• Title, Summary, Keyword: Stochastic Frontier Production Function

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Estimation of smooth monotone frontier function under stochastic frontier model (확률프런티어 모형하에서 단조증가하는 매끄러운 프런티어 함수 추정)

  • Yoon, Danbi;Noh, Hohsuk
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.665-679
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    • 2017
  • When measuring productive efficiency, often it is necessary to have knowledge of the production frontier function that shows the maximum possible output of production units as a function of inputs. Canonical parametric forms of the frontier function were initially considered under the framework of stochastic frontier model; however, several additional nonparametric methods have been developed over the last decade. Efforts have been recently made to impose shape constraints such as monotonicity and concavity on the non-parametric estimation of the frontier function; however, most existing methods along that direction suffer from unnecessary non-smooth points of the frontier function. In this paper, we propose methods to estimate the smooth frontier function with monotonicity for stochastic frontier models and investigate the effect of imposing a monotonicity constraint into the estimation of the frontier function and the finite dimensional parameters of the model. Simulation studies suggest that imposing the constraint provide better performance to estimate the frontier function, especially when the sample size is small or moderate. However, no apparent gain was observed concerning the estimation of the parameters of the error distribution regardless of sample size.

A Study on the Efficiency Analysis of Abalone Aquaculture in Wando Region Using Stochastic Frontier Approach (SFA를 이용한 전복 양식업의 지역별 효율성분석에 관한 연구 - 완도지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Hye-Seong;Song, Jung-Hun
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.67-77
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    • 2012
  • Based on the survey on aquaculture management status in Nohwa-eup, Bogil-myeon, Wando-eup in Wando region, this study aimed to estimate productive efficiencies of abalone aquaculture production using a stochastic frontier approach (SFA) and to find out their determinants. In the analysis, a Cobb-Douglas production function with an inefficiency term that follows an halfnormal distribution was assumed for the estimation of productive efficiencies. Then, based on the outcomes of productive efficiencies, determinants of productive efficiency were investigated using a tobit regression model. Results showed that the average inefficiency was estimated to be 10% and the production size would be a statistically significant variable for the production. In addition, it was shown that the cage installing method would be an important factor affecting to the level of productive efficiency.

Contributions of Public Investment to Economic Growth and Productivity

  • HAN, SUNGMIN
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.25-50
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    • 2017
  • Whereas a large variety of previous studies show mixed results regarding the relationship between public investment and economic outcome, several studies have been conducted on related issues in Korea. The present study deals with the effect of public investment in Korea on economic growth and productivity. Using administrative data, it exploits three different methodologies: the total factor productivity approach, production function approach, and stochastic frontier production function approach. The results of this study show that public investment has a statistically significant effect on economic growth. However, it contributes little to enhance productivity. It is explained that there exists inefficiency of production in the Korean economy. These findings indicate that public investment has played a central role in the direct input factor and not in indirect role in Korea. Thus, it is necessary for public investment policies to concentrate on enhancing the efficiency of the Korean economy.

An Analysis on Technical Efficiency of Apiculture Farming in Korea (양봉농가의 기술적 효율성 분석)

  • Yeo, Min-Su;Hong, Seung-Jee
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.509-514
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the technical efficiency and its determinants for Korean Apiculture farming by using from door to door and e-mail inquiry data. The analysis was implemented through the Cobb-Douglas stochastic frontier production function (SFPF) model including the technical inefficiency effect model for cross-sectional data. To measure the SFPF model, honey production was used for a dependent variable, and for input variables labor cost, preventive cost, material cost, feeding cost, depreciation cost were used. Farmer's age, farmer's career, farming scale, full-time or half-time firm and movement or fixed firm variables were used to measure the inefficiency effect model. The average technical efficiency on apiculture farming in Korea is estimated to be 0.8112. It means that there were technical inefficiency of about 18.88% in Korea apiculture farming. In this study there are some suggestions which could increase the technical efficiency of Korean apiculture farming.

Technical Inefficiency Effects and Technological Change in Bangladesh Food Industry: A Stochastic Frontier Analysis

  • Rana, Md. Masud;Baten, Md. Azizul;Rabman, Mezbahur
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.1449-1463
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    • 2008
  • This paper considers three different models with two functional forms, Cobb-Douglas and Translog, for the stochastic frontier production function of food manufacturing industry of Bangladesh over the period 1981-1982 to 1999-2000. The models are proposed by Battese and Coelli (1992, 1995) and Huang and Liu (1994). The technical efficiency, total factor productivity, technological change and technical efficiency change have been estimated in the frontier models. The results indicate that 41.47%, 59.30% and 70.98% of the potential output are being realized in this sector. The mean increments in total factor productivity are approximately 2%, 9% and 4% respectively.

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Job Mismatch in Korean Regional labor Market: Matching Efficiency Analysis using Stochastic Production Frontier Approach (한국 지역노동시장에서의 일자리 미스매치에 관한 연구 - 확률변경생산함수를 이용한 결합 효율성 분석 -)

  • Yang, Jun Seok;Jeon, Yongil
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.752-765
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    • 2012
  • We analyze the relation empirically between regional labor market characteristics and job matching efficiency with the adaption of stochastic frontier production function. Our empirical results suggest that, as both the ratio of 50 years-old-job seekers and the level of spatial density increase, job matching efficiencies also rise. In contrast, an increase in the ratio of firms which offer permanent contracts lowers job matching efficiencies. And the job matching efficiency is relatively higher in metropolitan areas. Finally, We find a negative relation between total industrial production and job matching efficiency, which implies that job seekers tend to accept uncongenial jobs in the recessions.

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Measuring the Performance of Technology Transfer Activities of the Public Research Institutes in Korea (국내 공공 연구기관들의 기술이전 효율성 분석)

  • Ok, Joo-Young;Kim, Byung-Keun
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.131-158
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    • 2009
  • We examine the effects of environmental or organizational factors on the performance of TLOs(technology transfer offices) in the PRIs(Public research institutes) using SFA(Stochastic Frontier Analysis), a technique for estimating the efficiency of DMUs(decision making units). In SFA, independent variables are assumed to determine the efficient production technique(production frontier) or affect the efficiency of DMUs. Previous researchs show that input variables such as number of personnel, R&D expenditure affect the production frontier while environmental or organizational variables affect the efficiency. We tried to estimate various types of models to find out whether environmental or organizational variables affect output variables differently from the previous research. Main empirical findings are as follows. First, R&D expenditure tends to increase all output variables considered. Second, environmental factors such as type of institutions and location of institutions affect the level of outputs. Third, organizational factors such as reward system for technology transfer also appear to affect the output variables. Fourth, environmental or organizational variables affect the production frontier directly rather than affect the efficiency of DMUs. Lastly, the efficiency of each DMU appear to be 1 or near to 1. Since almost all DMUs are equally efficient, it may not be effective to evaluate technology transfer activities of PRIs by efficiency criteria. We believe that this research should be complemented by additional data. More general types of production function need to be considered, and new techniques with concepts like output distance functions need to be developed to analyse multiple outputs simultaneously.

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Measurement of Energy Efficiency For the Reduction of Greenhouse Gases (온실가스 감축에 대비한 에너지 효율의 계측)

  • Kang, Sang-Mok
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.75-97
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of the paper is to estimate the functions of the energy input efficiency and the energy intensity efficiency, and measure their energy efficiencies for the reduction of greenhouse gases focusing on OECD countries. The efficiency of the traditional energy intensity was rarely connected with the energy efficiencies of the stochastic frontier function. It seems that the energy efficiency by the function of energy input efficiency sensitively responds to the order of GDP, capital stock, labor, and energy input quantity as explanatory variables. In the future, we need to reduce energy quantities by the optimal mix of inputs, and pursuit low-carbon economic growth through the production of the goods consuming small energy.

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An Analysis on the Efficiency of Container Terminal using Stochastic Frontier Model (SFM을 이용한 컨테이너터미널의 효율성 분석)

  • Kim Un-Soo;Kwak Kyu-Seok
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.105-111
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    • 2005
  • Recently, global terminal operotors are struggling to attract more cargoes into their ports through enlarging facilities and trying to be more efficient operotion Many researches on container terminal efficiency have been conducted, but most of the traditional studies are focused on the partial efficiency of the container terminal using quantitative questionnaires and basic statistical data In this paper, the Stochastic Frontier Model of the interaction among the variables was employed to execute numerical analysis on the efficiency of terminal. The objective of this paper is to measure the level of efficiency in the container terminals every year and to assess the influence in container terminal's efficiency on domestic and foreign terminals by changing the terminal scales and the level of input factors.

A performance analysis of R&D in the IT industry sector (IT 기업 R&D 투자의 효율성 분석)

  • 김상태;표경민
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.521-532
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    • 2005
  • IT 기업의 기술적 효율성의 정도를 추정하고, 그 결정요인을 알아보기 위해 Coelli(1995)의 확률적프론티어(Stochastic Frontier model) 중 초월대수 변경생산함수(translog stochastic frontier production function)를 설정한다. 분석견과 연구개발투자, 기업의 재무구조, 설비투자효율, 노동소득분배율 등은 기업의 비효율을 감소시키는 역할을 하는 반면, 기업규모, 재고자산증가율, 자기자본증가율 등은 기업의 비효율성을 더 높여주는 것으로 나타났다. 1990년부터 2004년까지 국내 제조업 전체의 생산의 기술적 효율성은 평균 0.5311로 이는 생산효율성이 $53.11\%$임을 의미하고, 비효율성은 $46.89\%$에 달한다고 볼 수 있다. IT 기업의 기술적 효율성은 0.5337회 제조업과 비슷하지만, IT 대기업은 0.61, IT 중소기업은 0.511로 대기업과 중소기업의 격차가 크게 발생하고 있다.

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