• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Strategic Orientation

검색결과 127건 처리시간 0.038초

Innovation Policies and Locational Competitiveness : Lessons from Singapore

  • Ebner, Alexander
    • 기술혁신연구
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.47-66
    • /
    • 2004
  • The relationship between innovation policies and locational competitiveness has emerged as an important area in the analysis of economic development, reflecting both the centralisation and decentralisation of globalising economic activities. The underlying spatial and institutional components are subject to a pattern of cumulative causation in which strategic interventions of policy actors exercise a decisive role in shaping competitive advantages, while promoting interactions with local and foreign partners both from the private and public sectors. The Singaporean development experience illustrated these strategic interdependencies of innovation policies and locational competitiveness. Based on her role as a manufacturing and service hub, Singapore is viewed as an infrastructural nodal point which is interconnected to global production networks. Paralleling efforts in the domain of technological innovation, Singapore's policies for locational competitiveness aim at an adaptive harmonisation of the needs of international investors with local developmental objectives. This orientation characterises also current efforts in promoting Singapore as a knowledge agglomeration with a distinct science base, expanding R&D operations and an innovation-driven pattern of economic development. In conclusion, the locational rationale of Singapore's innovation policies provides lessons for dealing with the spatial and institutional implications of technological globalisation.

  • PDF

사회.기술시스템론과 과학기술혁신정책 (Socio-technical Systems Approach and Innovation Policy)

  • 송위진
    • 기술혁신학회지
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.156-175
    • /
    • 2013
  • 사회 기술시스템론은 사회와 기술은 서로 분리되어 존재할 수 없는 통합된 시스템으로 존재한다고 파악한다. 사회와 기술이 서로 보완성을 형성하면서 사회 기술시스템을 구성한다. 사회 기술시스템론은 혁신체제론이 진화한 논의로서 혁신의 사용 측면, 사회적 측면을 중요한 요소로 설정하고 있다. 혁신체제론의 경제중심적 측면을 보완하면서 사회적 측면까지 분석에 포괄하고 있는 것이다. 이 글에서는 사회 기술시스템론의 특성을 살펴보고 그것의 활용방안을 살펴본다. 특히 장기비전 형성, 연구개발사업 기획, 참여형 연구개발사업, 과학문화 사업에 사회 기술시스템론을 도입했을 때 나타나는 양상과 의의를 논의한다.

  • PDF

소매금융 및 대형화 전략 도구로서의 정보기술과 은행의 경영성과 (Bank's Management Performance and IT as a Strategic Tool for Retail and Super-Banking)

  • 김창수;허영빈
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.39-58
    • /
    • 1999
  • This study examines whether expenditures in information technology (IT) are associated with increases in Tobin's q ratios, a measure of management performance, in the banking industry. The association between IT expenditures and Tobin's q ratios is different, depending upon the banks' size (national vs regional) and strategic orientation (wholesale vs retail), in the Korean commercial banks for the period studied 1990-1996, For national commercial banks which have more clients and electronic banking systems than regional banks, IT expenditures appear to increase Tobin's q ratios. This may indicate that IT is linked to the ability to achieve economies of scale or network effects when large banks use IT as a strategic tool. The association between IT expenditures and management performance measures is also positive and statistically significant for retail-oriented banks. This research makes two important practical contributions with respect to financial reform. First, the evidence suggested that Korean commercial banks need to apply IT strategy in conjunction with restructuring strategy to be a super-bank and, hence, reap substantial competitive advantage from IT applications. Second, since the government recently encouraged commercial banks to increase credit loans as a means of financial reform, most banks tend to focus on retail banking. IT used in the retail banking sector contributes to improve management performance as the evidence suggested.

  • PDF

인터넷 이용고객의 장기지향성에 대한 탐색적 연구 -관계기간의 조절효과- (A model of internet customer long-term orientation: The moderating effect of relationship length)

  • 황화철;서용한
    • 마케팅과학연구
    • /
    • v.7
    • /
    • pp.147-165
    • /
    • 2001
  • 인터넷비즈니스 기업이 고객과의 성공적인 관계유지를 위해서는 자신들이 구축한 고객베이스내 고객들간 태도나 구매행동패턴 차이에 대한 정확한 이해가 선행되어야 한다. 이러 한 맥락에서 본 연구는 인터넷 고객의 장기지향성에 영향을 미치는 선행변수와 장기지행성 간의 관계가 거래 특성변수인 거래기간에 따라 어떠한 차이가 있는지를 탐색적으로 살펴보 았다. 탐색적 연구문제를 검증하기 위해 인터넷 쇼핑몰에서 상품구매 경험이 있는 고객을 대상 으로 수집된 자료를 분석하고, 분석결과에 대한 전략적 시사점에 대해 논의하였다.

  • PDF

핵심역량 지향성과 IT 아웃소싱 프로세스 관리역량이 IT 아웃소싱 성과에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구

  • 김용진;송재기;남기찬;구철모
    • 한국경영정보학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.198-204
    • /
    • 2007
  • 본 연구는 핵심역량 지향성을 중심으로 고찰한 IT 아웃소싱 성공요인 및 결과에 관한 것으로, 아웃소싱 프로세스 관리역량과 기업의 핵심역량 지향성이 IT 아웃소싱된 업무 복잡도와 아웃소싱 성과에 영향을 미치는 지, 그리고 아웃소싱 프로세스 관리역량이 기업의 핵심역량 지향성과 아웃소싱 성과의 관계를 매개하는 효과가 있는지에 대한 실증 연구이다. 따라서 본 연구는 독립변수로 핵심역량 지향성과 종속변수로 아웃소싱된 업무 복잡도 그리고 매개변수로 아웃소싱 프로세스 관리역량을 사용하였다. 국내 IT 아웃소싱 협회에 등록된 회사의 IT 부서를 대상으로 200 개의 데이터를 확보하였고 공분산 구조방정식 모델로 분석하였다. 연구결과, IT 아웃소싱 프로세스 관리역량은 핵심역량 지향성이 아웃소싱된 업무 복잡도와 아웃소싱 성과에 미치는 영향을 매개하는 것으로 밝혀졌다. 그리고 핵심역량 지향성은 아웃소싱의 성과에 긍정적인 영향을 미치지만 아웃소싱된 업무 복잡도엔 유의한 영향을 미치지 않는 것으로 나타났다.

  • PDF

Multi-Dimensional Analysis on Korean IS Practitioners' Job Activities and Competency Requirements

  • Koh, Seok-Ha
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
    • /
    • v.15 no.3
    • /
    • pp.61-77
    • /
    • 2008
  • Research results show (1) there are two dimensions characterizing Korean IS practitioners : 'project -operation' and 'product-orientation-strategic-orientation', (2) there are two distinctive and main career paths of Korean IS practitioners : generalists who support using information systems in the context of operation and specialists who are engaged in software development or improvement projects, and (3) Korean IS practitioners are experiencing serious and pervasive knowledge and skill deficiencies. Research results also provide clear evidence that Korean universities fail to provide eligible entry-level software developers and that the shortage of eligible entry-level software developers distorts both IS specialists' careers and knowledge and skill requirements for them.

  • PDF

한국 생수산업의 해외시장진출 전략에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Foreign Entry Strategy of Korean Mineral Water Industry)

  • 홍성헌
    • 통상정보연구
    • /
    • v.12 no.4
    • /
    • pp.363-382
    • /
    • 2010
  • It should be unthinkable to not provide water at survival of any living things. Water is too a basic element for development for a country. Currently, the global market of mineral water is growing rapidly. This study, I conceptualized mineral water as bottled water. In particularly, bottled water has seen huge global growth for the last few years. The annual growth rate of the market in the period 2005-2009 was 5.9%. Following a surge in obesity and subsequent health and wellness trends, many consumers are switching from sugary soft drinks to healthier alternatives. Therefore, the global bottled water market is one area which has big potential for growth, but price competition is getting intensified among multi-national and domestic firms. Korean providers too are faced with strong competition in growing domestic market. The bottled water market has presence of multinational provider like Nestle, Danone and Coca-Cola, which collectively account for 35.1% of the world market share in 2009. On the basis of a market orientation approach, this article looks at changing environments in the world mineral water industry and attempts to describe foreign market entry strategy of the Korean mineral water industry. The market orientation provides strong norms for learning from customers and competitors, is instrumental in creating a superior value for buyers, innovating successfully, and generating excellent firm performance. So firms should consider a strategic planning in basis on market orientation before they enter foreign markets. Some discussions were made about managerial implications for Korean bottled water providers.

  • PDF

The Characteristic of Reward in Computer Assisted Learning

  • 연은모;이선영;정윤경;조은수;권순구;전훈;이계형;윤성현;소연희;김성일
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.64-70
    • /
    • 2008
  • Computer Assisted Learning (CAL) is quite different from in many aspects. CAL provides individualistic learning environment and facilitates autonomy of the learner. Thus the learners who uses CAL program has more sense of control and engages in more strategic learning than conventional learning environment. In this experiment, we used KORI (KORea university intelligent agent) which is a new type of ITS adopting TA (Teachable Agent) that fosters learning by teaching, So, we investigated the critical motivational factor that have influences in CAL learning and the effects of reward in CAL are another area of our interest. Thus, we divided two conditions that presence of reward and absence of reward. The 174 elementary school students(5th) were participated and they are randomly assigned the one of the reward conditions. Before entering the experimental instruction, all participants measured about metacognition, self-efficacy and goal orientation questionnaire as independent variables. Then, Participants were instructed of method of using KORI program and asked to study for ten days with KORI program at least 20 minutes everyday in their home, about 10 days. After 10 days, they were rated interest and comprehension. Regression results suggest that regardless of the presence of reward, metacognition is a positive predictor in interestingness. It indicate that metacognitive skills are required in CAL learning situation irrespective of reward. But on comprehension in the absence of reward, only self- efficacy appeared to be a positive predictor. In the presence of reward, performance goal orientation showed as a negative predictor of comprehension, whereas self-efficacy was a positive predictor. This result suggest that presence of reward especially interferes learning process of performance goal orientation in CAL learning situation. It could be interpreted that reward interferes the learning process of performance goal orientation by debilitating intrinsic motivation.

  • PDF

고객통합 및 시장지향성이 SCM성과 및 경영성과에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구 (A Study on effect of Customer Intergration & Market Orientation on Management Performance through SCM Performance)

  • 정희경;김원교
    • 산업경영시스템학회지
    • /
    • v.43 no.3
    • /
    • pp.122-134
    • /
    • 2020
  • As globalization has been progressed, companies faced a situation in which it was difficult to secure global competitiveness only with their internal management systems. To overcome this, Supply Chain Management (SCM) emerged, which optimizes the whole supply chain process from suppliers to demand companies. In this study, it was analyzed that the effects of customer integration among the integration factors of SCM, and market orientation among the strategic orientations on management performances such as non-financial performance and financial performance through a mediating role of flexibility. At this time, it was analyzed whether CEO's support has a moderating effect on the influence of the market orientation. As a result of analysis, the customer integration was found to have an indirect effect on the non-financial performance and the financial performance through the flexibility. The market orientation was found to have a direct effect on the non-financial performance and at the same time, indirectly affected it through the flexibility. In addition, it was shown that more the level of CEO's support, higher the influence of the market orientation. This moderating effect had an indirect effect on the financial performance. Based on the above findings, various implications for improving management performance were proposed. This study suggests that investments in computerization such as ERP and smart factories can improve supply chain management performance and ultimately improve customer satisfaction and financial performance.

과거 혁신성과와 R&D 투자 간의 관계와 기업가 지향성의 매개효과에 대한 연구 (Relationship between Innovation Performance and R&D Investment: The Mediating Role of Entrepreneurial Orientation)

  • 한수경;유재욱;김추연
    • 경영과정보연구
    • /
    • v.36 no.3
    • /
    • pp.219-237
    • /
    • 2017
  • 4차 산업혁명의 도래와 함께 급변하는 환경에 대응하기 위한 기업의 적극적인 연구개발(R&D) 투자의 중요성은 한층 더 강조되고 있다. 하지만 대리인이론의 주장에 따르면 성과창출을 위해 오랜 기간이 요구되고 마케팅, 공정개선 등의 다른 투자들과 비교할 때 상대적으로 높은 실패 위험을 내포하는 특성으로 인하여 경영자들은 R&D 투자를 소홀히 하는 경향을 나타내기 쉽다. 이를 극복하기 위해 R&D 투자에 대한 의사결정에 영향을 미칠 수 있는 조직과 개인 수준의 다차원적 요소들의 영향을 파악하고, 이를 적극적으로 기업운영에 반영하는 것이 지속가능한 경쟁우위 창출을 위한 핵심과제로 부각되고 있다. 하지만 어떠한 요소들이 이 같은 전략적 의사결정에 영향을 미치는지에 대한 선행연구는 매우 미흡한 실정이다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 기업의 과거 성과창출 방식의 경로 의존적 영향과 경영자 개인 수준의 지배적 논리가 R&D 투자에 대한 의사결정에 중대한 영향을 미치는 핵심요소들이 될 수 있다는 이론적 주장에 근거하여, 기업가 지향성이 기업의 과거 혁신성과와 R&D 투자 간의 관계를 부분 매개하는 연구모형을 제시하고, 이를 242개 국내 제조업과 서비스 기업들을 대상으로 한 실증연구를 통해 검증하였다. 분석결과에 따르면 연구 모델과 가설들에서 예상했던 바와 같이 국내 기업들의 과거 혁신성과는 R&D 투자에 직접적인 정의 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 기업가 지향성은 혁신성과와 R&D 투자의 관계를 부분 매개하는 것으로 나타났는데, 이는 기업의 과거 성과가 경영자 개인 수준의 지배적 논리를 강화하고, 이는 다시 기업의 의사결정에 영향을 미칠 수 있다는 주장을 뒷받침하는 실증적 분석결과이다. 과거 혁신성과가 기업의 경로의존성에 의해 미래의 혁신전략에 영향을 미칠 수 있고, 이 같은 관계가 경영자의 지배적 논리를 통해 영향 받을 수 있다는 본 연구의 분석결과는 기업들이 환경변화에 부합하는 충분한 R&D투자를 이끌어내기 위하여 경영자의 지배적 논리라는 개인수준의 요소와 기업의 과거성과라는 조직수준의 요소를 조화롭게 활용해야 한다는 사실을 시사하고 있다.

  • PDF