WSC at 75:25 ratio significantly increased DM intake while intake of WSC alone was lowest. Moreover, inclusion of UTRS into WSC enhanced digestibilites (Exp. I). In Exp. II, combination of UTRS with WSC at 50:50 ratio (DM) enhanced DM intake (kg/d) (p<0.05) and especially milk yield, milk fat and protein percentages. The findings suggest the combined use of WSC and UTRS improved the feeding values of these roughages for dairy cattle during the dry season.

Maximum Sugar Loss Lot First Production Algorithm for Cane Sugar Production Problem (사탕수수 설탕 생산 문제의 최대 당분 손실 로트 우선 생산 알고리즘)

  • Lee, Sang-Un
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.171-175
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    • 2014
  • Gu$\acute{e}$ret et al. tries to obtain the solution using linear programming with $O(m^4)$ time complexity for cane sugar production problem a kind of bin packing problem that is classified as NP-complete problem. On the other hand, this paper suggests the maximum loss of lot first production greedy rule algorithm with O(mlogm) polynomial time complexity underlying assumption of the polynomial time rule to find the solution is exist. The proposed algorithm sorts the lots of sugar loss slope into descending order. Then, we select the lots for each slot production capacity only, and swap the exhausted life span of lots for lastly selected lots. As a result of experiments, this algorithm reduces the $O(m^4)$ of linear programming to O(mlogm) time complexity. Also, this algorithm better result than linear programming.

Yeast Microflora of Some Aquatic Habitats in El-Minia Governorate, Egypt

  • Haridy, Mamdouh S.A.
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.127-132
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    • 1993
  • 269 yeast strains were isolated from water samples collected from different sites in Minia governorate. These included 126 strains from fresh water, 108 strains from sewage and 35 strains from wastewater from sugar-cane factory. On the basis of 23 different physiological and morphological merkmals, the isolated strains were assigned to 16 species belonging to 11 genera. Total yeast cell counts as well as spectra of yeast species were highly variable in tested water. Total yeast cell counts ranged between $3.0{\times}10^3/l\;and\;1.8{\times}10^6/l$ for fresh water, $3.0{\times}10^4/l\;and\;3.0{\times}10^7/l$ for sewage and $1.5{\times}10^6/l\;and\;2.6{\times}10^7/l$ for wastewater from sugarcane factory. Debaryomyces hansenii, Rhodotorula mucilaginosa and Torulaspora delbrueckii were the dominant species in fresh water, whereas Debaryomyces hansenii, Thrichosporon beigelii, Rhodoforula mucilaginosa and Kluyveromyces marxianus were the dominant species in sewage and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Kluyveromyces marxianus and Trichosporon beigelii were the dominant species in wastewater from sugar-cane factory. Yeast human pathogens, Trichosporon beigelii, Rhodotorula mucilaginosa and Candida albicans were encountered in water samples indicating that water in El-Minia governorate is also polluted by some pathogenic yeasts.

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SMALL SCALE DAIRYING IN THREE FARMING SYSTEMS IN EAST JAVA I. FARMER'S INCOME AND HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS

  • Widodo, M.W.;de Jong, R.;Udo, H.M.J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.19-29
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    • 1994
  • The annual income (gross margin) in 1989/90 of a sample of 274 farmers in seven milk cooperatives was analyzed in the sugar cane, cassava, and horticulture areas in East Java. On average dairying contributed 42%, crops 29% and off-farm revenue 29%. Dairy income was highest in the cassava area, where it compensated for the low crop income, and lowest in the sugar cane area. Farm area and average milk yield per day per cow correlated positively with farmer's income, whereas crop income increase significantly with farm area and with the number of cows. The level of total cost per cow had a negative impact on dairy and with the number of cows. The level of total cost per cow had a negative impact on dairy and on total income. Government officials and other professionals engaged in dairying had a significantly higher total income than those with their main occupation in dairying, cropping or working as farm labourers. Uneducated farmers obtained a significantly larger income through crops, whereas farmers with tertiary education obtained more income through off-farm work, This study suggests that more attention must be paid to the actual use of labour and the improvement of the dairy output/cost ratio.

Effects of Different Foliages and Sugar Cane in the Diet in Late Pregnancy on Ewe and Lamb Performance

  • Van, Do Thi Thanh;Ledin, Inger
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.828-833
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    • 2002
  • Thirty mature pregnant ewes of the Phan Rang breed with an initial live weight of 30 to 45 kg were used to compare the effects of three different diets in late pregnancy on ewe and lamb performance. All diets contained 20% of whole sugar cane, 16% rice bran, 26% cassava root and 6% molasses urea block. The remaining 32% of dry matter consisted of Jackfruit (JF diet), 16% each of Jackfruit and Cassava foliage (JF+CS diet) or Jackfruit and Flemingia foliage (JF+FM diet). The diets were fed at 3.5% of actual BW of the individual animal. The foliages were offered at 120% of the amount decided in the diets of the requirements. The JF+CS diet resulted in significantly higher feed intake than the JF diet, and also a higher feed intake than the JF+FM diet, but this difference was not significant. The ewe weight changes during the last 8 weeks of pregnancy, or from start to 24 h after lambing, were significantly different. The highest weight gain was obtained from the ewes fed the JF+CS diet. Diets had no effect on weight changes of ewes during 3 weeks after lambing but a significant effect on the litter birth weight, with the JF+CS diet giving the highest litter birth weight. There was, however, no effect on the litter weight at 21 days or litter growth rate from birth to 21 days due to the experimental diets.