• Title, Summary, Keyword: Solar Dryer

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STUDIES ON SOLAR DRYING FOR ROUCH RICE

  • Liu, Dao-Bei;Chen, Yu-Bai
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.877-885
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    • 1993
  • Three types of solar grain dryers, namely , the solar grain bin dryer, the solar greenhouse rotary drum dryer and small scale solar green house tray dryer, have been tested. The results showed that each type of solar grain dryer has its feature. These solar drying units have three main advantages : (1) Required commercial energy to remove 1Kg moist from rough rice is only 5.3% to 15.8% of the energy consumed by common heated dryer : 2) The area of solar drying system is only about 10% of the area of the sunny ground to give equal drying capacity ; (3) There are good drying quality in the moisture uniform , germination percentage, and grain color.

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Analysis of Solar Radiation and Heat-Efficiency in Semi-Greenhouse Type Solar-Dehumidification Lumber Dryer (반온실형(半溫室型) 제습(除濕).태양열(太陽熱) 목재(木材)드라이어의 일사량(日射量)과 열효율분석(熱效率分析)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Hyoung-Woo
    • Solar Energy
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.3-12
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    • 1989
  • Semi-greenhouse type solar-dehumidification drying of oak was carried out to investigate the possibility to dry wood using solar energy in Korea. The energy balance equation was set up, considering all the energy requirements, and the solar radiation was calculated to analyze the efficiencies of solar dryer with and without the dehumidifier. The average temperature inside dryer and collector rose up to $52^{\circ}C$ and $70^{\circ}C$, respectively. The average daily total beam, diffuse, and ground-reflected radiations were 7.27MJ, 8.70MJ, and 0.33MJ on the roof and 2.08MJ, 4.84MJ, and 5.37MJ on the south wall collector, respectively. Heat efficiency of solar dryer was 14.04% with dehumidifier and 13.13% without dehumidifier. The energy required to remove 1g of water from wood was 0.0289MJ/g in solar-dehumidification drying and 0.0310 MJ/g in semi-greenhouse type solar drying.

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Thermal Analysis of Solar Utilization Dryer for Redpepper Drying (고추건조를 통한 태양열 건조기의 열성분석)

  • Lee, Tai-Kyu;Cho, Suh-Hyun;Jo, Duk-Ki;Chea, Young-Hi;Auh, Paul J.
    • Solar Energy
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.14-21
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    • 1989
  • The heat transfer analysis is performed on unloaded solar utilization dryer, and thermal performance for a prototype model while drying red-pepper is also investigated. Results of theoretically derived thermal equations are in good agreement with experimental data. This constructed feature of the prototype demonstrates the excellent technical drying performance. Finally, this paper recommends the further work to develop advanced and economic solar utilization multi-purpose dryer.

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Evaluation of a Shelf Type Solar Dryer (Shelf Type 태양열 건조기의 성능평가)

  • Lee, K.D.;Cho, S.H.;Chea, Y.H.;Lee, N.H.;Auh, P.C.
    • Solar Energy
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.30-36
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    • 1987
  • A shelf type solar dryer of simple design has been constructed and its performance evaluated by KIER (Korea Institute of Energy and Resources). Experimental result, the rate of moisture removal of the dried sguid in dryer is higher to that obtained by conventional sun drying. Design modification are suggest to improve its performance.

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Progress in hybrid greenhouse solar dryer (HGSD): A review

  • Singh, Pushpendra;Gaur, Manoj K.;Kushwah, Anand;Tiwari, G.N.
    • Advances in Energy Research
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.145-160
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    • 2019
  • The world population reaches to about 7.7 billion in 2018 from 6.2 billion in 2000. This much growth in population results in increased energy demand and increased food supply. As the conventional energy sources are limited. These may deplete soon if consumed at this rate. So, the world is switching towards the utilization of non-conventional sources of energy. Energy from sun is the best method as it can not only solve the energy issue but also helps in meeting food demand by conserving it. Greenhouses are made for the purpose of food conservation. Various types of solar dryers are developed by researchers till now and still the effort is being putted to make them more efficient. Hybrid greenhouse is also effort toward utilization of solar energy in more efficient way. The paper presents the heat and mass transfer analysis of hybrid greenhouse solar dryer developed by different researchers till now. The review helps the researcher in understanding the heat and mass transfer taking place inside the hybrid greenhouse and how it can be further improved.

Finite Element Prediction of Temperature Distribution in a Solar Grain Dryer

  • Uluko, H.;Mailutha, J.T.;Kanali, C.L.;Shitanda, D.;Murase, H
    • Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2006
  • A need exists to monitor and control the localized high temperatures often experienced in solar grain dryers, which result in grain cracking, reduced germination and loss of cooking quality. A verified finite element model would be a useful to monitor and control the drying process. This study examined the feasibility of the finite element method (FEM) to predict temperature distribution in solar grain dryers. To achieve this, an indirect solar grain dryer system was developed. It consisted of a solar collector, plenum and drying chambers, and an electric fan. The system was used to acquire the necessary input and output data for the finite element model. The input data comprised ambient and plenum chamber temperatures, prevailing wind velocities, thermal conductivities of air, grain and dryer wall, and node locations in the xy-plane. The outputs were temperature at the different nodes, and these were compared with measured values. The ${\pm}5%$ residual error interval employed in the analysis yielded an overall prediction performance level of 83.3% for temperature distribution in the dryer. Satisfactory prediction levels were also attained for the lateral (61.5-96.2%) and vertical (73.1-92.3%) directions of grain drying. These results demonstrate that it is feasible to use a two-dimensional (2-D) finite element model to predict temperature distribution in a grain solar dryer. Consequently, the method offers considerable advantage over experimental approaches as it reduces time requirements and the need for expensive measuring equipment, and it also yields relatively accurate results.

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Design and Utilization of Solar Collector for Drying Agricultural Products (농산물(農産物) 건조(乾燥)를 위(爲)한 태양열(太陽熱) 집열기(集熱機)의 제작(製作) 및 이용(利用)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Koh, Hak Kyun;Kum, Dong Hyeug
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.48-57
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    • 1982
  • In order to improve the quality of traditionally sun-dried red peppers and to increase the efficiency of drying performance, three types of solar dryers were designed and built, and drying performance of the solar dryers was compared to traditional sun drying. Results obtained from the experiment are summarized as fallows: 1. The air temperature and relative humidity profiles over a 8-hour period measured at the specified locations in the drying chamber of solar dryers appeared to have large variation in each dryer. The rate of drying increased with the temperature rise in the drying chamber of the solar dryer. 2. In general. drying with solar dryers proceeded faster than traditional sun drying. With A'-type of solar dryer developed in the second experiment it was possible to dry red peppers in seven days from an initial moisture content of 80% to safe storage conditions. The drying time with the A'-type solar drier was 50% shorter compared to traditional sun drying. 3. Red peppers appeared to have an increasing or constant-rate drying period until the weight of the product was reduced to about one half the initial weight, followed by a falling-rate drying period. When the dried red peppers were exposed to the atmospere during the night, the moisture content increased as much as 6%, which is much higher than for the grains. 4. It was suggested from the experiment that either a heat storage system or a supplemental heating system in the solar dryer was desirable for more efficient drying operation. 5. It was shown that the solar dryer developed in this study may be suitable for drying other vegetables and fishes, and also offered additional advantages of saving in drying time, maintaining sanitation and minimizing contamination by dust, insects and unfavorable weather condition.

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Study on The Development and Economic Evaluation of Solar Drying System for Wood Industry (목재산업용(木材産業用) 태양열(太陽熱) 건조장치(乾燥裝置)의 개발(開發)과 경제성분석(經濟性分析)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Hyoung-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.5-14
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    • 1992
  • Experimental external collector type solar lumber dryer of $1m^3$ of maximum capacity with $1.6m^3$ of collector area was designed and constructed. The seasonal performance of solar dryer, including air-conditions, energy efficiency, and drying characteristics of 3cm-thick red pine and douglas-fir lumber was investigated. Also, the economic analysis was carried out. Annual average solar drying rate was about 2 times faster than air-drying rate with no significant difference in the amount of drying defects. But in initial drying stage air-drying rate in winter was much faster and those in spring and autumn were slightly slower than solar drying rate in each season. Annual average energy efficiency of solar-dryer and-collector was 25% and 57%, respectively. Fuel savings were over 50% at 15% of energy inflation rate and the payback period was estimated as 6.10 years at 30% of energy inflation rate.

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The Comparative Analysis of Drying-Conditions, -Rates, -Defects and Yield, and Heat-Efficiency in Solar-Dehumidification-Drying of Oaks With Those in Conventional Air-, Semi-Greenhouse Type solar-, and Kiln- Drying (참나무류(類)의 제습태양열건조(除濕太陽熱乾燥)의 조건(條件), 속도(速度), 결함(缺陷), 수율(收率) 및 열효율(熱效率)과 관행(慣行) 천연(天然), 반온실형(半溫室型) 태양열(太陽熱) 및 열기건조(熱氣乾燥)와의 비교(比較)·분석(分析))

  • Lee, Hyoung-Woo;Jung, Hee-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.22-54
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    • 1989
  • Seasonal semi-greenhouse type solar-drying of 2.5cm-and 5.0cm-thick lumber of Quercus aliena Blume and Quercus variailis Blume was carried out to investigate the possibility of solar-drying of wood and to decide the active solar-drying period in Korea. In the active solar-drying period obtained solar-dehumidification, semi-greenhouse type solar-, air- and kiln-drying of 2.5cm -thick lumber of oaks were carried out to analyze drying-rates. -defects, and -yield in each drying-method and to calculate daily total absorbed solar-radiation the solar dryers. The energy balance equations were set up, considering all the energy requirements, to analyze the heat efficiencies of semi-greenhouse type solar and solar-dehumidification-dryer. In a seasonal drying the drying rate of semi-greenhouse type solar-dryer was highest in summer, and greater in fall, spring, and winter in order. Solar-drying time was 45% in summer to 50% in winter of the air-drying rime, and more serious drying-defects occurred in air-drying than in solar-drying. In the active solar-drying period. April, May, and June, the average drying rate in solar-dehumidification-drying was 1.0%/day and greater than 0.8%/day in semi-greenhouse type solar-drying. In solar-dehumidification-drying the time required to dry lumber to 10% moisture content was less than 60 days, and solar-dehumidification-drying showed the highest drying-yield, 65.01%, than the other drying methods. The daily total absorbed solar radiations were 8.51MJ on the roof collector and 6.22 MJ on the south wall collector. In the energy blance 69.48% of total energy input was lost by heat conduction through walls, roof. and floor 11.68% by heat leakage, 0.33% by heating the internal structures of the solar-dryer and 5.38% by air-venting. Therefore the heat efficiency of semi-greenhouse type solar-dryer 13.13%, was lower than that of solar-dehumidification-dryer, 14.04%. Solar-drying of lumber in Korea showed the possibility to reduce the air-drying-time in every season and the efficiency of solar-dehumidification drying was higher than that of semi-greenhouse type solar-drying.

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Development of a Low-cost Solar Fish Dryer in Context to Fish Drying in Bangladesh

  • Alam, A.K.M. Nowsad;Khan, M.N. Absar
    • Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.23-33
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    • 2007
  • The constraints of traditional fish drying in Bangladesh have been reviewed and an effective solar fish dryer was developed with the small-scale processors and fishermen using locally available cheaper materials in order to dry fish in coastal region. After successful field testing, new solar dryer was demonstrated within the community in 3 different locations of Cox's Bazar for several batches of operations in each location from late September to March and found very effective in terms of architectural suitability, operational feasibility, technical efficiency, out-put quality (good texture, colour, flavour and long storage time), user's acceptability, commercial viability and environmental adequacy. A simple cost-profit analysis was done with the community operated products, which indicates that the new solar fish dryers could be operated profitably in coastal regions where sun-light and air flows are abundant.

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