• Title, Summary, Keyword: Subcutaneous

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The Review on the Subdivision of Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue (피하지방 및 피하지방의 분획과 관련된 임상적 의의에 관한 고찰)

  • Lee, Yoon-Jae;Hwang, Deok-Sang;Lee, Chang-Hoon;Lee, Kyung-Sub
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.15-25
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    • 2007
  • Objectives In clinical studies, the visceral fat obesity has been emphasized because of its correlation with the metabolic syndrome. But the subcutaneous adipose tissue also would correlate with the risk factor of metabolic syndrome. Especially deep tissue, which is a subdivision of the subcutaneous adipose tissue would be more related. This study is to investigate the relationship between subcutaneous adipose tissue and various diseases. Methods We searched for papers which had subcutaneous adipose tissue, deep subcutaneous adipose tissue and obesity for subjects in the Pubmed site. Results : 24 papers were found. Subcutaneous adipose tissue, deep subcutaneous adipose tissue especially, was related with the insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, sex hormones and other diseases. Conclusions Subcutaneous adipose tissue is a risk factor of insulin resistance but not lipoprotein. But deep subcutaneous adipose tissue was related with lipoprotein. So deep tissue, which is a subdivision of the subcutaneous adipose tissue is a more important risk factor of the metabolic syndrome.

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Glioblastoma Multiforme with Subcutaneous Metastases, Case Report and Literature Review

  • Guo, Liemei;Qiu, Yongming;Ge, Jianwei;Zhou, Dongxue
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.52 no.5
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    • pp.484-487
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    • 2012
  • Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor and the most malignant astrocytoma in adults, with rare extra-cranial metastases, especially for subcutaneous metastases. It could be easily misdiagnosed as primary subcutaneous tumor. In this report, we describe a patient with pontine GBM who developed a subcutaneous swelling at the ipsilateral posterior cervical region 8 months after operation, and the pathological and immunocytochemical examination carry the same characteristics as the primary intracranial GBM cells, which defined it as subcutaneous metastasis. GBM with subcutaneous metastasis is extremely rare, and knowledge of a prior intracranial GBM, pathological examinations and immunocytochemical tests with markers typically expressed by GBM are of vital importance for the diagnosis of GBM metastasis. Surgical resection of subcutaneous swelling, followed by chemotherapy and radiotherapy, could be the best strategy of treatment for the patients with GBM subcutaneous metastasis.

Effects of ADMIRE Algorithms on Fat Measurements Using Computed Tomography (CT) (CT를 이용한 지방측정에 ADMIRE 알고리즘이 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Chang Wook;Lee, Sang Heon;Im, In Chul;Lee, Hyo Yeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.465-472
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    • 2019
  • To investigate the effects of iterative reconstruction algorithms on fat measurements using computed tomography (CT), we comparatively and quantitatively analyzed the ratios of visceral, subcutaneous, and visceral-subcutaneous fat areas as well as the variations of HU and noise of visceral and subcutaneous fat using ADMIRE strength and attempted to identify any difference between them. Experimental results showed that no statistically significant difference existed among the visceral, subcutaneous, and visceral-subcutaneous fat area ratios HU of visceral fat area and HU of subcutaneous fat area when applying ADMIRE as compared with existing conventional filtered back projection algorithms. However, as the ADMIRE strength increases, the noise of visceral and subcutaneous fat decreases by up to 12.1% and 19.2%, respectively. In conclusion, iterative reconstruction algorithms have no effect on the visceral, subcutaneous, and visceral-subcutaneous fat area ratios, which are indicators of fat measurement using CT.

Body composition and measurement of subcutaneous fat thickness by ultrasonic method (초음파법에 의한 피하지방두께의 측정과 신체조성)

  • 성수광;장수정
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.47-58
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study was to obtain the basic data for a design for comfort wear. The subjects of this study were 197 women's university stu- dents. The characteristics of their body types and the thickness of subcuta- neous fat at eight body sites were measured. The thickness of subcutaneous fat was measured by both Ultrasonics and with a Skinfold Caliper. The cor- relation between their values and the thickness of subcutaneous fat were compared. The relationship between Rohrer Index and the subject's self- conception of their body was also compared. The results were as follows: 1. The measurement of thickness of subcutaneous fat at triceps and scapula was a little lower, in using Skinfold Caliper method, than Ultrasonics method because of the pressure of the caliper. 2. Correlation between percentage of fat in body and body characteristics was high in order of chest girth > weight > abdomen girth. 3. The thickness of subcutaneous 8 body these sites was high in order of thigh > triceps > scapula > abdomen > suprailiac > chest > calf > forearm. Percentage of body fat has a positive correlation with both average thickness of subcutaneous fat and thickness of subcutaneous fat at triceps. 4. Rohrer Index shows a positive correlation between average thickness of subcutaneous fat and percentage of body fat. 5. About half of subjects of this study thought that they were obese although the data proved otherwise.

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The Research about Distribution of Abdominal Fat in Obese Premenopausal Korean Women (폐경전 한국인 비만여성에서 복부 지방의 분획별 특성에 대한 임상연구)

  • Lee, A-Ra;Chung, Won-Suk;Song, Mi-Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.25-35
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    • 2008
  • Objectives This study was performed to find out the characters about distribution of abdominal fat(especially superficial and deep subcutaneous fat) in obese premenopausal Korean women. Methods 39 obese premenopausal women were recruited in 2008. Anthropometry and body impedance analysis have been done and abdominal fat distribution had been assessed by computed tomography scan at the level of L4-5. Blood test and questionnaires about depression, eating attitude and physical activity were underwent. Result Abdominal total fat area, subcutaneous fat area including superficial and deep were significantly correlated with anthropometry and BIA result while visceral fat was correlated only with age and waist circumference. In blood profile, only visceral fat area was correlated with HDL cholesterol and triglyceride. And there were no correlation among questionnaires and abdominal fat. There were no difference between superficial and deep subcutaneous fat. Conclusion Abdominal subcutaneous fat including superficial and deep did not have any correlation with heart risk factor. superficial and deep subcutaneous fat had no differences with each other and they did not show any correlation with visceral fat in obese perimenopausal Korean women.

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A Case of Subcutaneous Emphysema without Associated Injuries at Neck from Motorcycle Accident (오토바이 사고에 의한 손상으로 목 부위 피하 공기증 만 발생한 경우)

  • Kim, Jung-Ho;Lee, Sam-Beom;Do, Byung-Soo
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.217-222
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    • 2003
  • Subcutaneous emphysema defines collection of air in subcutaneous spaces of body. It is usually originated from air in upper airway and lower respiratory tract such as larynx, trachea, bronchus and lungs. Air in subcutaneous spaces derives from leakage of air due to tearing or ruptures of airway structures, and also accompanies pneumothorax or pneumomediastinum and/or rib or sternal fractures or other major airway injuries. We experienced a case of subcutaneous emphysema caused by laryngeal injury without any associated airway injuries at neck from motorcycle accident, so we would report a case with the review of literatures.

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Traumatic subcutaneous emphysema after liposuction

  • Kim, Keun Tae;Sun, Hook;Chung, Eui Han
    • Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.199-202
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    • 2019
  • Traumatic subcutaneous emphysema, which is the infiltration of air into subcutaneous tissues due to trauma, is caused by various factors such as chest and/or abdominal trauma, facial fractures, and barotrauma caused by mechanical ventilation. In this case report, a 32-year-old woman developed traumatic subcutaneous emphysema after undergoing abdominal liposuction at a local clinic. She was subsequently admitted to Busan Paik Hospital, and with early diagnosis and conservative treatment, she was discharged on the seventh day of hospitalization with no complications. However, because traumatic subcutaneous emphysema may accompany other injuries for various reasons, radiological examination and various tests should be performed to prevent serious complications and sequelae.

A Case of Spontaneous Cervical Subcutaneous Emphysema in A Child (소아 자발성 경부 피하기종 1예)

  • 김장묵;박진규;민용식;오천환
    • Korean Journal of Bronchoesophagology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.92-95
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    • 2002
  • Cervical subcutaneous emphysema usually occurs as a result of surgery or trauma. However, when it occurs spontaneously, the patient may Present with clinically impressive and dramatic features. Spontaneous subcutaneous cervical emphysema is very rare. A 20-month-old boy diagnosed bronchial asthma had been admitted and all symptoms has improved On 5th hospital admission day, sudden subcutaneous crepitation of cervical, chest and axillary area had developed, and roentgenograms of chest and neck revealed subcutaneous cervical emphysema. He was treated needle aspiration. and recovered rapidly.

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A Study on the Subcutaneous Fat Thickness and Clothing Weight (피하지방두께와 착의량에 관한 연구 -대학생을 중심으로-)

  • Jeong Woon Seon;Choi Jeong Wha
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 1984
  • The purpose of the study is to obtain the basic data of the proper clothing weight according to the subcutaneous fat thickness. This study was done in April and October, and the subjects were 295 male and female college students. Results were as follows: 1. In the case of female students in April, there was no correlation between the subcutaneous fat thickness and the total clothing weight. But there was low negative correlation between the subcutaneous fat thickness and the upper and under clothing weight. 2. In the case of female students in October, there was low negative correlation between the subcutaneous fat thickness and the total, upper, outer clothing weight. 3. In the case of male students in October, there was no correlation between the subcutaneous fat thickness ana the clothing weight.

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Clinical Evaluation of Subcutaneous Emphysema (피하기종 환자의 임상적 고찰)

  • 조은용
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.28 no.11
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    • pp.1019-1024
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    • 1995
  • Clinical analysis were performed on 68 cases of subcutaneous emphysema, those were visited at the emergency center of Chosun university hospital during the period form 1992 to 1994. The following result was obtained. 1 The incidence of subcutaneous emphysema was 0.16%, and male was dominant [M:F=6.9:1 .2 The age distribution of subcutaneous emphysema was from 4 to 77 years old and mean age was 49.6$\pm$17.8 years[$\pm$SD 3 The most presenting symptoms were chest pain[49% , and the proceeding cause was traffic accident[38% . 3 The most associated disease was a ipsilateral pneumothorax[59% . 4 Conservative management is an indication in the majority of cases of subcutaneous emphysema because it is usually a self-limited condition and spontaneous remission usually occurs. We conclude that initial effort must be made to detect the underlying cause of the subcutaneous emphysema in order that appropriate management may be undertaken.

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