• Title, Summary, Keyword: Spectrum Sharing

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Policy Design to Vitalize Spectrum Sharing Ecosystem : A System Dynamics Approach (인과지도에 기반한 주파수공유 생태계 활성화 정책 설계)

  • Song, Hee Seok;Kim, Jae Kyung;Kim, Taehan
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.109-122
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    • 2014
  • Demand of spectrum resource is tremendously increasing recently and this trend will continues in the future due to the wide spread of IT services based on cloud computing and Internet of Things technology and as well as smart devices. Recently, spectrum sharing technology has drawn attention to the spectrum policy makers as a promising way to overcome the shortage problem of scarce spectrum resource. To succeed in commercialization of spectrum sharing technology, it is necessary to prospect the future business ecosystem of spectrum sharing and develop appropriate policies and laws at the same time along with the advance of spectrum sharing technology. The purpose of this paper is to analyze casual relationships between enablers in future business ecosystem of spectrum sharing and propose policies to vitalize spectrum sharing ecosystem based on a system dynamics causal map proposed in the previous research. With the causal map and system dynamics method, it is possible to analyze feedback loops exist in the business ecosystem of spectrum sharing and build policies which optimize positive dynamics in business ecosystem of spectrum sharing. As a result, policy leverages were found in four areas; spectrum supply, spectrum demand, spectrum quality and technology, and spectrum transaction cost. For those policy leverages, 13 policies were identified and intervention timing for each policy was discussed. Finally, the promotion policies of government and market participants to vitalize spectrum sharing ecosystem were discussed.

Analysis of Future Spectrum Sharing Ecosystem Based on Causal Map (인과지도에 기반한 미래 주파수공유 생태계 분석)

  • Song, Hee Seok;Kim, Taehan
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.19-31
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    • 2013
  • There is tremendous increasing demand on spectrum resource which is boosted by spread of cloud computing and M2M telecommunication as well as smart phone and tablet PC. Recently, spectrum sharing technology has drawn attention to the spectrum policy makers as a promising way to overcome limitation of scarce spectrum resource. To succeed in commercialization of spectrum sharing technology, it is necessary to prospect the future business ecosystem of spectrum sharing and develop appropriate policies and laws at the same time along with the advance of spectrum sharing technology. The purpose of this paper is to prospect future spectrum sharing ecosystem and analyze business ecosystem of spectrum sharing with casual loop map. With the causal map and system dynamics method, it is possible to analyze feedback loops which is not limited to linear thinking and build policies which optimize positive dynamics in business ecosystem of spectrum sharing.

A Survey on Spectrum Sharing in Cognitive Radio Networks

  • Xu, Tangwen;Li, Zhenshuang;Ge, Jianhua;Ding, Haiyang
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.8 no.11
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    • pp.3751-3774
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    • 2014
  • With the rapid development of wireless communication, the confliction between the scarce frequency resources and the low spectral efficiency caused by the stationary spectrum sharing strategies seriously restricts the evolution of the future mobile communication. For this purpose, cognitive radio (CR) emerges as one of the most promising inventions which can overcome the spectrum shortage. As the key technology and main objective of CR, spectrum sharing can make full use of the limited spectrum, alleviate the scarcity of frequency resources and improve the system utilities, playing thereby an important role in improving the system performance of cognitive radio networks (CRNs). In this survey, the spectrum sharing in CRNs is discussed in terms of the sharing process, mainstream sharing technologies and spectrum sharing models. In particular, comparisons of different spectrum sharing strategies are concluded, as well as that of different spectrum sensing schemes in sharing procedure. Moreover, some application examples of the spectrum sharing in CRNs, such as smart grid, public safety, cellular network and medical body area networks are also introduced. In addition, our previous related works are presented and the open research issues in the field of spectrum sharing are stated as well.

Spectrum Sharing SDMA with Limited Feedback: Throughput Analysis

  • Jo, Han-Shin
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.6 no.12
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    • pp.3237-3256
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    • 2012
  • In the context of effective usage of a scarce spectrum resource, emerging wireless communication standards will demand spectrum sharing with existing systems as well as multiple access with higher spectral efficiency. We mathematically analyze the sum throughput of a spectrum sharing space-division multiple access (SDMA) system, which forms a transmit null in the direction of other coexisting systems while satisfying orthogonal beamforming constraints. For a large number of users N, the SDMA throughput scales as log N at high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) ((J-1) loglog N at normal SNR), where J is the number of transmit antennas. This indicates that multiplexing gain of the spectrum sharing SDMA is $\frac{J-1}{J}$ times less than that of the non-spectrum sharing SDMA only using orthogonal beamforming, whereas no loss in multiuser diversity gain. Although the spectrum sharing SDMA always has lower throughput compared to the non-spectrum sharing SDMA in the non-coexistence scenario, it offers an intriguing opportunity to reuse spectrum already allocated to other coexisting systems.

Comparative Analysis of Policies to Vitalize Spectrum Sharing Ecosystem using System Dynamics (시스템 다이내믹스를 이용한 주파수 공유 생태계 활성화 정책대안 비교 분석 연구)

  • Song, Hee Seok;Kim, Jae Kyung;Kim, Taehan
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.21 no.4_spc
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    • pp.431-447
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    • 2014
  • Demand of spectrum resource is tremendously increasing and this trend will continue as more IT services such as cloud computing, smart devices, Internet of Things are provided through wireless network. Recent development of spectrum sharing technology has drawn attention to spectrum policy makers as a promising way to overcome the expected spectrum shortage problem. However, technology-based solution to spectrum shortage problem may not be sustainable since the solution affect only one aspect of spectrum sharing ecosystem. To understand the whole picture of spectrum shortage problem, policies to vitalize spectrum sharing ecosystem were proposed based on the analysis of System Dynamics causal map in the previous study. This study compares and analyzes the effect of those proposed vitalization policies by using System Dynamics simulation. Among seven alternative policies, combined application of demand acceleration policy and technology development policy was found to be more effective for better utilization of spectrum. The effect of demand acceleration policy was offset when other policies are applied together except supply acceleration policy which shows better spectrum sharing.

Study on the Introduction of Spectrum Policy to Revitalize the Domestic Spectrum Sharing (국내 주파수 공동사용 활성화를 위한 정책 도입방안 연구)

  • Choi, Joo-Pyoung;Lee, Won-Cheol
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.200-213
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    • 2018
  • Herein, we survey the current state of the recent legal revision of the Citizens Broadband Radio Service, a type of city spectrum-sharing service used in the United States of America, and the introduction of spectrum sharing in the frequency ranging from 3.8~4.2 GHz, based on the United Kingdom framework for spectrum sharing. Specifically, the subjects of topical interest, including the radio station licensing of the spectrum-sharing service system face-to-face multitier user structure, regional frequency allocation, and applicable service types, are discussed. Furthermore, factors to be considered while selecting candidate channels for joint use are suggested, emphasizing their importance for introducing spectrum sharing in Korea and revitalizing the related industrial sectors. In addition, methods of introducing a radio station license system for spectrum sharing, techniques of introducing incentive auctions, and the types of services where spectrum sharing is applicable are discussed.

Technology and Policy for Blockchain-based Spectrum Sharing (블록체인 기반의 전파 공유 기술과 전파 정책)

  • Shin, Na Yeon;Nam, Ji-Hyun;Choi, Ye Jin;Lee, Il-Gu
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 2019
  • The restricted network or the unbalanced distribution of spectrum is causing the problems of lack of spectrum resources and deterioration of the service quality. In addition, the existing centralized radio sharing method has not been a fundamental solution for radio sharing and is inefficient in terms of cost, convenience, and security. In this paper, we propose a blockchain-based spectrum sharing as a low-cost, trustworthy, high-efficiency platform that can distribute and share spectrum resources, and propose policies to realize this. In the spectrum sharing platform, spectrum information about Wi-Fi AP and LTE mobile hotspot is registered in the blockchain, and spectrum sharers and users can conclude peer-to-peer spectrum sharing contract quickly and efficiently through smart contract. The pay for the shared spectrum resources and reward for spectrum quality management open platform ecosystem to activate the circulation-sharing and it can provide a convenient and efficient public wireless infrastructure.

Analysis of Spectrum Sharing Systems and Some Plans for the Adoption in Korea (주파수 공동사용 제도 분석 및 국내 도입 방안)

  • Kim, Taehan
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.21 no.4_spc
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    • pp.449-462
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    • 2014
  • As mobile traffic is growing, the demand for spectrum is increasing but the deficiency of spectrum becomes serious as the supply is restricted essentially. For resolving the issue, spectrum sharing system is discussed from the technical and regulatory point of view, where multiple radio users occupy same frequency. In this paper, the policies and adoptions of spectrum sharing system in some countries are analyzed with a focus on TV white space and licensed shared access, which are based on unlicensed and licensed spectrum usage respectively. Some legal and regulatory plans to adopt and activate spectrum sharing in the Radio Waves Act system of Korea are proposed as well.

Finding Candidate Frequency Bands for Spectrum Sharing in the Frequency Range of 1~4.5 GHz (1~4.5 GHz 대역 내의 공동사용 후보 주파수 대역 발굴)

  • Oh, Se-Jun;Kang, Young-Heung;Bae, Jong-Kee;Park, Duk-Kyu
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.820-830
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    • 2013
  • As wireless traffic drastically increase with the expansion of smart equipment, it is necessary to develop spectrum sharing technologies and introduce spectrum sharing policy for utilizing limited radio resources efficiently. In order to meet these new changes, this parper investigated the government-held (or license) spectrum to seek candidate frequency bands of spectrum sharing. Based on the database of the existing radio station, the investigated candidate frequency bands of spectrum sharing was experimented locally, considering the central frequency, bandwidths, and the region where the radio station is usedIn conclusion, we found out about 901 MHz bandwidths for regional spectrum sharing within the spectrum of 1~4.5 GHz. These bandwidths can be utilized in M2M and WiFi services, etc. based on spectrum sharing technology in the future.

Adaptive Power Control Strategy based on Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Relay Networks (CR 넷워크를 위한 주파수 감지에 기번한 적응적인 전력 제어 전략)

  • HU, SIYUAN;Joe, Inwhee
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.82-85
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    • 2019
  • An adaptive power control scheme is proposed for the cognitive relay networks with joint overlay and underlay spectrum sharing model. The transmit power of the secondary user is adjusted adaptively according to the spectrum sensing results and the interference channel condition. The outage probability of the secondary user is compared by Monte - Carlo simulations between the fixed power control scheme and pure overlay or underlay spectrum sharing schemes. The results show that, by employing the adaptive power control strategy, the interference probability of the secondary user to the primary user is decreased by 70 % ~ 80 % under the same outage probability. Also, the outage probability of the secondary user is reduced by 1 ~ 2 orders of magnitude under the same interference probability. Thus, the performance of the spectrum sharing is improved effectively.