• Title, Summary, Keyword: Social Withdrawal

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The effect of self-esteem on school adjustment of adolescent from multicultural familes: The mediating effect of social withdrawal (다문화가정 청소년의 자아존중감이 학교적응에 미치는 영향: 사회적 위축의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Hak Jae;Lim, Joong Cheol
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: The study by analyzing the effects of social withdrawal of adolescents from multicultural families on the relationship between self-esteem and school adjustment, this study aims to find theorical and practical measures to increase school adjustment of adolescent from multicultural familes. Methods: This study utilized the 6th year data of the MAPS conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute. The data used in the analysis were self-esteem, social withdrawal, and school adjustment scale of adolescents from multicultural families. Results: First, the self-esteem of adolescents from multicultural families has a significant positive(+) effect on school adjustment. Second, the self-esteem of adolescents from multicultural families has a significant negative(-) effect on social withdrawal. Third, the social withdrawal of adolescents from multicultural families has a significant negative(-) effect on school adjustment. Fourth, significant influence to have an effect on school adjustment as mediation to be social withdrawal of self-esteem of adolescents from multicultural families. Conclusions: This study is meaningful in that it examined the school adjustment of adolescents from multicultural families in various aspects, such as individual psychological and emotional factors such as self-esteem and environmental factors such as social withdrawal.

The Effects of Parents' Neglect and Abuse on the School Adjustment in Adolescents : The Mediating Effects of Social Withdrawal (부모의 방임 및 학대가 청소년의 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향 : 사회적 위축의 매개효과)

  • Park, Ki-Won
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, the effects of parental neglect and abuse on school adjustment mediated by social withdrawal in adolescents were examined using a sample of 2,163 second grade middle school students(1,096 boys and 1,067 girls) from the Korean Child and Youth Panel Survey(KCYPS) data set. All research variables were measured using self-reported questionnaires. They were analyzed by means of Structural Equation Modeling. The results indicated that parents' abuse had no direct effect, but there was an indirect effect on adolescents' school adjustment mediated by adolescents' social withdrawal. Parental neglect had a direct effect on adolescents' school adjustment and also had an indirect effect on adolescents' school adjustment mediated by social withdrawal. The results indicate that parental neglect is a more significant contributor than adolescents' social withdrawal on adolescents' school adjustment. The results of this study show that parenting attitude, more specifically parental neglect, tend to be more important factors on school adjustment compared to adolescents' psychological problems, such as social withdrawal in adolescence. Taken together, these findings suggest that interventions aimed at improving parental neglect and adolescents' social withdrawal need to be emphasized if adolescents are to better adjust to school life.

Relations among Toddlers' Temperament, Maternal Parenting, and Social Withdrawal and Aggression (걸음마기 아동의 기질 및 어머니의 양육행동과 사회적 위축 및 공격성 간의 관계)

  • Park, Bo-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.67-81
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    • 2013
  • This study examined the relations among toddlers' temperament, maternal parenting, and toddlers' social withdrawal and aggression. One hundred and two mothers of two-year-old children (49 boys and 53 girls) completed questionnaires and Q-sort. Data were analyzed by correlation analyses and regression analyses. First, toddlers' pleasure was negatively related to social withdrawal, while social fearfulness was positively related to social withdrawal. Also, toddlers' activity level and anger proneness were positively related to aggression. Second, the encouragement of independence in maternal parenting was negatively linked to toddlers' social withdrawal, and maternal rejection was positively linked to toddlers' aggression. Third, toddlers' pleasure and interest/persistence were positively associated with mothers' encouragement of independence, and toddlers' activity level and anger proneness were positively associated with mothers' rejection. Finally, mothers' encouragement of independence acted as a mediator between toddlers' pleasure and social withdrawal. Also, toddlers' activity level and anger proneness influenced aggression through maternal rejection. These results indicate that toddlers' temperament and maternal parenting play crucial roles in the development of toddlers' maladaptive behaviors such as social withdrawal and aggression.

The Effects of Maternal Beliefs and Childrearing Behavior on the Preschoolers' Aggressive and Social Withdrawal Behavior (어머니의 신념 및 양육행동이 유아의 공격.위축행동에 미치는 영향)

  • 김미해;옥경희;천희영
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.85-100
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    • 2003
  • Maternal beliefs about preschoolers' displays of aggression and social withdrawal and the extent to which their strategies for dealing with these behaviors can be predicted from beliefs were examined. And the extent to which maternal childrearing behavior and preschoolers' social problematic behaviors can be predicted from beliefs. 202 mothers of 5-year-old(114 boys; 88 girls) were presented with descriptions of hypothetical incidents of peer-directed aggression and social withdrawal. Maternal beliefs were different according to kinds of problematic behaviors. Thus most mothers attributed preschoolers' aggression to situational factors, social withdrawal to disposition. Mothers felt embarrassed about aggression and concerned about social withdrawal. The power assertive strategies were more used for dealing with aggression than social withdrawal. The choice of strategies for dealing with these behaviors and maternal childrearing behavior were related to maternal beliefs. Also preschoolers' social problematic behaviors were effected from maternal beliefs and childrearing behavior.

Relationship between satisfaction with adolescent extracurricular activities and social withdrawal: The mediating effect of self-esteem and sense of community (청소년 체험활동 만족도가 사회적 위축에 미치는 영향: 자아존중감과 공동체의식의 매개효과)

  • Cho, Yeon Soo;Han, Sae-Young
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.57 no.2
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    • pp.243-255
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    • 2019
  • This study examines the effect of satisfaction with adolescent extracurricular activities on social withdrawal with a focus on the mediating effect of self-esteem and sense of community. We used data from the 3rd wave (2012) of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) collected by the National Youth Policy Institute for path analysis. Participants were 1,139 first year middle school students who participated in adolescent extracurricular activities. First, the degree of satisfaction with the adolescent extracurricular activities had an indirect effect on social withdrawal via self-esteem. Second, satisfaction with the adolescent extracurricular activities had an indirect effect on social withdrawal via a sense of community. Lastly, satisfaction with adolescent extracurricular activities had an indirect effect on social withdrawal via self-esteem and a sense of community. The research findings indicate that the level of social withdrawal is less when adolescents are satisfied with adolescent extracurricular activities and have a high level of self-esteem and sense of community. The results demonstrate that a satisfactory level of adolescent extracurricular activity would help adolescents decrease their social withdrawal by increasing the level of self-esteem and sense of community.

Children's Social Withdrawal in Relation to Mothers' Reactions to Children's Negative Emotion and Mothers' Emotional Expressivity (유아의 사회적 위축성과 관련된 자녀의 부정적 정서에 대한 어머니의 반응 및 정서표현성)

  • Kwon, Yeon-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.50 no.5
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    • pp.13-24
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    • 2012
  • This study examined the effects of mothers' reactions toward children's negative emotion as well as mothers' emotional expressivity on children's social withdrawal. 206 children (103 boys, 103 girls; aged 4-5 years old) and their mothers participated in the study. Mothers reported their reactions to their child's negative emotion along with their expressivity. The teachers completed a rating scale to measure children's social withdrawal. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's productive correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple regressions. The results showed a relation between mothers' distress reactions and punitive responses and children's social withdrawal. A mother's positive expressivity was negatively related to a child's social withdrawal. A hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the effects of mothers' punitive responses and minimization responses on children's withdrawal were moderated by a mother's positive expressivity. Mothers' punitive responses and minimization responses were positively associated with children's social withdrawal, especially for children who had the lowest level of mother's positive expressivity.

The Effects of child Inhibition, Day-care Experiences and Mothers' Controlling Child-rearing Behavior on Child Social Withdrawal (아동의 사회적 위축에 대한 아동의 행동억제, 보육경험 및 어머니의 통제적 양육행동의 영향)

  • Choi, Hye-Sun;Park, Seong-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2008
  • The main purpose of this study was to examine the main and interaction effects of inhibition, day-care experiences and mothers' controlling child-rearing behavior on young children's social withdrawal in peer situations. A total of 62 young children(34 boys; 28girls) enrolled in day-care center and their mothers participated in this study. Data on child inhibition and parenting were gathered via questionnaires whereas the quality of day-care and social withdrawal were observed in the day-care center. As results, the quality of day-care and mothers' controlling child-rearing behavior were negatively related to social withdrawal. Further, both day-care entry age and the quality of day-care were served as an intervening variables between child inhibition and social withdrawal.

The Effect of Self-esteem and Social Withdrawal on Aggression in Early Adolescents with Delinquent Behavior (비행경험 초기 청소년의 자아존중감과 사회적 위축이 공격성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Min Seo;Jun, Soo Young;Cho, Yeon Su;Jone, Hoon Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to explore the relationship between aggression, self-esteem, and social withdrawal. Methods: This research is a cross-sectional survey. This study used the 5th-year data of the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) including 218 middle school students having delinquent behavior. The collected data was analyzed through $x^2$ test, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and hierarchical multiple regression, using SPSS/Win (ver. 23.0). Results: Significant positive correlations were found between aggression and social withdrawal and between aggression and self-esteem. Higher aggression was associated with higher social withdrawal and lower self-esteem. The results of the 2-step regression are as follows. Aggression was negatively correlated with self-esteem, whereas self-esteem was positively correlated with social withdrawals. The hierarchical multiple regression showed that 21% of the variance of aggression was significantly accounted for by self-esteem and social withdrawal. The most significant factor influencing aggression was social withdrawal. Conclusion: These results suggest that earlier screening and intervention programs to increase self-esteem and decrease social withdrawal for early adolescents should be developed to prevent aggression.

The Effect of Affectionate Parenting Attitudes Perceived by Adolescents on Social Withdrawal : The Mediator Effect of Ego-resilience (청소년이 지각한 부모의 애정적 양육태도가 사회적 위축에 미치는 영향 : 자아탄력성의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Hye-Seon;Lee, Jimin
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.77-88
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted in order to find out protective factors on adolescent's social withdrawal. The purpose of this study was to test the mediator effects of adolescent's ego-resilience in the relation between affectionate parenting attitudes and adolescent's social withdrawal. The data were collected from 586 students of high schools located in 'D' city, Korea. Adolescents completed questionnaires on 'My Memories of Upbringing(EMBU-short)', ego-resilience, and 'Korean Youth Self Report(K-YSR)' scales. The correlation and structural equation model were conducted to examine the relations between the variables by using the SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 21.0. The results are as follow: First, while the affectionate parenting attitudes did not directly affect the adolescent's social withdrawal, the ego-resilience had a direct effect on the adolescent's social withdrawal. Second, there was a significant mediator effect of the adolescent's ego-resilience between the affectionate parenting attitude and adolescent's social withdrawal. In conclusion, these results can be used as basic data to prevent social withdrawal of adolescents and increase their ego-resilience.

Moderating Effects of Friendship on the Association between Withdrawal Loneliness and Social Anxiety (아동의 위축성과 외로움 및 사회적 불안감에 대한 친구관계의 중재효과)

  • Shin, Yoolim
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.53 no.6
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    • pp.667-675
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the moderating effects of the number of friends and quality of friendship on the associations between withdrawal and loneliness as well as withdrawal and social anxiety. The subjects were 678 of fifth and sixth grade primary school children recruited from a public school in Bucheon city. A peer nomination inventory was used to assess withdrawal. Children were given a classroom roster and asked to nominate three classmates who fit each description. Children reported the quality of their friendships using the Friendship Quality Scale. Each child was asked to indicate his or her one best friend and rate how accurately a sentence describe done of their best friends on the scale. In addition, children completed questionnaires to assess the loneliness and social anxiety. The results revealed that the association between withdrawal and loneliness was not significant for children who had the large number of friends and high quality friendship. The association between withdrawal and social anxiety was stronger for the children who had the lower levels of friendship quality. However, there was no moderating effect of the number of friends on the association between withdrawal and social anxiety. These results imply that the large number of friends and high quality friendships could be protective factors for children who are withdrawn.