• Title, Summary, Keyword: Soybean Grain

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Nutritional Evaluation of Imported Organic Feeds and Locally Produced Agricultural By-products for Organic Ruminant Farming (유기 반추동물 전용 수입산 유기사료 및 국내산 유기 부산물의 사료적 가치 평가)

  • Park, Joong-Kook;Kim, Chang-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.513-528
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the nutritional value of locally produced organic agricultural by-products to substitute imported organic feeds for organic ruminant farming. Imported organic feeds (corn grain, soybean meal, soybean seed, oat grain, barley grain, wheat grain, buckwheat, sunflower seed meal) and byproducts (rice bran, grape seed meal, rice straw, soybean hull, soybean curd, rice hull, green kernel rice, and crushed rice grain) were analyzed for chemical composition and NDF, ADF, mineral, and amino acid contents and anti-nutritional factors. Dry matter, NDF and ADF contents in organic feeds were higher than those in conventional feeds. Especially, the 9.65% fat content of organic soybean meal was 6 times higher than the 1.95% fat content of conventional soybean meal. Fat contents of rice bran, grape seed meal, green kernel rice, and crushed rice grain were 25.66, 6.09, 3.57 and 1.59%, respectively. Protein contents of soybean hull and soybean curd were 14.68 and 19.87%, respectively, which are highest among organic by-products. Levels of aflatoxin in all feeds were below the safety level. Therefore, organic rice bran, green kernel rice and crushed rice as energy source, and soybean hull and soybean curd as protein source could partial replace imported feeds for organic ruminant farming.

Development of Vegetable Soybean Thresher with Tooth Type (급동 급치식 풋콩 탈협기 개발을 위한 기초 연구)

  • Lim, Hack-Kyu;Lee, Jeong-Taeg;Kim, Tae-Han
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.21
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    • pp.23-29
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    • 2003
  • Worldwide consumption of vegetable soybean bas been increasing recently, hence it is necessary to produce good quality of soybean in our farms. In the process of vegetable soybean production threshing and seperation work accounts for about 80% of overall labor. Therefore, developing of the vegetable soybean thresher is necessary to reduce the cost of labor. The purpose of this study is to acquire the basic informations to design of the vegetable soybeans-thresher. We make the experimental system which measure the physical properties and investigate the detachment forces. Also, We calculated the minimum speed of threshing cylinder. The result are as follows; 1. The average length of soybean stem is 68.2cm. 2. The length of soybean pods are seen as 61.3mm for 3 grain, 52.6mm fer 2 grains and 41.0mm fer 1 grain 3. The widths of soybean pods are seen as 14.1mm fer 3 grain, 13.8mm fer 2 grains and 13.4mm fer 1 grain. 4. The weights of soybean pods are seen as 4.1grams for 3 grains, 2.7grams for 2 grains and 1.4grams for 1 grain. 5. The average detachment forces of pods are seen as 1.5kgf for 3 grains, 1.2kgf for 2 grains and 0.8kgf for 1 grain respectively For 1 grain, the detachment force of pods ranges from 0.2kgf to 1.4kgf. For 2 grains, the minimum detachment force of pods is seen as 0.6kgf and the maximum one is seen as 2.5kgf. For 3 grains, the minimum detachment force of pods is seen as 0.7kgf and the maximum one is seen as 2.7kgf. 6. The minimum speed of threshing cylinder is shown 6.83m/s.

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Effect of Particle Size of Rice on Physicochemical and Nutritional Properties of Soybean Porridge (쌀 입자 크기에 따른 콩죽의 이화학적 및 영양학적 특성)

  • You, Bo-Ram;Kim, Mee-Ree
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.187-192
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    • 2010
  • The study investigated the effect of rice particle size on the physicochemical properties of soybean porridge prepared at different pH. Redness, yellowness and viscosity of soybean porridge increased according to the rice particle size. Protein content of soybean porridge was increased 2-fold, compared to that of rice porridges. Total amino acid content of soybean porridge was 1,821.2 mg/100 g and that of rice was 1,719.1 mg/100 g. Lysine and threonine contents of limited amino acid of soybean porridge were increased. Half grain rice soybean porridge exhibited the highest sensory scores. The results indicated that half grain size soybean porridge is preferred, both physicochemically and nutritionally.

Effects of Partial Replacement of Corn Grain and Soybean Meal with Agricultural By-Product Feeds on In Vitro Rumen Fermentation Characteristics and Optimum Levels of Mixing Ratio (농산부산물을 이용한 In Vitro 반추위발효 특성 및 적정 배합수준을 통한 옥수수 및 대두박 대체 효과)

  • Park, Joong-Kook;Lim, Dong-Hyun;Kim, Sang-Bum;Ki, Kwang-Seok;Lee, Hyun-June;Kwon, Eung-Gi;Cho, Won-Mo;Kim, Chang-Hyun
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.53 no.5
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    • pp.441-450
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to determine the effects of partial replacement of corn grain and soybean meal with agricultural by-product feeds on in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics and optimum levels of mixing ratio. The agricultural by-products to examine the effectiveness of the partial replacement of concentrate were wheat bran, corn gluten feed, bakery waste, soybean curd, rice bran, green kernel rice, soybean hull, distillers' grain, and mushroom substrate. In the first experiment, in vitro ruminal fermentation characteristics of feedstuffs were evaluated at 0, 3, 6, 12, 24, and 48 hours after incubation. In the second experiment, fermentation characteristics were investigated with green kernel rice and soybean curd which replaced corn grain or soybean meal. Feed were formulated with 40% corn grain + 20% soybean meal (T1), 40% corn grain + 17.5% soybean meal + 2.5% soybean curd (T2), 25% corn grain + 20% soybean meal + 15% green kernel rice (T3), and 30% corn grain + 15% soybean meal + 6% green kernel rice + 9% soybean curd (T4), respectively, with forage source of 10% alfalfa hay, 20% timothy hay, and 10% corn silage as fed-basis. In 24 and 48 hour cultivations, T4 showed significantly lower pH compared to T1, whereas in 3 and 24 hour cultivations, T4 showed significantly higher DM degradation compared to T1. In addition, the gas production of T3 was also higher than T1 (p<0.05). Overall results of the present experiments indicated that green kernel rice and soybean curd as agricultural by-products have the possibility of partial replacements of corn grain and soybean meal.

Evapotranspiration and Grain Yield in Responses to Different Soil Water Conditions in Soybean

  • Yang, Jae-Hwang;Kim, Wook-Han;Seong, Rak-Chun;Hong, Byung-Hee
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.241-244
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    • 2000
  • This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect on evapotranspiration and yield of soybean according to different soil water conditions, and to find the optimum time and amount for irrigation in soybean cultivation. The difference between potential evapotranspiration (PET) and maximum evapotranspiration (MET) during growing season of soybean planted in lysimeter was higher during reproductive stage than during vegetative one. The maximum crop coefficient was obtained at beginning seed stage of soybean. Soil water coefficient of irrigation treatment was higher than that of non-irrigation treatment during soybean growth stage in field experiment. Grain yield was highest in lysimeter due to its high water use efficiency and evapotranspiration rate.

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Development of Grain Heater Using Engine Exhaust Gas (내연기관(內燃機關) 배기(排氣)가스를 이용(利用)한 곡물가열기(穀物加熱機) 개발(開發))

  • Suh, S.R.;Harris, F.D.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 1985
  • A double pipe grain heater using engine exhaust gas as a heat source was developed. The performance of the grain heater was examined with soybeans as a test material experimentally and numerically using a mathematical model constructed. The following conclusions were drawn: 1. The modified screw conveyor used in the grain heater has a characteristic of decreasing capacity with increasing speed at speeds above 60 rpm. Operation with speeds below 60 rpm is recommended. 2. Heating soybeans by the heater at soybean flow rate up to 100 kg/hr, inlet temperature of the exhaust gas to the heater are recommended as above $400^{\circ}C$, $300^{\circ}C$, and $200^{\circ}C$ roughly for a 2, 5, and 10 kW engine, respectively. 3. Temperature increments of soybean by the heater at soybean flow rates ranged from 25 to 100 kg/hr are in the ranges of $6^{\circ}C-35^{\circ}C$, $15^{\circ}C-88^{\circ}C$, and $15^{\circ}C-140^{\circ}C$ with exhaust gas from a 2, 5, and 10 kW engine, respectively, at an exhaust temperature of $500^{\circ}C$. 4. Thermal efficiency of the heater at soybean flow rates ranged from 25 to 100 kg/hr are in the ranges of 35-37%, 28-34%, and 20-29% with exhaust gas from a 2, 5, and 10 kW engine, respectively. 5. The grain heater can be used to heat the other grain, also, without any bad effect from the exhaust gas used as a heat source.

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The Effects of Seed Size on the Early Seedling Growth and Yield of Three Soybean(Glycine max. L.) Cultivars (대두종자(大豆種子)의 대소(大小)가 초기생육(初期生育) 및 수량(收量)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Park, Ki Sun;Choi, Chang Yeol;Kang, Jea Chul
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.138-151
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    • 1989
  • In order to find the effects of seed size on the early seedling growth and yield of soybean, three soybean cultivars in Korea were investigated. Seed size was classified into large and small according to the weight and planted in pots(1/5000a) and in the field. Three soybean cultivars respresenting large, medium and small grains were Hwangkeum-kong, Kwangkyo and Bangsa-kong respectively. These cultivars were planted on June 20, 1987. 1. The plant height, stem diameter, root length and leaf area index(LAI) of the seed with large size seemed larger than the seed with small size regardless of cultivars. 2. The fresh and dry weight were different depending upon the grain sizes. The large grain had heavier fresh and dry weight than the small grains. 3. The protein consumption rate of the cotyledon of Bangsa-kong with small grain size was faster than the Hwangkeum-kong with large grain size. 4. The stem length, stem diameter and number of main stem node of the seed with large size seemed larger than the seed with small size. Large grains of Hwangkeum-kong were the highest in the number of branch node and number of node. 5. The number of pods and grains per plant of Bangsa-kong with small grain size was larger than the Kwangkyo with large grain size. 6. The yield per 10a for Hwangkeum-kong, Hwangkyo and Bangsa-kong were 226.3kg, 193.0kg and 192.8kg, respectively and they were all statistically different. The yield increases of large grains over small grains in the Hwangkeum-kong, Kwangkyo, and Bangsa-kong were 7.4%, 8.0% and 9.2%, respectively.

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Effect of Vermicompost in Combination with Bacterial and Mineral Fertilizers on the Yield of Vegetable Soybean

  • Bajracharya, S.K.;Shercahn, D.P.;Bhattarai, S.
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.100-103
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    • 2007
  • A field experiment was conducted in Agronomy farm at an altitude of 1350 m. above sea level in a randomized complete block design with three replications and eight treatments on vegetable type soybean in 2005. The objective was to see the effect of vermicompost alone and in combination with Rhizobium inoculum and mineral fertilizers on the yield of vegetable soybean. The result showed higher number of nodules from the non inoculated plot, however, the nodules weight was highest from the inoculated plots. No significant difference was notice statistically on roots and shoots dry weight. Soybean grain was obtained highest (32.3%) over the non inoculated plot followed by vermicompost plus inoculated, however, there was non significant difference. There was a slight increment on grain and straw yield from the inoculated plots over the non inoculated.

Agronomic performance of 20 soybean recommended varieties in Korea

  • Kim, Yong-Ho
    • Plant Resources
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.206-210
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    • 2000
  • A total of 20 soybean recommended varieties which were developed until late 1980's in Korea was evaluated at Suwon. Comprehensive evaluation and correlation analysis were conducted on the agronomic characters. Great variations were found in these genotypes for branch number, pod number, and grain yield per plant. The variation in number of pods/plant ranged from 53 to 164, and in grain yield from 25.9 to 68.8 g. The coefficient of variation for most of the characters had a wide range. In correlation coefficient, grain yield per plant showed a positive phenotypic association with weight of pods, pod number of branches, and weight of stem. Multiple regression analysis was done to formulate selection criteria. It indicated that stout and medium-stature genotypes with more branches, resulting in varieties with more pods per plant but with medium-size seeds are available to obtain high-yielding varieties.

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Patterns between wall pressures and stresses with grain moisture on cylindrical silo

  • Kibar, Hakan
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.62 no.4
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    • pp.487-496
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    • 2017
  • The focus of this study were to investigate patterns between wall pressures and stresses with grain moisture of soybean and rice varieties widespread cultivated in Turkey in order to determine needed designing parameters for structure analysis in silos at filling and discharge. In this study, the wall pressures and stresses were evaluated as a function of moisture contents in the range of 8-14% and 10-14% d.b. The pressures and von Mises stresses affected as significant by the change of grain moisture content. The main cause of pressure and stress drops is changed in bulk density. Therefore is extremely important bulk density and moisture content of the product at the structural design of the silos. 4 mm wall thickness, were determined to be safe for von Mises stresses in both soybean and rice silos is smaller than 188000 kPa.