• Title, Summary, Keyword: Smoking Cessation program

Search Result 276, Processing Time 0.034 seconds

The Effects of a Smoking Cessation Program on Nicotine Dependency and Self-Efficacy for Adolescents (금연프로그램이 청소년 흡연자의 니코틴 의존도와 자기효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Paek, Kyung-Shin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.282-288
    • /
    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was to verify the effects of a smoking cessation program for adolescents. Method: This study was designed to use one group with one pre-test and two post-tests. One post-test was done immediately after the completion of the program and the other after eight weeks. The subjects were 21 male high school students who were smokers when this study was carried out. The smoking cessation program consisted of 5 sessions with smoking cessation education and e-mail service after the program. Variables in this research were nicotine dependency (using Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire) and self-efficacy. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Wilcoxon signed rank test. Results: Immediately after the program and eight weeks later, nicotine dependency for continuous smokers decreased significantly (after the program: Z=-2.319, p=.020, eight weeks later: Z=-1.999. p=.046) and self-efficacy increased significantly (after program: Z=-3.024. p=.002. eight weeks later: Z=-2.381. p=.017). Conclusions: The smoking cessation program was effective in decreasing nicotine dependency in the continuous adolescent smokers and in increasing their self-efficacy, Further study needs to be made with a lager number of smoking adolescents using control group design.

  • PDF

Effects of a Smoking Cession Program Using Telephone Counselling and Text Messaging for Patients after Ischemic Heart Disease (전화상담과 문자메시지 제공이 허혈성 심질환자의 금연에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Eun-Shim;Choi, Hye-Ok
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.15 no.12
    • /
    • pp.7248-7258
    • /
    • 2014
  • The study was conducted as a quasi-experimental study targeting 60 patients with ischemic heart disease to determine how the smoking cessation program that uses telephone counseling and text messaging (short message) affects smoking cessation self-efficacy, nicotine dependence, co levels, and smoking cessation rate of the first, second experimental group at varying times of arbitration and control group. An examination of the effects of this program revealed the control group to have a significant increase in smoking cessation self-efficacy, smoking cessation rate than the first and second group but a significant decrease in the nicotine dependence, co levels. In addition, although the control group showed a significant increase in smoking cessation self efficacy, smoking cessation rate and a significant decrease in co levels than other groups, there was no difference in nicotine dependence. Therefore, a smoking cessation program that uses telephone counseling and text messaging (short message) for patients with ischemic heart disease worked for the smoking cessation rate and appeared to be more effective, depending on the times of arbitration.

Factors Affecting Smoking Cessation Success of Heavy Smokers Registered in the Intensive Care Smoking Cessation Camp (Data from the National Tobacco Control Center)

  • Yeom, Hansol;Lim, Hee-Sook;Min, Jihyun;Lee, Seoni;Park, Yoon-Hyung
    • Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
    • /
    • v.9 no.5
    • /
    • pp.240-247
    • /
    • 2018
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors involved in the success of smoking cessation in heavy smokers enrolled in an intensive care smoking cessation camp program. Methods: Heavy smokers enrolled in the program were classified into a success (n = 69) or failure (n = 29) group, according to whether they maintained smoking cessation for 6 months after the end of the program. Demographics, smoking behaviors, and smoking cessation-related characteristics were analyzed. Results: Statistically significantly more participants in the success group had a spouse (98.6%; p = 0.008) compared with participants in the failure group (82.8%). However, multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that having a spouse was not an independent factor in smoking cessation (p = 0.349). A significant difference in the frequency of counseling between the success and failure groups was observed (p = 0.001), with 72.5% of those who received counseling on 3-5 occasions for 6 months after the end of program successfully quit smoking, indicating that those who received more counseling had a higher likelihood of smoking cessation success. This was confirmed as an independent factor by multivariate logistic regression (p < 0.005). Furthermore, a graduate school level of education or higher, indicated a statistically greater success rate compared to those that were less well educated (p = 0.043). This was also observed as a significant independent factor using multivariate logistic regression (p = 0.046). Conclusion: Education level, marital status, and the number of counseling sessions were significant factors contributing to smoking cessation success.

A survey on knowledge, attitudes and needs of smoking cessation education in the dental hygienists (치과위생사의 금연교육에 대한 지식, 태도 및 요구도 조사)

  • Jung, Jae-Yeon;Lee, Eun-Sun
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.447-454
    • /
    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and needs of smoking cessation education in the dental hygienists. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 262 dental hygienists in Seoul and Gyeonggido from September 25 to December 31, 2015. Except incomplete answers, 250 data were analyzed using Stata 13.0 program. The questionnaire was adapted and modified from Kim and Yoon and was measured by Likert 3 or 5 point scale. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects(6 items), smoking cessation education characteristics of the subjects(4 items), knowledge of smoking cessation education (11 items), attitudes of smoking cessation education(9 items), and needs of smoking cessation education(11 items). Results: Those who said yes in smoking cessation education had higher scores in knowledge (p=0.001), attitudes (p<0.001) and needs of education (p=0.010). Those receiving smoking cessation education higher score in knowledge of smoking cessation education (p=0.017). The dental hygienists working in clinics that practice smoking cessation therapy program tended to have higher level of attitudes toward smoking cessation(p=0.030). The average scores for 11 items to assess knowledge of smoking cessation education and another 11 items to assess the need for smoking cessation education were $2.18{\pm}0.40$ out of 3 and $4.62{\pm}0.49$ out of 5, respectively. Conclusions: The smoking cessation education is very important to improve the knowledge, attitudes, and need of smoking cessation in the dental hygienists.

Effect of a Smoking Cessation Program on the Stop-smoking Rate and Nicotine Dependency for the Adult Smoker (금연프로그램이 성인 흡연자의 금연 및 흡연행위 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyun-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.5-16
    • /
    • 2002
  • Purpose: This study was to compare the stop-smoking rate and nicotine dependency for an adult smoker after implementing the smoking cessation program. Method: Fourty-six adult smokers participated. Self report questionnaire and telephone interview were conducted at the pretest, 6 months later, 1 year later, 2 years later, 3 years later. Result: 1. Stop-smoking rate of smoking cessation program participants was 43.5% 6 months later, 35.6% 1 year later, 24.4% 2 years later, 45.5% 3 years later. 2. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 6 months later(paired-t=4.719, p=.000). 3. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 1 year later(pired-t=4.296=.000). 4. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 2 years later(paired-t=2.778. p=.000). 5. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 3 years later(paired-t=2.795. p=.000). Conclusion: The smoking cessation program was effective to induce cessation in the adult smoker, and to decrease nicotine dependency in the continuing adult smoker.

  • PDF

The Effect of a Multi-component Smoking Cessation Program on Bone Union in Adult Patients with Fracture (다요소 금연 프로그램이 성인골절 환자의 금연 및 골유합에 미치는 효과 분석)

  • Kim, In Sook;Lee, Hanju;Lee, Seon Heui
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.31-40
    • /
    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study was done to examine the effect of a multi-component cessation program on bone union by comparing the union time between the experimental group and the control group. Methods: A non-equivalent control group posttest design was used. The subjects were 33 patients in the experimental group and 33 patients in the control group, 66 patients in total. The subjects of the experimental group were provided with a face-to-face multi-component smoking cessation program. After the discharge, telephone consultation was provided once a week for 10 weeks. Results: Bone union time was 51.6±10.9 days in the experimental group and 60.9±13.83 days in the control group (p=.003). Among 33 subjects who participated in the smoking cessation program, the average union period of the participants who succeeded in quitting smoking was 44.56 days, the participants who reduced smoking were 50.67 days, and failed to quit smoking group was 60.11 days (p=.006). Conclusion: This study indicated the importance of smoking cessation in patients with fracture and the decrease in the union time by providing smoking cessation education. If the multi-component smoking cessation program is used as a nursing intervention in clinical practice, it will be effective for bone union by increasing the smoking cessation rate of patients with fracture.

An Analysis of the Characteristics and Preferences Related to a Smoking Cessation Program among Smoking College Students (흡연대학생의 제 특성과 금연프로그램 선호도 분석)

  • Kim, Eun Kyung;Song, Mi Ryeong
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.184-192
    • /
    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics and preferences related to a smoking cessation program among college students to help college students quit smoking. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional survey to analyze collected data from 324 college students who had a positive reaction to a urine nicotine test. Collected data were analyzed with descriptive statistics using SPSS 20.0. Results: The smoking amount per day of the participants was 4.1 pieces, and the average smoking period was 5.2 years. The mean of the CO level in exhaled air of the participants was 8.95 ppm. Their urge to smoke increased after a meal or while drinking alcohol. Most students wanted to quit smoking. Half of them were in a preparation phase to quit. Students wanted their willingness and determination to be reinforced (48%), and wanted to learn about specific smoking cessation methods (33%) through a smoking cessation program. Most of the students (60%) wanted an online program to help them quit smoking. Conclusion: To help students quit smoking, a online program that strengthens their determination to quit, and which contains specific methods to help them is needed.

Factors affecting the Success of Smoking Cessation for Six Months in the Smoking Cessation Clinic of a Public Health Center Based on the Trans?theoretical Model (범이론적 모형을 기초로 한 보건소 금연클리닉 등록자의 6개월 금연성공요인)

  • Kim, Yun-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.20 no.4
    • /
    • pp.433-442
    • /
    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors affecting on the successful cessation of smoking for six months in the smoking cessation clinic of a public health center. Methods: The subjects of this study were 568 adult smokers who had registered in the smoking cessation clinic of a public health center in B City. Data were analyzed through $x^2$-test, t-test, and logistic regression using the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program. Results: Identified factors affecting the successful cessation of smoking for six months were service type, number of counseling, alcohol problem, previous quit-smoking trial, dependency on nicotine, CO level in expiration at the first visit time, self-reevaluation, helping relationship, negative/affective situational temptation, and Cons. Conclusion: Trans-theoretical Model variables were confirmed as factors affecting the success of smoking cessation. Based on the results of this study, a smoking cessation program was suggested, which uses Trans-theoretical Model variables affecting smoking cessation for six months in a public health center.

  • PDF

The Knowledge, Attitude on Smoking and Experience of Smoking Cessation in Male Smokers (흡연남성의 흡연지식, 태도 및 금연경험에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Kyung-Won
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.24-35
    • /
    • 2008
  • Purpose: The study were to identify smoking knowledge, attitude on smoking and experience of smoking cessation in male smokers. Methods: The subjects were 174 male smoker in Seoul and Inchun. The data were collected using structured questionnaires from 18th of December in 2007 to 16th of March in 2008. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient with SPSS computer program. The tools were used with smoking knowledge, smoking attitude and experience of smoking cessation. Result: Participants showed that a high level of smoking knowledge score 48.20 (${\pm}5.27$) of total 57. Participants showed that a high level of score 40.80 (${\pm}6.81$) of total 60. There was a positive correlation between smoking attitude and smoking knowledge (r=.319 p=.000). Conclusion: These results suggested that the level of smoking knowledge was related to the level of smoking attitude. Therefore, these finding give useful information for constructing a smoking cessation program in male smokers.

  • PDF

Effects of a Smoking Cessation Program on Processes of Change, Situational Temptation and Decisional Balance in Male University Student Smokers (금연프로그램이 흡연 남자대학생의 변화과정, 유혹상황, 의사결정균형에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Ju-Sung;Lee, Sun-Ok
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.113-123
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a smoking cessation program on processes of change, situational temptation, and decisional balance in male university student smokers. Method: Utilizing a quasi-experimental design, 78 male university students consisted of an experimental group (n=48) and a control group (n=30). A smoking cessation program was applied to the experimental group for a period of 6 months while no program was given to the control group. Study questionnaires were used to measure outcome variables before and after the program. Descriptive analysis, $\chi^2$-test, t-test, and ANCOVA were used with SPSS 18.0 program for data analysis. Results: After treatment with this program, the experimental group showed significantly higher scores for processes of change (experiential and behavioral processes of change) than the control group. The experimental group also showed significantly lower scores for situational temptation (positive social, negative affect, and habit strength). Conclusion: The smoking cessation program may have positive effects on process of change and smoking temptation for male university student smokers.