• Title, Summary, Keyword: Stress coping strategy

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Relationship among Stress, Coping Strategies, and Self-esteem in Nursing Students Taking Clinical Experience (간호대학생들의 임상실습 스트레스, 대처방식 및 자아존중감과의 관계)

  • Lee, Jong-Eun;Kim, Soon-Lae
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.98-106
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    • 2005
  • The study to identify the relationship among stress associated with clinical experience, coping strategies and self-esteem in nursing students and to provide basic information which is useful for nursing students' learning experience in clinical setting were surveyed using self-reported questionnaires. The findings were summarized : 1. Senior students showed a higher level of stress than junior students. A higher stress level was observed in the unsatisfied group, compared with the neutral group. By class and clinical schedule, students who followed the 3-week class and 3-week clinical schedule showed a higher level of stress than those who followed the 8-week class and 8-week clinical schedule. 2. Senior students had a higher mean coping strategy score than junior students. And the satisfied group showed higher self-esteem, compared with the neutral and unsatisfied group. 3. There was a positive correlation between stress associated with clinical learning experience and coping strategies. But a negative correlation was seen between stress and self-esteem in nursing students. 4. Nursing students used more coping mechanisms as their stress levels increased but showed low self-esteem. The results suggest the need for developing more effective teaching methods and strategies that could improve students' ability to solve problems and sustain their self-esteem even under a stressful circumstance.

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The Study of Life Event Stress, Coping Strategy, and Type A Behavior Pattern of Alopecia Areata Patients - Comparison with Fungal Infection Patients - (원형탈모증 환자의 생활 사건 스트레스, 대처방식, A형 행동 패턴에 관한 연구)

  • Hyun, Sang-Bae;Song, Su-Kil;Lee, Dong-Soo;Lee, Eil-Soo;Park, Kyung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.165-171
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    • 2000
  • Objectives : Alopecia areata has been known to be closely related to stress. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between stress and alopecia areata investigating how life events(which alopecia areata patients experience), amount of stress, coping strategy, and their personality type affect the oneset and aggravation of the disease. Methods : The subjects were 43 alopecia areata patients who visited the department of dermatology outpatients clinic, and 36 fungal infection diseases patients as the control group. They all completed Scale of Life Events, Coping Style Cheklist, Eysenck A-type Personality Inventory. The analysis of covariance with the age as covariate was carried out. Results : Compared to the control group, alopecia areata patients had significantly more stressful life events, and higher amount of stress, but there was no significant difference in coping strategy. Type A Personality is also resulted to have no significant relationship to alopecia areata. Conclusions : Alopecia areata patients had significantly higher amount of stress than the control group, and this result is consistent with the previous studies which suggest that stress contributes to the oneset of alopecia areata. The causual relationship between stress and alopecia areata should be further examined in order to be applied in clinical setting.

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Effects of the Enneagram Group Counseling Program on Interpersonal Relationship, Self-esteem and Stress Coping Strategy in Nursing Students (에니어그램 집단상담 프로그램이 간호대학생의 대인관계, 자아존중감 및 스트레스 대처에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Soo-jin;Jeong, In-Ju;Kim, Boyoung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.10
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    • pp.347-355
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    • 2019
  • This study was to examine effects of enneagram group counseling program for the improving interpersonal relationship, self esteem and stress coping strategy in nursing students. The subjects were 69 (Experimental. 31, Control. 38) nursing students in G city and J city who were support to enneagram group counseling program. The program consisted of 8 sessions and conducted from November 23 to December 15, 2016. The study variables were 'interpersonal relationship', 'self esteem' and 'stress coping strategy' surveyed by self-reported questionnaires. The score of interpersonal relationship (t=3.41, p=.001) and self esteem (t=2.60, p=.012) of experimental group showed significantly higher than those of control group after enneagram group counseling program. However, there were no statistical differences in stress coping (t=.10, p=.925) between the two groups. This shows that enneagram group counseling program for nursing students was effective in increasing on the change of interpersonal relationship and self esteem.

Active Coping Strategy Model for Chronic Arthritis : Appling Internal Model of World and Coping Resource (내적모형과 대응자원을 이용한 만성관절염 환자의 적극적 대응전략모형)

  • Mun, Mi-Sook;Lim, Nan-Young
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.100-135
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    • 1999
  • Typical symptoms of rheumatic disease affect overall daily living and cause severe stress. Individuals afflicted with rheumatic disease have many illness-related stresses. Pain was the predominantly perceived stress followed by limitation in mobility, difficulties in carrying out activities of daily living. helplessness, dependency on others, threat to self-esteem, interference in social activity, interference in family relationships. difficulties performing at work, and discomfort of the treatment. Patients with chronic arthritis are subjected to long periods of continuous stress, which may require the management by the health care provider. In these cases, the purpose of the nursing is helping to promote health through supporting patient's coping. Therefore, for the nursing intervention to be effective, it is critical to build a theoretical framework that describes stress-coping for chronic arthritis. Thus, the purpose of this dissertation is to present a theoretical framework which describes the stress-coping processes and to empirically test pathos of this framework for the people with chronic arthritis. The foundation upon which this framework is built in the Erickson, Tomlin, and Swain(1983) theory of Modeling and role-Modeling. The subjects were 275 patients with rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis who visited the outpatient clinic. A hypothetical model of stress-coping was tested by covariance structure analysis with PC-LISREL 8.12 program. As a result, the overall fit was good(Chi-square=94.49, P=0.00, RMR=0.067, GFI=0.95, AGFI=0.91, NNFI=0.93, NFI=0.91) for the hypothetical model. The results of hypothesis testing were as follows : Basic need satisfaction had a statistically significant influence on illness-related experience, emotional stress and coping resources. Internal health locus of control had a statistically significant influence on coping resources. However, independent variables(basic need satisfaction, internal health locus of control, illness-related experience, emotional stress and coping resource) did not have significantly influence on coping. And then, the hypothetical model was modified by considering both the theoretical implication and statistical significance of the parameter estimates. The revised model had a better fit to the data(Chi-square=83.11(P=0.00), RMR=0.061, GFI=0.96, AGFI=0.92, NNFI=0.95, NFI=0.92). Hypothesis emerged from the revised model was tested. The results of hypothesis testing were as follows : Basic need satisfaction had a statistically significant influence on illness-related experience, emotional stress and coping resources. Internal health locus of control had a statistically significant influence on illness-related experience and coping resources. Internal health locus of control, illness-related experience, emotional stress and coping resources had a significantly influence on coping. According to the results of this dissertation, basic need satisfaction and internal health locus of control play a central role in appraisal of illness-related experience and coping resources. And illness related-experience, emotional stress, and coping resources affect on coping activities. In summary, nursing interventions to enhance basic need satisfaction and internal health locus of control will decrease illness related experience and emotional stress and increase coping resources. Increased coping resources will prompt coping activities.

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Financial Events Coping Strategies and Family Financial Satisfaction of Urban Households (도시가정의 재정적 사건, 대천전략 및 경제생활만족도)

  • 임정빈
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.175-190
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships of resource financial events coping strategies and family financial satisfaction. The data were collected from 499 housewives in Seoul. The major findings: 1. The financial events were categorized into 6 factors. The factors were named as related to 'Family' 'Health' 'Money' 'Car & durables' 'Job', 'Housing'. Among these events respondents who had exprienced housing-related event reported the highest level of financial stress. 2. The coping strategies were categorized into 4 factors: 'Delaying payment' 'Borrowing' 'Economical purchasing' 'Using Worth' The most frequently used 'Economic purchasing' strategy. 3. Various coping strategies were differently used depending on financial events. For example the housewives used 'Economical purchasing' strategy to cope with family-related events and used 'Borrowing' strategy to housing-related events. Housewives who had less income and less net-worth used ' Economic purchasi g' strategy. 4. Job-related events were negatively effect to family financial satisfaction but car & durables-related event were positively effect to family financial satisfaction. Housewive who the more income and the less age had the high satisfaction. 'Delaying payment' and 'Economical purchasing' strategies were negatively related to family financial satisfaction.

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Stress Perception, Stress Response and Coping Strategy of Patients with Chronic Prostatitis (만성전립선염 환자들의 스트레스 지각, 스트레스 반응 및 대처방식)

  • Kim, Sun-Kyung;Lee, Jin;Jeong, Seong-Yun;Kim, Hack-Ryul;Park, Sang-Hag;Lee, Moon-In;Kim, Sang-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.8-14
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the various aspects of stress in patients with chronic prostatitis. Methods : Thirty two chronic prostatitis patients meeting the criteria of NIH-category III were compared with sixty four controls. Data pertaining to the source of, response to, and coping with stress, as well as chronic prostatitis symptom index were collected using a self-report questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of a Global Assessment of Recent Stress(GARS), Stress Response Inventory(SRI), Ways of Coping Checklist(WCC), in addition to the NIH-CPSI. Results : From the results of GARS subscales, the scores of changes in relationship, sickness or injury and financial were significantly higher in patients with chronic prostatitis than normal controls. Chronic prostatitis patients had greater amplification of somatization, depression and anger in SRI and significantly lower score in ways of coping checklist compared with controls. In the NIH-CPSI of chronic prostatitis patients, the degree of symptom played a role in depression as stress response item and significant negative correlationship between the symptom point and problem focused, seeking social support coping strategy was observed. Conclusion : These results show that patients with chronic prostatitis have greater stress, higher stress response and insufficient coping strategy. Therefore, these efforts should be considered that enhancing healthier coping strategy and evaluation and management of stress experienced by chronic protatitis patients

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A Comparison on Stress and Coping of Bereavement Care between Nurses in the Cancer Unit and Nurses in the General Unit (암병동 간호사와 일반병동 간호사의 임종간호에 대한 스트레스와 대처방법 비교 연구)

  • Lee, Hyang-Yeon;Lee, Youn-Ok;Choi, Eun-Young;Park, Young-Mi
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.26-35
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to set the strategy that clinical nurses can efficiently cope with the stress from bereavement care, by examining and analyzing stress factors and coping methods of nurses' bereavement care. Methods: A total of 628 nurses were recruited from four university hospitals, two cancer specialized hospitals, and three public hospitals. Stress was measured using the bereavement care stress measurement tool, and coping was done using the cope with stress scale. Results: The stress level about bereavement care of the nurses working in the cancer unit was significantly higher than the level of the nurses working in the general unit. However, there was no difference of coping level between nurses working in cancer unit and general unit. Conclusions: It is important to ensure the methods that contrive to perform bereavement care efficiently by generating hospice nurses and by activating the system for nurses specialist who perform bereavement care.

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Relationships Among Stress Coping Strategies, Emotion Regulation Ability, and Behavior Problems in Children from Low-income and Middle-income Families (아동의 스트레스 대처전략과 정서조절 능력 및 행동문제: 저소득층 아동과 일반아동 비교)

  • Kim, Byeng-Og;Lee, Jin-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1051-1063
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    • 2008
  • This study was to investigate the relationships between stress coping strategies, emotion regulation ability and behavior problems with children from low-income families and middle-income families. Subjects were 171 children from low-income families and 228 children from middle-income families, 4th - 6th grade in elementary school. The major findings are followings: (1) The level of emotion regulation ability in children from low-income families was lower and active stress coping strategies were less than children from middle-income families. In the behavior problem, children from low-income families were higher than children from middle-income families. (2) The stress coping strategies(active/ social support) in children from low-income families were related with internal behavior problem(anxiety /withdrawal). And the emotion regulation ability was related to the children's behavior problem. (3) Regression analysis model showed that emotion-regulation ability was the most influential factor to the children's behavior problem, and children from low-income families with aggressive coping strategy showed hyperactive behavior problem. So, the education/therapy programs for children from low-income families have to be developed and practiced in schools, local children centers and so on.

The Effects of Security Agents' Job Stresses on Coping Strategy: Focussing on Moderating Effects of Five Personality Factors (시큐리티 요원의 직무스트레스가 대처행동에 미치는 영향 -성격5요인의 조절효과-)

  • Kim, Eui-Young;Lee, Jong-Hwan;Cho, Sung-Jin
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.69-80
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of job stress factors on Coping Strategy' turnover intention, and to analyze the moderating effects of five personality factors between each job stress factor and turnover intention. To achieve this purpose, this study surveyed users of the Seoul and Gyeonggi in based on cluster sampling method. A total of 262 samples were used for this study, except 18 erroneous samples dropped. For the data process of the questionnaire, each answer content was coded and an element analysis, credibility analysis, frequency analysis, co-relationship analysis and regression analysis were performed using the SPSS version 18.0 of Angel for Windows. Through the data analysis following the research methods above, the conclusion was acquired as follows: First, thejob stress of the security personnel affect coping behavior. Second, in the effects of Security Agents Job Stress on Coping Strategy, Five Personality Factors showed moderating effects.

Relationship among Dysfunctional Attitudes, Stress Coping Strategies and Depressive Symptoms in Psychiatric Patients (정신질환자들의 역기능적 태도, 스트레스 대처 방식 및 우울증상 간의 관계)

  • Park, Chan-Moo;Seo, Kyung-Ran;Rhee, Min-Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.31-42
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    • 1997
  • This study was aimed to investigate dysfunctional attitudes, stress coping strategies and depressive symptoms in psychiatric patients. The subjects of this study consisted of 210 patients(138 schizophrenic patients, 29 depression patients, 43 alcohol dependence patients) according to DSM-IV criteria. Futhermore, the instruments were K-BDI(Beck Depression Inventory-Korean version), DAS(Dysfunctional Attitude Scale) and multidimensional coping strategy scale. The results were the following. 1) There were statistically significant correlations between depressive symptoms and dysfunctional attitudes in psychiatric patients. 2) In terms of coping strategies, there were positive correlations between depressive symptoms and focus on and venting emotions, accommodation, active forgetting, self-criticism, positive comparison, fatalism, passive withdrawal. Whereas, there was significant negative correlation between depressive symptom and active coping. 3) In terms of coping strategies, there were significant correlations between dysfunctional attitudes and focus on and venting emotions, active forgetting, self-criticism, positive comparison, fatalism, passive withdrawal. 4) Depression groups reported significantly higher BDI scores than schizophrenia groups. 5) In depression groups, DAS scores were significantly higher than those in schizophrenia groups. 6) In terms of coping strategies according to diagnosis, there were significant differences in venting emotions, active forgetting and self-criticism. As for venting emotions, alcoholic groups were scored significantly higher than schizophrenic groups. As for active forgetting, depression groups were scored significantly higher than schizophrenic groups. In self-criticism, depression groups and alcohol dependence groups reported significantly higher scores than schizophrenic groups.

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