• Title, Summary, Keyword: Social Welfare Use Behavior

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A study on the intention of utilizing senior education program including the theory of planned behavior - focused on Chungcheongnam-do senior welfare center (계획적 행동이론을 적용한 노인교육프로그램 이용의도에 관한 연구 - 충청남도 노인복지관을 중심으로-)

  • Jung, Jin;An, Kwan-Su
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.11
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    • pp.683-691
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the impact of behavior, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control and the empathy with staff of those who use social welfare center senior education program on the intention to use. To examine this, between theory of planned behavior of Fishbein & Ajzen(1975) and service quality of Parasuraman, Zeithaml & Berry(1988), research hypotheses that empathy with employees has an influence on intention to use are set. Data from 336 people joining Chungcheongnam-do social welfare center were collected by structured questionnaires, and data analysis for hypothesis testing was analyzed using regression analysis. The results of this study showed that behavior, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control and the empathy with staff of those who utilize social welfare center senior education program had a great impact on the intention to use.

A Research on Value Structure on Use Behavior about Social Service of the Mentally ill elderly (노인정신장애인의 사회복지서비스 이용행위의 가치 사슬 구조 연구)

  • Kim, Sun-Joo;Kwon, Sunae;Bak, Mi-Ok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.667-675
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    • 2016
  • The aim of this study is to predict use behavior for social welfare service of the elderly mentally ill through means-end chain theory. Means-end chain theory explains cognitive structure related to the consumer's preference to various products and services. Although the elderly mentally ill begin to emerge as new client population, social welfare services for them do not seem to be enough in the community. Based on this awareness, this study tried to analyse service use behavior of the elderly mentally ill through means-end chain theory to develop new social welfare services. The data were collected from 15 elderly mentally ill and found 5 attributes, 10 consequences, and 11 values. Hierarchical Value Map was composed of 'disease management, rehabilitation preparation, hobby leisure ${\rightarrow}$ health maintenance, energy of life ${\rightarrow}$ social reintegration, life satisfaction, harmonious family life'. To activate the social service for the elderly mentally ill, it should be developed various programs such as disease management, rehabilitation preparation, hobby leisure for the elderly mentally ill. The ultimate value of these programs will be improve life satisfaction and integrated into society.

The Mediating Effects of Self-Control and Impulsiveness On Self-Esteem and Smart Phone Addition In College Students

  • Kim, Kyung-Sook;Lee, Duk-Nam
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.183-188
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    • 2019
  • This study aimed to analyse the effects of self-control and impulsiveness of college students on smart phone addition and whether self-esteem has mediating effects on them. For the purposes, this study interviewed 4-year college students in Gwangju City with the use of a questionnaire and 314 copies of the responses were used for a final analysis. The data collected was analysed with the use of SPSS 22.0 and the results are presented as follows: First, behavior impulsiveness has a positive effect on self-esteem and smart phone addiction. Second, self-esteem had a positive effect on smart phone addiction. Third, it was discovered that behavior impulsiveness had a positive effect on smart phone addiction through an analysis of mediating effects while self-esteem had an indirect effect on it. Therefore, it was suggested that more care should be paid on smart phone addiction and development of programs against it should be facilitated.

The effect of social capital, health risk behavior and health status on medical care utilization by the elderly (노인의 사회자본과 건강위해 행위 및 건강수준이 의료서비스 이용에 미치는 영향)

  • Woo, Kyung-Sook;Seo, Jae-Hee;Kim, Gye-Soo;Shin, Young-Jeon
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.497-521
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    • 2012
  • Objectives This study aimed to investigate the effect of social capital, health risk behavior and health status on medical care utilization by the elderly. The data and Research method Data were obtained from the 4th wave survey of the Korea Welfare Panel Study. 4,087 household members aged 65 years and over were subject to analysis. Descriptive statistics are used to describe the basic features of the data in a study. we performed a structural equation modeling(SEM) analysis to evaluate the effect of social capital and mediating effect of health risk behavior and health status. Results Results showed that factors related to medical care utilization of the elderly were different depending on types of service (inpatient and outpatient service) except health status. Age, higher social capital, more health-risk behavior and poorer health status were associated with increased use of inpatient service. Social capital was found to have a positive direct effect on it. Also, social capital had an indirect effect on reducing use of inpatient services by improving health status. On the other hand, lower age and higher household income tended to increase use of outpatient service, while higher social capital and higher health status were inversely related. Social capital had a direct effect and an indirect effect on reducing use of outpatient service and, at that time, health status played a mediating role. Conclusions Social capital may contribute to improve health status and indirectly reduce medical care utilization of the elderly by enhancing their health status. These results provide evidence that more policy and strategy considerations should be needed for the elderly to strengthen their social capital in order to enhance their levels of health and more efficient utilization of medical care.

A Study on Drug Users' Intention to Use Treatment Services - Application of Extended Behavioral Model of Health Services Use - (약물사용자의 치료서비스 이용 의도 예측 연구 - 확장된 건강서비스이용행동모형의 적용 -)

  • Kim, Nang hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.69 no.3
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    • pp.165-191
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the major predictive factors of intention of drug users to use treatment services. The theoretical framework was used extended Behavioral Model of Health Services Use which integrates the Andersen model and the Theory of Planned Behavior. Thus, this study examined the effects of individual characteristics(predisposing, enabling, need factor) and attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavior control on drug users' intention to use treatment services. Factors with a statistically significant effect were as follows: from the individual characteristics - gender and past treatment experiences of the predisposing factors along with psychiatric diagnosis, anxiety and depression, and severity of drug abuse of need factors. From the Theory of Planned Behavior - subjective norm and perceived behavior control turned out to have impacts on their intention to use treatment services. The study emphasizes that a concern of women, increasing positive experiences of treatment, efforts to change the subjective norms and perceived behavior control of drug users to promote their determination to get treatment.

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A Study on the Use of Rural Community Tourism Information Services via Smartphones -Focused on The Theory of Planned Behavior-

  • Ko, Eun Kyo;Lee, Seung Hyun
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.28-36
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    • 2014
  • This study attempted to suggest a strategy for providing rural community tourism information services using smartphones. Study subjects were men and women among 300 who currently use smartphones. Empirical analysis was done on 249 of the 300 subjects. Upon verification of the effect factors of adults' smartphone usage and rural community tourism information services usage, they were both statistically significant based on Ajzen's(1991) Theory of planned behavior. Hence, behavior, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control should be augmented in order to increase smartphone usage behavior to access rural community tourism information services. Especially, behavioral intent and usage behavior was increased proportionately to behavioral control. We suggested that plans to provide applications free of charge and building a social consensus on utilizing rural community tourism information are important in achieving such status.

A Study on the Longitudinal Relationship Between Depressive Symptoms and Alcohol Use Considering Psychosocial Behavioral Factors (심리사회행동요인을 고려한 우울수준과 음주행위 간의 종단적 상호관계에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Tae-Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.63 no.1
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    • pp.187-215
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    • 2011
  • This study examined the longitudinal relationship between depressive symptoms and alcohol use based on the tension reduction hypothesis and the intoxication hypothesis considering for path of depressive symptoms on alcohol use and vice versa simultaneously. And this study examined the effect of psychosocial behavior factors (i.e. smoking level, self-esteem, satisfaction with family relationships, and satisfaction with social relationships) on depressive symptoms and alcohol use. Using the data on the Korea Welfare Panel Study for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd years, this study were estimated using the Latent Growth Curve Model which is helpful for examining differences between the two. The results are as follows: the initial level of alcohol use had a positive impact on the rate of change in depressive symptoms, thereby supporting the intoxication hypothesis. Second, self-esteem and satisfaction with family relationships act as variables with the biggest effect on the initial level and the rate of change in depressive symptoms, whereas other psychosocial behavior factors such as smoking level and satisfaction with social relationship exert the largest influence over the initial level and the rate of change in alcohol use. This study has implications in that it clarified the confused relationship mechanism between alcohol use and depressive symptoms the two. Based on the finding of the study, political and practical implications were discussed.

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Factors associated with internet use time among adolescents: focused on convergent implications (청소년의 인터넷 사용시간에 영향을 미치는 요인: 융복합적 함의를 중심으로)

  • Park, So-Youn;Yang, So-Nam
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.387-395
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to investigate effects of socio-demographic, household, social support, health-related factors on adolescent internet use time. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to examine factors affecting adolescent internet using time, and this study used the 2014 10th Korean Youth Health Risk Behavior On-line Survey data by Centers for Disease and Prevention. Results show that as for socio-demographic factors, being male, lower economic status, being middle school student, and having poor academic grade were; as for household factors, youth-led, one-parent, grandparent(s), multicultural, and North Korean defectors family were; as for social support factors, the absence of family support, the absence of friend support and the absence teacher support were; and as for health-related factors, less exercise, higher level of stress, and lower level of subjective happiness were associated with increased internet using time. Based on these results, convergent implications about effective intervention strategies that adolescents can use internet appropriately were discussed in the section of conclusion.

Correlates of Problem Drinking by the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test on Korean College Campus (AUDIT척도에 의한 한국대학생의 알코올사용장애 실태 및 원인 분석)

  • Sohn, Ae-Ree;Chun, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.307-314
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : To survey college students with an Alcohol Use Disorder, and analyze the reasons for their disorder. Methods : The cross-sectional study was conducted at 60 four-year colleges within Seoul and 9 other provinces. The schools and students selected for the study provide a nationally representative sample, and the survey was conducted between May 15th and June 14th 2003. 2,385 cases were analyzed using questionnaires, which included a series of questions about students' alcohol use and associated problems, as well as an Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test. Results : 42.3% of students were found to have an Alcohol Use Disorder. The probability of a student having an Alcohol Use Disorder was 1.30 times higher among male compared to female students. Those students not living with their parents or relatives were 1.40 times more likely to have an Alcohol Use Disorder. Those students where the father had a drinking problem and those who admitted that their parents drank heavily while they were growing up were 1.38 and 1.54 times more likely, respectively, to have an Alcohol Use Disorder. Those students attending a general university, joining a student club, attaining less than a B average credit score and those unsatisfied with their education were 1.60, 1.36, 1.41 and 1.27 times more likely, respectively, to have an Alcohol Use Disorder. Those students who had experience of drugs, smoking, binge drinking when they were in the last year of high school and the forceful consumption of mixed alcohol were 3.67, 1.95, 2.15 and 1.76 times more likely, respectively, to have an Alcohol Use Disorder. Conclusions : College students' with an Alcohol Use Disorder is a very severe and large problem within colleges. An Alcohol Use Disorder is determined by individual and family variables, the college environmental and life variables, as well as behavior variables.

A Study on the Effects of Coping Strategies of Male Abusive Behavior on Intimate Female Partner Violence (남성배우자의 부부갈등 대처전략이 아내폭력에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo, Chai-Young;Kim, Jung-Deuk
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.61 no.2
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    • pp.277-301
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to examine those factors affecting Male Abusive Behavior on Intimate Female Partner Violence. The primary aim of this study is to determine the association between Intimate Partner Violence and coping strategies of male abusive behavior. The sample included 121 male abusive behavior who are referred by Counsel for Family Violence. For statistical analysis, descriptive statistical methods and hierarchical multiple regression were employed. Results indicated that male abusive behavior expressed more aggressive cognitive biases and irrational beliefs than nonviolent men. Both of problem-solving and avoidance coping to deal with relationship conflicts were related to abusive behavior of male. Specially, men who used higher levels of avoidance coping strategies was more likely related to physical abuse, less use of problem-solving coping was related to psychological abuse. Hostility and low marital satisfaction have also been associated with Intimate Partner Violence. Drinking is a risk factor for psychological abuse. Results are discussed implication for developing theoretical and interventional meanings of social welfare practice.

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