• Title/Summary/Keyword: Standard of Calculation

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Establishing Evaluation Indicator for Agricultural Utilization of Idle Farmlands and Field Application (유휴농지 농업적 활용 평가지표 설정 및 현장적용)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Chan;Park, Chang-Won;Cho, Seok-Ho;Choi, Jin-Gyu;Yoon, Seong-Soo;Son, Yong-Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.127-137
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    • 2014
  • Self-sufficiency rate of food in South Korea is almost at the lowest level among OECD countries, and the decrease tend of farmland is expected to be continued. In this situation, the government has been revised the target self-sufficiency rate of food, and carried forward various policies in order to achieve it. One of those policies is the restoration business of idle farmland which is planned to carry forward after 2015. This study set up indicators evaluating effective use of idle farmland, and tried to apply in the field before carrying forward restoration business. The result of this study may be summarized as follows. First of all, it reset an evaluation indicator that was based on the evaluation indicator developed in order to set application directions of idle farmland. Next, it selected 30 idle farmlands with reset evaluation indicator among 11,635 which were inspected nationwide in 2012. Before applying indicator, it measured the condition of recycling such as accessibility of farmland, condition of irrigation and drainage system, land state, and surroundings by field investigation. Then, it calculated composite score in each target area through applying indicators, and verified the indicator by comparing calculated result with the one which was decided from field investigation. Finally, it carried out field investigation, correct and upgrade some problems of the standard of score calculation that was found during applying previously set evaluation indicator to target area, and established the final standard of calculation for evaluation indicator.

Comparative Studies of Standard of Estimated Unit Manpower and Material of Landscape Architecture Construction in Korea and Japan (조경공사 표준품셈의 한·일간 비교 연구)

  • Yun, Ju-Cheul;Lee, Kwan-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Traditional Landscape Architecture
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.154-158
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    • 2011
  • This research was carried out to compare the standard of estimated unit power and material in landscape architecture construction between Korea and Japan. It has also been done to offer a practical and reasonable information to Korea landscape architecture industry. The research results are as follows. First, both Korea and Japan's standard of estimated unit power and material in landscape architecture construction are part of civil construction. Second, Korea's detailed type of construction is centered on plant's type and size while Japan's centered on architectural construction. Third, Korea's standard of estimated unit power and material are composed of workforce construction, mechanical construction and addition of soil. On the other hand, Japan's estimated unit power and material are composed of workforce construction, time of transportation, date of transportation. Fourth, the planting specification of Korea seems to be more in detail than that of Japan, Japan's showing a wider implication. Fifth, when comparing the information regarding standard of estimated unit power and material between Japan and Korea, transportation, independent stalking for plant, soil for landscape architecture is difference between the two countries. On the base of this research results, Korea's standard of estimated unit power and material in planning construction should be more elastic in its implication and independent standard of estimated unit power and material in landscape architecture construction. Also, examination of transportation, independent skating for plant and soil for landscape architecture should be done in order for better improvements.

A Study on Calculation Method of Compensation for Indirect Damage of Fishery by Undertaking Public Project (공익사업시행(公益事業施行)으로 인한 어업(漁業)의 간접피해(間接被害) 보상액(補償額) 산출방법(算出方法)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim Ki-Dae;Kim Byung-Ho
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.37 no.1 s.70
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    • pp.25-44
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    • 2006
  • Under the provision of Article 63 of the Enforcement Regulation of the Act on Acquisition and Compensation of Land and Others for Public Project that is recently enacted and implemented (hereinafter referred to as the 'Lend Compensation Act') the compensation is required to make 'When the Actual Damage Amount' is confirmed for the damage in fishery affairs that is outside of the public project area. The compensation for fishery business on the indirect damage area has been excluded from the advance compensation subject to conflict with the existing laws on fishery business compensation with the controversy in method, procedure, time and others to confirm the actual damage amount, and it lacks the standard of calculation for detailed compensation on partial damages outside of business implementation area, which caused the ceaseless conflicts and straggles between the project implementation party and the victimized fishermen regarding the calculation method of damages, standard, compensation period and others. In particular, from the numerous problems in damage compensation in fishery on the indirect damage area, the most recent problem emerged is the issue on application method of damage period in calculating the damage compensation amount that the struggle has been deepened with the differences between the project implementation party and the victimized fishermen without the stipulation on the compensation, that caused the difficulties in carrying out the public project and other serious social problems. In this study, the reasonable application method for the damage period and the calculation plan of the damage amount for calculating the damages on fishery industry outside of the public project implementation zone that is not fully specified under the Land Compensation Act, and the indirect damage area is not influenced for the notification of project recognition, and the compensation to undertake with the damage in the fishery industry in project implementation area to have the nature of damage compensation, the right to engage in fishery industry has the perpetual nature of rights, the fishery damage compensation system of Japan also recognizes the perpetual right on fishery industry to calculate the compensation amount, and the compensation for damage amount has been exercised for the period of actual damage occurrence period regardless of remaining effective period for most of fishery permit and license for fishery compensation outside of the project implementation area following the recent various public projects as well as the development process of theory on fishery loss compensation that the calculation of damage amount on the fishery industry outside of the project implementation zone would be prudent to compensate by calculating the applicable damages during the period of actual damages, and by doing so, the 'just compensation' guaranteed under the Constitution may be materialized. Therefore, the calculation of the damages from the implementation of the public project shall consider the actual period of damages and the degree of damage from the public project to calculate by the income capitalization method, however, considering the equitable consideration with the compensation following the cancellation, it shall not exceed the compensation following the termination of the applicable fishery businesses. Furthermore, the calculation method of partial damage amount on the fishery business following the project implementation shall apply, depending on the period of damage occurrence, by (1) the case of calculating the future damage amount at the present time, and (2) calculating the damage from the past to the present time as well as the damage to be incurred later, by selecting the calculation method for damages following the damage occurrence type.

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A Studies of Amendment a Standard of Estimated Unit Manpower and Material of Landscape Architectural Construction Work Classification (조경공사 표준품셈 공종 개정에 관한 연구)

  • Yun, Ju-Cheul;Lee, Kwan-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.119-126
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    • 2011
  • The standard unit manpower and material in landscape architectural construction was consist of a standard and universal work classification. However, these constructional methods have created a number of problems in utilizing and responding on a variety of recently-developed working methods such as new constructional skills and technologies. This research decided that presenting the amendments of work classification of a standard unit manpower and material in landscape architectural construction was very important, and investigated those work classifications which required these new amendments. First of all, assessment items were selected through the literature reviews and a preliminary survey. Then, these assessment items were surveyed to the total of 60 professional landscape architecture field. The results of this study were as follows; First, the utilization level of the a standard unit manpower and material in landscape architectural construction was highest in the area of work classification of planting unit manpower and material. Second, the work classifications that needed to be added were recognized as leveling the ground construction, landscape structure construction, paving construction, water facilities construction, and outdoor facilities construction. Third, in the field of the a standard unit manpower and material in landscape architectural construction, 66.7% of the respondents replied that some amendments were necessary, and those amendments needed work classifications were identified as work classification of planting unit manpower and material was gigantic plant, topiary tree, temporary planting, exchange dead tree, etc. In the area of digging out was gigantic plant and plastic tree were recognized. The survey respondents also answered that, in keeping and management work classifications some amendments in pruning waste were necessary, and in the fields of rubble masonry work classifications some improvements were required in rubble aperture planting unit manpower and material and sodding and herbaceous sowing was a realistic lawn size unit manpower and material was needed. Based on the results explained above, this study suggests that amendments for a standard unit manpower and material in landscape architectural construction are necessary, especially in the areas of planting size and quality of work classifications unit manpower and material and in the unit manpower and material that affects the quality of lands caping constructions.