• Title, Summary, Keyword: Soybean(Glycin max L.)

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Symbiotic Effectiveness and Competitiveness of Sinorhizobium fredii on Korean soybeans (Glycin max L.) (우리나라 재배콩(Glycin max L.)서 Sinorhizobium fredii의 공생효과(共生效果)와 근류형성경합력(根瘤形成競合力))

  • Kang, Ui-Gum;Jung, Yeun-Tae;Kang, Hang-Won;Ryu, Jin-Chang;Lee, Sang-Kyu;Ha, Ho-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.288-294
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    • 1997
  • In order to obtain a basic information related to the utility of Sinorhizobium fredii for field soybean, the effectiveness and competitiveness of nine fast-growing S. fredii strains including TAL 1871 etc. were examined on eleven Korean soybean(Glycin max L.) cultivars. Nine S. fredii strains all modulated soybean cv. Kwangkyo, but did not Danyeobkong. The averaged shoot dry weight by S. fredii strain TAL 1781, TAL 1840, TAL 1899 marked only about 53% as compared to that by Bradyrhizobium japonicum strain YCK 213 and USDA 110. The shoot dry weight by S. fredii strains, of which TAL 1781 was the most effective in that, was increased by coinoculation with B. japonicum YCK 213 rather than with B. japonicum USDA 110. Nodule occupancy by S. fredii ranged from 8.3 to 26.7% in coinoculation with B. japonicum YCK 213, but did from 10.0 to 30.0% with B. japonicum USDA 110. These results indicated that S. fredii strains were inferior effective and competitive to B. japonicum strains.

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Variation of Leaf Characters in Cultivating and Wild Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] Germplasm (콩 재배종과 야생종 유전자원의 엽 형질 변이)

  • Jong, Seung-Keun;Kim, Hong-Sig
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.16-24
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    • 2009
  • Although leaf characters are important in soybean [Glycin max (L.) Merr.] breeding and development of cultural methods, very little information has been reported. The objectives of this study were to evaluate and analyze the relationships among leaf characters and suggest possible classification criteria for cultivating and wild (Glycin soja Sieb. & Zucc.) soybeans. Total of 94 cultivating and 91 wild soybean accessions from the Soybean Germplasm Laboratory of Chungbuk National University were used for this study. Central leaflet of the second leaf from the top of the plant was selected to measure leaf characters. Average leaf length, leaf width, leaf area, leaf shape index (LSI) of cultivating and wild soybeans were 12.3$\pm$1.25 cm and 6.6$\pm$1.35 cm, 6.8$\pm$1.241 cm and 2.9$\pm$0.92 cm, 55.6$\pm$15.75 $cm^2$ and 14.3$\pm$7.83 $cm^2$, and 1.9$\pm$0.38 and 2.4$\pm$0.53, respectively. Based on LSI, three categories of leaf shape, i.e., oval, ovate and lanceolate, were defined as LIS$\leq$2.0, LSI 2.1~3.0 and 3.1$\leq$LSI, respectively. Percentage of oval, ovate and lanceolate leaf types among cultivating and wild soybean accessions were 78.7%, 17.0% and 4.3 %, and 40%, 15.4% and 4.4%, respectively. Based on leaf length, three categories for cultivating, i.e. short leaf ($\leq$11.0 cm), intermediate (11.1~13.0 cm), and long (13.1 cm$\leq$), and four categories, i.e. short ($\leq$5.0 cm), intermediate (5.1~7.0 cm), long (7.0~9.0 cm), and very long (9.1 cm$\leq$) for wild soybeans were defined. Short, intermediate and long leaf types were about 1/3, 1/2 and 1/6, respectively, in cultivating soybeans, and 15.4%, 40.7% and 39.5%, plus 4.4% of very long leaf type in wild soybean. Cultivating and wild soybeans had leaf thickness, leaf area ratio (LAR), angle and petiol length of 0.25$\pm$0.054 mm and 0.14$\pm$0.032 mm, 40.1$\pm$8.22 and 53.7$\pm$12.02, $37.6{\pm}5.89^{\circ}$ and $54.6{\pm}10.77^{\circ}$, and 23.9$\pm$5.89 cm and 5.9$\pm$2.33 cm, respectively. There were highly significant positive correlations between leaf length and leaf width, and negative correlation between LSI and leaf width both in cultivating and wild soybeans. Although leaf area showed significant correlations with leaf length, leaf width and LIS in cultivating soybeans, wild soybeans showed no significant relationships among these characters. In general, soybeans with oval, ovate and lanceolate leaves were significantly different in leaf width and thickness. Cultivating soybean with oval leaf had greater leaf area, while wild soybeans with oval or ovate leaf had longer petiol than with lanceolate leaf.

Free Redical Scavenging and Cytotoxicity Activitives of Soybean Germ Saponin (대두배아 사포닌의 유리기 생성 억제 및 세포독성)

  • 류병호;이홍수;김현대
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.151-157
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to investigate functional activities of the free radical scavenging and germ of Glycin max. Merrill fur cytotoxicity toward P338 and L1210 cells derived from mouse. Effect of crude saponin were examined to oxygen radicals and their scavenger enzymes in liver fractions of Spragae-Dawley(SD) rats. Male rats were fed basic diets of control and experiment diets of 0.5∼1.0% crude saponin. There were no significant differences in hydroxy radical($.$OH) formation of liver mitochondria and microsomes in 1.0% group, while $.$OH formations were significantly decrease in 0.5% and 1.0% saponin compared with control group. Their oxygen radical(O$_2$$\^$$.$/) scavenging activities were significantly decrease in liver cytosol of 0.5% and 1.0% saponin group compared with control group. Soybean germ saponin was isolated purified by the method of HPLC to investigate the cytotoxicity of mouse cells by using the MTT assay. SA-1 saponin fraction of soybean germ showed to inhibit toward growth cell of P338 and L1210 cells and its showed less than 50% cytotoxicity These results suggest that the saponin may play a effective role in attenuating a oxygen radical formations and increasing a scavenger enzyme activities.

Isolation of cDNA Encoding Low Temperature-inducible L-asparaginase from Soybean (Glycin max) (저온 스트레스에 발현이 유도되는 콩의 L-asparaginase 유전자의 분리)

  • Park, Seong-Whan;Kim, Kee-Young;Chen, Liang;Lee, Jai-Heon
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.99-104
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    • 2002
  • Suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) was used to isolate wound-induced cDNAs from wounded soybean. One of low-temperature-inducible cDNA, slti182 showed high homology with genes encoding 1-asparaginase. The full length cDNA of slti182, deginated GmASP1, is 1258 bp long and contains an open reading frame consisted of 326 amino acids. CmASP1 protein showed the highest identity (84%) with putative asparaginase from A. thaliana (AB012247), but it showed only 55% identity with another isoform of A. tathaliana (Z34884). The expression of GmASP1 during low temperature stress started to increase 3 hours after treatment, reached the maximum at 6 hour, and then decreased to the initial level at 48 hours. The amount of GmASP1 transcripts increased again when low-temperature-treated plants were transferred to room temperature, The present study suggests that GmASP1 may function to accelerate the protein synthesis which is important in the early response to low temperature.

Characteristics of Indigenous Rhizobium to Korean Soils -I. Symbiotic Potentials of Bradyrhizobium japonicum Populations and Their Colony Morphological Characteristics in Yeongnam Soils (우리나라 토착근류균(土着根瘤菌)의 제(諸) 특성(特性) 연구(硏究) -I. 영남지역(嶺南地域) 토착(土着) 대두근류균(大豆根瘤菌)의 접종효과(接種效果)와 취락형태적(聚落形態的) 분포특성(分布特性))

  • Kang, Ui-Gum;Somasegaran, Padma;Jung, Yeun-Tae
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 1990
  • Soybean [Glycin max (L.)] cv. Jangbaekkong was inoculated with 5 cultivated- and 5 uncultivated upland soils, in Yeongnam area, as soil inoculum and NifTAL peat inoculum as standard for soil inoculum potentials by Bradyrhizobium japonicum. 120 Bradyrhizobium japonicum isolates out of the soil populations were scored of three colony morphologies, designed "Dry", "Wet", and "Dry/Wet", and symbiotic effectiveness between "Dry" and "Wet" was compared. The results obtained were summarized as follows: 1. Indigenous populations of B. japonicum were above $10^4cells/g$. soil at the cultivated upland soils but were a few at the uncultivated upland soils except a colluvivum, orchard previously, in Yeongnam area. 2. Inoculum potentials of the cultivated upland soils were higher than the NifTAL inoculum and generally, nodule mass compensated nodule number for symbiotic effectiveness of soil populations. 3. Colony morphologies of soil populations showed the different proportions of "Dry" and "Wet" so that "Dry" types were dominant at the cultivated upland soils while "Wet" types at the uncultivated upland soils. 4. "Dry" colony morphology significantly exhibited higher symbiotic effectiveness than "Wet" types in nodule fresh weight, shoot dry weight, and shoot dry weight/nodule fresh weight. Therefore, as long as soil inoculum potentials, the growth of soybean at the cultivated upland soils could presumedly be affected by soil populations of Bradyrhizobium japonicum of "Dry" colony morphology.

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Characteristics of Indigenous Rhizobium to Korean Soils -II. Symbiotic and Serological Characteristics of Bradyrhizobium japonicum Naturalized in Yeongnam Soils (우리나라 토착근류균(土着根瘤菌)의 제(諸) 특성(特性) 연구 -II. 영남지역(嶺南地域) 토착(土着) Bradyrhizobium japonicum의 공생(共生) 및 혈청학적(血淸學的) 특성(特性))

  • Kang, Ui-Gum;Jung, Yeun-Tae;Somasegaran, Padma;Hoben, H.;Bohlool, B. Ben
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 1991
  • Thirty Bradyrhizobium japonicum isolates (10 strains per each soil) from 1 uncultivated [Sangnam(Soil 1), Milyang]- and 2 cultivated [Dong(Soil 2)and Chinbuk(Soil 3), Changweon] upland soils in Yeongnam area were evaluated on their symbiotic effectiveness to soybean [Glycin max (L.)] cv. Korean Jangbaekkong and American Clark and examined on their serological diversity. The results obtained were summarized as follows : 1. On symbiotic effectiveness of B. japonicum with plant genotypes, isolates showed a relatively high value of nodule mass in Jangbaekkong cv. and of shoot dry weight and total nitrogen in Clark cv. demonstrating the order of Soil 1> Soil 2> Soil 3 isolates. 2. Among 30 B. japonicum isolates, YCK 141 showed the best effectiveness on mean nitrogen fixation of two cultivars. 3. Thirty indigenous B. japonicum showed 6 types of serological diversities in the immunoblot analysis which were present in various proportions at Soil 2(5) and Soil 3(5) except Soil 1 where all isolates fell into the YCK 117 serogroup. And their distribution order was serotype YCK 117( 12 strains) > USDA 1l0(5strains), USDA 123(5 strains) > YCK 150(4 strains) > YCK 141(3 strains) > YCK 226(1 strain). 4. Especially, 10 isolates from Soil 1, an uncultivated orchard, showed a very homologous pattern in not only effectiveness but serological distribution. It seemed to indicate that the isolates were typically affected by numerous physical and environmental factors of the soil.

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Preparation of Antibiotic-Resistant Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Its Inoculation Effects on Soybean [Glycin max(L.) Merr] (항생물질(抗生物質) 표식(標識) 근류균(根瘤菌)의 조제(造製)와 그 접종효과)

  • Kim, Kwang-Sik;Kim, Kil-Yong;Son, Bo-Gyun;Lee, Young-Hwan;Kim, Yong-Woong;Seong, Ki-Young
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.181-188
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    • 1992
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the fate of inoculant Bradyrhizobium japonicum and the inoculation effect on soybean in complex soil environment. To moniter Rhizobium strains from the root, streptomycine and streptomycine and nalidixic acid resistant marker strains were prepared by spontaneous mutagenesis. The characteristics and properties of antibiotic marked strains were not altered by the mutagenesis. The comparison of properties of wild type and antibiotic resistant Bradyrhizobium strains are summarized as follow : 1) The strains of USDA110K-$STR^r$, USDA110N-$STR^r$ and R318-$STR^r$ showed weak tolerance to pH 9.0. The utilization of carbon sources by fast growing group was different from that of slow growing group. The marked strains of R214-$STR^rNAL^r$, USDA110K-$STR^r$ and USDA110N-$STR^r$ was doubtful in utilization of sorbitol and R138-$STR^rNAL^r$ was doubtful in utilization of xylose as a carbon source. 2) By examining the agglutination reaction of serogroups, the strains used were identified as different ones. There were no differences between wild type and marked strains in agglutination titer values. 3) The plasmid size of fast group was slightly greater than that of slow group. However, there was no differences in plasmid size between the wild type and antibiotic resistant strains. This result indicates that the antibiotic resistance was not encoded in plasmid. 4) The recovery of the inoculated strains was up to 12.5 % in soybean cultivated soil and was up to 25 % in soybean uncultivated soil. 5) When the wild type or marked strains were inoculated. there was no significant effect on soybean plant, whereas the inoculation effect was pronounced in soybean uncultivated soil. The inoculation effect seemed to be more pronounced in wild type strains than antibiotic resistant strains. however, the difference was not significant.

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