• Title, Summary, Keyword: Stress coping strategy

Search Result 115, Processing Time 0.049 seconds

A study on the Structural Equation Modeling of Interpersonal problem, Stress coping strategy, Mental health of University students at risk of Smartphone addiction (스마트폰중독 위험군 대학생의 대인관계문제, 스트레스 대처방식, 정신건강의 구조모형분석)

  • Lee, Yu-ri;Park, Jeong-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.293-299
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study aimed to analyze the relationship between interpersonal problem, stress coping strategies and mental health for university students at risk of smartphone addiction using a structural equation modeling. Key results of the analysis were as follows. The interpersonal problem increased the severity of mental health. Stress coping strategies had partial mediating effects in the relationship between interpersonal problem and mental health. Passive coping strategy was risk factor and Active coping strategy was protective factor. Based on these results, various interventions for improving mental health for university students at risk of smartphone addiction were suggested.

A Study of Preschooler's Stress Coping Strategies Depending on Task and Temperament (과제 및 기질에 따른 유아의 스트레스 대처 전략)

  • Kim Jimin;Yoo An Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.43 no.1
    • /
    • pp.177-189
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study investigated 3- and 5-year-old preschoolers' stress coping strategies depending on tasks, and whether preschoolers' stress coping strategies in each task depended on their temperament types. Subjects were 96 3- and 5-year-old preschoolers selected from three day-care centers in Seoul, Kounggi. A Parent Temperament Questionnaire for preschooler was used, and the coping strategies which each preschooler showed in task with perceived controllable, task with perceived uncontrollable were recorded by a video camera. Preschoolers' stress coping strategies recorded by a video camera were transcribed and analyzed according to the categories the researcher generated. Data were analyzed by paired t-tests and t-tests. As a results, there was a significant differences in preschoolers' stress coping strategies depending on the tasks and a significant temperament type difference in the preschoolers' stress coping strategies in each task.

Primary Caregivers' Self-Efficacy and Stress Coping Strategy According to Home Care Nurses' Communication Styles (가정전문간호사의 의사소통 유형에 따른 주돌봄자의 자기효능감과 스트레스 대처방식)

  • Kim, Myo Sun;Jun, Eun-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
    • /
    • v.26 no.2
    • /
    • pp.219-229
    • /
    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the difference between primary caregivers' self-efficacy and coping strategy according to the communication styles of home care nurses. Methods: Data were collected from 123 primary caregivers of patients who were registered at a home care nursing center in D city and who had been receiving home care for more than 3 months from January 1 to February 27, 2018. The questionnaire included items on communication style, self-efficacy, and stress coping strategy. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, and ANOVA. Results: Regarding primary caregivers' self-efficacy in terms of communication style, the caregivers showed higher efficacy in providing informative and friendly communication (F=14.07, p=.001). Regarding home care nurses' communication style and the stress coping strategy of the primary caregivers, the informative-friendly communication style was adopted the most for the problem-solving coping strategy (F=7.17, p=.001). Regarding the social support-seeking coping, home care nurses' friendly communication style was the most adopted (F=4.40, p=.014). Conclusion: This study suggests that home care nurses will plan to provide informative and friendly communication-oriented nursing care, and to improve self-efficacy and positively influence the coping method by using the communication styles appropriate to the state of the primary caregiver.

Job Stress and Stress Coping Strategy among Workers in A Regional Statistics Office : A Preliminary Study (일 통계청 근무자의 직무스트레스와 스트레스 대처 방식에 대한 예비 연구)

  • Lee, Hyun-Soo;Yoon, Bo-Hyun;Oh, Eun-Joo;Sea, Young-Hwa;Kim, Kyung-Min;Jung, Haran;Kim, Moon-Doo;Baek, Man-Ki;Son, Eun-Rak;Jung, Ja-Young
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
    • /
    • v.23 no.2
    • /
    • pp.93-99
    • /
    • 2015
  • Objectives : The purpose of this preliminary study was to investigate job stress and stress coping strategy among workers in a regional statistics office. Methods : A total of 133 workers in regional statistics office participated in this study and they were divided into two groups, survey group(n=109) and support group(n=24) depending on relation to statistical survey task. They were asked to respond to Short Form of Korean Occupational Stress Scale(KOSS-SF) and Stress Coping Strategy(SCS) to investigate sociodemographic characteristics, job stress, and stress coping strategy. Results : The proportion of the 133 participants in the sample was 59(44.4%) of men, 74(55.6%) of women. There were no significant differences in KOSS-SF scores in relation to age, sex, education, and marital status, while the KOSS-SF scores were significantly different between the two groups. In regard to the subscales of KOSS-SF, the two groups had significant differences in insufficient job control, interpersonal conflict, job insecurity, and organization system. In addition, the total score of KOSS-SF had a negative correlation with problem-focused coping strategy and social support coping strategy of SCS. Conclusions : Our results suggest that workers of survey group had more job stress compared to those who works in support group in regional statistical office. In addition, in comparison with workers of support group, both men and women of survey group get stressed when they were confronted with interpersonal conflicts. Our results suggest that using problem-focused coping and social support coping strategy lowers job stress.

Coping Strategies Utilized in the Caregiving Situation and Predictors of Health Responses among Informal Caregivers of Older Adults (노인대상자를 돌보는 비전문 간호제공자의 대응기전과 건강반응 예측요인)

  • Lee, Hae-Jung;Song, Rha-Yun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.30 no.4
    • /
    • pp.893-904
    • /
    • 2000
  • The sample of this study consisted of 140 informal caregivers who provided care to the older adults(over 60 years of age) in Great Cleveland, USA. Self-rated questionnaires were utilized to collect information. The purpose of the study was to identify coping strategies most frequently utilized by informal caregivers of older adults and to examine predictors of the caregivers' health responses to the caregiving situation applying Lazarus and Folkman stress model(1984). Stepwise multiple regression was used to identify significant predictors among caregivers' demographic-socio-economic factors, older adult's dependency of activities of daily living(ADLs), caregiver's appraisal to the caregiving situation, and coping strategies. Informal caregivers (N=140) included in the study utilized help-seeking and problem-solving coping strategies more than self-blame and minimization of threat coping strategies. Caregivers' responses to the caregiving situation were observed by caregivers' perceived physical health, depression and life satisfaction. For perceived physical health, threat appraisal, older adult's dependency on ADLs, existential growth coping strategy, and monthly income accounted for 25% of the variance. Caregivers who appraised the caregiving situation as more threatening, reported higher dependency on ADLs, used more existential growth coping strategy, and had higher monthly income reported better physical health. For depression, threat appraisal, stress appraisal, existential growth coping strategy, self-blame coping strategy, and monthly income accounted for 48% of the variance. Caregivers who used more existential growth coping and less self-blame coping, appraised the situation as less threatening, less stressful, and had higher monthly income reported less depression. For life satisfaction, self-blame coping, existential growth coping, monthly income, stress appraisal accounted for 49% of the variance. Caregivers who used more existential growth coping, less self-blame coping, less stress appraisal, lower monthly income reported better life satisfaction. In conclusion, informal caregivers in this study utilized positive coping strategies such as problem-focused, existential growth, help-seeking, rather than negative coping strategies including self-blame. When they utilized positive coping strategies more often, caregivers experienced higher perceived physical health, higher life satisfaction and lower depression. Therefore, nursing intervention which utilized positive coping strategies is needed to enhance informal caregivers to have positive health responses to the caregiving demands.

  • PDF

Effects of Self-efficacy on Job Stress Symptoms and Coping Strategies among Workers in a Manufacturing Company (일개 제조업 근로자의 자기효능감이 직무스트레스 증상과 대처기술에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Su Young;Jung, Hye-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.34-44
    • /
    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to find out the effects of self-efficacy on job stress symptoms and coping strategies depending on perceived job stress. Method: The subjects were 447 workers employed in a manufacturing company. Demographic characteristics, self-efficacy, job stress, job stress symptoms and coping strategies were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. Each envelope to keep the secret sealed completed questionnaires. Result: Job stress and job stress symptoms in workers with a high level of self-efficacy were lower than those of a low level of self-efficacy. Active coping strategies in workers with a high level of self-efficacy group were higher than those of a low level of self-efficacy. In multiple regression analysis, job stress symptoms were significantly higher in increasing job stress, increasing self-efficacy, office workers, manager group and increasing age. Active coping strategies were significantly higher in increasing self-efficacy, increasing career, males and decreasing job stress. Whereas passive coping strategies were significantly higher in females, increasing job stress and increasing self-efficacy. Conclusion: This study suggests that self-efficacy is a significant factor on job stress, job stress symptoms and coping strategies. Therefore, developing a job stress management program to increase self-efficacy and verifying its effects are needed.

  • PDF

A Study on the Effect of Social Support for Middle-aged and Older People on Strategy of Coping Stress (중고령자의 사회적 지지가 스트레스 대처방식에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Ahn-Na;Park, Young-Suk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.319-328
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study has used the Korean Retirement and Income Study 5th Additional Data of National Pension Research Center and adopted 7,763 people aged 50 or older as research subjects. Research into correlation between social support and ways of coping stress among these subjects have revealed that the higher the social support is, the more frequently they use active coping, passive coping, and social support coping and that the lower the social support is, the more frequently they use evasive coping.

Stress and Coping Strategies of Breast Cancer Patients and their Spouses (유방암 환자와 배우자의 스트레스와 대처방식)

  • Cha, Kyeong-Sook;Yoo, Yang-Sook;Cho, Ok-Hee
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.20-26
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the stress and the coping strategies in breast cancer patients and their spouses. Methods: The stress level was measured by the Stress Questionnaire of Andersson & Albertsson (2000). The coping strategies were measured by the modified Lazarus & Folkman's Ways of Coping Questionnaire. The data were collected by a survey sampling 49 couples from one hospital in Seoul. The data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA and paired t-test. Results: There was no significant differences between the stress level of breast cancer patients and their spouses. The problem-focused coping of breast cancer patients was significant higher than their spouses. The cancer patients and their spouses used problem-focused coping mode more than emotion-focused coping mode. In the problem-focused coping mode, breast cancer patients used two coping strategies - 'seeking information' and 'cognitive reconstruction' - significantly more than their spouses. In emotion-focused coping mode, the breast cancer patients used one coping strategy, 'emotional expression', significantly more than the their spouses. Conclusion: Further study needs to attempt to develop nursing interventions that could improve positive coping strategies.

Effects of Temperament and Stress Coping Strategies on Psychological Well-Being of Adolescents (청소년의 기질과 스트레스 대처전략이 심리적 안녕감에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sang-Mee;Lim, JungHa
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
    • /
    • v.27 no.2
    • /
    • pp.121-135
    • /
    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of temperament and stress coping strategies on adolescents' psychological well-being. Three hundred and ninety nine middle and high school students in Seoul participated in this study. Temperament, stress coping strategies, and psychological well-being were evaluated by self-report questionnaires. Data were analyzed using Cronbach's alpha, frequencies, percentiles, means, standard deviations, two-way ANOVAs, Pearson's correlations and hierarchical multiple regression analyses. The results were as follows: First, there were significant differences in psychological well-being as a function of gender and school levels. Second, temperament and stress coping strategies were related to psychological well-being in adolescents. In the sub factor of temperament, activity and persistency were positively associated with psychological well-being, whereas rigidity was negatively related to psychological well-being. Among stress coping strategies, problem-focused strategy was positively associated with psychological well-being, whereas emotion-discharge strategy and affective-regulation strategy were negatively related to psychological well-being. Third, hierarchical multiple regression revealed that problem-focused strategy and emotion-discharge strategy were influential factors in explaining the level of psychological well-being controlling for gender, school levels and temperament of the adolescents. These findings suggest that stress coping strategy should be considered to promote the level of psychological well-being of adolescents.

  • PDF

Effects of Economic Strain and Family Conflict on Children's Adjustment : Focused on Interaction Effects of Children's Stress and Coping Strategies (경제적 곤란과 가족갈등이 아동의 적응에 미치는 영향: 아동의 스트레스와 스트레스 대처방식의 상호작용을 중심으로)

  • Yoon, Hye-Mee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.57 no.3
    • /
    • pp.133-164
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study examined the effects of children's perceived stress of economic strain, resulting family conflict, and stress coping strategies on their adjustment. Dimensions of children's adjustment studied in this research were problem behaviors (aggression, delinquency, withdrawal and anxiety depression) and school adjustment. Interaction effects between children's stress variables and coping strategies on the adjustment were also explored. 1,115 fifth to eighth graders from Chungbuk regions participated in self-administered structured questionnaires. Data were processed with SPSS PC 10.0 statistical package. Results were: First, the level of children's problem behaviors and school adjustment indicated differences according to their academic achievement, gender, and their age. Middle schoolers with rather low grade average reported higher level of aggression, delinquency, withdrawal and that of depression/anxiety. Boys tended to be more prone to external problems while girls to internal problems. Second, stresses originated from children's perceived economic strain and family conflicts showed consistent meaningful explanatory power on adjustment. Boys' adjustment was influenced by stress from economic strain and family conflict while girls by family conflict and academic achievements. The support seeking coping strategy among others was the most popularly employed coping strategy of children followed by aggressive coping strategy. In boys' cases, interaction effects of stress and coping strategies were significant in all of the adjustment variables, the more frequent the use of support seeking coping strategies, the lower the problem behavior, while interaction effect of family conflict stress and support seeking coping strategies played the opposite significant role in girls' cases. Further research efforts are required. Research results suggest; when developing a program facilitating children's adjustment, training on stress coping strategies should be considered as a potent new arena of interest.

  • PDF