• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sugar

Search Result 6,300, Processing Time 0.04 seconds

Sugar content and expression of sugar metabolism-related gene in strawberry fruits from various cultivars

  • Lee, Jeongyeo;Kim, Hyun-Bi;Noh, Young-Hee;Min, Sung Ran;Lee, Haeng-Soon;Jung, Jaeeun;Park, Kun-Hyang;Kim, Dae-Soo;Nam, Myeong Hyeon;Kim, Tae Il;Kim, Sun-Ju;Kim, HyeRan
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.45 no.2
    • /
    • pp.90-101
    • /
    • 2018
  • Strawberry (Fragaria ${\times}$ ananassa) is a globally-cultivated and popular fruit crop, prized for its flavor and nutritional value. Sweetness, a key determinant of fruit quality, depends on the sugar composition and concentration. We selected eight strawberry cultivars based on the fruit soluble solids content to represent high and low sugar content groups. The average soluble solid content was $13.6^{\circ}Brix$ (Okmae, Geumsil, Aram, and Maehyang) and $2.9^{\circ}Brix$ (Missionary, Camino Real, Portola, and Gilgyung53), for the high and low sugar content groups, respectively. Sucrose was the main sugar in the cultivars with high sugar content, whereas fructose was the main component in the low sugar content cultivars. Fruit starch concentration ranged from $3.247{\pm}0.056$ to $3.850{\pm}0.055g/100g$, with a 12% higher concentration in the high sugar content cultivars. Additionally, we identified 41 sugar metabolism-related genes in Fragaria ${\times}$ ananassa and analyzed the relationship between their transcripts and the sugar accumulation in fruit. FaGPT1, FaTMT1, FaHXK1, FaPHS1, FaINVA-3, and FacxINV2-1 were highly expressed in the high sugar content cultivars, while FapGlcT, FaTMT2-1, FaPHS2-1, FaSUSY1-1, and FaSUSY1-2 were highly expressed in the low sugar content cultivars. In general, a greater number of genes encoding sugar transporters or involved in sugar synthesis were highly expressed in the high sugar content cultivars. Contrarily, genes involved in sugar degradation were preferentially transcribed in the low sugar content cultivars. Although gene expression was not perfectly proportional to sugar content or concentration, our analysis of the genes involved in sugar metabolism and accumulation in strawberries provides a framework for further studies and for the subsequent engineering of sugar metabolism to enhance fruit quality.

ESTIMATION OF SUGAR AND REDUCING SUGAR IN MOLASSES USING NEAR INFRARED REFLECTANCE SPECTROSCOPY

  • Mehrotra, Ranjana;Gupta, Alka;Tewari, Jagdish;Varma, S.P.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Near Infrared Spectroscopy Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.1258-1258
    • /
    • 2001
  • Estimation of sugar and reducing sugar content in molasses is very important task in sugar refineries. Conventional methods of determination of sugar content in molasses samples are highly time consuming and employ hazardous chemicals. Due to the physical properties of molasses, probability of error in conventional analytical techniques is high. These methods have proven to be inefficient for a process control in any sugar industry. Hence development of a rapid, inexpensive, physical and also accurate method for sugar determination in molasses will be highly useful. Near Infrared spectroscopy is being widely used worldwide as an analytical technique in food industry. The technique offers the advantage of being non-destructive and rapid. The present paper highlights the potential of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy as a rapid and automated analytical technique for determination of sugar and reducing sugar content in molasses. A number of molasses samples were collected during and after the sugar season from Havana Sugar Industry, Havana. The samples were chosen so as to obtain a wide range of concentration of sugar and reducing sugars. This was done in order to achieve a good calibration curve with widely spread data points. These samples were scanned in the region of 1100 - 2500 nm in diffuse reflectance mode. An indigenous ELICO NIR spectrophotometer, modified according to the requirements of sugar industry was used for this purpose. Each sample was also analyzed simultaneously by standard chemical methods. Chemical values were taken as reference for near infrared analysis. In order to obtain the most accurate calibration for the set of samples, various mathematical treatments were employed. Partial Least Square method was found to be most suitable for the analysis. A comparison is made between the actual values (chemical values) and the predicted values (NIR values). The actual values agree very well with the predicted values showing the accuracy of the technique. The validity of the technique is checked by predicting the concentration of sugar in unknown molasses samples using the calibration curve. The present investigation assesses the feasibility of the technique for on-line monitoring of sugars present in molasses in sugar industries.

  • PDF

A Basic Study on Sugar Beet Culture in Reclaimed Salty Area 1. On the Sugar Accumulation of Sugar Beet in Reclaimed Salty Area (간척지에 있어서의 사탕무우 재배에 관한 기초적 연구 1. 간척지에서 사탕무우의 당축적에 관하여)

  • 임형빈
    • Journal of Plant Biology
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.23-27
    • /
    • 1977
  • In order to investigate the possibility of sugar beet culture in reclaimed area of our country and the salt tolerance of sugar beet, a variety Kawemegapoly was used for experimentation in plots of various salt concentration arranged in Kimpo reclaimed area located at Kyongkido Province. The salt concentration of cultivating layer of the field in the west coast of Korea began to decline from the middle of June and rises again in the middle of October growing season of sugar beet as generally seen in relaimed paddy fields of Korea. The soil of less than 0.5% salt concentration is most suitable for the culture of sugar beet has bery strong salt tolerance. The sugar accumulation of sugar beet in each plot declined once in the middle part or in latter September and began to proceed again from the early of October. Such temporary retrocession of sugar accumulation was observed.

  • PDF

Flow Behavior of Sweet Potato Starch in Mixed Sugar Systems

  • Cho, Sun-A;Kim, Bae-Young;Yoo, Byoung-Seung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.249-252
    • /
    • 2008
  • Flow behaviors of sweet potato starch (SPS) pastes (5% w/w) were studied in the presence of various sugars (xylose, glucose, fructose and sucrose) and sugar alcohols (xylitol and sorbitol). The flow properties of SPS-sugar mixtures were determined from the rheological parameters of power law model. The vane method was also employed for determining yield stresses of SPS-sugar mixtures directly under a controlled low shear rate. At $25^{\circ}C$ all the samples showed shear-thinning behaviors ($n=0.35{\sim}0.44$) with yield stress. The consistency index (K) values of SPS-sugar mixtures increased in the following order: sorbitol> xylitol> control (no sugar)> sucrose> fructose> glucose> xylose, showing that the addition of sugar alcohols enhanced the K values. The yield stress values were reduced in the presence of ugars and sugar alcohols and they also increased with an increase in swelling power of starch granules in the SPS-sugar mixture systems.

Blue-tooth based blood sugar control application

  • Kelly, Raymond
    • Korea Journal of Artificial Intelligence
    • /
    • v.3 no.1
    • /
    • pp.4-6
    • /
    • 2015
  • These days, citizens have made change of food life to take Western style food and to suffer from diabetes because of excessive nutrition taking, less exercise, stress and other environmental factors. They may suffer from diabetes because of genetic defect, surgery of pancreas, disinfection and medicine and others. One of ten Koreans may have symptom of diabetes to be popular. The diabetes that is a kind of metabolic disease has high blood sugar at disorder of hyper insulinism and/or defect of insulin action. Long time high blood sugar may produce chronic disease of kidney, eyes, nerve, heart and blood vessel and others. The purpose of health care of diabetes patient was to reach target blood sugar by diet, physical exercise and medicine and to prevent and delay complication. Diabetes patient shall control blood sugar to keep healthy. The blood sugar control requires time and effort, and all of the patients are difficult to make effort and to spend time. You can control blood sugar by the application. The application allows patients to control blood sugar and to save time and efforts and to make small sized input and automation of remaining area. The service was limited to blood sugar graph, and user carries smart phone to conduct test and to have difficulty. Further study needs to solve the problems and to investigate blood sugar testing not carrying smart phone and to make application of easy control of blood sugar.

Dietary sugar intake and dietary behaviors in Korea: a pooled study of 2,599 children and adolescents aged 9-14 years

  • Ha, Kyungho;Chung, Sangwon;Joung, Hyojee;Song, YoonJu
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
    • /
    • v.10 no.5
    • /
    • pp.537-545
    • /
    • 2016
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dietary sugar intake, particularly added sugar and sugar-sweetened beverages, has received worldwide attention recently. Investigation of dietary behaviors may facilitate understanding of dietary sugar intakes of children and adolescents. However, the relationship between dietary sugar intake and dietary behaviors in the Korean population has not been investigated. Thus, this study aimed to estimate dietary sugar intake and food sources according to sex as well as examine the relationship of dietary sugar intake with frequent snacking and dietary patterns among Korean children and adolescents. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We pooled data from five studies involving Korean children and adolescents conducted from 2002 to 2011. A total of 2,599 subjects aged 9-14 years were included in this study. Each subject completed more than 3 days of dietary records. RESULTS: Mean daily total sugar intake was 46.6 g for boys and 54.3 g for girls. Compared with boys, girls showed higher sugar intakes from fruits (7.5 g for boys and 8.8 g for girls; P = 0.0081) and processed foods (27.9 g for boys and 34.9 g for girls; P < 0.0001). On average, 95.4% of boys and 98.8% of girls consumed snacks during the study period, and total sugar intake showed a significantly increasing trend with increasing energy intake from snacks (P < 0.0001 for both sexes). Two dietary patterns were identified by cluster analysis: Traditional and Westernized patterns. Total sugar intake was higher in the Westernized pattern (56.2 g for boys and 57.2 g for girls) than in the Traditional pattern (46.5 g for boys and 46.3 g for girls). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that multilateral and practical development of a nutrition education and intervention program that considers dietary behaviors as well as absolute sugar intake is required to prevent excessive sugar intake in Korean children and adolescents.

Nutrition education discouraging sugar intake results in higher nutrient density in diets of pre-school children

  • Yeom, Ma-Young;Cho, Youn-Ok
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
    • /
    • v.13 no.5
    • /
    • pp.434-443
    • /
    • 2019
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The intake of sugar has increased worldwide, and it is well established that childhood experiences and food preferences affect lifelong eating habits. To discourage sugar intake, nutrition education was imparted, and the effectiveness of the nutrition education program was investigated by considering the nutrient density and major dietary sources of sugar intake. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Twenty four-hour dietary recall and sugar intake frequency of 96 pre-school children (educated n = 47; non-educated n = 49) were collected on 3 consecutive days (1 weekend day, 2 weekdays) after 11 weeks of imparting nutrition education. Dietary intake of nutrients and total sugar were analyzed, and the intake frequency of sugar source foods were identified. All nutrition education programs were focused on a hands-on education program, and consisted of cooking lab, play, activity, animation, and visual materials. The difference between the two groups was verified by the Chi-square test or t-test. All statistical analysis was performed with significance level at P < 0.05. RESULTS: Compared to the non-educated group, the intakes of protein (P < 0.001), fiber (P < 0.01), potassium (P < 0.05), iron (P < 0.05), zinc (P < 0.05), and iodine (P < 0.001) were significantly higher, and the intakes of carbohydrate (P < 0.01) and total sugar (P < 0.05) were significantly lower in the educated group. The cumulative percent of sugar intake of top 20 sugar source foods in the educated group (82.80%) was lower than that of the non-educated group (85.75%). The contribution of beverages on total sugar intake was lower in the educated group. The average frequency of consuming sugary foods was significantly lower in the educated group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that nutrition education on discouraging sugar intake is effective in reducing the amount of total sugar consumed, resulting higher nutrient density in the diets of pre-school children.

Association of Total Sugar Intakes and Metabolic Syndrome from Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2002 (한국 성인의 총당류 섭취와 대사증후군과의 관계 -2001년과 2002년도 국민건강영양조사자료를 이용하여-)

  • Chung, Chin-Eun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.40 no.sup
    • /
    • pp.29-38
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to establish an association between the percent of energy from total sugar and disease prevalence of obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome with the context of the current population dietary practice in Korea. The Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey, 2001 and 2002 dataset were used as the source of data for this research. Usual nutritional intakes for over 20 years old people were calculated from the two non-consecutive dietary intake data from KNHANES 2001 and 2002 dataset. SAS and SUDAAN were used for statistical analyses. Sample weighted means, standard errors, and population percentages were calculated, and multiple logistic regression model with adjustment for covariates were used to determine the odds ratios(ORs) and 95% confidence intervals. Subjects were categorized as 3 ways and compared the LS means and ORs for heath factors. First, subjects excluding pregnant women, were categorized according to percent of energy from the usual total sugar intakes as ${\leq}10%$, 11-15%, 16-20%, 21-25%, >25%. Risk of LDL cholesterol showed a tendency to increase in the '>25%' group compared to the '<10%' group. The risks of the other health effects did not show any significant differences. Second, the subjects were categorized considering both Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range(AMDR) from carbohydrate and %Energy from total sugar as 'CHO<55% & Total sugar ${\leq}10%$', 'CHO 55-70% & Total sugar 11-25%', and '$CHO{\geq}70%$ & Total sugar ${\geq}25%$'. The risk of obesity tended to increase in the '$CHO{\geq}70%$ & Total sugar ${\geq}25%$' group compared to the 'CHO<55% & Total sugar ${\leq}10%$'. Third, the subjects were categorized as 'CHO<55% & Total sugar ${\leq}10%$', 'CHO 55-70% & Total sugar 11-20%', and '$CHO{\geq}70%$ & Total sugar ${\geq}20%$'. The risk of obesity also tended to increase in the '$CHO{\geq}70%$ & Total sugar ${\geq}20%$' group compared to the 'CHO<55% & Total sugar ${\geq}20%$' group. In conclusion, risk of LDL cholesterol showed a tendency to increase in the over 25% total sugar intake group, and the risk of obesity tended to increase in the 20-25% total sugar intake and high carbohydrate intake group. The risks of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome were not associated with total sugar intakes. More research to elucidate the association for Korean between the intakes of total sugar, added sugar, glucose, fructose, and sweeteners and diseases prevalences shoud be excuted in the future.

Changes in the Quality Characteristics of Kongsulgidduk According to the Amount of Sugar Added and the Type of Sweeteners Used (당의 종류와 첨가량에 따른 콩설기의 품질 특성 변화)

  • Kweon, Seok-Yim;Kim, Jeong-Mee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
    • /
    • v.27 no.6
    • /
    • pp.695-701
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to improve the quality of Kongsulgidduk prepared with soyflour and sweeteners. The quality was affected by the type of sweeteners used (sugar, syrup, honey), as well as the amount used (5-20%). Rheological properties showed that when more sugar was added to Kongsulgidduk, the hardness, gumminess and brittleness were lower. In addition, more than 10% sugar led to a significant decrease in hardness, gumminess and brittleness. The addition of honey increased the hardness, but decreased cohesiveness and brittleness of Kongsulgidduk. When color was evaluated, the L-value and a-value decreased, but the b- value increased as sugar was added. The addition of honey resulted in a decreased L-value. Sensory evaluation revealed that the addition of sugar resulted in better overall quality. The color score was highest when 5% sugar was added, while the flavor, moisture and chewiness scores were best when 10% sugar was added. Sweetness and consistency were good when 20% sugar was added. Honey improved the color, flavor and chewiness of Kongsulgidduk; however, sugar produced the best moisture, consistency and overall scores.

Study on the Sweet Taste Perception, Perception of Sugar Reduction, and Utilization of Nutrition Labeling according to the Awareness of the Self-perceived Sugar Intake Reduction of University Students in Chungbuk Area (충북지역 대학생의 당류 저감 인식 여부에 따른 단맛 인지도, 당류 저감화 인식 및 영양표시 활용에 관한 연구)

  • Yeon, Jee-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
    • /
    • v.33 no.1
    • /
    • pp.18-25
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study examined the sweet taste perception, perception of sugar reduction, and utilization of nutrition labeling according to the awareness of the self-perceived sugar intake reduction of university students in Chungbuk Area. The subjects (n=419) were divided into two groups: Awareness of Sugar Intake Reduction (ASIR) group, male=110, female=109; Non Awareness of Sugar Intake Reduction (NASIR) group, male=115, female=85. The overweight/obesity was significantly higher in the ASIR group than in the NASIR group for both male and female students. The sweet taste perception was significantly lower in the ASIR group in male students than in the NASIR group. The purchase level of a product with reduced sugar instead of the original products was significantly higher in the ASIR group in male students than the NASIR group. Beverage purchases after identifying the sugar content were significantly higher in the ASIR group in male students than in the NASIR group. The necessity of nutrition labeling education was significantly higher in the ASIR group both male and female students. Based on these results, the correct perception of sugar reduction and continuous and practical nutrition education of sugar intake reduction need to maintain healthy dietary habits in university students.