• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Subjectivity

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Walker와 Avant 방법에 근거한 여성의 성 주체성 개념분석 (Concept Analysis of Female Sexual Subjectivity based on Walker and Avant's Method)

  • 최윤아;고일선
    • 여성건강간호학회지
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.243-255
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to clarify attributes, antecedents, and consequences of female sexual subjectivity. Methods: Walker and Avant's concept analysis process was used to analyze 27 studies from the current literature that relates to female sexual subjectivity. A systematic literature review of women's study in sociology, psychology, theology, law, health science, and nursing was reviewed. Results: The defining attributes of female sexual subjectivity were sexual self-awareness, sexual decision making, sexual desire, and good sexual communication with partner. The antecedents of female sexual subjectivity were social environment, sexual education, sexual experience, and interpersonal relationship. The consequences of female sexual subjectivity were safe sex, prevention of sexual victimization, and sexual satisfaction. Conclusion: Female sexual subjectivity is defined as sexual self-awareness, sexual decision making, sexual desire to seek sexual pleasure and safety, and effective communication with partner in terms of sexual behavior, sexual experience and sexual health. Based on these results, a scale measuring female sexual subjectivity is needed.

자살시도자에 대한 간호대학생의 주관성 연구 (A Study of Subjectivity among Nursing Students Regarding Suicide Attempters)

  • 조정림;이은남;박은영
    • 한국간호교육학회지
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.341-352
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: To identify the types and characteristics of subjective structures among nursing students toward individuals who attempt suicide. Methods: A group of 32 third- and fourth-year nursing students with experience in clinical practice rated 35 Q-statements on a nine-point scale according to their opinion. Data analysis was conducted using the PC-Quanl program. Results: Subjectivity among nursing students toward individuals who attempt suicide was analyzed for three types. Type 1 (social responsibility emphasis) subjectivity recognizes the social responsibility for suicide attempts and emphasizes the importance of social support systems as a preventive effort. Type 2 (rational reprimand) subjectivity emphasizes the willpower and effort to overcome challenges in life, because happiness and unhappiness are dependent on one's thoughts and will. Type 3 (situation acceptance) subjectivity regards the suicide attempt as an optional means to avoid a deeply strenuous, painful, and difficult situation. Conclusion: This study investigated the subjectivity of nursing students toward individuals who attempt suicide and to provide a better understanding of them. In addition, the development of training programs that take advantage of the subjective characteristics of individuals based on subjectivity types demonstrated in this study is expected to provide nursing students with useful educational materials for their future careers as nurses.

Re-conceptualizing Critical Subjectivity and Identity in Critical Regionalism: Phenomenological Inputs

  • Baek, Jin
    • Architectural research
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2011
  • Critical regionalism has been consistently influential in architecture since the 1980s. While acknowledging its contribution to the discipline of architecture, this article inquires into two co-related issues in critical regionalism as elaborated upon by Kenneth Frampton: critical subjectivity and identity. Regarding critical subjectivity, critical regionalism demands one to stand critical of both tradition and technological development. It assumes that one can locate herself in a neutral zone unshackled from both conditions so that she can make an unbiased judgment. This article criticizes this form of subjectivity by illuminating the situated nature of the subject in the continuity of tradition within which one always stands. The second issue is identity. Keeping the identity of a region through architecture is accepted as a rule in critical regionalism. However, how we shall understand the identity is unclear. This article introduces a notion of identity as rooted in the dialectics of opposites, and demonstrates it by referring to Le Corbusier's architecture and Tetsuro Watsuji's philosophy of climate. The objective of this series of inquiries is not to shake the validity of critical regionalism, but to renew and extend its significance for contemporary architecture.

웰다잉에 관한 한국인의 주관성 연구 (A Study on the Subjectivity of Koreans about Well Dying - Q Methodological Approach -)

  • 심형화
    • 기본간호학회지
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.87-96
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the subjectivity of Koreans about well-dying by dividing the cognition and attitudes of Koreans about well-dying into five types and analyzing and interpreting each type. Method: Q-methodology, which is effective in scientifically measuring individual subjectivity, was used. The result of the Q-shorting of the 34 Q-statements by 42 participants was analyzed with the PQM program. Result: Five cognitive types of the subjectivity about well-dying were identified and labeled as follows. Type I: Individual and preparation for the other world. Type II: Receptive to nature and fate. Type III: Oriental and family centered. Type IV: Realistic and self-independent. Type V: Altruistic and preparing for the other world. Conclusions: This study generally show that traditional family connections and blood relationship are declining, and western rationalism and the pursuit of the positive meaning of well-dying are beginning to be accepted in the cognition of modern Koreans.

고등학생의 자녀출산에 대한 주관성 (Subjectivity on Childbearing in High School Students)

  • 백경아;권혜진;류승희
    • 여성건강간호학회지
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.36-47
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was to explore subjectivity on childbearing in high school students. Methods: A Q-methodology which provides a method of analyzing the subjectivity of each type was used. Forty-three high school students classified 40 selected Q-statements into 9 points standard. The obtained data were analyzed by using the pc-QUANL program. Results: High school students' subjectivity on childbearing were analyzed into two types: Type 1 turned out to be 'FOLS (family oriented life style)' and Type 2 'CINK (couple important no kid)'. Conclusion: In order to resolve such problems as low birth rate and the advanced age of the population, effective youth and adult programs, policy and institution are required. The current demographic, economic and other factors such as personal values and policies may lower birth rate. In particular, youths' need for children and birth rate tend to be lower. There are positive and negative patterns in high school students' subjectivity on childbearing. Thus, national and social efforts are needed to change negative factors into positive ones. In order to maintain positive subjectivity on childbearing in high school students, it is necessary to apply family-centered educational programs and to implement birth-friendly and realistic programs for promoting child birth.

청소년이 지각하는 경제적 어려움이 성매매태도에 미치는 영향 - 성평등의식과 성주체성의 조절효과를 중심으로 (The Moderating Effects of the Perceived Economical Difficulty on the Adolescents' Attitude to Prostitution: Focused on Gender Equality Consciousness and Sexual Subjectivity)

  • 신정이;황혜원;박현순
    • 보건교육건강증진학회지
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to find the influences of the perceived economical difficulty, gender equality consciousness and sexual subjectivity on the adolescents' attitude to prostitution to examine the moderating effects of gender equality consciousness and sexual subjectivity between the perceived economical difficulty and the adolescents' attitude to prostitution, and to provide some recommendations for intervention to improve more appropriate attitude of adolescents on prostitution. Methods: The data used for this study is from the survey with a sample of 1,151 students from 14 middle and high schools in Chungbuk province. Results: The main results of this study are as follows: First, there are statistical differences in the adolescents' attitude to prostitution according to gender, grade, and the type of school. Second, there is a positive effect of the perceived economical difficulty, gender equality consciousness and sexual subjectivity on the adolescents' attitude to prostitution. Third, there are positive moderating effects of sexual subjectivity between the perceived economical difficulty and the adolescents' attitude to prostitution. Conclusions: Intervening in the sex education at an early stage, advertising prostitution's harmful effect at the level of a social concern and developing diverse programs to enhance the sexual subjectivity of students are recommended to promote appropriate attitude of adolescents about prostitution.

이공계 분야 대학생의 우울과 행복감 간 주체성-관계성의 매개모형 검증 (Model Investigation of Subjectivity - Relatedness's Mediating Effect between College Engineering Students' Happiness and Depression)

  • 김현수;유스티븐철희;유선미
    • 한국실천공학교육학회논문지
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.108-118
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    • 2012
  • 본 연구는 이공계 분야 대학생의 우울을 어떻게 하면 행복감을 느끼도록 도와줄 수 있는지를 주체성-관계성이라는 매개변인을 활용하여 모형검증을 목적으로 하였다. 본 연구는 대학생 78명을 대상으로 하였다. 이들의 이공계분야 직장인의 학력수준은 전문대 수준 이상이었다. 이들의 연령은 21세~38세이었다. 측정도구로는 우울 경험 질문지(Depressive Experiences Questionnaire)와 나의식, 우리의식 척도 및 행복감 척도를 사용하였다. 본 연구문제는 3개로 연구문제 1. 주체성-관계성이 우울과 행복감 사이에서 매개역할을 하는가? 연구문제 2. 주체성이 우울과 행복감 사이에서 매개역할을 하는가? 연구문제 3. 관계성이 우울과 행복감 사이에서 매개역할을 하는가?를 규명하고자 하였다. 연구결과 주체성-관계성뿐만 아니라 주체성, 관계성 각각도 우울과 행복감 사이에서 매개역할을 하는 것으로 나타났다.

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공학계 대학생과 공학계 직장인의 주체성-관계성과 나의식-우리의식, 자아정체감 및 대인관계능력과의 관계 (A Study on Subjectivity-Relatedness Relationships between Subjectivity-Relatedness and I Consciousness-We Consciousness, Self-Identity and Interpersonal Relationship for College Engineering Students and Engineering Workers)

  • 김현수;김미정;김수정;김해룡
    • 한국실천공학교육학회논문지
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.136-143
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    • 2012
  • 본 연구는 주체성과 관계성이 나의식-우리의식, 자아정체감 및 대인관계능력과 어떤 관련을 맺고 있는지 알아봄으로써 연구의 결과가 공학계 대학생 및 직장인들의 대인관계능력 개선 활동에 활용되도록 하는 것이 본 연구의 목적이다. 연구 대상의 연령층은 10대에서 60대까지였으며, 직업은 공학계 대학생과 공학계 직장인 492명을 연구 대상으로 삼았다. 본 연구에서는 첫째, 주체성은 나의식과 자아정체감과 어떤 관계가 있는가? 둘째, 관계성은 우리의식과 대인관계능력과 어떤 관계가 있는가? 검증하는 것을 연구문제로 삼았다. 분석방법은 주체성과 나의식, 주체성과 자아정체감, 그리고 관계성과 우리의식, 관계성과 자아정체감 간의 어떤 관련이 있는지를 살펴보았다. 연구결과, 주체성은 나의식과 자아정체감과 정적인 상관이 있는 것으로 나타났고, 관계성은 우리의식, 대인관계와 정적인 상관이 있는 것으로 나타났다.

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간호대학생이 인지한 노인요양시설에 대한 주관성: Q 방법론적 연구 (Subjectivity toward Nursing Homes as Perceived by Undergraduate Nursing Students: Q Methodology Study)

  • 하은호;이영미
    • 한국보건간호학회지
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.59-72
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: Nursing homes are a type of residential care that provide diverse services such as planned activities, convalescent care, skilled nursing and memory care. Nursing homes are good facilities for old people with dementia to improve their quality of life. On the other hand, the subjectivity toward nursing homes can vary to greater or lesser degrees. The purpose of this study was to identify the subjective attitudes and viewpoints toward nursing homes in undergraduate nursing students. Methods: The Q methodology, which is a research method to study the people's subjectivity, was used. The 40 Q-statements selected from each of 43 participants were classified into the shape of a normal distribution. The data collected were analyzed using the QUANL program. Results: Three types of subjectivity toward nursing homes emerged: 'Type I, in terms of usage of nursing homes-hesitative perspectives;', 'Type II, in terms of running of nursing homes-progressive perspectives;', and 'Type III, in terms of admission to nursing homes-constructive perspectives'. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that nursing intervention programs should be developed for the three types. The study results will lead to further research.

노인요양시설 봉사경험 간호대학생의 생명윤리 주관성 (Subjectivity about Bioethics among Nursing Students with Experience Volunteering in Elderly Care Facilities)

  • 주민선;황윤영
    • 한국간호교육학회지
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.50-60
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aims to determine the bioethical subjectivity of nursing students with experience volunteering in elderly care facilities, and the characteristics that comprise the types thereof. Methods: Q methodology, which analyzes the subjectivity of each type, was used. The 37 selected Q statements from 32 participants were classified into the shape of a normal distribution using a 9-point scale. The collected data were analyzed using the PC-QUANL program. Results: The survey revealed that the bioethical subjectivity of nursing students with experience volunteering in elderly care facilities can be divided into three types: a rational dignity emphasis, an autonomous right to life belief, and conflict avoidance. All three attitudes regard human beings as possessing dignity, and life and death as elements to be experienced as aspects of human life. Bioethical values are critical to treatment and care; however, it is sometimes also held that humans have the right to commit suicide. Conclusion: This study enhanced our awareness of nursing students' bioethics. The findings can be used as a basis for the design of differentiated bioethics education according to each type of bioethical subjectivity. This calls for diverse research on bioethics and the implementation of effective bioethics education.