• Title, Summary, Keyword: Success Trap

Search Result 8, Processing Time 0.034 seconds

Efficiency Evaluation of Nozawa-Style Black Light Trap for Control of Anopheline Mosquitoes

  • Lee, Hee-Il;Seo, Bo-Youl;Shin, E-Hyun;Burkett, Douglas A.;Lee, Jong-Koo;Shin, Young-Hack
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
    • /
    • v.47 no.2
    • /
    • pp.159-165
    • /
    • 2009
  • House-residual spraying and insecticide-treated bed nets have achieved some success in controlling anthropophilic and endophagic vectors. However, these methods have relatively low efficacy in Korea because Anopheles sinensis, the primary malaria vector, is highly zoophilic and exophilic. So, we focused our vector control efforts within livestock enclosures using ultraviolet black light traps as a mechanical control measure. We found that black light traps captured significantly more mosquitoes at 2 and 2.5 m above the ground (P<0.05). We also evaluated the effectiveness of trap spacing within the livestock enclosure. In general, traps spaced between 4 and 7m apart captured mosquitoes more efficiently than those spaced closer together (P>0.05). Based on these findings, we concluded that each black light trap in the livestock enclosures killed 7,586 female mosquitoes per trap per night during the peak mosquito season (July-August). In May-August 2003, additional concurrent field trials were conducted in Ganghwa county. We got 74.9% reduction (P<0.05) of An. sinensis in human dwellings and 61.5% reduction (P>0.05) in the livestock enclosures. The black light trap operation in the livestock enclosures proved to be an effective control method and should be incorporated into existing control strategies in developed countries.

Promoting Uncertain Exploration : A Case Study (불확실한 탐험을 촉진하는 방법 : 사례연구)

  • Ha, Seongwook
    • Knowledge Management Research
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.53-70
    • /
    • 2009
  • This study empirically explored what promotes exploration, through a case analysis of a Korean SME (small and medium sized enterprise), based on the research framework which focuses on the identification and the selection of exploratory NPD (new product development) alternatives, and the accumulation of novel capabilities in new technology domains. The learning process of the exploratory NPD project described is as follows. The identification barrier of exploratory NPD project is relatively low. Constructive crisis is germane to selecting exploratory NPD alternatives and to enduring the long payback period. New separated R&D unit is likely to implement the exploratory NPD project. The length of the gestation period of the exploratory NPD project is related with the level of the conflict between old members and new members. This study identified several antecedents of the exploratory NPD project. Prior success promotes the identification process of the exploratory NPD projects. Constructive crisis is related with CEO's personal characteristics such as future oriented and proactive personality. The proactive involvement and persuasion of CEO are germane to reducing the conflict between old and new members and to the success of the exploratory NPD project. Based on the results, this study discusses several implications and future research directions.

  • PDF

The 'Middle-Income Country Trap' and Technological Catch-up: The Case of the Machine Tools Industry in Korea (기계산업에서의 중진국 함정과 기술추격: 한국 기계산업의 사례)

  • Kim Yoon-Zi
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.147-175
    • /
    • 2006
  • One of the biggest problems of Korean economy is polarization of firms for export and domestic demand and that of conglomerates and SME's achievement. One of the culprits lies weakness of intermediate industry such as machine tool. Since intermediate industry is important path where export performance affects domestic demand and whose actor usually is SMEs with high spill over effect in labor market. Especially, intermediate industry Is vulnerable because of industrial policy biased In backward linkage effect. However if a country fails to develop intermediate industry above some critical point, that country would fall in low-tech equilibrium without growth. In case of benign circle where final goods industry growth leads growth of intermediate industry and again it leads that of final goods industry, it can reach high-tech equilibrium. By contrast, in opposite case where in industrialization latecomer fails to link industries likewise above some critical point that country would fall in low-tech equilibrium without growth. Moreover, for several reasons, machine tool firms of Korea have difficulty in catching up technology above critical point. Firstly. Conglomerate demander neglects their product. Secondly, even after success of development overcoming difficulties they fail to get market share for response of dumping of foreign competitors. And the last one is patent litigation of foreign competitors that incapacitate the technology development. For these, Korean machine tool firms fell in 'middle-income country trap' itself, since they stuck in some extent when they technologically catch up. Consequently, for latecomer country in machine tool industry to leapfrog meaningfully policy support is necessary, Weak intermediate industry does not Induce domestic firms and remained fragile. Therefore, localization, policy should reflect condition of technological catch up more than before, in order to be effective and fruitful. There should be turning point over relationship between conglomerates, major demander of machine tool and SME's, for only with active purchasing of conglomerate Korean machine industry can grow.

  • PDF

Attack Surface Expansion through Decoy Trap for Protected Servers in Moving Target Defense

  • Park, Tae-Keun;Park, Kyung-Min;Moon, Dae-Sung
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
    • /
    • v.24 no.10
    • /
    • pp.25-32
    • /
    • 2019
  • In this paper, we propose a method to apply the attack surface expansion through decoy traps to a protected server network. The network consists of a large number of decoys and protected servers. In the network, each protected server dynamically mutates its IP address and port numbers based on Hidden Tunnel Networking that is a network-based moving target defense scheme. The moving target defense is a new approach to cyber security and continuously changes system's attack surface to prevent attacks. And, the attack surface expansion is an approach that uses decoys and decoy groups to protect attacks. The proposed method modifies the NAT table of the protected server with a custom chain and a RETURN target in order to make attackers waste all their time and effort in the decoy traps. We theoretically analyze the attacker success rate for the protected server network before and after applying the proposed method. The proposed method is expected to significantly reduce the probability that a protected server will be identified and compromised by attackers.

Response of Wild Boars (Sus scrofa) to Two Attractants, and Use of Cage Traps to Capture Wild Boars in Korea (대한민국에서 멧돼지 포획을 위한 두 가지 유인먹이에 대한 반응과 상자형 포획트랩 이용)

  • Song, Jang-Hoon;Choi, Eu-Ddeum;Seo, Ho-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
    • /
    • v.26 no.3
    • /
    • pp.381-391
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study was carried out to determine whether cage traps can be used to capture wild boars successfully, and to assess their response to different bait materials and the number of wild boars caught. Steel cage-traps ($4.0m{\times}1.5m{\times}1.2m$, $L{\times}W{\times}H$) were installed at two sites in Damyang County and at one site in Sunchang County, South Korea. To identify preferred bait-diet, baits were prepared with dry corn and fermented sour corn and placed in equal amounts at the sites close to wild boar pads at 200 m intervals. Before selecting trap locations where sufficient activity was observed, pre-baiting was undertaken and steel-framed traps were installed with gates open. Preference for bait materials was not clearly defined. After providing the bait for the first time, the number of days until wild boars ate all the food were counted. In the Damyang and Youngam areas, where hunting was allowed, total bait consumption took 6 to 12 days; in contrast, in the Sunchang area, where no hunting took place, total food consumption took only 5 days. In addition, after pre-baiting with the mixture of dry and sour corn for diet for about 8.7 days and then opening the trap gates for 3 more days, 13.7 days were necessary to catch 4.3 wild boars per trap. These results suggest that hunting intensity around trapping places was an important factor in determining the success of the traps.

Impact of organic contents and brittleness indices to differentiate the brittle-ductile transitional zone in shale gas reservoir

  • Yasin, Qamar;Du, Qizhen;Sohail, Ghulam M.;Ismail, Atif
    • Geosciences Journal
    • /
    • v.21 no.5
    • /
    • pp.779-789
    • /
    • 2017
  • The economic success of shale gas plays depends expansively on the brittle-ductile behavior of shale rock for effective hydraulic fracturing. Successful hydraulic fracturing requires targeting the most brittle rocks. Therefore it is worthwhile to classify the shale regarding brittle and ductile zones. To study the impact of brittleness indices in the brittle-ductile transitional zone, we have estimated the mineralogy-based brittleness index, TOC (total organic carbon), pore pressure and geomechanical properties from well logs and core description laboratory measurements. The petrophysical model of Sembar shale from Indus basin Pakistan was compared to brittleness index, organic contents, and pore pressure to differentiate the transitional zones in shale gas reservoirs. The result shows that constant change in rock minerals distribution and brittleness index follow the trend in TOC content, in brittle-ductile and transitional zone. Also, the data was plotted in ${\lambda}_{\rho}-{\mu}_{\rho}$ lithology templates and plots of Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio, shale with high quartz and clay contents trap in less ductile to less brittle zone while shale with abundant quartz and low clay contents give rise in the brittle zone. The observations of this study support the previous research idea by suggesting the zones of brittle and transition controlled by TOC to design the hydraulic fracture more efficient.

A Study on Combustion and Exhaust Emission in Direct Injection Diesel Engine (직접분사식 디젤기관의 연소 및 배기에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Du-Beom;Kim, Gi-Bok;Kim, Chi-Won;Han, Sung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.105-113
    • /
    • 2017
  • Recently the direct injection diesel engine is the most efficient one available for road vehicles, so this fundamental advantage suggests the compression injection diesel engine are a wise choice for future development efforts. The compression ignition diesel engine, with its bigger compression ratios if compared to the SI engine, offers a higher thermodynamic efficiency, also additionally the diesel engine with its less pumping losses due to the throttled intake charge as in a SI engine has higher fuel economy. But the largest obstacle to the success of this engine is meeting emission standards for Nitric oxides and particulate matter while maintain fuel consumption advantage over currently available engines. Thus its use should be largely promoted, however, diesel engine emits more Nitric oxides and particulate matter than other competing one. There has been a trade-off between PM and NOx, so efforts to reduce NOx have increased PM and vice versa, but trap change this situation and better possibility emerge for treating NOx emission with engine related means, such as injection timing, equivalence ratio, charge composition, and engine speed. The common rail direct injection system is able to adjust the fuel injection timing in a compression ignition engine, so this electronically controlled injection system can reduce the formation of NOx gas without increase in soot. In this study it is designed and used the engine test bed which is installed with turbocharge and intercooler. In addition to equipped using CRDI by controlling injection timing with mapping modulator, it has been tested and analyzed the engine performance, combustion characteristics, and exhaust emission as operating parameters.

The success and failure of non-regular workers' struggles and their effects on organizational strength (비정규직 노동자 투쟁의 승패와 조직력 변화)

  • Ch, Donmoon
    • Korean Journal of Labor Studies
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.139-176
    • /
    • 2011
  • Non-regular workers came to the fore while working class formation was in retreat along with the democratic labor movement of regular workers. The formation of principal agents, however, is yet to occur. Then, why non-regular workers' struggles could not yield a consequence in that regard? What kind of factors are to determine the outcome of the struggles and how do they do it? It is the aim of this study to answer those questions. In contrast with regular workers' struggles, non-regular workers' struggles tend to break out in response to capitalist offensives, rely on atypical and, often, extreme measures of struggle rather than strike in the form of work stoppage, drag out for too long, and appeal for social solidarity outside when the solidarity of regular workers is not available. Non-regular workers' struggles tend to end up with failure rather than success, and with weakening rather than strengthening of their organizational strength. So as to overcome the tendency to fail, non-regular workers' struggles need regular workers' solidarity in addition to their own strong mobilization power, while social solidarity or positional power could substitute for regular workers' solidarity in some cases. So as to build up their organizational strength, non-regular workers' struggles should win victories in the struggles, while a victory could turn into a trap in the case of conversion. Both regular workers' solidarity and the internal integration of the struggles are two foremost important factors in achieving the victory of struggles and the building-up of organizational strength. Those who have got involved in struggles are from the best organized sector among all the non-regular workers. As they have gone through weakening of organizational strength, it becomes more difficult for non-regular workers to form principal agents. Without non-regular workers' struggles, however, the capitalist offensives must have carried the day. In that sense, non-regular workers' struggles did a role in at least detaining capitalist offensives, if not stopping them. The practical implication of non-regular workers' struggles is that, if non-regular workers redefine the ultimate goal of their struggles as the formation of their principal agents for working class formation, it would be a strategically rational choice to identify the strategic objective of struggles with the maintaining and strengthening of their organizational strength rather than the achievement of their immediate demands.