• Title, Summary, Keyword: Stress coping strategy

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A Study on the Determining Factors of Work Stress Coping Strategies of Dental Hygienists (치위생사의 직무스트레스 대처전략 결정요인에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Young Suk
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2002
  • By extracting the variables related to the work stress generated from dental hygiene, identifying their relationships, this study aims to contribute to academic progress on work stress. The test results of this study are as follows for each hypothesis: 1. Among the work stress sensing factors, role ambiguity showed correlation to the active coping strategy and the passive coping strategy, whereas it did not have any correlation to the evasive reation. However, the physical resource environmental factor showed correlation to the active coping strategy, whereas it did not have any correlation to the other reation. 2. The passive coping strategy, among the work stress coping strategies, influences the role ambiguity, B type, work ambiguity, physical resource environmental factor by about 18.7%. 3. The active coping strategy, among the work stress coping strategies, influences the social support, role ambiguity, work place of health center factor by about 18.9%. 4. The evasive reaction, among the work stress coping strategies, was influenced by only the 36 years old over factor by approximately 4.2%. 5. It was found in all work stress sensing factors that the group with lower social support had a more degree of experiencing stress than the group with higher social support. In case of the behavior pattern, the type A experienced more stress than the type B only in role ambiguity. 6. It was found that the group with the higher social support tended to choose more active coping strategy than the lower social support. In case of behavior pattern, the type B coped more actively than type A in the passive coping strategy.

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Mediation Effect of a Positive Stress Coping Strategy in the Relationship between Clinical Practice Stress and Clinical Practice Satisfaction (임상실습 스트레스와 실습 만족도의 관계에 미치는 적극적 스트레스 대처의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Sun-Young;Jeon, Seon-Yeong;Kim, Yun-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.193-204
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to identify the mediation effect of a positive stress coping strategy between clinical practice stress and clinical practice satisfaction in nursing students. Methods : In this study, data was collected from 248 nursing students at K University in South Korea from October of 2015 to November of 2015. The collected data was analyzed using the SPSS 22.0 Statistics Program. Results : Clinical practice stress and a positive stress coping strategy were significant predictors of clinical practice satisfaction (${\beta}$=.442, p<.001). The explanatory power of the measure of clinical practice satisfaction was increased to 29.3% (p<.001) with solely clinical practice stress, and it reached 44.2% (p<.001) when a positive stress coping strategy was reflected. The results of this study confirmed that a positive stress coping strategy has a mediation effect on clinical practice stress and clinical practice satisfaction levels. Conclusions : It is necessary to develop a program to take advantage of positive stress coping skills so that nursing college students can smoothly overcome stress during their clinical training and thus improve their clinical practice experience.

Stress of Mothers-in-Law from Multi-Cultural Families (다문화 가정 시어머니가 경험하는 스트레스에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kye-Ha;Park, Gyeong-Sook;Sun, Jeong-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.639-651
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study examined relationships among stress, stress coping strategies, and somatization in mothers-in-law from multi-cultural families in a rural area. Methods: Elderly mothers-in-law (n=227) living with foreign daughters-in-law completed a self-reporting questionnaire. Data were collected from April to August 2009. Questions related to stress (Visual Analog Scale, VAS), coping strategies (Coping Strategy Scale) for stress, and somatization (Symptom Check List 90, Revised). SPSS/WIN 12.0 program was used for descriptive analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression analyses. Results: Subjects had a moderate level of stress (5.03). There were significant differences in stress level according to age, educational level, religion, chronic disease, health status, number of children, agreement of an international marriage of her sons, satisfaction in living with a foreign daughter-in-law, and family conflict. Stress showed a significant positive correlation with offensive coping strategy, passive strategy, and somatization. Stress, offensive coping strategy, and passive coping strategy affected the level of somatization. Conclusion: In a family situation involving co-habitation of mother- and foreign daughter-in-law, increased stress experienced by the mother-in-law can lead to increased offensive and passive coping strategies, and increased somatization. More effective means of stress reduction are needed for mothers-in-law from multi-cultural families.

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The Effects of Cognitive-Behavioral Academic Stress Coping Training on Elementary School Children's Academic Stress and Coping Strategy (인지행동적 학업스트레스 대처훈련이 초등학생의 학업스트레스와 학업스트레스 대처방식에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, So-Ra;Hong, Sang-Hwang
    • The Korean Journal of Elementary Counseling
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.19-38
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a cognitive-behavioral academic stress coping training for reduction of elementary school children's academic stress and improvement the ability to handle academically stressful situation with effective way, to examine its effects. For this, we assigned students of Y elementary school in Gyeongnam Province to two groups at random. From a group of 12 each, one group became the experimental group and the other the control group. And the program was applied twice a week to the experimental group who had totally six 40 minutes sessions of the research own making. Moreover, students evaluated the effects of the program via questionnaire regarding to academic stress and strategy for it. From 120 students of Y elementary school in Gyeongnam province for 3weeks, the study gathered data through the questionnaire for academic stressful situation to know this which students of elementary school often experience. From this, the results are reflected in the program. Also cognitive behavioral group counselling program for teenagers in crisis and existing programs used to adjust academic stress was redeveloped as available form for students in elementary school to compose the cognitive-behavioral Academic stress coping training. In short, the results of the study is as follows. In the study, first, It was showed that cognitive-behavioral academic stress coping training decreased stress which can be caused in situation causing academic stress with a school record, lesson, study and task. Second, The cognitive-behavioral academic stress coping training showed the effect to improve coping strategy for academic stress. In detail, a passive-aversive coping strategy and a helpful coping strategy of coping strategy was enhanced meaningfully but the effect getting to an active coping strategy was limited.

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Characteristics of Mothers' Coping with Marital Conflict and Child-Rearing Stress (부부갈등과 자녀양육 스트레스 상황에서 나타난 어머니의 대처행동 특성)

  • Min Ha-Yeoung;Kim Hyong-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the patterns of coping with marital conflict and child-rearing stress among mothers of young children. The participants were 166 mothers of children who were between 3 years and 7 years of age, living in the North Kyongsang Province. Paired t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe' test, Pearson's correlation and partial correlation analyses were conducted for this study. The results of this study were as follows. (1) In those situations where the participants experienced marital conflict and child-rearing stress, they were more likely to use an avoidance coping strategy than an approach coping strategy. (2) Among the mothers who were experiencing marital conflict or child-rearing stress, the group that suffered a higher level of stress was more likely to employ an avoidance coping strategy. However, there were no differences in the approach coping behavior by the level of stress. (3) When the level of marital conflict and child-rearing stress were controlled, approach coping behavior with marital conflict was still moderately correlated with approach coping behavior with child-rearing stress.

Effects of Social Support and Stress Coping Strategies on Teachers' Job Stress in Corporate-Sponsored Child Care Centers (사회적 지지, 스트레스 대처방식이 보육교사의 직무스트레스에 미치는 영향: 직장보육시설을 중심으로)

  • Kwon, Yeon-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.487-498
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    • 2010
  • This study explored effects of social support and stress coping strategies on teachers' job stress in corporate-sponsored child care centers. Participants were 191 child care teachers from 19 corporate-sponsored child care centers. Data was analyzed using Pearson's productive correlation and hierarchical multiple regression tests. Important findings were as follows: First, the overload of task was the dominant factor in causing job stress. Secondly, social support correlated negatively with child care teachers' job stress. Thirdly, child care teachers' problem-focused coping strategy was also found to be related to their job stress. Finally, the effect of social support on child care teachers' job stress was partially mediated by their problem-focused coping strategy.

The Relationships between Job Stressor, Coping Strategies, and Stress Responses of Manufacturing Workers (제조업 근로자의 직무스트레스 요인과 대처전략, 스트레스 반응간의 관계)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hee;Yun, Soon-Nyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.387-399
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the relationships of job stressor. coping strategies. and stress responses of manufactoring workers. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires from 262 of the manufacturing workers in a local electronic company from July to August. 1999. For data analysis. Cronbach's a. Factor Analysis. Descriptive statistics. ANOVA. and Pearson's correlation coefficient with SPSS/PC+ 7.5 version program were used. The results were as follows: 1. Regard to the stress responses and coping strategies by sociodemographic variables. 'the overall stress responses' showed significant differences by sex. age. marrital state. The use of 'control coping strategy' showed significant differences by sex and the type of work. The use of 'avoid coping strategy' showed significant differences by sex. age. married state. year of career. and income. 2. The average scores of 'the job characteristics and participation in decision making factor'. 'the physical environmental factor'. and 'the role and leadership factor' were 2.66. 2.59. 2.59 in order. The average scores for 'the avoid coping strategy' and 'the control coping strategy' were 3.03. 2.97. The average scores for 'the overall. psychosoical. and physical stress responses' were 2.18. 2.18. 2.23. 3. The 'control coping strategy' was negatively related to 'the job characteristics and participation in decision making factor'. 'the role and leadership factor'. 'the psychosocial stress responses'. and 'the overall responses'. 'The control coping strategy' was positively related to all of 'the job stressors'. 'the physical stress responses', and' the overall stress responses'. 'The physical environment factor' was positively related to all of 'the stress reponses'. 'the role and leadership factor'. and 'the job characteristics and participation in decision making factor'. According to the results of this study, the suggestions were as follows: 1. The coping strategies of manufacturing workers in the specific job stress situation should be considered to future studies. 2. In order to applying the stress management program in the workplace. The organizational intervention focused on 'the job characteristics and participation in decision making' will be needed. 3. To support and use of 'control coping strategy' of the workers. the organizational efforts should be required.

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An Application of Ecological Family Welfare Model on Stress Coping Strategy and Psychological Wellbeing (생태학적 가정복지 모형의 적용으로 스트레스 대처전략과 심리적 복지 분석)

  • 전효정
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.107-117
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate university freshmen' stress coping strategy and psychological wellbeing to appling ecological family life welfare model. Based on Bronfenbrenner's ecological perspective, “ecological family welfare model”, which includes person(individual attributes), context(family backgrounds), process(mechanism of development), and time (the specific period), was suggested as a new research paradigm for family welfare life research. The questionnaire study was done for 171 freshmen of an university in Pusan. The results show the suggested research model was significant and effective to explain the mechanism of stress coping strategy and psychological wellbeing. Individual attributes(i. e., attachment style) and family context have an impact on family cohesion and adaptability which in turn affect stress coping strategies which then affect individual psychological wellbeing.

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Predictors of On-Line Game Addiction of Junior-High School Students (중학생의 온라인게임 중독 위험 예측변인 분석)

  • Boo, Jung-Min;Kweon, Soon-Yong
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.390-399
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to clarify variables dichotomizing adolescents into online game addiction-latency group and non-addiction group. Based on ecologic theory, individual system(self-esteem, self-control, depression, stress-coping strategy), family system(parental support), and social system(teachers' support and peer-group support) were suggest for variables affecting online game addiction of adolescents. 612 adolescents were tested for game addiction, self-esteem, self-control, depression, stress-coping strategy, and social supports from parents, teachers, and peer group. Independent t-tests showed between-group differences in self-esteem, self-control, depression, aggressive, and negative-avoiding stress-coping strategies, parental support, and peer-group support. Binary logistic regression analyses revealed that aggressive stress-coping strategy of social system and peer-group support of social system had significant influences on the division of the groups.

Sociopsychological factors associated with depressive symptoms among some urban middle-aged men and women: focused on social support and stress coping strategy (대도시 일부 중년 남녀의 우울증상과 관련된 사회심리적 요인: 사회적 지지와 스트레스 대처방식을 중심으로)

  • Jeon, Seo-Heui;Park, Kyoung Ok
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.43-55
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the associations with social support, stress coping strategy and depression among some urban middle-aged men and women. Methods: Considering the regional distribution 4 districts of Seoul were conveniently selected for this study and a total of 329 middle-aged men and women participated in the self-administered survey. The survey questionaries included social support, stress coping strategy, depression and general characteristics. Results: Avoidance and problem solving strategies were significant independent variables to the men's depression scores, but social support was not significant. However middle aged female's social support more explained the variance of the depression scores than the problem solving strategy. Conclusions: Significant sociopsychological factors that affected middle-aged depression were different by sex and according to the results, stress coping strategy for men and social support for woman were significant factors on depression control in urban middle-aged population.