• Title, Summary, Keyword: Story shear force

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A Study on Optimum Distribution of Story Shear Force Coefficient for Seismic Design of Multi-story Structure

  • Oh, Sang Hoon;Jeon, Jongsoo
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.121-145
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    • 2014
  • The story shear force distributions of most seismic design codes generally reflect the influences of higher vibration modes based on the elastic deformations of structures. However, as the seismic design allows for the plastic behavior of a structure, the story shear force distribution shall be effective after it is yielded due to earthquake excitation. Hence this study conducted numerical analyses on the story shear force distributions of most seismic design codes to find out the characteristics of how a structure is damaged between stories. Analysis results show that the more forces are distributed onto high stories, the lower its concentration is and the more energy is absorbed. From the results, this study proposes the optimum story shear force distribution and its calculation formula that make the damages uniformly distributed onto whole stories. Consequently, the story damage distribution from the optimum calculation formula was considerably more stable than existing seismic design codes.

Vibration Control of Shear Wall-Frame System using Energy Dissipation Devices (에너지 소산형 감쇠기를 이용한 철근콘크리트 전단벽-골조 시스템의 진동제어)

  • Park, Ji-Hun;Kim, Gil-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.578-581
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    • 2007
  • In this study, the seismic control performance of energy dissipation devices installed in a shear all-frame structure is investigated through nonlinear time history analysis of a 12-story building. Inelastic shear walls are modeled using the multiple vertical line element model (MVLEM) and inelastic columns and girders were modeled using fiber beam elements. For a seismic load increased by 38% compared to the design load, the seismic control performance was analyzed based on the results of a nonlinear time history analysis in terms of the inter-story drift, the story shear and the flexural strain. Friction type dampers was found to performs best if they are installed in the form of a brace adjacent to the shear wall with the friction force of 15 % of the maximum story shear force induced in the original building structure without dampers.

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Effects of Higher Modes on the Response Spectra of High-rise Buildings considering the Kinematic Interaction of a Foundation System (기초체계의 운동학적 상호작용을 고려한 고층건물의 응답스펙트럼에 미치는 고차모드의 영향)

  • Kim, Yong-Seok
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2015
  • Response spectra of a building are made with a SDOF system taking into account a first mode shape, even though higher modes may affect on the dynamic responses of a high-rise building. A soft soil layer under a building also affects on the responses of a building. In this study, seismic responses of a MDOF system were investigated to examine the effects of higher modes on the response of a tall building by comparing them with those of a SDOF system including the kinematic interaction effect. Study was performed using a pseudo 3D finite element program with seven bedrock earthquake records downloaded from the PEER database. Effects of higher modes on the seismic responses of a tall building were investigated for base shear force and base moment of a MDOF system including story shear forces and story moments. Study results show that higher modes of a MDOF system contribute to a reduction of base shear force up to 1/4-1/5 of KBC and base moment. The effect of higher modes is more significant on the base shear force than on the base moment. Maximum story shear force and moment occurred at the top part of a building rather than at a base in the cases of tall buildings differently from short buildings, and higher modes of a tall building affected on the base forces making them almost constant at the base. A soft soil layer also affects some on the base shear force of a high-rise building independently on the soft soil type, but a soft soil effect is prominent on the base moment.

Performance Based Seismic Design of Apartment Houses by Applying Seismic Rebar (공동주택의 성능기반설계 시 내진철근의 영향평가)

  • Jo, Min-Joo;Yu, Seong-Yong;Kang, Ji-Yeon;Kim, Hyung-Geun
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2017
  • In this study, performance based seismic design was performed on the shear wall structural system and the beam-column system as a variable general rebar and seismic rebar, and comparing the capacity of the two models of each system. From nonlinear analyses, the capacity of the shear wall structural system applying seismic rebar has shown a stable behavior after the maximum strength, but there is little difference. Furthermore, both models showed similar capacity between story drift and story shear force and capacity of members. These results are attributed to the fact that the seismic rebar, which is highly ductile under the seismic load applied to the target structure, does not render sufficient capacity.

Behavior of fully- connected and partially-connected multi-story steel plate shear wall structures

  • Azarafrooza, A.;Shekastehband, B.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.76 no.3
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    • pp.311-324
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    • 2020
  • Until now, a comparative study on fully and partially-connected steel shear walls leading to enhancing strength and stiffness reduction of partially-connected steel plate shear wall structures has not been reported. In this paper a number of 4-story and 8-story steel plate shear walls, are considered with three different connection details of infill plate to surrounding frame. The specimens are modeled using nonlinear finite element method verified excellently with the experimental results and analyzed under monotonic loading. A comparison between initial stiffness and shear strength of models as well as percentage of shear force by model boundary frame and infill plate are performed. Moreover, a comparison between energy dissipation, ductility factor and distribution of Von-Mises stresses of models are presented. According to the results, the initial stiffness, shear resistance, energy dissipation and ductility of the models with beam-only connected infill plates (SSW-BO) is found to be about 53%, 12%, 15% and 48% on average smaller than those of models with fully-connected infill plates (SPSW), respectively. However, performance characteristics of semi-supported steel shear walls (SSSW) containing secondary columns by simultaneously decreasing boundary frame strength and increasing thickness of infill plates are comparable to those of SPSWs. Results show that by using secondary columns as well as increasing thickness of infill plates, the stress demands on boundary frame decreases substantially by as much as 35%. A significant increase in infill plate share on shear capacity by as much as 95% and 72% progress for the 4-story SSW-BO and 8-story SSSW8, respectively, as compared with non-strengthened counterparts. A similar trend is achieved by strengthening secondary columns of 4-story SSSW leading to an increase of 50% in shear force contribution of infill plate.

A Study on the Methods of Enhancing the Seismic Performance for Reinforced Concrete School Buildings - Ordinary Moment Frame (철근콘크리트 보통모멘트 골조형식 학교건축물의 내전성능 향상 방안 연구)

  • Kim, Hyeon-Jin;Lee, Sang-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.74-81
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    • 2009
  • In this study, the seismic performance of RC school buildings which were not designed according to earthquake-resistance design code were evaluated by using response spectrum and push-over analyses. The torsional amplification effect due to plan irregularity is considered and then the efficiency of seismic retrofitting methods such as RC shear wall, steel frame, RC frame and PC wing wall was investigated. The analysis result indicate that the inter-story drift concentrated in the first floor and most plastic hinge forms at the column of the first story. Among the retrofitting methods, the PC wing wall has the highest seismic performance in strength and story drift aspect. Especially, it can make building ductile behavior due to the concentrated inter-story drift at the first column hinge is distributed overall stories. The axial force, shear force and moment magnitude of existing elements significantly decreased after retrofitting. However, the axial and shear force of the elements connected to the additional retrofitting elements increased, and especially the boundary columns at the end of the retrofitting shear wall should be reinforced for assuring the enhancement of seismic performance.

3-Dimensional Inelastic Behavior of Standard School Building with Various Hysteresis Models (표준학교건물의 3차원 비탄성거동에 대한 이력모델의 영향)

  • Yoon, Tae Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.2917-2923
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    • 2015
  • The three dimensional inelastic response characteristics of the standard school buildings depending on hysteresis models are reviewed. Three artificial earthquake records in accordance with KBC(Korea Building Code) are used and the inelastic response characteristics such as story shear force, story drift ratio, story displacement, hinge distribution state are reviewed with four hysteresis models. As results, story shear force is increased by maximum 27% and story drift ratio is increased by maximum 30% according to hysteresis models. Modified Takeda Model shows maximum story shear and story drift raio in longitudinal and short direction, expecting higher safety. Story shear shows minimum value with Clough Model in both directions and story drift ratio shows minimum with Takeda model in longitudinal and with Clough model in short direction, so these models are expected to decrease the safety ratio.

Analytical simulation of reversed cyclic lateral behaviors of an RC shear wall sub-assemblage

  • Lee, Han Seon;Jeong, Da Hun;Hwang, Kyung Ran
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.173-196
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    • 2012
  • Experimental results of cyclic reversed lateral force test on a two-story reinforced concrete shear wall sub-assemblage are simulated analytically by using the PERFORM-3D program. A comparison of experimental and analytical results leads to the following conclusions: (1) "Shear Wall" and "General Wall" models with "Concrete shear" cannot simulate the pinching phenomena due to shear and show larger amounts of inelastic energy absorption than those in the experiment. (2) Modeling a story-height wall by using two or more "General Wall" elements with "Diagonal shear" in the vertical direction induces the phenomenon of swelling-out at the belly, leading to the erroneous simulation of shear behaviors. In application to tall building structures, it is recommended to use one element of "General Wall" with "Diagonal shear" for the full height of a story. (3) In the plastic hinge area, concrete deformations of analytical models overestimate elongation and underestimate shortening when compared with experimental results.

Inelastic Time History Analysis of an Unbraced 5-Story Steel Framed Structure for Arrangement of Semi-Rigid Connection (반강접 접합부 배치에 따른 비가새 5층 철골골조구조물의 비탄성 시간이력해석)

  • Kang, Suk-Bong;Kim, Sin-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.313-324
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    • 2010
  • In this study, an unbraced five-story steel-framed structure was designed in accordance with KBC2005 to understand the features of structural behavior for the arrangement of semi-rigid connections. An inelastic time history analysis of structural models was performed, wherein all the connections were idealized as fully rigid and semi-rigid. Additionally, horizontal and vertical arrangements of semi-rigid connections were used for the models. A fiber model was utilized for the moment-curvature relationship of a steel beam and a column, a three-parameter power model for the moment-rotation angle of the semi-rigid connection, and a three-parameter model for the hysteretic behavior of a steel beam, column, and connection. The base-shear force, top displacement, story drift, required ductility for the connection, maximum bending moment of the column, beam, and connection, and distribution of the plastic hinge were investigated using four earthquake excitations with peak ground acceleration for a mean return period of 2,400 years and for the maximum base-shear force in the pushover analysis of a 5% story drift. The maximum base-shear force and story drift decreased with the outer vertical distribution of the semi-rigid connection, and the required ductility for the connection decreased with the higher horizontal distribution of the semi-rigid connection. The location of the maximum story drift differed in the pushover analysis and the time history analysis, and the magnitude was overestimated in the pushover analysis. The outer vertical distribution of the semi-rigid connection was recommended for the base-shear force, story drift, and required ductility for the connection.

Efficient seismic analysis of multi-story buildings

  • Lee, Dong Guen;Kim, Hee Cheul
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.4 no.5
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    • pp.497-511
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    • 1996
  • The equivalent static force procedure and the response spectrum analysis method are widely used for seismic analyses of multi-story buildings. The equivalent static force procedure is one of the most simple but less accurate method in predicting possible seismic response of a structure. The response spectrum analysis method provides more accurate results while it takes much longer computational time. In the response spectrum method, dynamic response of a multi-story building is obtained by combining modal responses through a proper procedure such as SRSS or CQC method. Since all of the analysis results are expressed in absolute values, structural engineers have difficulties to combine them with the results obtained from the static analysis. Design automation is interrupted at this stage because of the difficulty in the decision of the most critical design load. Pseudo-dynamic analysis method proposed in this study provides more accurate seismic analysis results than those of the equivalent static force procedure since the dynamic characteristics of a structure is considered. And the proposed method has an advantage in combination of the analysis results due to gravity loads and seismic loads since the direction of the forces can be considered.