• Title, Summary, Keyword: Subjective well-being

Search Result 277, Processing Time 0.035 seconds

The Impact of Perfectionism and Academic Resilience on Subjective Well-being among Korean Undergraduate Students

  • Ko, Eun;Kim, Hye Young;Kang, Hee Sun
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.22-30
    • /
    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the correlation among perfectionism, academic resilience and subjective well-being in order to identify factors that affect subjective well-being in Korean undergraduate students. Methods: This study is a descriptive study. This study was performed on 245 students currently studying in a national university in S city. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data regarding the multidimensional perfectionism scale, the academic resilience scale, and the subjective well-being scale. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise linear multiple regression with SPSS 25.0 for Windows. Results: Participants' scores for self-oriented perfectionism (SOP), other-oriented perfectionism (OOP), and socially prescribed perfectionism (SPP), academic resilience and subjective well-being were 64.64±12.78, 53.62±8.90, 56.98±8.96, 92.60±19.55, and 82.93±9.72, respectively. SPP showed a negative correlation with subjective well-being (r=- .27, p<.001), while academic resilience showed a positive correlation with subjective well-being (r=.20, p=.001). Satisfaction with school life, SPP, and academic resilience were identified as factors influencing subjective well-being and explained about 22% of the variance in subjective well-being. Conclusion: This study suggests that we need to identify various factors influencing subjective well-being and accordingly develop nursing interventions to improve undergraduate students' subjective well-being.

The Moderating Effect of Optimistic Thinking on the Relationship between Sixth-Grade Elementary School Children's Daily Hassles and Subjective Well-Being (초등학교 6학년 아동이 지각하는 일상적 스트레스가 주관적 안녕감에 미치는 영향에서 낙관적 사고의 중재효과)

  • Noh, Jee-Un;Shin, Nana
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.35 no.3
    • /
    • pp.137-156
    • /
    • 2014
  • The current study examined the relations between sixth-grade elementary school children's perceptions of daily hassles, optimistic thinking, and subjective well-being. This study also investigated the moderating effect of optimistic thinking on the relationship between daily hassles and subjective well-being. A total of 474 sixth-grade elementary school children participated in this study. First, children's daily hassles were negatively related to optimistic thinking and subjective well-being. As children perceived higher levels of daily hassles, they showed lower levels of optimistic thinking and subjective well-being. Children's optimistic thinking was positively related to subjective well-being. Second, children's optimistic thinking moderated the relations between daily hassles and subjective well-being. Specifically, for children with higher levels of optimistic thinking, their subjective well-being decreased with increasing levels of daily hassles related to parents and teachers. However, for children with lower levels of optimistic thinking, there was no relation between daily hassles and subjective well-being. These findings suggest that optimistic thinking could be an important means by which we could improve children's subjective well-being, especially when they experience higher levels of daily hassles.

Structural Equation Modeling of Perceived Social Support, Self-Control, and Subjective Well-Being of Children (아동이 지각하는 사회적 지지, 자기조절력, 주관적 안녕의 인과적 구조분석)

  • Jung, Hae young;Lee, Kyeong hwa
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.29 no.4
    • /
    • pp.167-179
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study used Structural Equation Modeling(SEM) to test causal relationships among perceived social supports, self-control, and subjective well-being in a sample of 325 5th and 6th grade elementary school children. Correlations of observed variables showed statistically significant among perceived social support, self-control, and subjective well-being. The goodness-of-fit of the hypothetical structural model in the study, perceived social support having direct effects on self-control and subjective well-being, and self-control, retaining the influence of perceived social support, having effects on subjective well-being-showed fairly acceptable levels. The results revealed that perceived social supports increase children's subjective well-being, and these supports also increase children's self-control, which indirectly influences children's subjective well-being.

  • PDF

The Relations of Children's Stress, Self-Esteem, and Subjective Well-Being (아동의 스트레스 및 자아존중감과 주관적 안녕감간의 관계)

  • Choi, Mi-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.48 no.10
    • /
    • pp.65-75
    • /
    • 2010
  • The main purpose of this study was to examine the relations between Children's stress, self-esteem, and subjective well-being with a sample of 320 elementary school 5th graders (of which 161 were boys and 159 were girls) living in Seoul. They completed questionnaires on Children's stress, self-esteem, and subjective well-being. The results were analyzed by means of Pearson's correlation coefficients and regressions. It was observed that children's stress of studying/mother was negatively related to subjective well-being. Children's self-esteem was positively related to subjective well-being. Children's stress of studying/mother was negatively related to self-esteem. Self-esteem tended to play a perfectly mediating role between children's stress of studying/mother and subjective well-being. These results clearly indicate that children's self-esteem plays a crucial role in improving the levels of children's subjective well-being.

What Makes Korean Youth Happy: Self-Directedness Mediates the Relationship between Parenting and Subjective Well-Being (무엇이 한국 청소년들을 행복하게 하는가: 부모의 양육행동과 주관적 안녕감의 관계에서 자율성의 매개효과)

  • Choi, Ara;Lee, Sook
    • Family and Environment Research
    • /
    • v.57 no.4
    • /
    • pp.499-512
    • /
    • 2019
  • Korean adolescents have a lower subjective well-being compared to their counterparts in other Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development member countries as well as experience more psychological difficulties than adults. Previous research shows that parenting behavior has a considerable influence on adolescent subjective well-being. Additionally, the personality dimension of self-directedness, the ability to regulate personal behavior to obtain onindividual goals, has a positive influence on subjective well-being. This study analyzed the structural relationship between parenting behavior, self-directedness, and the subjective well-being of Korean adolescents as well as investigated the mediating effect of self-directedness in the relationships between parenting behaviors and the subjective well-being of adolescents. Participants were 325 middle school students in Gwangju, Korea, who completed measures of self-directedness (from the Korean Junior Temperament and Character Inventory), subjective well-being (Well-Being Scale of Adolescents in Korea), and perceived parenting behaviors (My Memories of Upbringing - Short Korean version). Results showed that emotional warmth had a statistically significant direct impact on adolescents' subjective well-being. However, the findings also indicated a statistically significant indirect impact mediated by self-directedness. Rejection and overprotection had a statistically significant indirect effect on adolescents' subjective well-being that was mediated by self-directedness. The results provide information that can be used to develop programs to improve the subjective well-being of adolescents as well as confirm the importance of parenting behavior and self-directedness during adolescence.

The Influence of Adolescents' Temperament on Subjective Well-Being: the Mediating Effect of Perceived Parenting Affective Attitude (청소년의 기질이 주관적 안녕감에 미치는 영향 : 애정적 양육태도의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Yun, Kyoung-Hee;Lee, Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.803-815
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to increase our understanding of subjective well-being in adolescents and to help improve it by investigating the relationship among adolescents' temperaments, perceived parenting affective attitude and subjective well-being. For this study, the subjects were 354 students from 4 different middle schools in Gwang-ju, Korea. The statistical analysis of the data was conducted by means of the SPSS 21.0 program using Pearson's correlations and hierarchical regression. The results are as follows: First, the temperament and perceived parenting affective attitude were correlated with subjective well-being. Among the temperament traits, novelty seeking and harm avoidance showed negative correlations with subjective well-being, whereas affection, reward dependence and persistence showed positive correlations with subjective well-being. Second, after the mediating effect of perceived affection on subjective well-being was confirmed, three temperament traits, viz. harm avoidance, reward dependence, and persistence, were identified as mediating factors. The conclusion of this study is that adolescents' temperament and perceived parenting affective attitude are related to their subjective well-being and can also predict their subjective well-being. Harm avoidance, reward dependence, and persistence, which are inborn temperaments, affect subjective well-being. Affection, which is a perceived parenting affective attitude trait, affects subjective well-being as a mediation variable. This study also suggests that it is more effective to influence perceived parenting affective attitude, which has growth potential, rather than temperaments which are hard to change.

The Effects of the Mother-Child Relationship and Marital Satisfaction on the Subjective Well-Being of Mothers with Young Children (영유아기 자녀를 둔 어머니의 모-자녀관계와 결혼만족도가 주관적 안녕감에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Hee-Kyung;Yoon, Gab-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.33 no.2
    • /
    • pp.243-261
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study examined the effects of the mother-child relationship and marital satisfaction on the subjective well-being of mothers with young children. The subjects consisted of 237 mothers with young children. Data were analyzed by means of multiple regression analysis, T-test and one way ANOVA. The results included that 1) There were clear differences in terms of the mother's level of education, her monthly income in household, and job satisfaction when it came to the subjective well-being of mothers. 2) The mother-child relationship and marital satisfaction were both positively correlated with the cognitive and affective factor (positive affects) of subjective well-being, whereas there were negative correlations with regard to affective factors (negative affects) of subjective well-being. 3) The mother-child relationship and marital satisfaction accounted for 32.5% of subjective well-being. More specifically, marital satisfaction was the most influential variable when it came to determining the level of life satisfaction (which is also a cognitive factor of subjective well-being), whereas the mother-child relationship was the most influential variable when it came to the affective factor of subjective well-being.

The Influences of Stress and Academic Self-Efficacy on the Subjective Well-Being of Elementary School Children (스트레스와 학업적 자기효능감이 초등학생의 주관적 안녕감에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Young-Ah
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.32 no.3
    • /
    • pp.107-120
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study examined the influences of stress and academic self-efficacy on subjective well-being. The subjects were 191 4th-graders and 250 6th-graders. Data were analyzed by means of two-way ANOVA, Pearson's coefficients, and stepwise regression. Results indicated that : (1) There were age or gender differences for stress, academic self-efficacy, and subjective well-being. (2) Stress was negatively correlated with academic self-efficacy and subjective well-being, whereas academic self-efficacy was positively correlated with subjective well-being. (3) Stress and academic self-efficacy explained 43% of subjective well-being. Specifically, stress from parents was the most influential variable for positive affects, and self-regulatory efficacy was the most influential variable for positive efficacy and inter-relatedness.

Exploring Pathways from Mothers' Beliefs to Children's Subjective Well-Being : The Mediating Effects of Children's Private After-School Education and Stress Levels (어머니의 양육신념이 아동의 주관적 안녕감에 영향을 미치는 경로 탐색 : 아동의 사교육 경험 및 스트레스의 매개적 역할)

  • Lee, So-Hyun;Doh, Hyun-Sim;Choi, Mi-Kyung;Ku, Seul-Ki
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.31 no.3
    • /
    • pp.255-272
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study explored pathways from mothers' beliefs to children's subjective well-being through children's private after-school activities and stress levels. A sample of 230 6th grade elementary school students (125 boys and 105 girls) in Seoul completed questionnaires on children's stress and subjective well-being. Their mothers responded to questionnaires on mothers' beliefs and children's private after-school activities. Data were analyzed by means of Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple regression analyses. Our results demonstrated that mothers' beliefs indirectly influenced children's subjective well-being through both children's private after-school activities and stress levels. Neither children's private after-school activities nor children's stress mediated between mothers' beliefs and children's subjective well-being. Mothers' beliefs also had a direct effect on children's subjective well-being. Significantly, both mothers' beliefs and children's stress played crucial roles in improving children's subjective well-being.

Relationship between Leisure Activity Participation, Job Stress, Social Support and Subjective Well-being among Security Agents (시큐리티 요원의 여가활동 참가와 직무스트레스, 사회적 지지 및 주관적 안녕감의 관계)

  • Kim, Kyong-Sik;Kim, Chan-sun;Park, Young-Man
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.620-625
    • /
    • 2009
  • The purpose of this research Is to clarify the relationship between leisure activity participation, job stress, social support and subjective well-being among security agents. 356 (92%) questionnaires were obtained from 12 private security companiesin metropolitan Seoul. The conclusion follows. First, the frequency of participation in activities on the subjective well-being reflects the direct influence. and period by participating in the job stress on the subjective well-being reported more negative affect, in other words, Job Stress is reduced, social support and subjective well-being is increased. Second, job stress has a negative effect as a parameter to subjective well-being and participation in the period, in other words, subjective well-being is decreased by the more get job stress. Third, social support affects the subjective well-being, leisure activity participation and social support that have no relationship, In other words, subjective well-being is increased by the more get social support. Fourth, frequency and duration of participation in leisure activity directly and indirectly affects to subjective well-being. increasing the frequency of participation activities make that subjective Well-being is increased, increasing the participation period makes that job stress is reduced, job stress reduction make that subjective well-being is increased, and increasing the social support makes that subjective well-being is increased.

  • PDF