• Title, Summary, Keyword: Strategic Orientation

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The Role of Strategic Orientation and Social Capital of Founders in the Performance of Korean Startups (창업자의 전략적 지향성과 사회적 자본의 역할)

  • Sohn, Kwonsang;Hur, Wonchang;Sohn, Dong-Won
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.125-141
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    • 2020
  • This study examines the effect of founders' strategic orientation and social capital on the performance of startups in Korean contexts. Founders' strategic orientation is proposed as the main factor to reduce the risk of failure and to increase the potential of future growth of the startup. Three main components of strategic orientation, entrepreneurial, market, technology, were simultaneously tested with a sample of Korean startups. Furthermore, founders' social capital, networks with supporting entities and the level of chemistry within founding members were also proposed to be important factors. We also tested possible mediating effects of social capital on the main impact of strategic orientation. With a sample of 79 startups founded less than 5 years in Seoul Metropolitan Areas, we found that technology orientation of founders only significantly increases the performance of startups, but both entrepreneurial and market orientation do not. Regarding social capital effect, the external networks of the founding members are effective as proposed, and also the high cohesiveness of founding members increases the startup performance. However, the mediating role of social capital is just partially confirmed. The implications of our findings, in both sense of firm's strategy and startup policy, are discussed. This study is expected to be a bridge connecting firms' strategy with startup policy-making in Korea.

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Management Strategy of Hospitals in Korea (우리나라 병원의 경영전략 실태)

  • Moon, Ok-Ryun;Lee, Key-Hyo
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.108-135
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    • 1996
  • This paper investigates the current feature of management strategy of hospitals in Korea, and examines the relationships between adoption of a particular strategic orientation and the hospitals environmental and organizational characteristics, strategic behaviors and management improvement activities, and financial performance. Data were collected from CEOs of 88 hospitals among 650 hospitals for a 13.5% response rate using the self-administered questionnaire by mail survey. The major findings that obtained are as follows: 1. Only 37.2% of response hospitals carried out strategic planning, Most of these hospitals established the first strategic planning in 1991(81.3%) and renovated strategic planning by 4 or 5 years(56.3%), and modified strategic planning with flexibility(59.4%). Most strategic plans were documented, but informalized(68.8%). And only 29.0% of these hospitals had independent planning division. 2. Hospital services that CEOs assessed rank ordered for their impact on profitability are as follows: i)diagnostic ultrasound facility, computerized tomography scanner, obstetric inpatient unit, therapeutic X-ray, and physical therapy at present. ii)diagnostic ultrasound facility, physical therapy, computerized tomography scanner, emergency department, and health screening at future. And the services rank ordered that CEOs hoped to introduce are as follows: emergency department, physical therapy, health screening, volunteer services, and computerized tomography scanner. 3. Using a typology developed by Miles and Snow(l978), the strategic orientation of response hospitals are shifting significantly from defenders in the past to analyzers in the present, and to prospectors in the future(p<.01). 4. With regard to hospital environmental and organizational characteristics such as ownership, physician training, location, bed size, and hospital management training career and specialty of CEOs, the four strategic orientation archetypes varied not significantly. But, hospitals with a analyser orientation in the present and a reactor orientation in the future perceived competition significantly higher than the other three archetypes(p<.05). 5. The four archetypes rank ordered in terms of appling strategic behaviors and management improvement activities are as follows: prospector, analyzer, reactor, and defender. 6. The four archetypes differed significantly in terms of their financial performance using revenue per bed(p<.05). Reactors and prospectors in terms of total revenue per bed, prospectors in terms of outpatient revenue per bed, and reactors and prospectors in terms of inpatient revenue per bed had the best performance.

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A Nexus among Strategic Orientation, Social Network, Knowledge Sharing, Organizational Innovation, and MSMEs Performance

  • MUAFI, Muafi
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.327-338
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    • 2020
  • This study wants to test the nexus among resource orientation, market orientation, social network, and knowledge sharing toward organizational innovation, and the nexus between organizational innovation and MSMEs performance. Questionnaires and interviews are conducted with some MSMEs actors in Central Java Province, Indonesia, in Klaten Regency and Pekalongan City. These two areas have creative MSMEs, especially Batik MSMEs that have been very large and known worldwide. The sampling technique is done purposively with certain criteria for the respondents. The data analysis technique is done using Partial Least Square. This study provides recommendations about strategic practice and policy (resource and market), social network, and knowledge sharing in increasing organizational innovation, and the impact of organizational innovation toward MSMEs performance. It also offers a comprehensive model of the determinant factor of organizational innovation by considering the aspect of strategic orientation, social network, and knowledge sharing. Other unique aspects that are also important to consider are social network and the importance of knowledge sharing in improving MSMEs Performance. The respondents are still limited in two areas, namely, Pekalongan and Klaten, so it still cannot represent the whole population. These areas also have different orientation of production process approach, namely, synthetic and natural dyes.

A Study about the Effects of Strategic Human Resource Management Practices on Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Customer Orientation - Focused on the Mediating Effect of Perceived Organizational Support - (전략적 인적자원관리관행과 조직시민행동 및 고객지향성 간의 관계에 관한 연구 - 조직지원인식의 매개효과를 중심으로-)

  • Rhee, Jae-Hoon;Seo, Dae-Seog;Kang, Young-Myeong
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.53-77
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    • 2011
  • This study is focused on analyzing whether strategic human resource management practices influence organizational effectiveness such as organizational citizenship behavior and customer orientation. In addition, it also aims to analyze the mediating effect of perceived organizational support between strategic human resource management practices and organizational citizenship behavior and customer orientation. The samples are from five Veterans Hospital and of 344 questionnaires collected, 311 were used in the final analysis. SPSS(18.0) and AMOS(16.0) were employed to describe data and test hypotheses. The findings are as follows: First of all, it is found that education and training and hiring management have positive effects on perceived organizational support while only education and training has a positive effect on organizational citizenship behavior. Secondly, results reveal that career management and hiring management influences customer orientation while only perceived organizational support does organizational citizenship behavior and customer orientation affects organizational citizenship behavior. Thirdly, it is also found that perceived organizational support mediates the relationship between career management and organizational citizenship behavior and that between hiring management and organizational citizenship behavior. In other words, perceived organizational support is a full mediator between career management and organizational citizenship behavior and between hiring management and organizational citizenship behavior because there is no direct effect of career management and hiring management on organizational citizenship. However, results show that any perceived organizational support doesn't mediate the relationship between all strategic human resource management practices and customer orientation.

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A Study of the Impacts of Strategic Orientation on the Performance in Technology-based Start-ups (기술창업시 전략적 지향성이 창업성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Dong-Kwan;Song, In-Am;Hwang, Hee-Joong
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.11 no.10
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    • pp.37-45
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    • 2013
  • Purpose - Appropriate response to the fast changing economic environment determines SMEs' competiveness in the era of globalization and open market and, therefore, government policies to strengthen SME's competitiveness will be very important in the future. It is time to investigate the element of strategic orientation that is necessary for strengthening the competitiveness of SMEs, and its effect on the success of a business start-up. This study analyzes the network orientation in addition to existing strategic orientation, and focuses on price and quality management capability as mediators for strategic orientation and outcomes of business start-ups. Research design/data/methodology - The orientations of technology-based business founders were classified into market, technology, network, and entrepreneurial orientation. We then investigated the effect of these orientations on product price and quality management capability, as well as the influence of price and quality management capability on the outcome of a business start-up. This study is based on the nation-wide survey of the founders and members of technology-based business establishments. The survey was administered to 300 selected companies via email for a period of one month, at the end of which 175 companies replied with valid answers. Further, for effective and objective research, we used SPSS 14.0 and Amos 7.0 for structural equation modeling assumptions and hypothesis verification. Results - Except for entrepreneurial orientation, the other three orientations, namely, technology, market, and network orientations, affect the price management capability according to our results. The price management capability relates significantly with the sales and customer satisfaction. Especially, technology orientation is the core competency of start-ups that affects price and quality management capabilities. However, technology and entrepreneurial orientation do not influence the outcome of business start-ups, but affect their quality management capabilities. Conclusions - This study confirms that the strategic orientation affects product price as well as quality management capabilities, to introduce new products and achieve successful outcomes. In conclusion, new business founders face the dilemma of trade-off between price and quality in the planning stage of new product development. In particular, price management capability directly affects the outcome. Therefore, price management is more important for a successful start-up than quality management. Especially, during the initial stages of starting up a new business, price management capability entails following the market-leading company, or price penetration strategy. In this stage, price management is dependent on the information from outside rather than on the founder's decision, and it directly affects sales performance and customer satisfaction. In contrast, quality management capability is directly related to the technology capability and market experience of founders. In this case, subjective and proactive decision making is required for differentiation and development of demand in the niche market, which does not directly influence the sales performance and customer satisfaction.

A Study on the Effect of Customer Orientation and Technology Orientation on Innovation Capacity (고객지향성과 기술지향성이 혁신역량에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Tae-Young;Song, Chan-Sub;Shin, Ho-Kyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.171-181
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    • 2019
  • In order to confirm whether innovation can be realized through the direction that companies pursue, this study empirically analyzed the relationship between strategic directionality and innovation capacity. Specifically, strategic directionality is divided into customer orientation and technology orientation, and innovation capacity is classified into strategic planning capacity, R&D capacity, and technology commercialization capacity based on previous studies. And the effect of customer and technology orientation on each innovation capacity was analyzed. Data collection was carried out by 368 questionnaires from the workers of manufacturing industry in Gyeongbuk area and the proposed hypotheses were tested by using structural equation. As a result, it was confirmed that technology orientation had significant effects on all three innovation capacities. However, the effect of customer orientation on strategic planning capacity and technical commercialization capacity was accepted, but the relationship with R&D capacity was rejected. These results can provide implications for how to draw innovation from the organizational strategic direction and culture perspectives by explaining the impact of organizational orientation on innovation capacity.

An Empirical Study on the Relationships among Manager's Demographic Characteristics, Organizational Characteristics and Strategic Type (최고경영자의 인구통계적 특성, 조직특성과 전략유형의 관련성)

  • Song Kyung-Soo;Chung Dong-Seop
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.2
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    • pp.47-73
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    • 1998
  • According to the structural contingency theories, organizational structures are determined by such a contingency variables as organizational environment, technology, size, power and strategy. Therefore, many scholor believed that organizational effectiveness will be maximized in the condition of the fit between organizational structure and its contingency variables. But contingency theories have limitations in explaining of the manager's discretion by way of environmental determinism. In 1972, Child introduced strategic choice theory, and this perspective spurred significant, systematic studies of the influence of the managerial voluntary will on the organizational performance. Especially, the question of whether tap managers have an impact on business performance has been addressed by the strategic leadership theory that demonstrates strong associations between the characteristics of top managers, strategic orientation. Therefore, this study has investigated a theoretical literature and an empirical survey that explains the impact of top manger characteristics and organizational characteristics about strategic orientation. In order tn do that, this study develops a research model on the subjects, designed manager's characteristics, strategic typology. Managerial characteristics could be operationalized in terms of demographic measures. In this study, strategic orientation was classified using the Miles & Snow typology. This research model provides hypotheses. Hypotheses H1: The demographic characteristics of the tap manager will differ according to the types of strategic types. H2: The organizational characteristics of the firm will differ according to the types of strategic types. To test these hypotheses, this study conducted questionaire surveys on 108 firms in the Korea national wide. This study has utilized ANOVA, Chi-square analysis, cluster analysis, discriminant analysis for testing the hypotheses. The major findings of this study are summarized as follows. First, this study builds on the central tenent of cotingency theory in provide a comprehensive explanation of the process by which top manager's influence. Second, Manager's characteristics(demographics) are different from each other according to 4 strategic types(Prospector, Defender, Analyzer, Reactor). Third, Organizational characteristics are different from each other according to 4 strategic types. In conclusion, the major contributions of this study are to examine the development of a more comprehensive theoretical framework in the strategic leadership theory and to analyze their contingent relationships among managerial characteristics, organizational characteristics and strategic types in the context of Korea's industry.

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Strategic Management Accounting and Firm Performance: Evidence from Finance Businesses in Thailand

  • PHORNLAPHATRACHAKORN, Kornchai;NA-KALASINDHU, Khajit
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.7 no.8
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    • pp.309-321
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to examine the effects of strategic management accounting on firm performance of finance businesses in Thailand. Strategic management accounting comprises of environmental scanning, competitor orientation and forward-looking information. In this study, 175 finance businesses in Thailand are the samples of the study. A mail survey procedure was used for data collection. The hierarchical multiple regression analysis is employed to test the research relationships. Firstly, environmental scanning positively affects operational excellence, organizational effectiveness and firm performance. Secondly, competitor orientation is positively related to managerial efficiency and organizational effectiveness. Thirdly, forward-looking information has a positive influence on operational excellence, managerial efficiency, organizational effectiveness, and firm performance. In addition, operational excellence, managerial efficiency and organizational effectiveness have positive impact on firm performance. Finally, to verify the mediating effects, operational excellence, managerial efficiency and organizational effectiveness are the mediators of the research relationships. This study confirms that all dimensions of strategic management accounting play a significant role in determining business outcome as being congruent with the theory of resource-based views of the firms. Executives of firms need to provide valuable resources and capabilities to support the strategic management accounting implementation in order to achieve good business outcome in highly competitive environments.

The Effects of Strategic Orientations on Company Performance and the Moderating Role of Entrepreneurship in Small-Medium Sized and Ventures Manufacturing Firms (중소벤처기업의 전략지향성이 기업가정신에 따라 기업성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Chul-Ho;Jung, Duk-Hwa
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.468-479
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    • 2014
  • This paper aims to examine structural relationship between the influence factors of company performance, hypothesizing that strategic orientations and entrepreneurship plays a crucial role in achieving organizational performance in small-medium sized and ventures manufacturing firms. For this research, data were collected from 205 firms. By using Structure Equation Modeling(SEM) method, it was found that competitor orientation, technology orientation directly affect company performance but, customer orientation were not affected company performance. Furthermore, it was also found that the relationship between strategy orientation and company performance is differentiated by entrepreneurship. Especially, this finding confirms that the entrepreneurship moderately affects the relationship between competitor orientation, technology orientation and company performance on the small-medium sized and ventures manufacturing firms.

A Study on the Effect of Entrepreneurship on Organizational Innovation Capacity - Moderating effect of Strategic directivity - (기업가정신이 조직혁신역량에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 -전략적 지향성의 조절효과-)

  • Lee, Sun-Kyu;Song, Chan-sub;Bae, Jeong-mi;Ryu, Il-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.11
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    • pp.387-399
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    • 2019
  • This study examines the effects of entrepreneurship and organizational innovation capacity(strategic planning capacity, R&D capacity, technology commercialization capacity) and strategic directionality (customer orientation, technology orientation) The relationship between corporate entrepreneurship and innovation capacity. First, the research model and the hypothesis were set up based on the literature review, and 400 questionnaires were distributed and retrieved for the manufacturing workers in Gyeongbuk province. As a result of the study, it accepted that the corporate entrepreneurship had significant influence on organizational innovation capacity. And confirmed a significant moderating effect of strategic directionality. However, the moderating effect of customer orientation was rejected in relation to entrepreneurship and technology commercialization. These findings can provide guidelines for organizational management in terms of culture by identifying the effects of corporate entrepreneurship and strategic orientation at organizational level.