• Title, Summary, Keyword: Solubilization

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Solubilization Isotherms of Chlorobenzene in ionic Surfactant Solutions

  • Baek, Ki-Tae;Yang, Ji-Won
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.201-204
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    • 2003
  • Solubilization isotherms of 1-chlorobenzene (MCB) and 1, 2-dichlorobenzene (DCB) were investigated in ionic surfactant solutions such as sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), and dedecyltrimethylammonium chloride (DMAC). The solubilization extent of DCB was much higher than that of MCB because of the main driving force of solubilization Is hydrophobic interactions between chlorobenzenes and hydrophobic interior of ionic micelles and DCB is more hydrophobic than MCB. CPC showed highest solubilization capacity because of longest hydrophobic tails. Simultaneous solubilization of MCB and DCB decreased slightly the extent solubilization of both MCB and DCB because the solubilization locus in the micelles is same.

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Solubilization Characteristics of trichloroethylene(TCE) in nonionic surfactants

  • Yul Ri A, Lee;Ho Jeong, Kim;Ji Won, Yang
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.328-331
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    • 2004
  • Solubilization isotherms of TCE in the nonionic surfactants were studied. In this research, the maximum solubilization of TCE in the micelle was observed at the HLB of approximately 15. Increasing carbon number, solubilization of TCE was enhanced with the same ethoxylated alcohols number in brij surfactants.

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Sewage sludge conditions for promoting solubilization in the ball mill treatment (볼-밀 가용화 효과의 향상을 위한 하수슬러지 조건에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Myoung Joo;Kim, Tae Hyung;Nam, Yang Won;Hwang, Sun Jin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.505-510
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    • 2008
  • Excess sludge and raw sludge were treated by ball mill in order to promote solubilization, and it was known that the level of solubilization was higher in excess sludge rather than raw sludge. About solid concentration, with the increase of TS, the amounts of solubilization was increased. And excess sludge was solubilized more effectively with the increase of ball mill treatment time. Especially, in case of excess sludge, within 5 min of ball mill treatment, 6 times of solubilization was achieved compared with raw sludge. The effect of bead size was also tested and 1 mm bead was most desirable when applied to the TS 4% of excess sludge. Particle size decrease by the ball mill treatment was more effective in raw sludge, nevertheless the level of solubilization was always higher in excess sludge. This means that the results of particle analysis could not be understood as a indicator for sludge solubilization. Generally, excess sludge and raw sludge are mixed at the thicker in the STP, but considering a ball mill pretreatment as an alternative for sludge solubilization, it is desirable to treat not raw sludge but excess sludge alone in the aspect of solubilization yield and economical process.

Solubilization of Hydrocarbon Oils by C12E8 Nonionic Surfactant Solution (C12E8 비이온 계면활성제 수용액에 의한 탄화수소 오일의 가용화에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, JongChoo
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.219-225
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    • 2007
  • The equilibrium solubilization capacity of pure hydrocarbon oils by 2.5 wt% $C_{12}E_8$ nonionic surfactant solution was measured at $30^{\circ}C$ by gas chromatography (GC) analysis. Experimental results indicated that the molar solubilization ratio (MSR) for pure alkanes was found to decrease almost linearly with the alkane carbon number (ACN) of the hydrocarbon oil. For the binary mixture systems of the hydrocarbon oils both selective and nonselective solubilization behaviors were observed depending on the difference in carbon number of the two hydrocarbon oils. Equilibrium solubilization tests for the two n-octane/n-nonane and n-nonane/n-decane mixture systems in $C_{12}E_8$ surfactant solutions suggest slightly selective solubilization in favor of n-octane, but the small difference in solubilization rates between two hydrocarbon oils does not allow ruling out non-selective solubilization for these particular systems. This is certainly not the case for the n-octane/n-decane mixture, for which selective solubilization was conclusively demonstrated by GC analysis data.

Application of Immobilization Technology in Solubilization of Rock Phosphate

  • Walpola, Buddhi Charana;Kim, Ah Young;Jeon, Ju Hyeon;Yoon, Min-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.249-253
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    • 2014
  • Phosphates solubilizing bacterial strains belong to Pantoea, Burkholderia and Enterobacter were isolated and employed in assessing their solubilization ability of Ca phosphate and ER phosphate (Eppawala Rock Phosphate). Among the bacterial strains used, PSB-13 (Pantoea rodasii) showed higher Ca-phosphate solubilization ($1100{\mu}g\;ml^{-1}$) as well as rock phosphate solubilization ($168{\mu}g\;ml^{-1}$). The strain was then immobilized in agar to further assess its phosphate solubilization ability. According to the results, agar encapsulated strain solubilized 0.3%, 7.31%, 20.24%, and 20.62% more Ca-phosphate and 11.53%, 15.29%, 28.48%, 36.55% (respectively in 4 cycles) more ER-phosphate than free cells. The reuse efficiency of agar entrapped bacterial cells for Ca-phosphate and ER-phosphate solubilization was greater than that by freely suspended bacterial cells. In conclusion, immobilization could enhance the phosphate solubilization capacity of the strains and thus could be used effectively in enhancing solubilization of ER phosphate.

Comparison of Sewage Sludge Solubilization through Different Pretreatment Methods (전처리 방법에 따른 하수슬러지 가용화 비교연구)

  • Kwon, Jae-Hyun;Kim, Bong-Jun;Kim, Min-Kyu;Yeom, Ick-Tae;Kim, Hyung-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.567-573
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    • 2003
  • The pretreatment process was carried out to solubilize the sewage sludge for enhancing its biodegradability using alkaline treatment, ultrasonic treatment(15kHz), ozone treatment and different combination of these three methods: alkaline followed by ultrasonic as well as ozone, and ultrasonic followed by alkaline. The solubilization efficiency was evaluated based on the SCOD/TCOD ratio and VSS/TS ratio. In results, the proper condition of alkaline treatment was shown as 30meq/l of NaOH, pH 12 and 3hours of reaction time. Solubilization efficiency increased to 17% from initial 2% based on SCOD/TCOD ratio under this condition. In ultrasonic treatment, the higher ultrasonic power, the longer treatment time and the lower sludge volume resulted in higher solubilization respectively. There was a rapid increase in solubilization efficiency after 20 minute, then it was measured as 32% of SCOD/TCOD ratio in 1 hour at a ultrasonic power of 1,300W with 1/sludge. Solubilization efficiencies in combined treatment using alkaline and ultrasonic were 47-53% higher than single treatment at a sonicated time of 1 hour. Ozone treatment followed by alkaline treatment also represented the enhanced solubilization compared to ozone treatment. Therefore, ultrasonic or ozone treatment assisted by alkaline could achieve the short treatment time as well as high solubilizetion efficiency.

Influence of Carbon and Nitrogen Sources in Solubilization of Hardly Soluble Mineral Phosphates by Penicillium Oxalicum CBPS-Tsa

  • Kim, Eun-Hee;Sundaram, Seshadri;Park, Myoung-Su;Shin, Wan-Sik;Sa, Tong-Min
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.197-202
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    • 2003
  • Phosphorus is one of the major plant growth limiting nutrients, despite being abundant in soils in both inorganic and organic forms. Phosphobioinoculants in the form of microorganisms can help in increasing the availability of accumulated phosphates for plant growth by solubilization. Penicillium oxalicum CBPSTsa, isolated from paddy rhizosphere, was studied for its phosphate solubilization. The influence of various carbon sources like glucose, sucrose, mannitol and sorbitol and nitrogen sources like arginine, sodium nitrate, potassium nitrate, ammonium chloride and ammonium sulphate were evaluated using liquid media with tricalcium phosphate (Ca-P), ferric phosphate (Fe-P) and aluminium phosphate (Al-P). Maximum soluble phosphate of 824 mg/L was found in the amendment of sucrose-sodium nitrate from 5 g/L of Ca-P. Mannitol, sorbitol, and ariginine were poor in phosphate solubilization. While sucrose was better carbon source in solubilization of Ca-P and Al-P, glucose fared better in solubilization of Fe-P. Though all the nitrogen sources enhanced P solubilization, nitrates were better than ammonium In the amendments of ammonium chloride and ammonium sulphate, higher uptake of available phosphates by the fungus was found, and this resulted in depletion of available P in Fe-P amendment Phosphate solubilization was accompanied by acidification of the media, and the highest pH decrease was observed in glucose amendment Among the nitrogen sources, ammonium chloride favored greater pH decrease.

Solubilization of Mixture of Hydrocarbon Oils by C12E8 Nonionic Surfactant Solution (C12E8 비이온 계면활성제 수용액에 의한 탄화수소 오일 혼합물의 가용화 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, JongChoo
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.59-65
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    • 2008
  • The equilibrium solubilization capacity of the mixture of hydrocarbon oils by $C_{12}E_8$ nonionic surfactant micellar solution was measured at $23^{\circ}C$ by gas chromatography (GC) analysis. Experimental results indicated that the solubilization capacity for pure alkanes was found to decrease almost linearly with the alkane carbon number (ACN) of the hydrocarbon oil. For the binary mixture systems of the hydrocarbon oils both selective and nonselective solubilization behaviors were observed depending on the difference in ACN of the two hydrocarbon oils. Equilibrium solubilization tests for the hydrocarbon oil mixtures in $C_{12}E_8$ surfactant solutions such as the three n-octane/n-nonane, n-nonane/n-decane and n-decane/n-undecane mixture systems suggest almost non-selective solubilization. On the other hand, the n-octane/n-decane and n-octane/n-undecane systems, where difference in ACN of the two hydrocarbon oils is greater than 1, selective solubilization in favor of n-octane was conclusively demonstrated.

Solubilization of Sewage Sludge by Inoculation of Lactic Acid Bacteria (유산균 접종에 의한 하수 슬러지의 가용화)

  • Yang, Hyun-Sang;Lee, Jung-Eun;Lee, Eun Young
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.233-239
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    • 2008
  • A new approach to the solubilization of excess activated sludge by the inoculation of lactic acid bacteria was studied to reduce the amount of sludge produced in the activated sludge treatment process. Aerobic microorganism in sludge was lysed in anaerobic condition and the cytoplasmic substance eluted was utilized as a carbon source by lactic acid bacteria. On the basis of sludge solubilization efficiency, Lactobacillus brevis and Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp mesenteroides were selected the best candidates among five kinds of Lactobacillus sp. and seven kinds of Leuconostoc sp. The sludge solubilization efficiency by heterofermentative lactic acid bacteria was more efficient than that of homofermentative bacteria. Initial value of soluble COD (sCOD) was 1050 mg/L at the initial inoculation time increased to 3070 mg/L (192% solubilization) at 96 h of the incubation time. The inoculation of lactobacillus brevis to the sludge resulted in 2824% increase in sCOD value after 96 h of incubation than the control experiment. Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp mesenteroides showed 152% increase of solubilization and 30% increase of S-COD/T-COD on 96 h of incubation time. Considering the increase of S-COD by the inoculation of Leuconostoc sp. on 24 h, 10% inoculation of lactic acid bacteria to the sludge was most effective.

Solubilization isotherms of MTBE in various surfactant solutions for application of micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration (MEUF)

  • 양지원;백기태
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.103-106
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    • 2002
  • Solubilization isotherms for methyl tort-butyl ether (MTBE) in sodium dodecyl sulfate(SDS), dowfax 8390, sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate and cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) were investigated for application to micellar enhanced remediation. Dowfax 8390 showed maximum extent of solubilization among surfactants tested in this study. It seems that sulfate group in anionic surfactants playes a important role in solublization of MTBE. Chemical shiftes in NMR of surfactant and MTBE supports this point.

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