• Title, Summary, Keyword: Structural response

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Stationary random response analysis of linear fuzzy truss

  • Ma, J.;Chen, J.J.;Gao, W.;Zhao, Y.Y.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.469-481
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    • 2006
  • A new method called fuzzy factor method for the stationary stochastic response analysis of fuzzy truss with global fuzzy structural parameters is presented in this paper. Considering the fuzziness of the structural physical parameters and geometric dimensions simultaneously, the fuzzy correlation function matrix of structural displacement response in time domain is derived by using the fuzzy factor method and the optimization method, the fuzzy mean square values of the structural displacement and stress response in the frequency domain are then developed with the fuzzy factor method. The influences of the fuzziness of structural parameters on the fuzziness of mean square values of the displacement and stress response are inspected via an example and some important conclusions are obtained. Finally, the example is simulated by Monte-Carlo method and the results of the two methods are close, which verified the feasibility of the method given in this paper.

A response surface method based on sub-region of interest for structural reliability analysis

  • Zhao, Weitao;Shi, Xueyan;Tang, Kai
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.57 no.4
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    • pp.587-602
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    • 2016
  • In structural reliability analysis, the response surface method is widely adopted because of its numerical efficiency. It should be understood that the response function must approximate the actual limit state function accurately in the main region influencing failure probability where it is evaluated. However, the size of main region influencing failure probability was not defined clearly in current response surface methods. In this study, the concept of sub-region of interest is constructed, and an improved response surface method is proposed based on the sub-region of interest. The sub-region of interest can clearly define the size of main region influencing failure probability, so that the accuracy of the evaluation of failure probability is increased. Some examples are introduced to demonstrate the efficiency and the accuracy of the proposed method for both numerical and implicit limit state functions.

Study of seismic performance and favorable structural system of suspension bridges

  • Zhang, Xin-Jun;Zhang, Chao
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.60 no.4
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    • pp.595-614
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    • 2016
  • By taking the Runyang Highway Bridge over the Yangtze River with 1490 m main span as example, structural response of the bridge under the horizontal and vertical seismic excitations is investigated by the response spectrum and time-history analysis of MIDAS/Civil software respectively, the seismic behavior and the influence of structural nonlinearity on the seismic response of the bridge are revealed. Considering the aspect of seismic performance, the suitability of employing the suspension bridge in super long-span bridges is investigated as compared to the cable-stayed bridge and cable-stayed-suspension hybrid bridge with the similar main span. Furthermore, the effects of structural parameters including the span arrangement, the cable sag to span ratio, the side to main span ratio, the girder height, the central buckle and the girder support system etc on the seismic performance of the bridge are investigated by the seismic response spectrum analysis, and the favorable earthquake-resistant structural system of suspension bridges is also discussed.

Improved Response Surface Method Using Modified Selection Technique of Sampling Points (개선된 평가점 선정기법을 이용한 응답면기법)

  • 김상효;나성원;황학주
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.248-255
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    • 1993
  • Recently, due to the increasing attention to the structural safety under uncertain environments, many researches on the structural reliability analysis have been peformed. Some useful methods are available to evaluate performance reliability of structures with explicit limit states. However, for large structures, in which structural behaviors can be analyzed with finite element models and the limit states are only expressed implicitly, Monte-Carlo simulation method has been mainly used. However, Monte-Carlo simulation method spends too much computational time on repetitive structural analysis. Many alternative methods are suggested to reduce the computational work required in Monte-Carlo simulation. Response surface method is widely used to improve the efficiency of structural reliability analysis. Response surface method is based on the concept of approximating simple polynomial function of basic random variables for the limit state which is not easily expressed in explicit forms of design random variables. The response surface method has simple algorithm. However, the accuracy of results highly depends on how properly the stochastic characteristics of the original limit state has been represented by approximated function, In this study, an improved response surface method is proposed in which the sampling points for creating response surface are modified to represent the failure surface more adequately and the combined use of a linear response surface function and Rackwitz-Fiessler method has been employed. The method is found to be more effective and efficient than previous response surface methods. In addition more consistent convergence is achieved, Accuracy of the proposed method has been investigated through example.

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A Method for Generating Floor Response Spectra for Seismic Design for Non-Structural Components (비구조요소의 내진 설계를 위한 층응답스펙트럼 생성 기법)

  • Chang, Sung-Jin;Park, Dong-Uk;Kim, Jae-Bong
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.154-162
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    • 2019
  • Large scale damage has been globally increased due to natural disasters such as earthquake. Although a variety of studies secured seismic performance of buildings, casualties and economic loss have occurred because of poor security of seismic performance in non-structural components. Structure's location on which non-structural components are installed and characteristics of vibration occurring on each position of structures are varied, so a response spectrum is required for each position of structures. In addition, a response spectrum occurring in a structure is different, depending on the form of it and positions on which it is installed. Therefore, selection of a response spectrum is important, so a definite method for calculating the response spectrum which acts on non-structural components is necessary. A method for choosing a response spectrum is suggested in this paper, and a structural analysis was conducted with the suggested method, by selecting a ground response spectrum and a structural system, which may occur in Korea. Moreover, it helps create a response spectrum necessary for a seismic test of non-structural components, by suggesting the method for deduction it, with a simple formula.

An accurate substructural synthesis approach to random responses

  • Ying, Z.G.;Zhu, W.Q.;Ye, S.Q.;Ni, Y.Q.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.47-75
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    • 2011
  • An accurate substructural synthesis method including random responses synthesis, frequency-response functions synthesis and mid-order modes synthesis is developed based on rigorous substructure description, dynamic condensation and coupling. An entire structure can firstly be divided into several substructures according to different functions, geometric and dynamic characteristics. Substructural displacements are expressed exactly by retained mid-order fixed-interfacial normal modes and residual constraint modes. Substructural interfacial degree-of-freedoms are eliminated by interfacial displacements compatibility and forces equilibrium between adjacent substructures. Then substructural mode vibration equations are coupled to form an exact-condensed synthesized structure equation, from which structural mid-order modes are calculated accurately. Furthermore, substructural frequency-response function equations are coupled to yield an exact-condensed synthesized structure vibration equation in frequency domain, from which the generalized structural frequency-response functions are obtained. Substructural frequency-response functions are calculated separately by using the generalized frequency-response functions, which can be assembled into an entire-structural frequency-response function matrix. Substructural power spectral density functions are expressed by the exact-synthesized substructural frequency-response functions, and substructural random responses such as correlation functions and mean-square responses can be calculated separately. The accuracy and capacity of the proposed substructure synthesis method is verified by numerical examples.

Analysis of a cable-stayed bridge with uncertainties in Young's modulus and load - A fuzzy finite element approach

  • Rama Rao, M.V.;Ramesh Reddy, R.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.263-276
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    • 2007
  • This paper presents a fuzzy finite element model for the analysis of structures in the presence of multiple uncertainties. A new methodology to evaluate the cumulative effect of multiple uncertainties on structural response is developed in the present work. This is done by modifying Muhanna's approach for handling single uncertainty. Uncertainty in load and material properties is defined by triangular membership functions with equal spread about the crisp value. Structural response is obtained in terms of fuzzy interval displacements and rotations. The results are further post-processed to obtain interval values of bending moment, shear force and axial forces. Membership functions are constructed to depict the uncertainty in structural response. Sensitivity analysis is performed to evaluate the relative sensitivity of displacements and forces to uncertainty in structural parameters. The present work demonstrates the effectiveness of fuzzy finite element model in establishing sharp bounds to the uncertain structural response in the presence of multiple uncertainties.

Structural damage and force identification under moving load

  • Zhu, Hongping;Mao, Ling;Weng, Shun;Xia, Yong
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.261-276
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    • 2015
  • Structural damage and moving load identification are the two aspects of structural system identification. However, they universally coexist in the damaged structures subject to unknown moving load. This paper proposed a dynamic response sensitivity-based model updating method to simultaneously identify the structural damage and moving force. The moving force which is equivalent as the nodal force of the structure can be expressed as a series of orthogonal polynomial. Based on the system Markov parameters by the state space method, the dynamic response and the dynamic response derivatives with respect to the force parameters and elemental variations are analytically derived. Afterwards, the damage and force parameters are obtained by minimizing the difference between measured and analytical response in the sensitivity-based updating procedure. A numerical example for a simply supported beam under the moving load is employed to verify the accuracy of the proposed method.

Dynamic characteristics and response analysis of accelerating underwater structures

  • Liu, Zhengxing;Williams, F.W.;Jemah, A.K.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.6 no.6
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    • pp.613-632
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    • 1998
  • A coupling system for a structure accelerating through a fluid is considered which is composed of the structure and the fluid in a finite surrounding volume. Based on the variational principle, the finite element equations of hydrodynamic pressure and structural elastic vibration are deduced. A numerical method is given for the dynamic character and response of the structure which takes the coupled fluid into account. The effect of axial inertial forces on the dynamic character and response of rapidly accelerating structures is also considered.

Hydro-structural issues in the design of ultra large container ships

  • Malenica, Sime;Derbanne, Quentin
    • International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.983-999
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    • 2014
  • The structural design of the ships includes two main issues which should be checked carefully, namely the extreme structural response (yielding & buckling) and the fatigue structural response. Even if the corresponding failure modes are fundamentally different, the overall methodologies for their evaluation have many common points. Both issues require application of two main steps: deterministic calculations of hydro-structure interactions for given operating conditions on one side and the statistical post-processing in order to take into account the lifetime operational profile, on the other side. In the case of ultra large ships such as the container ships and in addition to the classical quasi-static type of structural responses the hydroelastic structural response becomes important. This is due to several reasons among which the following are the most important: the increase of the flexibility due to their large dimensions (Lpp close to 400 m) which leads to the lower structural natural frequencies, very large operational speed (> 20 knots) and large bow flare (increased slamming loads). The correct modeling of the hydroelastic ship structural response, and its inclusion into the overall design procedure, is significantly more complex than the evaluation of the quasi static structural response. The present paper gives an overview of the different tools and methods which are used in nowadays practice.