• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sodium oleate

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Collecting of Hanji Fibrous Sludge with Surfactant (계면활성제를 이용한 한지 섬유질 슬러지의 제거)

  • Choi, Hee-Seon;Kim, Tai-Jin
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.167-172
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    • 2001
  • The technique that could collect efficiently the hanji fibrous sludge from wastewater using surfactants was developed. When fibrous sludge of which concentration was about 80mg/L, was floated and collected, the optimum concentration of sodium oleate, the pore size of glass filter and the air flow rate were 10mg/L, $5-10{\mu}m$ and 200mL/min., respectively. The behavior of sodium oleate might be interfered by polyvalent cations such as $Ca^{2+}$. But when the concentration of $Ca^{2+}$ was less than 100mg/L, the interference effect did not appear. And when a typical cationic surfactant, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide(CTAB), was used, the collecting yield was less than that of sodium oleate, and the amount of foam was higher than sodium oleate. When 1mg/L of CTAB was added to the hanji sludge sample contained 1mg/L of $PAMID^{(R)}$, a dispersant, fibrous sludge was effectively coagulated, the flotation time was very short and the collecting yield was above 95%. But in the case, sodium oleate was inefficient.

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Preparation and Characteristics of Magnetite Ferrofluid (Magnetite 강자성유체의 제조와 그 특성)

  • 김태옥;김상문
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 1990
  • The magnetite ferrofluids of which solvents are water or kerosene have been prepared by making surfactant absorbed on the surface of the magnetite which have been synthesized by air oxidation of Fe(OH)2 at pH 11 and 75$^{\circ}C$, and their basic properties have been measured by XRD, SEM, DTA, TG, viscometer, magnetometer and B-H tracer. The results are as follows ; 1) The shape of magnetite prepared by air oxidation is found to be sphere-like shape and its particle size is smaller than 200A. 2) The maximum amount of sodium oleate adsorbed on the surface of magnetite is about 20% in the weight of the magnetite including the adsorbed sodium oleate. And when magnetite is well dispersed into solvent, R(the weight ratio of the added sodium oleate to Fe3O4) is 0.40-0.48. 3) The dispersion ratio, the viscosity and the magnetization of magnetite ferrofluid are constant regardless of the added amount of sodium oleate above R=0.40-0.48. 4) The magnetic hysteresis curves of magnetite ferrofluid show superparamagnetism-like behavior.

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Effects of ${\gamma}-Aminobutyric$ Acid on Pancreatic Amylase Secretion Evoked by Sodium Oleate in Anesthetized Rats

  • Park, Yong-Deuk;Cui, Zheng-Yun;Park, Hyung-Seo;Park, Hyoung-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 2002
  • ${\gamma}-Aminobutyric$ Acid (GABA) is contained in pancreatic islet ${\beta}-cells$ although its physiological role in pancreatic exocrine function is completely unknown at the present time. Recently, we have reported that exogenous GABA enhances secretagogue-evoked exocrine secretion in the isolated, perfused rat pancreas. This study was aimed to investigate an effect of exogenous GABA on pancreatic exocrine secretion in vivo evoked by intestinal stimulation. Rats were anesthetized with urethane (1.4 g/kg) after 24-h fast with free access to water. GABA $(10,\;30\;and\;100\;{\mu}mol/kg/h),$ given intravenously, did not change spontaneous pancreatic amylase secretion but dose-dependently elevated the amylase secretion evoked by intraduodenal sodium oleate (0.05 mmol/h). GABA $(30\;{\mu}mol/kg/h)$ also further increased the amylase secretion stimulated by CCK (30 pmol/kg/h) plus secretin (20 pmol/kg/h) but failed to modify the amylase secretion induced by secretin alone. GABA $(10,\;30\;and\;100\;{\mu}mol/kg/h)$ also dose-dependently elevated pancreatic amylase secretion evoked by CCK alone. Bicuculline $(100\;{\mu}mol/kg/h),$ a $GABA_A-receptor$ antagonist, markedly reduced the GABA-enhanced pancreatic responses to sodium oleate, CCK plus secretin or CCK alone. The results indicate that GABA enhances the sodium oleate-evoked pancreatic amylase secretion via $GABA_A-receptor$ in anesthetized rats, which may account for elevating the action of CCK released by sodium oleate.

Effect of Different Biosynthetic Precursors on the Production of Nargenicin $A_1$ from Metabolically Engineered Nocardia sp. CS682

  • Koju, Dinesh;Maharjan, Sushila;Dhakal, Dipesh;Yoo, Jin Cheol;Sohng, Jae Kyung
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.22 no.8
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    • pp.1127-1132
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    • 2012
  • Nargenicin $A_1$ is a 28-membered polyketide macrolide, with antibacterial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, produced by Nocardia sp. CS682. In this study, the production of nargenicin $A_1$ was improved by enhancing the supply of different biosynthetic precursors. In Nocardia sp. CS682 (KCTC11297BP), this improvement was ~4.62-fold with the supplementation of 30 mM methyl oleate, 4.25-fold with supplementation of 15mM sodium propionate, and 2.81-fold with supplementation of 15 mM sodium acetate. In Nocardia sp. metK18 and Nocardia sp. CS682 expressing S-adenosylmethionine synthetase (MetK), the production of nargenicin $A_1$ was improved by ~5.57-fold by supplementation with 30 mM methyl oleate, 5.01-fold by supplementation with 15 mM sodium propionate, and 3.64-fold by supplementation with 15 mM sodium acetate. Furthermore, supplementing the culture broth of Nocardia sp. ACC18 and Nocardia sp. CS682 expressing the acetyl-CoA carboxylase complex (AccA2 and AccBE) with 30 mM methyl oleate, 15 mM sodium propionate, or 15 mM sodium acetate resulted in ~6.99-, 6.46-, and 5.58-fold increases, respectively, in nargenicin $A_1$ production. Our overall results showed that among the supplements, methyl oleate was the most effective precursor supporting the highest titers of nargenicin $A_1$ in Nocardia sp. CS682, Nocardia sp. metK18, and Nocardia sp. ACC18.

Characteristics of Kapok Fibers by Treatment with Sodium Oleate and Xanthan Gum (Sodium Oleate와 Xanthan Gum 처리에 의한 카폭 섬유의 특성)

  • Koo, Hyein;Park, Youngmi
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.44-50
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    • 2020
  • In this study, pre-treatment was performed on kapok, a hydrophobic fiber, to compare dyeability by hydrophilization. The pretreatment conditions of kapok fiber were used with different amounts of sodium oleate(NaO), a fatty acid-based anionic surfactant, and xanthan gum(XG) as a natural thickener. At this time, NaO and XG were separately or mixed treated with 0.01%, 0.1%, 1% aqueous solution at 80℃ for 30 min. Hydrophilicity through dyeing was confirmed using Sappan wood extract. Therefore, SEM observation was performed to investigate the surface change of kapok fiber according to the conditions. The surface color difference was also analyzed. Pretreated kapok fibers were made from nonwoven fabrics and the contact angles were measured to determine their hydrophilization. The surface of the fiber after pretreatment was found to be cracked when NaO and NaO were mixed with XG. The surface color was the highest in a⁎ and K/S values after the simultaneous treatment of NaO and XG, followed by NaO pretreatment and XG pretreatment. The contact angle of kapok fiber made of nonwoven fabric was slightly lower at 300g/㎡ than the fabric weight of 150g/㎡. Such hydrophilized nonwoven kapok fiber are expected to be used in various fields.

Cholinergic Control of Pancreatic Secretion: The Effects of Atropine on Plasma Cholecystokinin and Secretin Release

  • Jo, Yang-Hyeok;Rhie, Duck-Joo;Chang, Young-Soon;Hahn, Sang-June;Sim, Sang-Soo;Kim, Myung-Suk;Kim, Chung-Chin
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.27-35
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    • 1991
  • Generally, it has been known that cholecystokinin (CCK) release into the plasma is under cholinergic control, but secretin release is not. Thus in anesthetized dogs we studied the effect of atropine $(50\;{\mu}g/kg\;followed\;by\;50\;{\mu}g/kg/hr)$ on pancreatic secretion and plasma concentrations of bioactive CCK and immunoreactive secretin in response to intraduodenal perfusion of sodium oleate (1, 3 and 9 mmol/hr). The volume, protein output and bicarbonate output of the secretion were increased by sodium cleats and this oleate-induced secretion was decreased significantly by atropine administration. However the increased plasma CCK and secretin levels by sodium oleate were not changed by atropine. These results indicate that atropine suppressed sodium oleate-induced pancreatic secretion through inhibiting cholinergic mechanism directly rather than decreasing the release of pancreatic secretory hormones. In another set of experiments, bilateral cervical vagi were stimulated electrically to observe the changes of pancreatic secretion and the above two plasma hormone levels in the presence or absence of atropine. In the vagally stimulated dogs, the volume, protein output and bicarbonate output of the pancreatic secretion were increased significantly. Both plasma secretin and CCK were concomitantly released significantly by vagal stimulation. Atropine significantly depressed the pancreatic secretory response as well as the release of these two pancreatic secretory hormones. Therefore, we conclude that in the presence of atropine the depressed pancreatic response to vagal stimulation is at least, in part, due to decreased release of endogenous CCK and secretin. In the vagally stimulated animals, however, the involvement of direct cholinergic influence on pancreatic exocrine gland remains to be answered.

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Degumming of Antheraea yamamai silkworm cocoon

  • Shin, Bong-Seob;Jeon, Jong-Young;Kim, Jong-Ho
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.127-131
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    • 2015
  • Oak silkworm, Antheraea yamamai (A. yamamai), has been used for clothing and surgical suture and considered as biomaterial due to RGD tripeptide. This paper reported the degumming conditions of A. yamamai using sodium oleate, high pressure and temperature, and sodium carbonate. Degumming ratio of A. yamamai cocoon using sodium oleate was less than 10%. High pressure and temperature treatment induced 30% weight loss of A. yamamai cocoon. The concentration, treatment temperature and time using sodium carbonate was examined and revealed the following conditions for degumming; 5% owf, 60 min at 100℃. The degummed solution was confirmed using UV and FT-IR spectrometer. Our results can be used to handle A. yamamai silkworm cocoon for further application including material processing.

Effects of Free Alkali and Moisture on Sucrose Polyesters Synthesis (유리 알카리 및 수분이 sucrose polyesters 합성에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Ha-Yull;Kim, Suk-Ju;Yoon, Sung-Woo;Yoon, Hee-Nam;Kong, Un-Young
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.247-250
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    • 1992
  • Effects of free alkali and moisture on sucrose polyesters (SPE)-possible non calorie fat substitute-synthesis were investigated using a model system composed of sodium oleate, sucrose, potassium carbonate and methyl oleate. Trace amounts of free alkali in sodium oleate were found to interefere with SPE synthesis. When free alkali content in sodium oleate was varied gradually from 0% to 5%(w/w), the yield of SPE production was reduced from 92% to 45.5%. The moisture absorbed in sodium oleate, sucrose and potassium carbonate during storage also interefered with SPE synthesis. The yield (92%) of SPE production with dried ($105^{\circ}C$.6 hrs) reactants and catalysts was higher than that (89%) of SPE production with non-dried. Soybean oil fatty acid sodium soaps (FASS) not containing free alkali could be manufactured with slightly less than molar ratio of sodium hydroxide to soybean oil fatty acid methyl esters (FAME). Practically, 91.7% yield of soybean oil SPE production was outcomed by minimizing free alkali and moisture which were remaining in sucrose, potassium carbonate, soybean oil FASS and soybean oil FAME.

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Preparation of Magnetic Chitosan Microsphere Particles (나노 크기의 마그네타이트 입자를 이용한 자성 키토산 미소구체의 제조)

  • Ko, Sang-Gil;Cho, Jun-Hee;Ahn, Yang-Kyu;Song, Ki-Chang;Choi, Eun-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.66-70
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    • 2006
  • Magnetite nanoparticles, which have been extensively used in many fields, were encapsulated with a natural polymer, chitosan, to improve their biocompatibility. We have synthesized magnetite $(Fe_3C_4)$ nanoparticles using chemical coprecipitation technique with sodium oleate as surfactant. Nanoparticle size can be varied from 1.2 to 7.4nm by controlling the sodium oleate concentration. Magnetite phase nanoparticles could be observed from X-ray diffraction. Magnetic colloid suspensions containing particles with sodium oleate and chitosan have been prepared. High magnetic property chitosan-microsphere particles were prepared from oleate-coated magnetite suspension using spray method. The surftce, and tile morphology of the magnetic chitosan microsphere particles were characterized using optical microscope and scanning electron microscope. Magnetic hysteresis measurement were performed using a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometer at room temperature to investigate the magnetic properties of the chitosan microspheres including magnetite nanoparticles. The SQUID measurements revealed superparamagnetism of nanoparticles.

Synthesis of Silver Nanocrystallites by a New Thermal Decomposition Method and Their Characterization

  • Lee, Don-Keun;Kang, Young-Soo
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.252-256
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    • 2004
  • We formed silver nanocrystallites by the thermal decomposition of a $Ag^{+1}$-oleate complex, which was prepared by a reaction with $AgNO_{3}$ and sodium oleate in a water solution. The resulting monodispersed silver nanocrystallites were produced by controlling the temperature (290$^{\circ}$C). Transmission electron microscopic (TEM) images of the particles showed a 2-dimensional assembly of the particles with a diameter of $9.5{\pm}0.7nm$, demonstrating the uniformity of these nanocrystallites. An energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectrum and X-ray diffraction (XRD) peaks of the nanocrystallites showed the highly crystalline nature of the silver structure. We analyzed the decomposition of the $Ag^{+1}$-oleate complex using a Thermo Gravimetric Analyzer (TGA) and observed the crystallization process using XRD.

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