• Title, Summary, Keyword: Stress coping strategy

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Suggesting Coping Strategies for the Various Stresses from Body Weight in Korean Males -A Qualitative Approach-

  • Son, Hyungjin;Kim, Sunwoo;Lee, Yuri
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.884-896
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    • 2018
  • This study investigates coping strategies of overweight or underweight males in Korea. For this purpose, the authors identify types of stress related to weight management. A qualitative method was utilized to collect the data related to successful weight management experiences of males aged 20-37 years. Data were analyzed based on a motivation theory of coping, which suggests coping strategy elements. The results of this study identified the stress related to weight: dissatisfaction with appearance, others' disapproval of appearance, health problems, weaker athletic ability, negative self-perception, passiveness about appearance, lower romantic attractiveness, others' disapproval of lower romantic attractiveness, weakened task execution capability, and negative stereo-types about task execution capability. In addition, six coping strategies were suggested: improved appearance, improved physical function, improved positive self-perception, more choices to improve appearance, enhanced romantic relationship, and enhanced job performance. This study shows that weight problems in modern society are diverse and complex. Therefore a man who has abnormal weight needs to clarify his stress first and then proposes strategies that are appropriate for each type of stress.

Ego-resilience and Stress Coping Styles of Male and Female Adolescents (남녀청소년의 자아탄력성과 스트레스 대처방식)

  • Park, Yeon-Seong;Hyun, Eun-Min
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.221-234
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    • 2009
  • This study focused on the relationship between ego- resilience and stress coping styles of male and female adolescents. The study also tried to identify differences in stress coping styles based on sexual differences and the level of ego- resilience in adolescents. Ego-resilience showed a positive correlation to problem-focused and social support seeking coping styles and a negative correlation to emotion-focused coping style for both male and female adolescents. Canonical Correlation analysis revealed that self-confidence among four sub-domains of ego-resilience made the most outstanding contributions in predicting stress coping styles of female adolescents. The self-confident female adolescents tended to use the problem-focused coping style. For male adolescents, the optimistic attitude among four sub-domains of ego-resilience was the most significant factor in predicting emotion-focused coping style. Female adolescents tended to use more varied coping strategies than male adolescents in stressful situations. The group of adolescents who had a higher level of ego-resilience reported more problem-focused and social support- seeking coping styles in stressful situations. Conversely the group of adolescents with lower level of ego-resilience tended to use emotion-focused coping strategy. The results of this study have important implications for theory, research, and practice. Development of ego-resilience in adolescents based on sexual differences was an important task for their effective coping strategies.

The Influence of Teacher Efficacy and Stress Coping Strategies on Job Satisfaction of Teachers in Early Childhood Education and Care (영유아교사의 교사효능감과 스트레스 대처방식이 직무만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Chae, Jin-Young
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.223-241
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of teacher efficacy and stress coping strategies on job satisfaction of teachers in early childhood education and care. 189 teachers were recruited from 8 day care centers and 10 kindergartens in Seoul, Kyunggi, Kyungbuk, and Chonbuk provinces in Korea. Data were analyzed through frequencies, Pearson's correlations, and the stepwise regression analyses using PASW 18.0. The findings are as follows. First, the result showed that teachers in ECEC were most likely to be satisfied with their job characteristics most among the 4 subcategories in job satisfaction. They also perceived their the ability of discipline high for teacher efficacy, and used the direct coping strategy most as a stress coping strategy. Second, the teachers' ability to create a positive learning atmosphere affected job characteristics, the ability to participate in decision-making affected the relationship with director and colleagues, working environment, welfare and salary the most. Third, the direct coping strategy had the most impacts on all subcategories of job satisfaction. The results of this study may provide basic data for finding effective way to increase job satisfaction of teachers in ECEC.

A Study on stress coping strategies and psychological outcomes of dual-career wives (전문직 취업주부의 스트레스와 대처방안 심리적결과에 관한 연구)

  • 전영자
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.339-356
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships among role conflict coping strategy and psychological distress of dual-career wives. In order to achieve the study purpose the theoretical model of this study was built on the basis of relevant theories and previous studies, Especially it was influenced by the ABCX model of family stress proposed by Hill, Data were collected from 229 dual-career wives such as professors doctors lawyers teachers pharmacists and nurses. The results were as follows: 1. Role conflict was negatively correlated to self-esteem and positively correlated to psychological distress. 2) in terms of a main effect coping strategy was positively correlated to self-esteem and negatively correlated to psychological distress. 3) In terms of interaction effect coping strategy did not show any significant effect against the negative impacts of role conflict on self-esteem and it on the whole did not whole a significant effect against the positive impacts of role conflict of psychological distress.

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Theoretical Review in the Childhood Stress (학령기 아동의 스트레스에 대한 이론적 고찰)

  • 우희정
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.43-51
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    • 1996
  • This article introduces the concept of stress and the stage of the stress response of children (stage of alarm, appraisal, searching for a coping strategy and implementing coping responses). Since not many studies have been done in this area, in this paper also suggest some directions for further research.

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Family Stress, Coping Strategy, and Job Satisfaction in Dual-earner Couples - Comparison of Husband and Wife in Dual-earner Couples - (맞벌이 부부의 가족스트레스, 대처전략 및 직업만족도 - 맞벌이부부 남편과 아내의 비교 -)

  • Choi, Jeong-Hye
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.43 no.10
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    • pp.55-68
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    • 2005
  • This research focused on the family stress, coping strategy, and job satisfaction in dual-earner couples. The subjects of this study were 150 dual-earner couples,300 people, in the Kyeongnam Area, Korea. The major findings from the study are as follows; 1) The degree of family stress of the husband and wife in dual-earner couples was 2.74 and 2.98, respectively, on a scale of 0-5.0. The most stressful event arose from their role as parents caring for their children. The significant variables were religion and the type of expended family in dual-earner couples' husband, and the age of the first child, job, economic level, conjugal period, and marital satisfaction in dual-earner couples' wife. 2) The coping strategy of family stress of the husband and wife in dual-earner couples was 3.41 and 3.45, respectively, on a scale of 0-5.0. Among the strategies, the 'cognitive restructuring' scored highest. The significant variables were religion, the degree of educational level, job, marital satisfaction, and self-esteem in dual-eamer couples' husband, and economic level, the type of expended family, marital satisfaction, and selfesteem in dual-earner couples' wife. 3) The degree of job satisfaction of the husband and wife in dual-earner couples was 3.72 and 3.89, respectively, on a scale of 0-5.0. The most effective variables of job satisfaction of the husband and wife in dual-earner couples was self-esteem and cognitive restructuring strategy, respectively.

A Study on the Family Stress and Coping Strategy, Family Strengths among Commuting Couples (주말부부의 가족스트레스, 대처전략 및 가족건강성 연구)

  • 최정혜
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.69-83
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the family stresses and its managing strategy to cope with the stresses, and family strengths among commuting couples. The participants of this study consisted of a national samples of 134 couples (268 individuals), whose has been commuting for at least six months The major findings obtained from the study are summarized in the following: 1) The degree of family stresses among commuting couples was 2.98, when the maximal stress value was set to 5.0. The most stressful aspect for the commuting couples came from the role of parents who care for their children. 2) The degree of coping strategy among commuting couples was 3.37, when the maximal coping strategy value was set to 5.0. Among the strategies, the 'cognitive restructuring' shows the first. 3) The degree of family strengths among commuting couples was 3.76, when the maximal strengths value was set to 5.0. Also factors affecting the family strengths among commuting couples are dependent on their educational degree, religion, kind of jobs, commuting and conjugal periods, moving person, meeting frequencies, self-esteem and marital satisfaction. 4) The most effective variable of family strengths among commuting couples was marital satisfaction.

The Influential Factors on Compassion Fatigue in Hospital Nurses (병원간호사의 공감피로 영향요인)

  • Lee, Hyeon Jeong;Min, Hye Sook
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.236-245
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify influential factors on compassion fatigue in hospital nurses. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design was conducted with a survey of 358 general hospital nurses in Busan Gyeongnam area. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression were performed using SPSS/WIN 18.0 for Windows. Results: The mean score was 28.53 in compassion fatigue. As a result of multiple regression analysis, empathic ability, stress coping strategy, current workplace, and academic background were statistically significant predictors explained 26.0% of the variance of compassion fatigue. Conclusion: It was suggested to consider emphatic ability, stress coping strategy, workplace, and academic background when developing a program available for preventing and easing nurses' compassion fatigue.

Stress and Stress Management in Clinical Nurses Working from University Hospitals in Daejeon City (대전지역 대학병원 간호사들의 스트레스 및 스트레스 대처에 관련된 요인)

  • 윤현숙;조영채
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.25-43
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    • 2004
  • This study is aimed at determining stress and the degree of stress coping among nurse as well as such general characteristics as daily life styles, duty, and socio-demographic characteristics of that group. 525 nurses, from four university hospitals in Daejeon city underwent a self-administered questionnaire during the 3-week period from July. 21 to August. 9, 2003. The questions focused on general characteristics including: socio-demographic and duty characteristics, daily life styles, and stress and methods of coping with stress. Based on the distribution of degree of stresses, 66.1% of the study subjects were at the potential risk of stress, with the high risk group constituting 30.3% and the normal group 3.6%. The stress and the degree of stress coping were shown to be affected by socio-demographic and job-related characteristics as well as daily life styles. The group at higher risk of stress was shown to have a lower degree of coping with stress, implying that a lower degree of coping with stress would in turn heighten the occurrence of stress. Therefore, it is required to develop an effective strategy that includes stress-reduction programs available in the field and prompting further build-up of comprehensive stress-management programs.

The Relationships of Role-Conflict and Role-Overload, Coping Strategies, and Stress Response of Clerical Workers (사무직 근로자의 역할 관련 스트레스 요인과 대처전략, 스트레스 반응간의 관계)

  • Kim, Jeong Hee;Kim, Souk Young
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.56-67
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    • 1999
  • This study was designed to identify the relationships of role-conflict and role-overload, coping strategies, and stress response of clerical workers. The subjects were 115 clerical workers from two company. The instruments were the role-conflict and role-overload scale developed by Lee(1989), coping scale developed by Latack(1986), and the stress response scale developed by Chang(1993). Analysis of data was done by descriptive statistics, Cronbach's $\alpha$, Pearson correlation coefficietnt, ANOVA. The results of this study were summarized as follows ; 1. The average score for the level of stress response was $83.6({\pm}9.1)$. The high risk stress group was 86.1% of the clerical workers, the latent stress group members was 13.9%, and healthy group was 0%. The overall stress level was very high. 2. Considering the coping strategies by sociodemographic factors, the use of control coping strategies showed significant differences by work-time. The use of symptom management coping strategies showed significant differences by sex, age, married status, year of career, pay, and type of work. The organizational coping strategies showed significant differences by year of education and type of work. 3. The clerical workers who had worked below 44 hours per week complained significantly lower stress response(F=4.942, p<.05). 4. Above 65% of all respondents answered that they needed all of organizational level coping strategies. 5. The role-confilct positively related to escape and organizational level coping strategies(r=.562, r=.495, p<.05). The role-overload didn't related to individual level coping strategies, but positively related to organizational level coping strategies(r=.320, p<.05). 6. The control coping strategies and the escape coping strategies positively related to symptom management, organizational level coping strategies(r=.409, r=.324, r=.316, r=.339, p<.05). 7. The relationship between role-related stress and stress response revealed positive correlation(r=.482, r=.431, p<.05), and the relationship between stress response and control, symptom management coping strategies revealed negative cor-relation(r=-.3204, r=-.3146, p<.05). In conclusion, this study revealed that relationship of role related stress, coping strategies, stress response was statistically significant. The result of this study support that coping strategies vary across situation of stress. Based on survey results, future studies should consider coping strategies in specific stress situation and concept of symptom management coping strategy. Also organizational or training interventions could be developed and initiate to help to increase the use of adaptive coping strategies in light of individual and situational differences.

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