• Title, Summary, Keyword: Stroke

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Acute Stroke in the Elderly Male - Clinical Features, Stroke Subtypes, and Sasang Constitutions -

  • Jung, Woo-Sang;Moon, Sang-Kwan;Cho, Ki-Ho;Kim, Young-Suk;Bae, Hyung-Sup;Yun, Sang-Pil
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.241-246
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This study investigated stroke types, ischemic stroke subtypes, risk factors for stroke, stroke complications and Sasang constitutions in two groups divided by age according to the weakness of shingi (shenqi): younger (40 to 63 years) and older (= 64 years). Methods : 165 male patients with acute stroke within 14 days onset were included, who were admitted to Kyunghee Oriental Medical Center from October 2005 to May 2007. Stroke types, ischemic stroke subtypes, risk factors for stroke, stroke complications and Sasang constitutions in two age groups were examined. Results : Mean ages were $53.01{\pm}6.16$ and $70.95{\pm}6.37$ years for the younger 77 patients and older 88 subjects, respectively. There were no significant differences in stroke type, ischemic stroke subtypes, stroke complications and Sasang constitutions. Current smoking was more frequent in the younger age group (P= 0.005). Conclusion : Age does not seem to influence stroke types, ischemic stroke subtypes, stroke risk factors (except current smoking), stroke complications or Sasang constitutions.

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Sex Differences in Acute Stroke Patients;Clinical Features, Stroke Subtypes, and Sasang Constitutions

  • Yun, Sang-Pil;Jung, Woo-Sang;Moon, Sang-Kwan;Cho, Ki-Ho;Kim, Young-Suk;Bae, Hyung-Sup
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This study investigated stroke types, ischemic stroke subtypes, risk factors for stroke, stroke complications and Sasang constitutions in both sexes. Methods : 307 patients with acute stroke within 14 days onset were included, who were admitted to Kyunghee Oriental Medical Center from October 2005 to May 2007. Stroke types, ischemic stroke subtypes, risk factors for stroke, stroke complications and Sasang constitutions in both sexes were examined. Results : Mean age was higher among women than men (64.82${\pm}$10.21 years versus 62.18${\pm}$11.52 years for the 137 female and 170 male patients, respectively, p=0.037). There were no significant differences in stroke type, ischemic stroke subtypes, or stroke risk factors except smoking and Sasang constitutions. Current smoking was more frequent in male patients (p<0.001). Stroke complications, especially urinary tract infection (UTI), were significantly more common in women (p=0.002). Conclusion : Sex does not seem to influence stroke types, ischemic stroke subtypes, or stroke risk factors except current smoking and Sasang constitutions. UTI should be taken into consideration to manage female stroke patients. Smoking cessation is indicated to prevent stroke in men.

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Seasonal Variation of Acute Stroke;Hospital Based Study

  • Yun, Sang-Pil;Jung, Woo-Sang;Moon, Sang-Kwan;Cho, Ki-Ho;Kim, Young-Suk;Bae, Hyung-Sup
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2008
  • Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the seasonal variation in stroke types, ischemic stroke subtypes, stroke risk factors and Sasang constitutions. Methods: 226 patients with acute stroke within 14 days onset were included, who were admitted to Kyunghee Oriental Medical Center from November 2005 to October 2006. The year was subdivided into four parts: spring (March-May); summer (June-August); fall (September-November); and winter (December-February). Stroke types, ischemic stroke subtypes, stroke risk factors and Sasang constitutions in the four groups were examined. Results: Ischemic stroke was most frequent in summer, whereas hemorrhagic stroke was most frequent in winter. There was no significant difference in seasonal variation of stroke. The frequency of ischemic heart disease among stroke risk factors was significantly high in spring (p=0.031). The frequency of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, atrial fibrillation, and hyperlipidemia did not differ among seasons. There was no significant difference in Sasang constitution among seasons. Frequency of small vessel occlusion was highest in summer. Large artery atherosclerosis was frequent in spring and summer,but seasonal variation of ischemic stroke subtypes did not show statistical difference. Conclusion: Acute stroke demonstrates seasonal characteristics according to stroke types, ischemic stroke subtypes, risk factors for stroke, and Sasang constitutions. These results have important clinical implications in stroke prevention.

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The Effects of Environment factors on a Type of Stroke (환경적인 요인이 뇌졸중의 유형에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Dong-Dae
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.17-25
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    • 2006
  • The main objective of treatment in stroke is the prevention of stroke. Therefore the purpose of this study were to investigate the effects of environment factors on a type of stroke. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Hemorrhagic stroke was more prevalent than ischemic stroke to male and person with personality of inactivity, against ischemic stroke was more prevalent than hemorrhagic stroke to female and person with personality of activity(p<0.05). 2. Hemorrhagic stroke was more prevalent than ischemic stroke to a laborer, against ischemic stroke was more prevalent than hemorrhagic stroke to an office worker (p<0.05). 3. Hemorrhagic stroke was more prevalent to person living in a house, against ischemic stroke was more prevalent to person living in a apartment. 4. The majority of the onset of stroke was occurred in the morning and winter. 5. Stroke was more prevalent to person living under much stress and do not play any sports.

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Probability of Stroke, Knowledge of Stroke, and Health-Promoting Lifestyle in Stroke Risk Groups (뇌졸중 발생위험군의 뇌졸중 발생위험도, 뇌졸중 지식과 건강증진행위)

  • Noh, Ji Hee;Shin, Yun Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.174-182
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate the probability of stroke, knowledge of stroke, and health-promoting lifestyle among stroke risk groups. Method: A descriptive correlational design was used. Data for 110 patients were analyzed. The probability of stroke was calculated using the Stroke Risk Profile from the Framingham Heart Study (2013), knowledge of stroke was measured using a questionnaire developed by Yoon et al. (2001), and health-promoting lifestyle was measured using the HPLP-II, developed by Walker et al. (1995). Results: The average probability of stroke was 11.74, knowledge of stroke, 67.88, and health-promoting lifestyle, 2.27. Probability of stroke showed significant differences according to gender. Knowledge differed according to patients' salaries. Health-promoting lifestyle showed significant differences according to gender. There were no significant correlations between probability of stroke and knowledge of stroke or probability of stroke and health-promoting lifestyle, but there was a significant correlation between knowledge of stroke and health-promoting lifestyle. Conclusion: Results indicate the necessity of active education to increase knowledge related to stroke which will contribute to an increase in health-promoting behaviors and make primary prevention a reality in the reduction of risk of stroke among stroke risk groups.

Sex Differences in Patients with First-ever Stroke (in terms of stroke types, risk factors, warning signs and stroke complications) (뇌졸중 초발 환자의 남녀별 차이점에 대한 연구 (뇌졸중 유형, 위험인자, 전조증상, 합병증의 관점에서))

  • Jung, Jae-Han;Sun, Jong-Joo;Hong, Jin-Woo;Park, Seong-Uk;Jung, Woo-Sang;Moon, Sang-Kwan;Park, Jung-Mi;Ko, Chang-Nam;Cho, Ki-Ho;Kim, Young-Suk;Bae, Hyung-Sup;Na, Byung-Jo
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.207-215
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : The objective of this study was to assess whether there were sex differences in stroke types, risk factors, warning signs, and stroke complications among patients with first-ever stroke. Methods : Six-hundred seventy six patients with first-ever stroke were recruited at the Department Cardiovascular and Neurologic Diseases (Stroke center) of KyungHee University Oriental Hospital, DongGuk University International Hospital, and Kyungwon University In-cheon Oriental Medical Hospital from September 2005 to June 2007. Patients were hospitalized within 28 days after the onset of stroke. We investigated their stroke types, ischemic stroke subtypes by TOAST classification, risk factors, warning signs, stroke complications, general characteristics such as age, sex, etc. Results : Overall, 347 patients were male and 279 female. Compared with males, female patients were significantly older (mean age 67.3${\pm}$1.1 versus 62.4${\pm}$1.6 years) (P=0.000). We did not find significant sex differences in stroke types or ischemic stroke subtypes by TOAST classification. History of hypertension was significantly more frequent in female than male patients (P=0.000). Among stroke complications, urinary tract infection was significantly more frequent in female than male patients (P=0.003). Among warning signs, blepharospasm was significantly more frequent in female than male patients (P=0.006). Conclusions : Knowledge of sex differences of stroke patients can help us gain better insights on the characteristics of stroke patients. We need further and larger scale research to acquire more concrete conclusions on this theme.

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A Study on Relationship between the Post-stroke Depression and Acceptance (뇌졸중 환자의 우울과 수용간의 관계)

  • Seo, Joo-Hee;Kim, Ja-Yeong;Sung, Woo-Yong;Lim, Ho-Jea;Kim, Jin-Won;Kim, Su-Yeon;Jang, Ha-Jeong
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.167-177
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    • 2006
  • Objective : We aimed to study the relationship between the post-stroke depression and acceptance of the stroke. Method : For this study, 80 stroke patients were surveyed by using questionnaires for CES-D, acceptance for stroke, and social support. Result & Conclusion : 1. Acceptance for stroke varied inversely as the post-stroke depression. 2. The acceptance for the stroke appeased the negative influence caused by the stress of the stroke, and the post-stroke depression was biggest predictable variant. And location of the stroke were the predictable variants of the post-stroke depression. 3. When the gender, location of the stroke, motor power, age, period of stroke, and social support were controlled, the group with depression and the one without depression had a significant difference in the acceptance of the stroke.

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Stroke and Sleep (뇌졸중과 수면)

  • Jeong, Seung-Cheol
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.5-8
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    • 2002
  • Stroke is a leading cause of death in most developed countries and some developing countries including South Korea. It is well known that stroke has is related in some way with several sleep disorders. At first, the onset time of stroke varies according to circadian rhythm. Early morning is the most prevalent time and late evening the least. The changes of blood pressure, catecholamine level, plasminogen activity and aggregation of platelet during sleep have been suggested as possible mechanisms. Sleep apnea (SA), a representative disorder in the field of sleep medicine, is found in more than 70% of acute stroke patients compared to 2-5% of the general population. Various sleep related breathing disorders occur after stroke and snoring is a distinct risk factor for stroke. So the relationship between stroke and SA is obvious, but the cause and effect are still not clearly known. Also, stroke may cause many sleep related problems such as insomnia, hypersomnia, parasomnia and changes in sleep architecture. Patients, family members and even medical personnel often ignore stroke-related sleep problems, being concerned only about the stroke itself. The clinical impacts of sleep problems in stroke patients may be significant not only in terms of quality of life but also as a risk factor or prognostic factor for stroke. More attention should be paid to the sleep problems of stroke patients.

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Circadian Variation of Acute Stroke;Hospital Based Study

  • Yun, Sang-Pil;Jung, Woo-Sang;Moon, Sang-Kwan;Cho, Ki-Ho;Kim, Young-Suk;Bae, Hyung-Sup
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.8-12
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This study aimed to investigate the circadian variation in stroke types, ischemic stroke subtypes, and Sasang constitutions. Methods : 295 patients with acute stroke within 14 days onset were included, who were admitted to Kyunghee Oriental Medical Center from October 2005 to May 2007. The stroke onset time was subdivided into four groups of 6-hour intervals in a day. Stroke types, ischemic stroke subtypes, and Sasang constitutions in four groups were examined. Results : Most ischemic stroke occurred between 6:01-12:00 hours (30.2%). For ischemic stroke subtypes, the peak period of small-vessel occlusion was between 6:01-12:00 hours (33.2%), large-artery atherosclerosis was most common between 12:01-18:00 hours (39.5%), and cardiac embolism was most frequent between 18:01-24:00 hours (50%). In terms of Sasang constitution, Soyeumin and Taeyeumin were most common between 6:01-12:00 hours (36.4% versus 41.5%, respectively), but the peak time of Soyangin was between 12:01-18:00 hours (35.2%). Conclusion :Most ischemic stroke events occurred in the mid-to-late morning hours in the present study and there was a circadian variation of onset in ischemic stroke subtypes and Sasang constitution.

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The Case-Control study on the Risk Factors of Stroke (뇌졸중의 위험요인에 대한 환자-대조군 연구)

  • Baek, In-Kyoung;Kim, Yoon-Sik
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.201-216
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this case-control study was to show the relationship between risk factor(Sex, Age, Martial Status, Educational Periods, Family history, Variables of Obesity, Smoking Status, Drinking Status, Past History, Blood Test) and the incidence of stroke. Methods: 788 stroke patients were enrolled as the case group and 450 non-stroke patients as control group from Sep.2006 to Dec.2010. Patients were hospitalized within 30 days after the onset of stroke. Risk factors and warning signs were obtained from personal interview by oriental medicine doctors who used CRF. Results: 1. Age was found to have significant relation with stroke(p<.0001). 2. Martial status(p<.0001, OR=0.44) and educational periods(p<.0001) were both significant risk factor for stroke. 3. As a result of reviewing the influence of family history, it was found to have no significant relation with stroke. Stroke was found to have significant relation with stroke(OR=1.50). 4. Female waist circumference(WC, p<.0001) and female waist-hip circumference ratio(WHR, p<.0001) were risk factors for stroke. On the other hand, male WC and male WHR showed no significant influence on stroke occurrence as an independent risk factor. 5. Both smoking status(p<.0001, current smoker OR=8.95) and drinking status(p<.0001, current drinker OR=2.50, former drinker OR=2.82) were significant risk factors for stroke. 6. As a result of reviewing the influence of past history, transient ischemic attack(p<.0001, OR=8.46), hypertension(p<.0001, OR=4.72), hyperlipidemia(0.0064), diabetes mellitus(p<.0001, OR=3.34), stroke(p<.0001, OR=50.26) were significant risk factors. On the other hand, ischemic heart disease(p=0.2332) was found to have no significant relation with stroke. 7. Increase of WBC, RBC, Platelet, TG, FBS and Cl- level were significant risk factor of stroke, On the other hand, decrease of Hgb, Hct, AST, HDL-chol, LDH, Na+ and K+ level were significant risk factor of stroke. T-chol and ALT level showed no significant influence on stroke occurrence.