• Title, Summary, Keyword: Subjectivity

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A Study on the Subjective Lives of the Premodern Korean Women in the Viewpoint of Gender (한국 전근대 여성의 주체적 삶의 양상 고찰 - 젠더 연구적 관점을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Hwa Hyung
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.31
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    • pp.7-33
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    • 2013
  • The ultimate goal of women's studies and feminist critics is to improve the understanding on women and recognize women's values. When we examine the Korean women's history on the viewpoint of gender, we can find that the gender role is not fixed. We do not have any proofs that there are any kinds of gaps between women and men in ability and temperament. All of women's identity and subjectivity in status and activities was not insignificant. Especially women's subjectivity in high social standing was superior. The women's activities in economic area were energetically. The productive activities were lively, too. The patrilineal decent is usual in Chana though China is in the same Confucianism cultural area. But patrilineal and matrilineal decent were popular used until the early days in Chosun Dynasty. Only sons can be inherited father's estate in China but it's not in our country. Also the patriarch had the economic power in family in China but the housewives had the power in ours. The feminism has been making efforts for the equality of sexes and the dismantling of the patriarchal sex role for a long time. Every feminist activities included feminist theory and cultural criticism has the goal to increase women's liberty and equality and change the world. This study to understand the historical substance of Korean women is on the way, too.

The Politics of the Body (몸의 정치)

  • Ryu, Eui-geun
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.126
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    • pp.53-78
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    • 2013
  • It is generally accepted that the political philosophy of Merleau-Ponty is called western Marxism or existential phenomenological humanism. I would like to examine and orientate his political theory in detail in terms of embodiment. In what follows, I criticize its own conception of subjectivity as a philosophical basis of traditional politics from perspective of Merleau-Ponty's bodily phenomenology. In turn, alternatively I discuss Merleau-Ponty's basic idea of subjectivity. By drawing on his unique clarification of it, I approach and appreciate politics through the flesh. With the result of it, the embodiment of violence which is the permanent problem of politics is explained and disclosed distinctively. In conclusion, I might suggest what could be implicit in Merleau-Ponty's politics of flesh for Korean contemporary political issue i. I hope you relearn how to see political life in this paper.

Bad Subjects and the Transnational Minjung: The Poetry of Jason Koo and Ed Bok Lee

  • Grotjohn, Robert
    • Journal of English Language & Literature
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    • v.64 no.3
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    • pp.307-327
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    • 2018
  • In light of Korean inclusion of its diaspora as part of the nation, a "creolized" approach that brings together constructions of the bad subject of Asian American studies with conceptions of the Korean minjung grounds an analysis of two poets as they might be considered from a bi-national, Korean and U.S. American, perspective. The poets Ed Bok Lee and Jason Koo show different ways of being the bad subject. Lee is clearly a bad American subject, resisting American white racial hegemony, and his poetry often addresses a kind of American minjung multiculturalism, as is shown in poems from his first two books Real Karaoke People and Whorled. He challenges some aspects of contemporary Korea, and might be a kind of Korean bad subject in those challenges. Koo, on the other hand, resists the call to bad subjectivity, so that his poetry may not fit the preferred paradigm of Asian American studies, as he recognizes. As he resists that paradigm, he also gives little attention to his Korean heritage, so his not-bad American subjectivity becomes bad Korea subjectivity. He recovers some measure of badness in the final poem of Man on Extremely Small Island when he connects briefly to his Korean heritage and his Asian American present. The creolized juxtaposition of the bad subject with the minjung suggests the use of these poems in considering both American and Korean society.

An Explorative Study on Discourses of Adequate Validity Criterion in Qualitative Research (질적 연구의 타당도 담론에 관한 탐색적 연구 - 주관성과 사회성의 긴장을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hee;Kim, Gi-Duk;Park, Ji-Young
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.63 no.2
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    • pp.155-177
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    • 2011
  • This paper attempts to explore the universal foundation on which the discourses on the validity criteria in qualitative research should be based, and further discuss in depth the scope and direction of an adequate validity criterion in qualitative research by critical examination of previous discourses. To establish the foundation for qualitative research, first of all, the concept of quality and qualitative paradigm were examined in terms of ontology and epistemology, especially focused on the works carried out by Aristotle, Kenneth and Boyd. Secondly, the earlier studies on the validity of qualitative research were critically reviewed in terms of the theoretical findings on the concept of quality and qualitative paradigm. The major results include the following: First, the true content of quality is defined as the 'what-ness' or essence of things perceived by subjects, and qualitative paradigm as adequate framework for qualitative research is comprised of two intrinsic modes: one is the mode of awareness and the other is that of expression. Second, qualitative researchers are able to reach to the higher level of validity by considering not only the subjectivity and the originality but also the sociality in drawing a conclusion through qualitative perception. Third, the trend of previous validity discourses can be firmly summarized as the effort to overcome the effect of quantitative research and acquire the true identity for qualitative research, which is subjectivity, and as the quest to compromise the tension between subjectivity and sociality. Finally, based on the findings, several research topics are suggested. For example, the more attention should be paid to the area of the expression of qualitative awareness as a way of overcome the tension between subjectivity and publicness.

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A Framework of Interpretating (de)Centralized Landscape : an Interaction of Power, Subjectivity, and Performativity ((탈)중심화 경관의 해석을 위한 틀 : 권력, 주체성, 수행성)

  • Park, Kyu-Taeg;Ha, Yong-Sam;Bae, Yoon-Gi
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.355-368
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    • 2010
  • This study is to make a framework of newly interpretating the dynamic change of regional or local landscape rapidly occurred after the establishment of the nation state and capitalistic system. The basic concepts of making an interpretative framework are power, subjectivity, and performativity. The framework of closely interrelating the three concepts developed in the near future will be applied to the interpretation of variety of (de)centralized landscapes in regions or locals. A centralized political power under the nation state has destroyed or marginalized the historically developed landscapes, traditional culture, and subjects' values in regions or locals by the political implementation of the nation state, the establishment of national identity, a centralized economic development, and so on. The landscapes produced by the political power of the nation state can take a role as a cause of conflicts in regions or locals in terms of a historical perspective. Landscapes are being made by various subjects, and the produced landscapes also positively or negatively will influence the emotion, cognition, and behavior of the subjects particularly in a performative perspective. The dynamics interrelation between subjects and landscapes has been disguised or marginalized by reason/rationality, totality/collectivity, the separation between reason and emotion mainly made by modernism, the nation state, a capitalistic system. The interrelation between landscapes and subjects is especially emphasized on people's resistibility and creativity. Lastly, landscape is not a concept given as a priori or (re)presented objectively. It is not also a material or an object independently existed from a subject's emotion and cognition. It should be interpreted through a performative relation with subjects. Performativity will take an active role of combining the materiality of landscape, power, and subjectivity. It is also important to understand the active role of landscapes.

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Q Analyses of the Structure of Internet Bookstore Users' Subjectivity (인터넷 서점 이용자의 주관성에 관한 Q분석)

  • Jung Huyn-Wook;Kang Hye-Young;Kim Sun-nam
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.197-220
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    • 2005
  • This paper examined the structure of internet bookstore users' subjectivity by focusing on their beliefs, values and attitudes.0 methodology was utilized for the study. After constituting 36 Q sample and 28 P sample, data were collect from April 15, 2005 to April 22 2005. The analyses showed 3 types of subjectivity structures. The first one was 'the economic benefit-seeking type.' Those in this type were motivated to use internet bookstores to achieve economic benefits. They paid more attention to the Prices discounted than the web site contents provided by internet bookstores. This type was conspicuously found among college students. The second one was the 'information-seeking type.' People in this category made visits to internet bookstores in order to obtain new information or professional materials. This type was dominantly found among women. The third one was the 'convenience-seeking type.' Those in this type were concerned not only with the accessibility and convenience, but also with such practical issues as delivery, price, applicability, payment, and bonus. This type was conspicuously observed among white collar workers. These findings suggests that in order to make internet bookstores more attractive to users, it is demanded to understand various needs held by users and map out sophisticated marketing strategies on the basis of such a knowledge.

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Pedestrian Navigation System Reflecting Users Subjectivity and Taste

  • Akasaka, Yuta;Onisawa, Takehisa
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.995-1000
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    • 2003
  • This paper proposes the pedestrian navigation system which deals with subjective information. This system consists of the route setting part and the instruction generation part. The route setting part chooses the route with highest subjective satisfaction degree. The instruction generation part gives users the instructions based on the users' sensuous feeling of distance with linguistic expressions. Fuzzy measures and integrals are applied to the calculation of the satisfaction degree of the route which reflects the users' taste for routes. The instruction generation part has database of users' cognitive distance. Users' cognitive distances are expressed by fuzzy sets that correspond to linguistic terms. The system generates the instructions with linguistic terms which have the highest fitness value for the users' sensuous feeling of distance. This paper also performs subjective experiments in order to confirm the validity of the present system.

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Types of Smoking Temptation

  • Chang, Sung Ok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.519-528
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    • 2003
  • Background. In Seoul, Korea, 70% of all adult males are reported to be smokers, and guidelines to smoking cessation generally include ways to help smokers avoid situations of smoking temptation. However the phenomenon of smoking temptation has been scarcely studied. Therefore, it is critical to acquire a better under-standing of smoking temptation for more effective nursing practice. Aim. This study intends to analyze the subjectivity of smoking temptation. Design. Q-methodology, which applies a scientific method to subjectivity, was utilized. Findings. Five distinct smoking temptation modalities, on Q-types, emerged from the Q-sort: 1) Urge to facilitate interpersonal relation; 2) Psychological desire for tranquility; 3) Habituation in social life; 4) Habituation in daily life; and, 5) Nicotine craving combined with daily routine. Conclusion. It is hoped that analysis of the five types of smoking temptation identified in this study will contribute to the body of knowledge and a better understanding of why smokers are addicted to smoking.

Types of Smelling Among Adult Smellers (성인 흡연자의 흡연유형에 관한 연구)

  • Chang Sung-Ok;Shin Sung-Rae;Kim Sang-Suk
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.57-67
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study was done to analyze subjectivity of smoking among adult smokers. Method: Q-methodology which provides a scientific method on subjectivity, was used. Result: Five types of smoking among adult smoker were identified Type I, Concerning Significant Others; Type II, Pursuing Psychological Comfort; Type III, Habitual Craving; Type IV, Pursuing Social Relations and Type V, Maintaining Self Control. Stage of change and methods of stress relieving were revealed to be factors influencing the smoking modes among the adult smokers. Conclusion: The five types of smoking and factors influencing them as revealed in this study provide a better understanding of smokers. Smoking styles and subjective values about smoking provide insight for nursing interventions for smoking.

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A Study on the Fuzziness of the Korea's Traditional Architecture (한국 전통건축공간의 퍼지성에 관한 연구 - 전통주거건축을 중심으로-)

  • 이진길;남해경;박한규
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2000
  • The fuzzy theory is on the basis of understanding of the subjectivity and the ambiguity. The paradigm of the fuzzy theory is to explore a regularity from the subjectivity and the ambiguity. Nowadays, the fuzziness, the main concept of the fuzzy theory, is widely applied to a lot of fields as the theory which is positively accepted and actively interpreted. In the science, the fuzziness is officially called as multi-valence. On the other side, there exists the other theory called Han-ism which is presumed as a prototype of korean philosophy. The basic concept of the Han-ism - one, many, middle, same, about - includes the fuzziness. The purpose of this study is to unfold the interrelationship between the fuzzy theory and Han-ism, and furthermore, to interpretate the cultural phenomenon and architectural spaces in koreas traditional architecture with a viewpoint, the fuzziness of the Han-ism.

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