• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sudangrass Hybrid

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Evaluation of Organic Sudangrass for Feed Value, Silage Quality and Palatability in Korea (유기 수단그라스의 사료가치, 사일리지 품질 및 기호성 평가)

  • Kim, Jong-Duk;Shim, Keum-Seob;Joo, Jong-Cheol;Lee, Hyun-Jiun;Jeon, Gyeong-Hyeop;Youn, Young-You;Oh, Eung-Yong;Lee, Hyo-Won
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.19 no.spc
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    • pp.144-147
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    • 2011
  • The main nutritional problem of sorghum${\times}$sudangrass hybrid (Sorghum bicolor${\times}$Sorghum sudanese) silage is low quality and palatability. This experiment was conducted to evaluate whether organic com grain and crushed rice addition of sorghum${\times}$sudangrass hybrid silage increases forage quality of the silage. The sorghum${\times}$sudangrass hybrid silages with added com grain and crushed rice were similar to conventional com silage in moisture content. However organic sorghum${\times}$sudangrass hybrid silage had low pH values. Silage added with gain and byproduct had higher crude ash, acid detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) contents than control com silages, while its non-fiber carbohydrate (NFC) and total digestible nutrients (TDN) showed the opposite results. Lactic acid, butyric acid and lactic percentage of total organic acid (L/T) of sorghum${\times}$sudangrass hybrid silages were higher than those of com silage, but acetic acid was higher than control. In vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) of com silage was higher than other sorghum silages. Feed intake of sorghum${\times}$sudangrass hybrid silage added with crushed rice was highest among silages. Therefore, these data indicate that crushed rice and com grain added sorghum${\times}$sudangrass hybrid silage could be recommended as the most effective treatment for increasing silage quality and palatability.

Growth of Maize and Sorghum-Sudangrass Hybrid Affected by Soil Texture and Ground Water Levels (토성 및 지하수위에 따른 사료용 옥수수와 수수-수단그라스 잡종의 생육)

  • 이호진;김수형;이홍석
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.585-593
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    • 1994
  • This study was conducted to know optimum ground water level for maize(Suwon 19) and sorghum-sudangrass hybrid(Pioneer855F) and investigated effect of different soil types and ground water levels on growth of above two crops at containers were controlled so as to be 25, 35, 50, 70 and 100cm from the soil surface. Both crops showed better growth in sandy loam soil. Optimum ground water level for maize was l00cm and for sorghum-sudangrass hybrid was 70cm in sandy loam soil. Clay loam was unfavorable for both crops even though low ground water level maintained. Sorghum-sudangrass hybrid was adapted better to clay loam soil and high ground water levels. In microscopic study on root anatomy of both crops, destructed cortical tissues were observed. Frequency of the tissues was higher in maize than in sorghum-sudangrass hybrid and higher at mid or tip parts than basal parts of roots in both crops. Arrangement of cortical cells of roots in sorghum-sudangrass hybrid were more regular than those of maize. In root anatomy, no consistent trend with soil types or ground water levels was detcted.

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Effect of Brevibacterium iodinum RS16 and Methylobacterium oryzae CBMB20 Inoculation on Seed Germination and Early Growth of Maize and Sorghum-sudangrass hybrid Seedling under Different Salinity Levels

  • Kim, Ki-Yoon;Hwang, Seong-Woong;Saravanan, Venkatakrishnan Sivaraj;Sa, Tong-Min
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2012
  • Salinity is one of the most relevant abiotic factor limiting crop yield and its net primary productivity. In addition, salinity induces an increased stress ethylene synthesis in plants which, in turn, exacerbate the responses to the stressor. Bacterial single or co-inoculation effect was tested using previously characterized plant growth promoting (PGP) bacteria Brevibacterium iodinum RS16 and Methylobacterium oryzae CBMB20 on maize and sorghum-sudan grass hybrid under different concentrations of NaCl. Non-inoculated maize and sorghum-sudangrass hybrid showed 33.4% and 20.0% reduction in seed germination under highest NaCl (150 mM) level tested. However, under the same NaCl concentration, co-inoculation with B. iodinum RS16 and M. oryzae CBMB20 PGP strains increased the seed germination in maize (16.7%) and sorghum-sudangrass hybrid (4.4%). In Gnotobiotic growth pouch experiments conducted for maize and sorghum-sudangrass hybrid, co-inoculation of PGP B. iodinum RS16 and M. oryzae CBMB20 mitigated the salinity stress and promoted root length by 22.9% and 29.7%, respectively. Thus the results of this study could help in development of potential bioinoculants that may be suitable for crop production under saline conditions.

Growth, Forage Production and Quality of Sorghum, Sorghum X Sudangrass and Sudangrass Hybrids at Paddy Field in Middle Region of Korea (중부지역 논에서 수수류 품종의 생육특성, 생산성 및 품질비교)

  • Ji, Hee-Chung;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Yoon, Sei-Hyung;Kim, Won-Ho;Lim, Young-Chul
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 2010
  • This experiment was carried out to know adaptability and forage production and quality of sorghum and sorghum $\times$ sudangrass and sudangrass hybrids at paddy field from 2007 to 2008 at Chungnam province. Among growth characters, 'Sordan 79' hybrid was somewhat strong for waterlogging, and higher sugar content and good at the 2nd regrowth, disease and insect resistance. Fresh yield of 'Sordan 79' hybrid was the highest as 92,492 kg per ha among 10 Sorghum and Sorghum $\times$ Sudangrass hybrids. The dry yield of 'Sordan 79' hybrid was also the highest as 21,090kg per ha. The result of this study showed that 'Sordan79' hybrid had good growth characters and forage productivity and crude protein (CP) and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) at paddy field in middle region of South Korea.

Comparison of Growth Characteristics, Productivity and Feed Values between Varieties of Sudangrass and Sorghum-Sudangrass Hybrids (수단그라스 교잡종과 수수-수단그라스 교잡종 간의 생육특성, 수량성 및 사료가치 비교)

  • Choi, Gi Jun;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Lee, Ki-won;Ji, Hee Chung;Hwang, Tae-Young;Kim, Ki-Yong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.92-99
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    • 2017
  • This experiment was carried out to compare the growth characteristics and productivity between sudangrass and sorghum-sudangrass hybrid under the same cultivation condition in Cheonan and Kimje of Korea from 2010 to 2011. Sudangrass hybrids(Choice, Sunstar and Piper) and sorghum-sudangrass hybrids(SX-17, Jumbo and Revolution) were planted $5^{th}$ May in Cheonan and $7^{th}$ May in Kimje. Heading date of sudangrass hybrids was $12^{th}$ July which was about 2 week fast more than that of sorghum-sudangrass hybrids. Stem diameter of sudangrass hybrids was about 6mm which was about 5 mm smaller than that of sorghum-sudangrass hybrids. Disease resistance of sudangrass hybrid, "Choice" was similar to that of sorghum-sudangrass hybrids. Dry matter yield of "Choice" was 15ton/ha which was 10% less than that for sorghum-sudangrass hybrids(SX-17). Feed value of "Choice" was similar or slightly lower than that of sorghum-sudangrass. For increasing the productivity in forage cropping systems all around year, sudangrass hybrid is recommended for prolong by the middle ten day of May in the harvesting time of italian ryegrass.

The Effect of Organic Manure on Dry Matter Yield, Feed Value and Stock Carrying Capacity of Sorghum${\times}$Sudangrass Hybrid in Arable Land (유기질 퇴비의 시용이 수수${\times}$수단그라스 교잡종의 생산성, 사료가치 및 가축사육능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sang-Soo;Noh, Jin-Hwan;Park, Jun-Hyuk;Yoon, Ki-Yong;Lee, Ju-Sam
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.59-70
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    • 2012
  • This experiments was conducted to investigate the influence on the growth of Sorghum ${\times}$ Sudangrass hybrid by use of various organic fertilizer and investigated their productivity, feed value and stock carrying capacity. In the results, the application of fermented poultry manure showed 93.6ton/ha, 19.6ton/ha, 1.12ton/ha, 11.31ton/ha of fresh yield, dry matter yield, crude protein (CP) yield and total digestible nutrients (TDN) yield but there were no significant differences with the application of poultry by-product compost (poultry manure with sawdust) and swine by-product compost (swine manure with sawdust). And the average value of $K_{CP}$ and $K_{TDN}$ showed the highest one as 9.45head/ha/yr in the application of fermented poultry manure. However, organic matter content of fermented poultry manure to the lower portion of 32.1% compared to other organic fertilizers could imagine that mineralization of fermented poultry manure was fairly advanced and plant used most of nitrogen in fermented poultry manure, so productivity of Sorghum ${\times}$ Sudangrass hybrid was shown more than other organic fertilizers. If other organic fertilizers use continuous, this difference can be considered to be reduced further. As a result, fermented poultry manure is better than other organic fertilizers in productivity, feed value and stock carrying capacity due to the higher content of mineralizable matters. In addition, mixing poultry manure with cow and swine manure is better choice because cow and swine manure will meet a low organic matter in poultry manure.

Copper and Zinc Uptake Capacity of a Sorghum-Sudangrass Hybrid Selected for in situ Phytoremediation of Soils Polluted by Heavy Metals (식물정화를 위한 중금속 내성 작물의 선발과 수수-수단그라스 교잡종의 구리와 아연 흡수능력)

  • Oh, Soon-Ja;Koh, Seok-Chan
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.24 no.11
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    • pp.1501-1511
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    • 2015
  • As essential trace elements, copper and zinc play important roles in many physiological events in plants. In excess, however, these elements can limit plant growth. This study selected a heavy metal-tolerant plant by analyzing seed germination and biomass of alfalfa (Medicago sativa), canola (Brassica campestris subsp. napus var. nippo-oleifera), Chinese corn (Setaria italica), and a sorghum-sudangrass hybrid (Sorghum bicolor ${\times}$ S. sudanense), and determined heavy metal uptake capacity by analyzing biomass, chlorophyll a fluorescence, and heavy metal contents under high external copper or zinc levels. The seed germination rate and biomass of the sorghum-sudangrass hybrid were higher under copper or zinc stress compared to the other three plants. The plant biomass and photosynthetic pigment contents of the sorghum-sudangrass hybrid seedlings were less vulnerable under low levels of heavy metals (${\leq}50ppm$ copper or ${\leq}400ppm$ zinc). The maximum quantum yield of PSII ($F_v/F_m$) and the maximum primary yield of PSII ($F_v/F_o$) decreased with increasing copper or zinc levels. Under high copper levels, the decline in $F_v/F_m$ was caused only by the decline in $F_m$, and was accompanied by an increase in non-photochemical quenching (NPQ). The $F_v/F_m$ declined under high levels of zinc due to both a decrease in the maximum fluorescence ($F_m$) and an increase in the initial fluorescence ($F_o$), and this was accompanied by a marked decrease in photochemical quenching (qP), but not by an increase in NPQ. Accumulations of copper and zinc were found in both aboveand below-ground parts of plants, but were greater in the below-ground parts. The uptake capacity of the sorghum-sudangrass hybrid for copper and zinc reached 4459.1 mg/kg under 400 ppm copper and 9028.5 mg/kg under 1600 ppm zinc. Our results indicate that the sorghum-sudangrass hybrid contributes to the in situ phytoremediation of copper or zinc polluted soils due to its high biomass yield.

Effect of co-inoculation of Brevibacterium iodinum RS16 and Methylobacterium oryzae CBMB20 on the early growth of crop plants in Saemangeum reclaimed soil

  • Kim, Kiyoon;Kwak, Chaemin;Lee, Youngwook;Sa, Tongmin
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this study was to determine the effect of single and co-inoculation of plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) on early plant growth in Saemangeum reclaimed soil. Plant growth promoting Brevibacterium iodinum RS16 and Methylobacterium oryzae CBMB20 were inoculated on maize (Zea mays L.) and sorghum-sudangrass hybrid (Sorghum bicolor L.) grown in Saemangeum reclaimed soil. Single and co-inoculation of B. iodinum RS16 and M. oryzae CBMB20 increased plant height, dry biomass accumulation and macro-nutrient accumulation of maize and sorghum-sudangrass hybrid. M. oryzae CBMB20 treatment increased plant height in maize by 41.2% at 30 days after sowing (DAS), shoot dry weight and total dry weight compared to non-inoculated treatment. Macro-nutrient accumulation (N and P) in maize roots was significantly increased with co-inoculation treatment, K and Ca content was significantly increased at B. iodinum RS16 treatment compared to non-inoculated treatment. Macro-nutrient accumulation (P, K, Ca and Mg) in shoot was higher with M. oryzae CBMB20 treatment compared to non-inoculated treatment. In case of sorghum-sudangrass hybrid, co-inoculation treatment showed 33.7% increase in plant height compared to non-inoculated treatment at 30 DAS. M. oryzae CBMB20 treatment increased root dry weight and total dry weight, macro-nutrient accumulation in roots and N, Ca and Mg accumulation in shoot compared to non-inoculated treatment. P and K accumulation in shoot was significantly increased at co-inoculation treatment compared to non-inoculated treatment. This pot culture experiment demonstrated that single and co-inoculation of B. iodinum RS16 and M. oryzae CBMB20 increased the early growth and nutrient accumulation of maize and sorghum-sudangrass hybrid.

Growth, Forage Production and Quality of Sorghum, Sorghum × Sudangrass and Sudangrass Hybrids at Paddy Field in Southern Region of Korea (남부지역 논에서 수수류 품종의 생육특성, 생산성 및 품질 비교)

  • Ji, Hee-Chung;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Yoon, Sei-Hyung;Kwon, Oh-Doo;Choi, Gi-Jun;Kim, Won-Ho;Kim, Ki-Young;Lim, Young-Chul
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.109-114
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    • 2010
  • This experiment was carried out to know adaptability and forage production and quality of sorghum and sorghum ${\times}$ sudangrass and sudangrass hybrids at paddy field from 2007 to 2008 at Chonnam province. Among growth characters of six Hybrids, 'SX17' hybrid was somewhat strong for waterlogging, and higher sugar content and very good at the 2nd regrowth and disease resistance. Fresh yield of 'SX17' hybrid was the highest as 89,192kg per ha among 6 Sorghum and Sorghum ${\times}$ Sudangrass and Sudangrass hybrids. The dry matter yield of 'SX17' hybrid was also the highest as 21,038 kg per ha. The result of this study showed that 'SX17' hybrid had good growth characters and forage productivity and crude protein (CP) and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD).

Grazing Utilization of Winter Rye , Sorghum-sudangrass and Oat for Dairy Cattle (호맥.Sorghum-sudangrass 및 연맥 사료작물의 젖소 방목이용에 관한 연구)

  • 김정갑;한민수;김건엽;진현주
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.192-197
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    • 1995
  • This experiment was conducted to evaluate the grazing performance of dairy cattle for winter rye, sorghum-sudangrass hybrid and oat including of rape in Hwa seong-gun, Kyeonggido, from 1993 to 1994. Each crops were utilized from the stage of 8-leaves to late blooming for sorghum-sudangrass, and from final leaves to soft dough for winter rye and oat plant. Under three different cropping system of winter rye-sorghum x sudangrass, spring oat-sorghum X sudangrass-autumn oat, and silage corn-autumn oat, a succeshl hehage production was available for grazing performance from April 26 to December 15, continuously. Annual dry matter yields for grazing allowance were 26.1 tontha in average of all cropping system. Autumn oat rnixtured with rape showed the highest herbage utilization with 91.6% grazing intensity and the lowest in sorghum-sudangrass with a value of 60.6- 69.1 %. Labor investment for herbage production were 805 hour in the cutting management and 339 hour per hectar in the grazing utilization.

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