• Title, Summary, Keyword: Subjectivity

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Screen Image and Subjectivity of 3D First-Person Shooting Game (3D 1인칭 슈팅 게임에서의 시각적 요소와 주체)

  • Jeon, Gyong-Ran
    • Journal of Korea Game Society
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.37-45
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    • 2010
  • This study examines the characteristics of screen image of 3D first-person shooting games and the newly created subjectivity by that image. 3D first-person shooting games create immersion by remediating the visual experience in the real world. The construction of subjective perspectives and comparatively clear interface are the important features of 3D first-person shooting games. The subjectivity created by this games' image is different from the subjectivity constructed by suture of film. Gamers have the dominant position of the subject of looking, gaming and narrating, but the narrating position is never permanent nor stable. Because the position has the limited sight of first-person, not the comprehensive sight of third-person.

Effects of Sexual Autonomy, Sexual Assertiveness, Sexual Subjectivity on Sexual Behaviors among University Students (대학생의 성적 자율성, 성적 자기주장, 성 주체성이 성 행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yun-Hee;Cho, Gyoo-Yeong
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.1332-1341
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study examined the effects of sexual autonomy, sexual assertiveness, sexual subjectivity on sexual behavior among university students. The data was collected from 226 university students and analyzed with t-test and multiple regression using SPSS 21.0 program. The significant factors influencing sexual behavior were sexual attitude, sexual assertiveness, sexual autonomy and sexual subjectivity. And these factors explained 35.7% of the variance in sexual behavior. In conclusion, the results from this study indicated a need to develop the sex education program to improve sexual health among university students.

Subjectivity toward Death among College Students (대학생의 죽음에 대한 주관성 연구)

  • Kim, Myung-Ae;Kim, Sun-Wha
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.7-16
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to classify the subjectivity type toward death among college students and to understand the characteristics of attitudes and orientations toward death of each type. Since attitudes and orientations toward death is very subjective and unique, Q-methodology was employed in this study. Q-methodology explains the respondent's subjectivity by objectifying his subjectivity for himself. The P-sample consisted of 63 students of K university in D city. Forty statements concerning attitudes and orientations toward death, which developed by Yeun(1999) were utilized for Q-sample. Forty Q-statements were sorted according to the level of agreement or disagreement by forced normal distribution. The Q-sorts by each subjects were coded and analysed with the PC-QUANL program. Five types of subjectivity toward death were identified and labeled. Type 1 'the death- preparation' think frequently about his own death and talk openly about the problem of death with a positive attitude. Type 2 'the life-esteemed' respect the dignity of life most of all. Type 3 'the realty-oriented' do not believe the afterlife and is very concerned about the present life itself instead of thinking about death. Type 4 'the ambivalent' think importantly the aspect of present life and orient the afterlife at the same time. This type reveals opposite attitude of preparing and scaring the death at the same time. Type 5 'the destiny-recipient' attribute death to the destiny and deny suicide. On the basis of this result, the studies about applying and developing educational program on death and hospice care for nurses who care terminal cancer patients and families are needed.

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Zhuzi Learning, Yangming Learning, and Formation of "Gukhak": Genealogy of Subjectivity and Silsim (주자학과 양명학, 그리고 '국학'의 형성 - 주체성과 실심(實心)의 계보학 -)

  • Kim, Woo-hyung
    • The Journal of Korean Philosophical History
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    • no.58
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    • pp.307-336
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    • 2018
  • This paper traces the historical genealogy of the subjectivity and the silsim (實心, true mind) that appear in Jeong In-Bo's "gukhak" (國學, the national learning) thought and illuminates its characteristics. In the modern East Asian history of thought, the beginning of the emergence of subjectivity and the silsim as the main philosophical topic comes from the Neo-Confucianism of Song Dynasty in China. Cheng Yi is the first thinker to emphasize subjectivity and consciousness. Zhu Xi and Wang Yang-ming inherit the Neo-Confucian thought based on Cheng Yi's principle of subjectivity, but only show difference in methodology. In the Chosun Dynasty, Jeong Je-Doo and his School were one example of the Neo-Confucian spirit of subjectivity and the silsim. Although Jeong In-Bo (鄭寅普) belongs to Jeong Je-Doo's school of Ganghwa in the school curriculum, he has only used it methodologically since he believed that Yangming's learning is more effective in the awareness and practice of the silsim. Especially noteworthy is that the principle of subjectivity led Jeong In-Bo to follow the frame of Zhu Xi's moral theory. Jeong's claim that selfish desire (jasasim 自私心) should be controlled by a conscious mind (silsim) being aware of the right and 'ought to do' corresponds to Zhu Xi's view that the moral mind (dosim 道心) should be selected in the conflict situation between sensual desire (insim 人心) and moral consciousness so that the insim should be supervised by the dosim. Such ethics is a position to emphasize the inner motive and the sense of duty of conduct, and there is no fundamental difference in Zhu Xi and Wang Yang-ming. At least on this point, it is necessary to look at modern and contemporary Korean studies from the perspective of continuity, not discontinuity from Confucian tradition.

Nursing Students' Subjectivity of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (보완대체의학에 대한 간호학과 학생의 주관성 연구)

  • Park, Eun-Young;Lee, Eun-Nam;Kang, Ji-Yeon;Ju, Hyeon-Ok;Kim, Sam-Sook;Choi, Eun-Jung;Kim, Hack-Sun
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to grasp the subjectivity of the nursing students toward CAM and put the outcomes into use as basic facts and figures in developing and applying a curriculum associated with CAM. Methods: Q methodology was employed to explore the nursing students' subjectivity from their rank-order statements. For the Q population, individual in-depth interviews and literature research were conducted. Finally, 30 participants completed 40 Q statements. The data were analyzed using the QUANL software package. Results: The current survey that probed into the subjectivity of the nursing students relative to CAM abstracted four categories, namely, practical and convinced type, keep-under-control/wait-and-see type, merit acknowledging type and limitedly accepting type. Conclusion: It is recommended that various educational programs should be developed to shift the awareness of CAM on the part of the nursing students, based on the findings set forth in the current study.

An Inquiry on the Types of Subjectivity on Edutainment Features of Software Education in Elementary School (초등학교 소프트웨어 교육에서 에듀테인먼트 특성에 대한 주관성 유형 탐색)

  • Son, Byung-Kuk;Song, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.177-193
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this paper is to explore the types of subjectivity on edutainment features of software education implemented in elementary school. Q-method is used to seek individual learners' subjectivity type. Three types of subjectivity are found: implementation type, intellectual-fun type, and relationship type. Implementation type learners show positive attitude toward making their thinking into realization, intellectual-fun type learners show positive attitude toward solving problems that require intellectual activities, and relationship type learners show positive toward other persons' attention and consideration. These results imply software education will be more enhanced with these three types considered for implementing software education in elementary schools. This study is expected to contribute to further following research and practices.

A Phenomenological Study on the Ego-subjectivity Recovery Experience of the Wives of Alcoholics (알코올중독자 남편을 둔 여성배우자의 자아주체성 회복경험에 대한 현상학적 연구)

  • Choi, Mi-Ran;Cho, Hee-Sun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.576-589
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    • 2019
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate how wives of alcoholics could escape from the co-dependency relationship and recover their ego-subjectivity. This study conducted 1:1 in-depth interviews with five wives of alcoholics in order to achieve the study objective. Data collected from the interviews were analyzed by the phenomenological method proposed by Giorgi[1]. First, researchers extracted five subjects, including 'Co-dependency (Loss of ego-identity)', 'Impoverished life', Ego-prop', Ego-awareness', and 'Ego-subjectivity recovery' in the course of the data analysis. Secondly, researchers identified "Ego-subjectivity recovery through Ego-awareness of a wife of an alcoholic", an essential theme, by integrating all subjects. Researchers, based on the analysis results, proposed practical alternatives for various psychological treatment system and ego-prop like as counselling, family member of alcoholic wives and power of faith.

How People Understand Death : a Coorientational Look (죽음의 이해 -코오리엔테이션의 시각)

  • 윤은자;김흥규
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.270-279
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    • 1998
  • Since death is an extremely subjective and unique experience, if we take into account the lack of understanding about death due to the difficulty in methodology, it is very important to try to understand the subjectivity of death. In this respect, Q-methodology that explains and shows the respondent's subjectivity by objectifying his subjectivity is employed as a solution to the questions in this study. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to provide data on how medical personnel should treat their patients, when it comes to death : by finding out the opinions of those who are being treated, namely the patients, and those who are providing the treatment, namely the medical personnel. It also by examined the characteristics and relationships between these two groups on attitudes to death. The results of this study show that medical per sonnel have two(fate-receipient, reality-oriented) types of response and patients have three (religion-dependent, science-adherent, sardonist) types. Medical personnel saw patients as having three (life-attached. traditionalist, death-rejector) types of response and to patients saw medical personnel as having two (rationalist, humanist)types. The relationship between the above-mentioned types will be examined in a coorientation model, the subjectivity of the medical personnel and the patient toward death indicates a relatively high understanding between the two groups under the great proposition of 'death'. Therefore, in their relationship with people who are facing death, the provider of care, namely the medical personnel, should identify the subjectivity of the patient before approaching them. By doing this, they can minimize the conflicts they might experience in establishing a therapeutic relationship, reduce suffering, and help the patient in greeting a more comfortable death. Throughout the study, Q-methodology expands our understanding of coorientation model that has only been approached with R-methodology. This study confirmed Q's potentiality and its validity in human subjective matters.

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Study on Subjectivity of Fire Fighter (소방공무원의 주관성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jee-Hee;Lee, Jei-Young;Kim, Dong-Ok;Hyun, Hye-Jin;Byeon, Do-Hwa;Rho, Sang-Gyun;Lee, Jung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.10
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    • pp.4475-4483
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out by practical method in a subjectivity study accessible in-depth, in sloughing off old habit of functional quantity analysis about a subjectivity of fire-public servant in nation. The perception pattern come out in this study were divided into four types in Q-methodology. The result is as follows ; it is divided into 1[(N=26) : Occupational Type], 2[(N=11) : Experience Type], 3[(N=1) : Human Type], 4[(N=2) : Justice Type]. There are four types of fire fighter images. In conclusion, this study is to ascertain acceptance behavior about Reception Type on a subjectivity of fire-public servant in nation ; to offer a developmental suggestion about it.

A Study on Comparison of Subjectivity Structure of Korean and Chinese Consumers: Perception on Advertisements of Automobiles (한.중 소비자의 주관성 구조에 관한 비교 연구: 자동차 광고에 대한 인식을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Won-Joo
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.38
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    • pp.147-182
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    • 2007
  • This study conducted a comparison analysis on the difference in the subjectivity structure of Korean and Chinese consumers based on their types of perception on advertisements of automobiles which has a high degree of self interest. The primary reason for conducting a comparison study of Korean and Chinese consumers was to concretize the characteristics of Chinese consumers who have enormous potential and rapid growth in the global market. In addition, by comparing the characteristics of Korean and Chinese consumers that changed with differences in social systems and socio-economic characteristics, the purpose was to present an advertising strategy idea that is useful for both countries. Furthermore, when taking into consideration the reality that the world must compete in a single market commonly referred to as the global market, understanding the subjectivity structure of perception of Korean and Chinese consumers is critical in establishing a strategy for occupying the upper position of dominance in such competition. Based on the results of the study, subjectivity structures on the perception of advertisements possessed by Korean and Chinese consumers of the same Asian culture differed but were mutually interrelated. Such results suggest that there is a need for further studies of generalization and objectification through a quantitative approach.

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