• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sorghum ${\times}$ sudangrass hybrid

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Effects of Cutting Frequency on Yield and Nutritive Value Between Heading and Headless Varieties of Sorghum$\times$Sudangrass Hybrid (수수$\times$수단그라스 교잡종의 출수형과 불출수형 품종간 예취횟수가 수량성 및 사료가치에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, J.K.;Kim, J.G.;Shin, D.E.;Yoon, S.H.;Kim, W.H.;Seo, S.;Park, G.J.
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.237-242
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of cutting frequency on dry matter yield and nutritive value between heading and headless varieties of sorghumxsudangrass hybrid in 1998. Treatments were var. TE hay grazer(heading type) and Jumbo(headless type) as main plot, and 1, 2, and 3 cutting times per a year as sub plot. Although plant height of sorghumxsudangrass hybrid was no significant difference among treatments, headless type was very slightly higher than that of heading type, and both of variety decreased with 1, 2, and 3 cutting times in order. Also, dry matter yield of sorghum~sudangrass hybrid was no significant difference between heading and headless type. Dry matter yield of first cutting plot in heading type and in headless type was the higher than those of second and third cutting plot. Acid detergent fiber and neutral detergent fiber of headless type were slightly higher than that of heading type. Acid detergent fiber of sorghumxsudangrass hybrid was highest at first cutting plot in both varieties. Neutral detergent fiber of second cutting plot in heading type and first cutting plot in headless type were the highest respectively. In vitro dry matter digestibility of headless type was very slightly higher than that of heading type. And in vitro dry matter digestibility of second cutting plot was the highest in both varieties. In vitro digestible dry matter of sorghumxsudangrass hybrid was no significant difference among treatments. The results demonstrated that although there was not significant difference, cultivation of headless type and first cutting plot per a year were very good for nutritive value and DM yield of sorghumxsudangrass hybrid as summer forage crops in Korea. (Key words : Heading, Headless type, Cutting frequency, Sorghum X Sudangrass Hybrid)

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Comparison of Agronomic Characteristics, Forage Production and Quality of Kenaf (Hongma 300), Maize (Kwangpyeongok) and Sorghum × Sudangrass Hybrids (Jumbo) in Middle Region of Korea (중부지역에서 케나프(홍마 300), 옥수수(광평옥) 및 수수×수단그라스 교잡종(점보)의 생육특성, 수량성 및 품질비교)

  • Hwang, Tae-Young;Ji, Hee Chung;Kim, Ki Yong;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Lee, Ki-Won;Choi, Gi Jun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.152-158
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted from 2013 to 2014 in the middle region of Korea to compare the agronomic characteristics, forage production, and quality of kenaf, maize, and a sorghum ${\times}$ sudangrass hybrid. The three crops used in this study were kenaf "Hongma 300," maize "Kwangpyeongok," and the sorghum ${\times}$ sudangrass hybrid "Jumbo" (headless type). The sugar contents of the kenaf, maize, and sorghum ${\times}$ sudangrass hybrid were 5.4%, 4.4%, and 2.5%, respectively. The emergence rates and lodgings of the three crops were sound, as they were more than 80% and 1.5, respectively. The fresh yields of kenaf, maize, and the sorghum ${\times}$ sudangrass hybrid were 117,521 kg/ha, 73,336 kg/ha, and 133,334 kg/ha, respectively, and the dry matter (DM) yields were 28,598 kg/ha, 19,951 kg/ha and 20,083 kg/ha, respectively. The DM yield of kenaf was significantly the highest among the three crops (p<0.05). However, the total digestible nutrients (TDN) contents of the kenaf, corn, and sorghum ${\times}$ sudangrass hybrid were 43.3 %, 72.0 %, and 54.8 %, respectively, and the in vitro digestible dry matter (IVDDM) yields were 44.4%, 73.7%, and 59.6 %, respectively; therefore, the TDN yield of the corn was 13 % significantly higher than that of the kenaf (p<0.05). The TDN yields of the kenaf, corn, and sorghum ${\times}$ sudangrass hybrid were 12,472 kg/ha, 14,350 kg/ha, and 11,001 kg/ha, respectively. Among the three crops, the content of neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and acid detergent fiber (ADF) were highest in the kenaf. This study shows that the kenaf had a good forage productivity but a low forage quality.

Effect of Different Drained Conditions on Growth, Forage Production and Quality of Sorghum, Sorghum × Sudangrass and Sudangrass Hybrids at Paddy Field (논에서 배수조건에 따른 수수류 품종의 생육특성, 생산성 및 품질 비교)

  • Ji, Hee-Chung;Cho, Jung-Ho;Ju, Jung-Il
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.119-126
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    • 2011
  • This experiment was carried out to know adaptability and forage production and quality of sorghum, sorghum ${\times}$ sudangrass and sudangrass hybrids depend on drained condition at paddy field from 2007 to 2008 at Chungnam province. Growth, forage production and quality of sorghum, sorghum ${\times}$ sudangrass and sudangrass hybrids showed more well drained condition than poorly drained condition at paddy field. Among growth characteristics, 'SS405' hybrids were somewhat strong for waterlogging, then and good at stem diameter, disease resistance. The dry yield of 'SS405' hybrid at poorly drained paddy field was the highest as 12,938 kg per ha. Fresh yield of poorly drained paddy field was 52.7% compared to that of well drained paddy field. The dry matter yield of poorly drained paddy field was the lower as 66.4% than that of well drained condition. ADF (acid detergent fiber), NDF (neutral detergent fiber), CP (crude protein) and IVDMD (in vitro dry matter digestibility) in poorly drained paddy field were 90.3%, 100.6%, 85.7% and 89.6% level compared to well drained paddy field.

Effect of alternative temperature on germination of sorghum, sorghum-sudangrass and corn seeds (온도의 변화가 수수, 수수X수단그라스교잡, 수단그라스 및 옥수수종자의 발아에 미치는 영향)

  • 한흥전;양종성;안수봉
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.174-178
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    • 1986
  • This experiment was carried out to study the influence of temperature treatments on germination of sorghum (cv. Pioneer 931), sorghum-sudangrass (cv. Pioneer 988), sudangrass (cv. Piper) and corn (cv. Suweon 19) in growth chamber. Each crop seeds were germinated under different day/night temperature of 10/5, 15/10, 20/15, 25/20, 30/25, 35/30 and $40/35^{\circ}C$ over 14/10 hour days. The results obtained are summarized as follows. 1. Germination of sorghum and sorghum-sudangrass were less affected by high temperature than those of corn and sudangrass. The optimum temperatures for germination were $20-40^{\circ}C$ for sorghum and $20-30^{\circ}C$ for corn. High temperature($40/35^{\circ}C$), however, resulted in great decrease of seed germination rates of seed germination rates of corn, while those of sorghum and sorghum-sudangrass shown high germination rates with the value of 95.8% and 89.9%, respectively. 2. Sorghum-sudangrass hybrid was shown to have a great tolerance to low temperature. Under low temperature($10/5^{\circ}C$) seed germination of sorghum-sudangrass was 80.0% but those of corn and sudangrass were 43.2% and 24.8% respectively. Germination rates of sorghum were decreased to about 68.8% at low temperature from a value of 98.1% at optimum temperature. 3. The days required to the seed germination of sorghum and sorghum-sudangrass hybrid were shortened by increasing of temperature. Under different temperature treatments, it was required 12 days ($15/10^{\circ}C$), 6 days ($25/20^{\circ}C$) and 3 days ($40/35^{\circ}C$) in sorghum but corn required 16, 7 and 3 days, respectively.

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Comparison of Agronomic Characteristics, Forage Yield and Quality of Sorghum X sudangrass Hybrid (수수 X 수단그라스 교잡종의 생육특성, 사초 수량 및 품질 비교)

  • 김종덕;권찬호;김호중;박진길;이병생;빙기선;문승태
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.297-302
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to compare the agronomic characteristics, forage yield, and quality of four sorghum $\times$ sudangrass hybrids at Yonam College of Agriculture Experimental Livestock Farm, Sunghwan in 2001. The four recommended hybrids used in this study were ‘SXl7’ and ‘877F’(heading type), and ‘TE Evergreen’ and ‘Turbo 9’(headless type). sugar content or heading hybrids(SX17 and 877F) were higher then that of headless hybrids(TE Evergreen and Turbo 9). SX17 had resistance to lodging, while all hybrids had resistance to foliar disease and insect. Dry matter(DM) and total digestible nutrients (TDN) yields of heading hybrids were higher then those of headless hybrids. Among sudangrass hybrids, DM and TDN yields of 877F were the highest(21,007 and 12,276kg/ha). The crude protein of Turbo 9(10.5%) was higher than other hybrids. Neutral detergent fiber(NDF) content of headless hybrids were higher than that of heading hybrids, while acid detergent fiber(ADF) and acid detergent lignin(ADL) contents of headless hybrids were lower than those of heading hybrids. Calculated TDN of headless hybrids were higher than that at heading hybrids. Cellulase digestible of organic matter of dry matter (CDOMD) of headless hybrids also were higher then that of heading hybrids. Results of this experiment indicates that heading hybrid was better than headless hybrid in the agronomic characteristics and forage yield of sorghum $\times$ sudangrass. However heading hybrid was lower than leafless hybrid in quality of sorghum $\times$ sudangrass.

Studies on the Voluntary Intake According to Growth Stage of Sorghum×Sudagrass Hybrid and Soybean in Mono and Inter Cropping (수수 × 수단그라스 교잡종과 대두와의 단작 및 간작에 따른 생육단계별 자유채식량에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, S.M.;Moon, S.H.;Jeon, B.T.
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.63-74
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    • 1999
  • This experiment was carried out to determine voluntary intake according to growth stage of sorghum $\times$ sudangrass hybrid in mono and intercropping. The results obtained from these experiments are as follows; Crude protein content of intercropping cultivation(sorghum $\times$ sudangrass hybrid + soybean) was higher than monocropping(sorghum $\times$ sudangrass hybrid), while ADF content was not different. Intake rates of leaf and stem showed highly at the intercropping comparing with monocropping(180cm~milk stage), but there was no difference at dough and yellow stage. Also, voluntary intake of fresh and dry matter showed same tendency. Voluntary intake of dry matter was the highest value of $98.4g/kg^{0.75}$ at milk stage treatment of intercropping. The intakes of crude protein were 9.6, 8.5, 7.2 and $7.2g/kg^{0.75}$ at 180cm, 250cm, boot stage and milk stage of intercropping treatment, respectively. These were higher than those for monocropping treatment. As mentioned above the results, intercropping cultivation could be recommended as increasing method of sorghum $\times$ sudangrass hybrid utilization when intake of dry matter and crude protein were considered.

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Effect of Methods and Rates of Seeding on the Forage Production and Nutritive Value of Sorghum$\times$Sudangrass Hybrid Grown Under Application of Animal Manure (가축분 시용조건에서 파종방법과 파종량이 청예용 수수$\times$수단그라스 교잡종의 생산량과 사료가치에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, S.;Kim, J.G.;Chung, E.S.;Kim, W.H.;Kang, W.S.
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.49-54
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    • 2000
  • A field experiment was carried out to determine the effects of seeding methods and rates on the growth characteristics, forage yield and nutritive value of sorghum X sudangrass hybrid (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench, cv. Pioneer 988) grown under application of animal manure in 1995. The application amount of animal manure were 40MT in cattle manure, 30MTha in swine and poultry manure. The methods and rates of seeding treated in this study were drill of 30kg, and broadcast of 30, 60 and 100kgha of seeding rates. The plant height was 180cm, 191cm and 204cm in cattle, swine and poultry manure, respectively. Plant height in the plot of drill was higher by about 15cm than those of broadcast plots. The dry matter(DM) yield was 7.73, 8.87 and 9.80MTha in cattle, swine and poultry manure, respectively. A significant higher forage yield was produced in the plot of drill, compared with broadcast(Pc0.05). DM yields in broadcast of 60kg and lOOkg of seeding rates were higher than that of 30kg of seeding rate of broadcast. However, no significant difference in forage yield was found between 60kg and IOOkg of seeding rates. The average DM yield was 11.16, 6.94, 8.26 and 8.83MTIha in drill(30kg), broadcast 30, 60 and 100kgIMT of seeding rates, respectively. The nutritive value of sorghum x sudangrass hybrid was very similar among treatments. The crude protein yields were 1,010kg in cattle manure, 1,180kg in swine manure, and 1,592kg in poultry manure. The protein yield was significantly high in the plot of drill. In conclusion, seeding by drill was recommended for forage production and protein yield of sorghumxsudangrass hybrid, and proper seeding rates were 30kg in drill and 60kg in broadcast. (Key words : Sorghumxsudangrass hybrid, Seeding rate, Seeding method, Forage yield, Nutritive value, Animal manure)

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Study on the Promising Double Cropping System of Summer and Winter Forage Crop in Paddy Field (논에서 여름 및 겨울 사료작물의 최적 작부체계에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Won Ho;Shin Jae Soon;Lim Young Chul;Seo Sung;Kim Ki-Yong;Lee Jong Kyung
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.233-238
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    • 2005
  • This experiment was conducted from 2002 to 2004 at paddy field of National Livestock Research Institute, RDA, Suwon to investigate the select the promising double cropping system on growth, yield and nutritive value of summer forage(silage corn, sorghum$\times$ sudangrass hybrid, japanese millet, jobs tear, rice) and winter forage(rye, barley, Italian ryegass) and also to determine the best double cropping system necessary to maximize the total forage yield of winter forages plus summer forage crops. Among agronomic characteristics, lodging tolerance appeared to be highest in the summer forage crop including silage corn, jobs tear and rice compared to other forage crops. And lodging tolerance appeared to be highest in the winter forage crop including barley compared to rye and Italian ryegrass. The highest dry matter yield of 27,766 kg/ha, 27,296 kg/ha and 25,365 kg/ha obtained from an whole crop barley+sorghum$\times$ sudangrass hybrid, rye+sorghum$\times$ sudangrass hybrid and Italian ryegrass+sorghum$\times$sudangrass hybrid double cropping sequence in combination among the fifteen cropping systems((P<0.05). And dry matter yield of barley+silage corn and rye+silage com were 23,766 and 23,572 kg/ha.

The Study on Double Cropping System for Organic Forage Production in Southern Region of Korea (남부지역에서 유기조사료 생산에 적합한 작부체계에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Sei-Hyung;Kim, Jong-Geun;Jeong, Eui-Soo;Lim, Young-Cheol
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.315-322
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    • 2008
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the selection of regional double cropping system for production of organic forage in southern region of Korea. The species of forage crop used in this experiment were com, sorghum$\times$sudangrass hybrid and japanese millet for summer crops and rye and Italian. ryegrass for winter crops. In organic cultivation condition, sorghum$\times$sudangrass hybrid showed higher DM (dry matter) and TDN (total digestible nutrient) yield than that of com. Dry matter yield of com which cultivated in organic condition decreased to about 35% that of control because of weed. In winter crops, DM and TDN yield of rye is similar to that of Italian ryegrass. We could not find out the difference of nutrient value between each treatments. It means that the amount of nutrient is affected by DM productivity of each crop. The result of this study indicated that sorghum$\times$sudangrass hybrid (summer crop) and rye (winter crop), sorghum$\times$sudangrass hybrid (summer crop) and Italian ryegrass (winter crop) cropping system could be recommended as producing high yield of organic forage in southern region of Korea.

Effect of Application Level of Swine Slurry on Growth Characteristics and Yield of Sorghum$\times$Sudangrass Hybrid and $NO_3-N$ Content in Infiltration Water (돈분액비 시용수준이 수수$\times$수단그라스 교잡종의 생육특성, 수량 및 용탈수 중 $NO_3-N$ 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim Young-Chul;Yoon S.H.;Kim J.G.;Kim W.H.;Choi G.J.;Seo S.;Yook W.B.
    • Journal of Animal Environmental Science
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2006
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of application level of swine slurry on the growth characteristics and yield of sorghum$\times$sudangrass hybrid and $NO_3-N$ content in infiltration at experimental field of Grassland and Forage Crops Division, National Livestock Research Institute, RDA from 2000 to 2002. Treatments were consisted of non fertilizer(NF), chemical fertilizer(CF), 100% swine slurry(SS 100), 150% swine slurry(SS 150), 200% swine slurry(SS 200) and 100% swine slurry + CF 50%(SS100 + CF 50) with randomized complete block design and three replications. Growth of sorghum$\times$sudangrass hybrid was not nearly different among the treatments, but early growth of swine slurry treatments was better than that of CF, and regrowth after 1st cutting was shown better in CF and SS 100+CF 50 with adding application of chemical fertilizer. The sugar content(brix %) was tends to be increased with swine slurry application. Dry matter(DM) yields of SS 100 and SS 150 were lower 15 and 6% than that of CF, respectively, and SS 200 was similer to CF, but there was not found significant difference among all treatments. The content of crude protein(CP), acid detergent fiber(ADF), and neutral detergent fiber(NDF) did not show the difference. The content of $NO_3-N$ in infiltration water was not more than CF by the 55 150 application, but more than by SS 200 and 55 100+CF 50 treatment.

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